Making Doctors

An Institutional Apprenticeship

Author: Simon Sinclair

Publisher: Berg Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781859739501

Category: Social Science

Page: 347

View: 1227

This insider's account should prompt a serious reconsideration of practices in a profession which has a critical influence over untold lives.
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Teaching Medical Professionalism

Author: Richard L. Cruess,Sylvia R. Cruess,Yvonne Steinert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139474510

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 2436

Until recently professionalism was transmitted by respected role models, a method that depended heavily on the presence of a homogeneous society sharing values. This is no longer true, and medical schools and postgraduate training programs in the developed world are now actively teaching professionalism to students and trainees. In addition, licensing and certifying bodies are attempting to assess the professionalism of practising physicians on an ongoing basis. This is the only book available to provide guidance to those designing and implementing programs on teaching professionalism. It outlines the cognitive base of professionalism, provides a theoretical basis for teaching the subject, gives general principles for establishing programs at various levels (undergraduate, postgraduate, and continuing professional development), and documents the experience of institutions who are leaders in the field. Teaching aids that have been used successfully by contributors are included as an appendix.
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Learning about Emotions in Illness

Integrating psychotherapeutic teaching into medical education

Author: Peter Shoenberg,Jessica Yakeley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113615762X

Category: Medical

Page: 156

View: 1890

Good communication between the doctor and patient is essential for the patient to establish a trusting relationship with their doctor and to make the best use of the appropriate treatment. Traditional methods for teaching communication skills have focused on simulated clinical situations in which students learn how to improve their communication, with actors playing the part of the patients, rather than from live experiences with patients. Psychodynamic psychotherapy, with its emphasis on learning to reflect on experiences, offers the student the possibility of learning from a real experience with a patient. Such opportunities allow students to learn directly about patients’ emotions, as well as to appreciate their own emotional responses to illness and to communicate better with their patients. In this book, Peter Shoenberg, Jessica Yakeley, and their contributors who include students and teachers, discuss two different teaching approaches developed at University College London to help medical students understand the role of emotions in illness, communicate more effectively, and gain a deeper understanding of the doctor patient relationship. The benefits of Ball, Wolff and Tredgold’s Student Psychotherapy Scheme are considered alongside Shoenberg and Suckling’s short term student Balint discussion group scheme to provide clear guidance about how psychotherapeutic understanding can be used to inform medical education, with positive results. At a time when medicine is becoming increasingly technological and there is a growing demand by the public for more psychologically minded doctors, this book will be a key resource for physicians, general practitioners, psychologists, psychiatrists and psychotherapists who are involved in medical teaching and for medical students.
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Making Doctors

An Institutional Apprenticeship

Author: Nicole Toulis,Simon Sinclair

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859739556

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1721

Few outsiders realize that student illness is frequently, and ironically, a by-product of medical training. This unique study by a medical doctor and trained anthropologist debunks popular myths of expertise and authority which surround the medical establishment and asks provoking questions about the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge within the field. In detailing all levels of basic training in a London medical school, the author describes students' 'official' activities (that is, what they need to do to qualify) as well as their 'unofficial' ones (such as their social life in the bar). This insider's exposé should prompt a serious reconsideration of abuses in a profession which has a critical influence over untold lives. In particular, it suggests that the structures and discourses of power need to be re-examined in order to provide satisfactory answers to sensitive questions relating to gender and race, the dialogue between doctor and patient and the mental stability of students under severe stress.
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Health Care Professionalism at a Glance

Author: Jill Thistlethwaite,Judy McKimm

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118756347

Category: Medical

Page: 104

View: 7392

Health Care Professionalism at a Glance offers accessiblecoverage of an increasingly important aspect of medical and healthprofessional education. This concise text includes how to identifyand develop professional behaviours, how they are assessed, and howto challenge unprofessional behaviours. Health Care Professionalism at a Glance: • Provides a user-friendly and thought provokingoverview of health care professionalism • Introduces the main topics, key definitions andexplores aspects relevant to learners and noviceprofessionals • Considers fundamental features of professionalism thatstudents are expected to acquire as well as how they are taught,learned and assessed • Includes summary boxes that highlight importantpoints, reflection points, clinical cases and suggested furtherreading • Includes references relevant to differentcountries’ accrediting bodies This important new book will assist students in understanding thenature of professionalism, its assessment, and the implications forprofessional practice.
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JASO

Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 3832

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Our Lords, the Sick

McGovern Lectures in the History of Medicine and Medical Humanism

Author: Lawrence D. Longo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781575242361

Category: Medical

Page: 243

View: 1880

Our Lords, the Sick comprises eighteen essays in medical humanism, the history of medicine, and health care delivery. They are the John P. McGovern Lectures to the American Osler Society during the past two decades. Each of the essays, given by eminent physicians, historians, and educators, are timeless in their relevance to medicine and health care delivery. In many respects they are lay sermons on the philosophy and ethics of health care, ministering to the sick, and professionalism. The contributors, from differing backgrounds and with different points of view, discuss social and cultural factors that have influenced the history of medicine and medical humanism.
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Football Hooligans

Knowing the Score

Author: Gary Armstrong

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859739570

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1450

This book examines how groups of young male fans come to be defined and identified as football `hooligans' and challenges the assumption that violence is wholly central to the match-day experience for these supporters. Rather, the creation of identity is at the root of hooliganism, with all the cultural values and rituals, codes of honour and shame, and communal patterns of behaviour and consumption that accompany it. The author locates hooliganism historically within the milieu of an industrial working class culture and examines ideas of performance and ritual encompassed in idealized masculinity. The book is based on a decade's in-depth study of the `Blades', a group of football fans supporting Sheffield United, who are notorious for their hooliganism. It contributes to the debate on football hooliganism by challenging many traditionally-held notions of hooliganism and by providing the first anthropological study of football violence. The book also debunks the myth that violence between football fans is organized by `generals' operating within hierarchically structured groups. Falsehoods such as this, it is argued, are advanced to augment the powers of the police and media in redefining and controlling particular groups of individuals whose behaviour does not fit easily within increasingly constrictive codes of social conduct. This book represents essential reading not only for undergraduates of social anthropology, sociology and criminology but also for the general reader with an interest in football culture.
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Common Worlds and Single Lives

Constituting Knowledge in Pacific Societies

Author: Verena Keck

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859731642

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 8084

In Pacific societies, local knowledge, which has been accumulated over thousands of years and is irreplaceable, is rapidly disappearing. With the extinction of languages, the ability to observe and interpret the world from varying perspectives is also being lost. At the same time, an enormous body of knowledge about nature, plants and animals is vanishing. However, in parallel with this, the people of the Pacific are confronted with new modes of knowledge and newly introduced technologies through imported educational systems, missions of various denominations, and the media. They do not passively assimilate this knowledge but adopt, adapt, and apply it in a syncretistic way. These changes will have permanent effects on the individual lives of people in the region and their knowledge about themselves and their surrounding 'world'. This stimulating book tracks the course of these developments and offers revealing insights into the complexity of Pacific peoples' responses to the process of globalization.
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Pacific Answers to Western Hegemony

Cultural Practices of Identity Construction

Author: Jürg Wassmann

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859731543

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 4913

The destruction of local identity through the relentless encroachment of a 'McDonald-ized' cultural imperialism is a global phenomenon. Yet the reactions of Pacific peoples to this Western hegemony are diverse and encourage the creation of independent cultural identities through sports and games, political mediations, tourism, media and filmmaking, and the struggles for land rights and titles, particularly in Australia. This book, based on extensive fieldwork, addresses a subject of great immediacy to peoples of the Pacific Island nations. It fills an important gap in existing ethnographic literature on the region and confidently navigates what had previously been considered uncharted, even unchartable, waters -- that wide sea between the classic ethnography of Oceania and contemporary anthropology's theoretical concerns with global relations and transnational cultures. Its breadth, rigour, and timely contribution to post-colonial politics in Oceania are certain to ensure that this book will provide an enduring contribution to the field.
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 1700

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Geschichte der Sinne

von der Antike bis zum Cyberspace

Author: Robert Jütte

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406467677

Category: Perception

Page: 416

View: 8369

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Klatsch

Zur Sozialform der diskreten Indiskretion

Author: Jörg R. Bergmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110875195

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 3395

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Wirtschaftsgeschichte

Abriß Der Universalen Sozial und Wirtschaftsgeschichteth Aus Den Nachgelassenen Vorlesungen Hrsgth Von Sth Hellmann und Mth Palyith

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Duncker & Humblot

ISBN: 3428535111

Category: Political Science

Page: 374

View: 6295

»Endlich muß noch betont werden, daß Wirtschaftsgeschichte [...] nicht, wie die materialistische Geschichtsauffassung glauben machen will, identisch mit der Geschichte der gesamten Kultur überhaupt ist. Diese ist nicht ein Ausfluß, nicht lediglich eine Funktion jener; vielmehr stellt die Wirtschaftsgeschichte nur einen Unterbau dar, ohne dessen Kenntnis allerdings die fruchtbare Erforschung irgendeines der großen Gebiete der Kultur nicht denkbar ist.« (Aus dem Text)
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