Making Doctors

An Institutional Apprenticeship

Author: Simon Sinclair

Publisher: Berg Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781859739501

Category: Social Science

Page: 347

View: 6939

This insider's account should prompt a serious reconsideration of practices in a profession which has a critical influence over untold lives.
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Making Doctors

An Institutional Apprenticeship

Author: Nicole Toulis,Simon Sinclair

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859739556

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8648

Few outsiders realize that student illness is frequently, and ironically, a by-product of medical training. This unique study by a medical doctor and trained anthropologist debunks popular myths of expertise and authority which surround the medical establishment and asks provoking questions about the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge within the field. In detailing all levels of basic training in a London medical school, the author describes students' 'official' activities (that is, what they need to do to qualify) as well as their 'unofficial' ones (such as their social life in the bar). This insider's exposé should prompt a serious reconsideration of abuses in a profession which has a critical influence over untold lives. In particular, it suggests that the structures and discourses of power need to be re-examined in order to provide satisfactory answers to sensitive questions relating to gender and race, the dialogue between doctor and patient and the mental stability of students under severe stress.
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Teaching Medical Professionalism

Supporting the Development of a Professional Identity

Author: Richard L. Cruess,Sylvia R. Cruess,Yvonne Steinert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107495245

Category: Medical

Page: 309

View: 8169

This book presents ideas and guidance about human development to enhance medical education's ability to form competent and responsible physicians.
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Learning about Emotions in Illness

Integrating psychotherapeutic teaching into medical education

Author: Peter Shoenberg,Jessica Yakeley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113615762X

Category: Medical

Page: 156

View: 5702

Good communication between the doctor and patient is essential for the patient to establish a trusting relationship with their doctor and to make the best use of the appropriate treatment. Traditional methods for teaching communication skills have focused on simulated clinical situations in which students learn how to improve their communication, with actors playing the part of the patients, rather than from live experiences with patients. Psychodynamic psychotherapy, with its emphasis on learning to reflect on experiences, offers the student the possibility of learning from a real experience with a patient. Such opportunities allow students to learn directly about patients’ emotions, as well as to appreciate their own emotional responses to illness and to communicate better with their patients. In this book, Peter Shoenberg, Jessica Yakeley, and their contributors who include students and teachers, discuss two different teaching approaches developed at University College London to help medical students understand the role of emotions in illness, communicate more effectively, and gain a deeper understanding of the doctor patient relationship. The benefits of Ball, Wolff and Tredgold’s Student Psychotherapy Scheme are considered alongside Shoenberg and Suckling’s short term student Balint discussion group scheme to provide clear guidance about how psychotherapeutic understanding can be used to inform medical education, with positive results. At a time when medicine is becoming increasingly technological and there is a growing demand by the public for more psychologically minded doctors, this book will be a key resource for physicians, general practitioners, psychologists, psychiatrists and psychotherapists who are involved in medical teaching and for medical students.
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Health Care Professionalism at a Glance

Author: Jill Thistlethwaite,Judy McKimm

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118756347

Category: Medical

Page: 104

View: 9926

Health Care Professionalism at a Glance offers accessiblecoverage of an increasingly important aspect of medical and healthprofessional education. This concise text includes how to identifyand develop professional behaviours, how they are assessed, and howto challenge unprofessional behaviours. Health Care Professionalism at a Glance: • Provides a user-friendly and thought provokingoverview of health care professionalism • Introduces the main topics, key definitions andexplores aspects relevant to learners and noviceprofessionals • Considers fundamental features of professionalism thatstudents are expected to acquire as well as how they are taught,learned and assessed • Includes summary boxes that highlight importantpoints, reflection points, clinical cases and suggested furtherreading • Includes references relevant to differentcountries’ accrediting bodies This important new book will assist students in understanding thenature of professionalism, its assessment, and the implications forprofessional practice.
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JASO

Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 5333

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Anthropological Fieldwork

A Relational Process

Author: Dimitrina Spencer,James Peter Davies

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 7588

Anthropologists are affected by and affect others through emotional engagement; they manage emotions or allow them to unfold as vehicles of understanding. The contributors to this volume argue that participant observation is an embodied relational process mediated by emotions. If fieldwork is to attain its fullest potential, emotional reflexivity must complement the wider reflexive task of anthropologists. This makes particular demands on the training of anthropologists, and the contributors to this volume propose new ways of practising emotional reflexivity (such as radical empiricism) that enhance anthropological knowledge. Emotions in anthropology are explored from a variety of methodological and theoretical standpoints, drawing on fieldwork in Nepal, the UK, Taiwan, Russia, India and the Philippines.
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Our Lords, the Sick

McGovern Lectures in the History of Medicine and Medical Humanism

Author: Lawrence D. Longo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781575242361

Category: Medical

Page: 243

View: 2531

Our Lords, the Sick comprises eighteen essays in medical humanism, the history of medicine, and health care delivery. They are the John P. McGovern Lectures to the American Osler Society during the past two decades. Each of the essays, given by eminent physicians, historians, and educators, are timeless in their relevance to medicine and health care delivery. In many respects they are lay sermons on the philosophy and ethics of health care, ministering to the sick, and professionalism. The contributors, from differing backgrounds and with different points of view, discuss social and cultural factors that have influenced the history of medicine and medical humanism.
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Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

Author: Royal Society of Medicine (Great Britain)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medicine

Page: N.A

View: 4362

Includes selected papers from meetings of the Society and of its sections
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2309

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Child's play

myth, mimesis and make-believe

Author: Laurence Goldman

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859739136

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 301

View: 4924

This innovative book finally takes seriously the need for anthropologists to produce in-depth ethnographies of children's play. In examining the subject from a cross-cultural perspective, the author argues that our understanding of the way children transform their environment to create make-believe is enhanced by viewing their creations as oral poetry. The result is a richly detailed 'thick description' of how pretence is socially mediated and linguistically constructed, how children make sense of their own play, how play relates to other imaginative genres in Huli life, and the relationship between play and cosmology. Informed by theoretical approaches in the anthropology of play, developmental and child psychology, philosophy and phenomenology and drawing on ethnographic data from Melanesia, the book analyzes the sources for imitation, the kinds of identities and roles emulated, and the structure of collaborative make-believe talk to reveal the complex way in which children invoke their experiences of the world and re-invent them as types of virtual reality. Particular importance is placed on how the figures of the ogre and trickster are articulated. The author demonstrates that while the concept of 'imagination' has been the cornerstone of Western intellectual traditions from Plato to Postmodernism, models of child fantasy play have always intruded into such theorizing because of children's unique capacity to throw into relief our understanding of the relationship between representation and reality.
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The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6236

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“
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Existenzweisen

Eine Anthropologie der Modernen

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737376

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 2943

Vor zwanzig Jahren hatte der französische Soziologe und Philosoph Bruno Latour konstatiert: »Wir sind nie modern gewesen«, und sich an einer »symmetrischen Anthropologie« jenseits der Trennung von Natur und Kultur versucht. Nun legt er sein zweites Hauptwerk vor, das dieses faszinierende Projekt mit einer »Anthropologie der Modernen« fortschreibt und den verschiedenen Existenzweisen von Wissenschaft, Technologie, Recht, Religion, Wirtschaft und Politik in der modernen Welt nachspürt. Ein großes Panorama der Modi moderner Existenz. Latour setzt für dieses Projekt bei der globalen Verflechtung aller Lebensbereiche an, die heute nicht zuletzt am Problem des Klimawandels sichtbar wird. Zugleich zeigt sich aber an diesem Problem auch, dass es verschiedene Handlungssphären gibt, die jeweils eigene Existenzweisen besitzen: Politiker, die sich mit dem Klimaproblem befassen, sind eben keine Wissenschaftler, die Klimaforschung betreiben, und Unternehmer orientieren sich zunächst an den Maßgaben der Wirtschaftlichkeit; wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse werden daher nicht einfach in politische und ökonomische Handlungen übersetzt. Dennoch sind für Latour diese verschiedenen Existenzmodi nicht unabhängig voneinander, sondern durchdringen einander und kreieren gemeinsam Probleme, die es in der Folge auch gemeinsam zu lösen gilt. Es bedarf daher einer neuen Form der »Diplomatie«, die zwischen den einzelnen Existenzweisen vermittelt. Nicht weniger als die Zukunft unseres Planeten steht auf dem Spiel und nicht weniger als eine solche diplomatische Vermittlung versucht dieses grundlegende und wegweisende Buch zu leisten. Auf dass wir endlich modern werden!
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Common Worlds and Single Lives

Constituting Knowledge in Pacific Societies

Author: Verena Keck

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859731642

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 7264

In Pacific societies, local knowledge, which has been accumulated over thousands of years and is irreplaceable, is rapidly disappearing. With the extinction of languages, the ability to observe and interpret the world from varying perspectives is also being lost. At the same time, an enormous body of knowledge about nature, plants and animals is vanishing. However, in parallel with this, the people of the Pacific are confronted with new modes of knowledge and newly introduced technologies through imported educational systems, missions of various denominations, and the media. They do not passively assimilate this knowledge but adopt, adapt, and apply it in a syncretistic way. These changes will have permanent effects on the individual lives of people in the region and their knowledge about themselves and their surrounding 'world'. This stimulating book tracks the course of these developments and offers revealing insights into the complexity of Pacific peoples' responses to the process of globalization.
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Football Hooligans

Knowing the Score

Author: Gary Armstrong

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859739570

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 4241

This book examines how groups of young male fans come to be defined and identified as football `hooligans' and challenges the assumption that violence is wholly central to the match-day experience for these supporters. Rather, the creation of identity is at the root of hooliganism, with all the cultural values and rituals, codes of honour and shame, and communal patterns of behaviour and consumption that accompany it. The author locates hooliganism historically within the milieu of an industrial working class culture and examines ideas of performance and ritual encompassed in idealized masculinity. The book is based on a decade's in-depth study of the `Blades', a group of football fans supporting Sheffield United, who are notorious for their hooliganism. It contributes to the debate on football hooliganism by challenging many traditionally-held notions of hooliganism and by providing the first anthropological study of football violence. The book also debunks the myth that violence between football fans is organized by `generals' operating within hierarchically structured groups. Falsehoods such as this, it is argued, are advanced to augment the powers of the police and media in redefining and controlling particular groups of individuals whose behaviour does not fit easily within increasingly constrictive codes of social conduct. This book represents essential reading not only for undergraduates of social anthropology, sociology and criminology but also for the general reader with an interest in football culture.
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Pacific Answers to Western Hegemony

Cultural Practices of Identity Construction

Author: Jürg Wassmann

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859731543

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1660

The destruction of local identity through the relentless encroachment of a 'McDonald-ized' cultural imperialism is a global phenomenon. Yet the reactions of Pacific peoples to this Western hegemony are diverse and encourage the creation of independent cultural identities through sports and games, political mediations, tourism, media and filmmaking, and the struggles for land rights and titles, particularly in Australia. This book, based on extensive fieldwork, addresses a subject of great immediacy to peoples of the Pacific Island nations. It fills an important gap in existing ethnographic literature on the region and confidently navigates what had previously been considered uncharted, even unchartable, waters -- that wide sea between the classic ethnography of Oceania and contemporary anthropology's theoretical concerns with global relations and transnational cultures. Its breadth, rigour, and timely contribution to post-colonial politics in Oceania are certain to ensure that this book will provide an enduring contribution to the field.
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House of God

Author: Samuel Shem

Publisher: Knaur eBook

ISBN: 3426416743

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 7516

Sechs junge Ärzte beginnen vollen Enthusiasmus ihr erstes Klinikjahr im House of God, beseelt von dem Wunsch, Menschen zu helfen und zu heilen. Doch ihre Ideale werden schnell fortgerissen im Strudel ihres rastlosen Alltags. Sie lernen die Schattenseiten der modernen Medizin kennen, werden zynisch, verzweifelt oder gleichgültig. Das House of God wird für sie zur Hölle ... »House of God« von Samuel Shem ist ein eBook von Topkrimi – exciting eBooks. Das Zuhause für spannende, aufregende, nervenzerreißende Krimis und Thriller. Mehr eBooks findest du auf Facebook. Werde Teil unserer Community und entdecke jede Woche neue Fälle, Crime und Nervenkitzel zum Top-Preis!
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