Making Doctors

An Institutional Apprenticeship

Author: Simon Sinclair

Publisher: Berg Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781859739501

Category: Social Science

Page: 347

View: 6150

This insider's account should prompt a serious reconsideration of practices in a profession which has a critical influence over untold lives.
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Making Doctors

An Institutional Apprenticeship

Author: Nicole Toulis,Simon Sinclair

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859739556

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 6472

Few outsiders realize that student illness is frequently, and ironically, a by-product of medical training. This unique study by a medical doctor and trained anthropologist debunks popular myths of expertise and authority which surround the medical establishment and asks provoking questions about the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge within the field. In detailing all levels of basic training in a London medical school, the author describes students' 'official' activities (that is, what they need to do to qualify) as well as their 'unofficial' ones (such as their social life in the bar). This insider's exposé should prompt a serious reconsideration of abuses in a profession which has a critical influence over untold lives. In particular, it suggests that the structures and discourses of power need to be re-examined in order to provide satisfactory answers to sensitive questions relating to gender and race, the dialogue between doctor and patient and the mental stability of students under severe stress.
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Teaching Medical Professionalism

Supporting the Development of a Professional Identity

Author: Richard L. Cruess,Sylvia R. Cruess,Yvonne Steinert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107495245

Category: Medical

Page: 309

View: 9685

This book presents ideas and guidance about human development to enhance medical education's ability to form competent and responsible physicians.
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Learning about Emotions in Illness

Integrating psychotherapeutic teaching into medical education

Author: Peter Shoenberg,Jessica Yakeley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113615762X

Category: Medical

Page: 156

View: 7967

Good communication between the doctor and patient is essential for the patient to establish a trusting relationship with their doctor and to make the best use of the appropriate treatment. Traditional methods for teaching communication skills have focused on simulated clinical situations in which students learn how to improve their communication, with actors playing the part of the patients, rather than from live experiences with patients. Psychodynamic psychotherapy, with its emphasis on learning to reflect on experiences, offers the student the possibility of learning from a real experience with a patient. Such opportunities allow students to learn directly about patients’ emotions, as well as to appreciate their own emotional responses to illness and to communicate better with their patients. In this book, Peter Shoenberg, Jessica Yakeley, and their contributors who include students and teachers, discuss two different teaching approaches developed at University College London to help medical students understand the role of emotions in illness, communicate more effectively, and gain a deeper understanding of the doctor patient relationship. The benefits of Ball, Wolff and Tredgold’s Student Psychotherapy Scheme are considered alongside Shoenberg and Suckling’s short term student Balint discussion group scheme to provide clear guidance about how psychotherapeutic understanding can be used to inform medical education, with positive results. At a time when medicine is becoming increasingly technological and there is a growing demand by the public for more psychologically minded doctors, this book will be a key resource for physicians, general practitioners, psychologists, psychiatrists and psychotherapists who are involved in medical teaching and for medical students.
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JASO

Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 3195

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Health Care Professionalism at a Glance

Author: Jill Thistlethwaite,Judy McKimm

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118756347

Category: Medical

Page: 104

View: 8360

Health Care Professionalism at a Glance offers accessible coverage of an increasingly important aspect of medical and health professional education. This concise text includes how to identify and develop professional behaviours, how they are assessed, and how to challenge unprofessional behaviours. Health Care Professionalism at a Glance: • Provides a user-friendly and thought provoking overview of health care professionalism • Introduces the main topics, key definitions and explores aspects relevant to learners and novice professionals • Considers fundamental features of professionalism that students are expected to acquire as well as how they are taught, learned and assessed • Includes summary boxes that highlight important points, reflection points, clinical cases and suggested further reading • Includes references relevant to different countries’ accrediting bodies This important new book will assist students in understanding the nature of professionalism, its assessment, and the implications for professional practice.
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Anthropological Fieldwork

A Relational Process

Author: Dimitrina Spencer,James Peter Davies

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 4542

Anthropologists are affected by and affect others through emotional engagement; they manage emotions or allow them to unfold as vehicles of understanding. The contributors to this volume argue that participant observation is an embodied relational process mediated by emotions. If fieldwork is to attain its fullest potential, emotional reflexivity must complement the wider reflexive task of anthropologists. This makes particular demands on the training of anthropologists, and the contributors to this volume propose new ways of practising emotional reflexivity (such as radical empiricism) that enhance anthropological knowledge. Emotions in anthropology are explored from a variety of methodological and theoretical standpoints, drawing on fieldwork in Nepal, the UK, Taiwan, Russia, India and the Philippines.
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Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

Author: Royal Society of Medicine (Great Britain)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medicine

Page: N.A

View: 1510

Includes selected papers from meetings of the Society and of its sections
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Our Lords, the Sick

McGovern Lectures in the History of Medicine and Medical Humanism

Author: Lawrence D. Longo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781575242361

Category: Medical

Page: 243

View: 1780

Our Lords, the Sick comprises eighteen essays in medical humanism, the history of medicine, and health care delivery. They are the John P. McGovern Lectures to the American Osler Society during the past two decades. Each of the essays, given by eminent physicians, historians, and educators, are timeless in their relevance to medicine and health care delivery. In many respects they are lay sermons on the philosophy and ethics of health care, ministering to the sick, and professionalism. The contributors, from differing backgrounds and with different points of view, discuss social and cultural factors that have influenced the history of medicine and medical humanism.
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Medical Talk and Medical Work

Author: Paul Atkinson,Professor Paul Anthony Atkinson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446232736

Category: Medicine

Page: 176

View: 6220

The development of a sociology of medical knowledge is both assessed and contributed to in Medical Talk and Medical Work. Underlying the analysis is research on the work of haematologists, which offers a rich resource for understanding the complexities and contradictions between physical bodies and social embodiment, medical talk and technical apparatus. Using but moving beyond this specific material, Paul Atkinson demonstrates the strengths and weaknesses of the existing understanding of medical knowledge. Among the issues explored are: the place of interaction among doctors, rather than between doctors and patients, in defining the construction of medical knowledge; the ways in which clinical opinion is socially produced and the nature of the local settings through which this process occurs; and the relations among medical knowledge, medical language and the increasingly technological contexts of contemporary medical practice.
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Child's play

myth, mimesis and make-believe

Author: Laurence Goldman

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859739136

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 301

View: 1494

This innovative book finally takes seriously the need for anthropologists to produce in-depth ethnographies of children's play. In examining the subject from a cross-cultural perspective, the author argues that our understanding of the way children transform their environment to create make-believe is enhanced by viewing their creations as oral poetry. The result is a richly detailed 'thick description' of how pretence is socially mediated and linguistically constructed, how children make sense of their own play, how play relates to other imaginative genres in Huli life, and the relationship between play and cosmology. Informed by theoretical approaches in the anthropology of play, developmental and child psychology, philosophy and phenomenology and drawing on ethnographic data from Melanesia, the book analyzes the sources for imitation, the kinds of identities and roles emulated, and the structure of collaborative make-believe talk to reveal the complex way in which children invoke their experiences of the world and re-invent them as types of virtual reality. Particular importance is placed on how the figures of the ogre and trickster are articulated. The author demonstrates that while the concept of 'imagination' has been the cornerstone of Western intellectual traditions from Plato to Postmodernism, models of child fantasy play have always intruded into such theorizing because of children's unique capacity to throw into relief our understanding of the relationship between representation and reality.
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An Anthropology of Biomedicine

Author: Margaret Lock,Vinh-Kim Nguyen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119069130

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 3359

"Edition History: Margaret Lock and Vinh-Kim Nguyen (1e, 2010) published by Blackwell Ltd."--T.p. verso.
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Common Worlds and Single Lives

Constituting Knowledge in Pacific Societies

Author: Verena Keck

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859731642

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 4391

In Pacific societies, local knowledge, which has been accumulated over thousands of years and is irreplaceable, is rapidly disappearing. With the extinction of languages, the ability to observe and interpret the world from varying perspectives is also being lost. At the same time, an enormous body of knowledge about nature, plants and animals is vanishing. However, in parallel with this, the people of the Pacific are confronted with new modes of knowledge and newly introduced technologies through imported educational systems, missions of various denominations, and the media. They do not passively assimilate this knowledge but adopt, adapt, and apply it in a syncretistic way. These changes will have permanent effects on the individual lives of people in the region and their knowledge about themselves and their surrounding 'world'. This stimulating book tracks the course of these developments and offers revealing insights into the complexity of Pacific peoples' responses to the process of globalization.
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Football Hooligans

Knowing the Score

Author: Gary Armstrong

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859739570

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 617

This book examines how groups of young male fans come to be defined and identified as football `hooligans' and challenges the assumption that violence is wholly central to the match-day experience for these supporters. Rather, the creation of identity is at the root of hooliganism, with all the cultural values and rituals, codes of honour and shame, and communal patterns of behaviour and consumption that accompany it. The author locates hooliganism historically within the milieu of an industrial working class culture and examines ideas of performance and ritual encompassed in idealized masculinity. The book is based on a decade's in-depth study of the `Blades', a group of football fans supporting Sheffield United, who are notorious for their hooliganism. It contributes to the debate on football hooliganism by challenging many traditionally-held notions of hooliganism and by providing the first anthropological study of football violence. The book also debunks the myth that violence between football fans is organized by `generals' operating within hierarchically structured groups. Falsehoods such as this, it is argued, are advanced to augment the powers of the police and media in redefining and controlling particular groups of individuals whose behaviour does not fit easily within increasingly constrictive codes of social conduct. This book represents essential reading not only for undergraduates of social anthropology, sociology and criminology but also for the general reader with an interest in football culture.
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Pacific Answers to Western Hegemony

Cultural Practices of Identity Construction

Author: Jürg Wassmann

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859731543

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 4323

The destruction of local identity through the relentless encroachment of a 'McDonald-ized' cultural imperialism is a global phenomenon. Yet the reactions of Pacific peoples to this Western hegemony are diverse and encourage the creation of independent cultural identities through sports and games, political mediations, tourism, media and filmmaking, and the struggles for land rights and titles, particularly in Australia. This book, based on extensive fieldwork, addresses a subject of great immediacy to peoples of the Pacific Island nations. It fills an important gap in existing ethnographic literature on the region and confidently navigates what had previously been considered uncharted, even unchartable, waters -- that wide sea between the classic ethnography of Oceania and contemporary anthropology's theoretical concerns with global relations and transnational cultures. Its breadth, rigour, and timely contribution to post-colonial politics in Oceania are certain to ensure that this book will provide an enduring contribution to the field.
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The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 766

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.
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One River

Author: Wade Davis

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439126836

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 4036

The story of two generations of scientific explorers in South America—Richard Evans Schultes and his protégé Wade Davis—an epic tale of adventure and a compelling work of natural history. In 1941, Professor Richard Evan Schultes took a leave from Harvard and disappeared into the Amazon, where he spent the next twelve years mapping uncharted rivers and living among dozens of Indian tribes. In the 1970s, he sent two prize students, Tim Plowman and Wade Davis, to follow in his footsteps and unveil the botanical secrets of coca, the notorious source of cocaine, a sacred plant known to the Inca as the Divine Leaf of Immortality. A stunning account of adventure and discovery, betrayal and destruction, One River is a story of two generations of explorers drawn together by the transcendent knowledge of Indian peoples, the visionary realms of the shaman, and the extraordinary plants that sustain all life in a forest that once stood immense and inviolable.
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Contemporary Chinese America

Immigration, Ethnicity, and Community Transformation

Author: Min Zhou

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 1592138594

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 2647

A sociologist of international migration examines the Chinese American experience.
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