Making a Necessity of Virtue

Aristotle and Kant on Virtue

Author: Nancy Sherman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521564878

Category: Philosophy

Page: 387

View: 9215

A detailed analysis of Aristotelian and Kantian ethics together, remaining faithful to the texts and responsive to contemporary debates.
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Making a Virtue of Necessity

An Overview of the English Language in Nigeria

Author: L. Ayo Banjo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 167

View: 2512

The author is a prominent linguistics scholar. The study of sociolinguistics of the English language in Nigeria has assumed great importance in Nigerian universities. Against the background of key works from 1971 to 1991, and the growing debate over an optimal language policy for Nigeria, he looks at the perspectives of an individual writer, to provide an overview of the language since its earliest contacts with what is now known as Nigeria. One important gap which he identifies is the paucity of illustrative data even from the three main Nigerian languages.
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Kant's Human Being

Essays on His Theory of Human Nature

Author: Robert B. Louden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019991110X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 7981

In Kant's Human Being, Robert B. Louden continues and deepens avenues of research first initiated in his highly acclaimed book, Kant's Impure Ethics. Drawing on a wide variety of both published and unpublished works spanning all periods of Kant's extensive writing career, Louden here focuses on Kant's under-appreciated empirical work on human nature, with particular attention to the connections between this body of work and his much-discussed ethical theory. Kant repeatedly claimed that the question, "What is the human being" is philosophy's most fundamental question, one that encompasses all others. Louden analyzes and evaluates Kant's own answer to his question, showing how it differs from other accounts of human nature. This collection of twelve essays is divided into three parts. In Part One (Human Virtues), Louden explores the nature and role of virtue in Kant's ethical theory, showing how the conception of human nature behind Kant's virtue theory results in a virtue ethics that is decidedly different from more familiar Aristotelian virtue ethics programs. In Part Two (Ethics and Anthropology), he uncovers the dominant moral message in Kant's anthropological investigations, drawing new connections between Kant's work on human nature and his ethics. Finally, in Part Three (Extensions of Anthropology), Louden explores specific aspects of Kant's theory of human nature developed outside of his anthropology lectures, in his works on religion, geography, education ,and aesthetics, and shows how these writings substantially amplify his account of human beings. Kant's Human Being offers a detailed and multifaceted investigation of the question that Kant held to be the most important of all, and will be of interest not only to philosophers but also to all who are concerned with the study of human nature.
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The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity

Phenomenology and the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians

Author: Michael D. Barber

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0821443682

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 7354

World-renowned analytic philosophers John McDowell and Robert Brandom, dubbed “Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians,” recently engaged in an intriguing debate about perception. In The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity Michael D. Barber is the first to bring phenomenology to bear not just on the perspectives of McDowell or Brandom alone, but on their intersection. He argues that McDowell accounts better for the intelligibility of empirical content by defending holistically functioning, reflectively distinguishable sensory and intellectual intentional structures. He reconstructs dimensions implicit in the perception debate, favoring Brandom on knowledge’s intersubjective features that converge with the ethical characteristics of intersubjectivity Emmanuel Levinas illuminates. Phenomenology becomes the third partner in this debate between two analytic philosophers, critically mediating their discussion by unfolding the systematic interconnectionamong perception, intersubjectivity, metaphilosophy, and ethics.
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Menon

Author: Platon

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843062048

Category: Philosophy

Page: 52

View: 2262

Platon: Menon Entstanden etwa zwischen 393 und 388 v. Chr. Erstdruck (in lateinischer Übersetzung durch Marsilio Ficino) in: Opera, Florenz o. J. (ca. 1482/84). Erstdruck des griechischen Originals in: Hapanta ta tu Platônos, herausgegeben von M. Musoros, Venedig 1513. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch Friedrich Gedike in: Vier Dialogen des Platon, Berlin 1780. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Ludwig von Georgii von 1860. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Platon: Sämtliche Werke. Berlin: Lambert Schneider, [1940]. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Raffael, Die Schule von Athen (Detail). Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.
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Politik

Author: Aristoteles

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423301374

Category: Politische Philosophie

Page: 395

View: 4204

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Kant's Ethics of Virtue

Author: Monika Betzler

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110209659

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

View: 980

Die erheblichen inhaltlichen Erweiterungen und Präzisierungen, die Kant vor allem in der Tugendlehre gegenüber seinen früheren ethischen Schriften vornimmt, erweisen sich als aktuell in Bezug auf gegenwärtig diskutierte moraltheoretische Fragen. Die Beiträge dieses Sammelbandes analysieren Kants zentrale Überlegungen im Kontext seiner früheren ethischen Schriften und im Rahmen gegenwärtiger ethischer Debatten. Die aktuelle Relevanz und die Reichweite einer kantisch verstandenen Tugendethik werden so deutlich.
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Kant's Theory of Virtue

The Value of Autocracy

Author: Anne Margaret Baxley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493167

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2577

Anne Margaret Baxley offers a systematic interpretation of Kant's theory of virtue, whose most distinctive features have not been properly understood. She explores the rich moral psychology in Kant's later and less widely read works on ethics, and argues that the key to understanding his account of virtue is the concept of autocracy, a form of moral self-government in which reason rules over sensibility. Although certain aspects of Kant's theory bear comparison to more familiar Aristotelian claims about virtue, Baxley contends that its most important aspects combine to produce something different - a distinctively modern, egalitarian conception of virtue which is an important and overlooked alternative to the more traditional Greek views which have dominated contemporary virtue ethics.
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Phenomenological Approaches to Moral Philosophy

A Handbook

Author: Lester E. Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402007705

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

View: 4205

Against the background of the recent revival of ethics, this handbook aims to show the great fertility of the phenomenological tradition for the study of ethics and moral philosophy by collecting a set of papers on the contributions to ethical thought by major phenomenological thinkers. Twenty-one chapters in the book are articles by experts who explore the thought of the major ethical thinkers in the first two generations of the phenomenological tradition and direct the reader toward the most relevant primary and secondary materials. The final three chapters of the book sketch more recent developments in various parts of the world, and the first three chapters investigate the relations between phenomenology and the dominant normative approaches in contemporary moral philosophy.
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110 Regeln des Anstands und gegenseitigen Respekts in Gesellschaft und im Gespräch

Author: George Washington

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423434732

Category: Fiction

Page: 64

View: 9274

Als Amerika noch höflich war Was der erste amerikanische Präsident als Dreizehnjähriger schon wusste: Höflichkeit kommt nie aus der Mode. In diesem Fundstück aus dem 18. Jahrhundert kombiniert er auf originelle Weise Benimmratgeber mit philosophischen Lebensweisheiten. Washington, der in jungen Jahren noch mit der Rechtschreibung kämpfte, schrieb über Tischmanieren, das Verhalten im Gespräch und persönliche Charakterpflege. Nicht zuletzt dem einen oder anderen amtierenden Präsidenten würde dieses Buch guttun! »In der Gegenwart anderer sollst du nicht vor dich hin summen, mit den Fingern trommeln oder mit den Füßen den Takt schlagen.« (Nr. 4) »Entledige dich nicht deiner Kleidung, wenn andere dabei sind, und verlasse die Garderobe nicht nur halb bekleidet.« (Nr. 7) »Deine Miene sei angenehm, sollte aber den nötigen Ernst zeigen, wenn es um ernste Dinge geht.« (Nr. 19)
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Philosophical Foundations of Fiduciary Law

Author: Andrew S. Gold,Paul B. Miller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191005290

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 8321

Fiduciary law is a critically important body of law. Fiduciary duties ensure the integrity of a remarkable variety of relationships, institutions, and organizations. They apply to relationships of great personal significance, including in some jurisdictions the relationship between parents and children. They structure a wide variety of commercial relationships, and they are essential to the regulation of relationships between professional service providers and their clients, including relationships between lawyer and client, doctor and patient, and investment manager and client. Fiduciary duties, perhaps uniquely in private law, challenge traditional ways of marking the boundaries between private and public law, inasmuch as they figure prominently in public governance. Indeed, there is even a storied tradition of thinking of the authority of the state in fiduciary terms. Notwithstanding its importance, fiduciary law has been woefully under-analysed by legal theorists. Filling this gap with a series of chapters by leading theorists, this book includes chapters on: the nature of fiduciary relationships, the connection between fiduciary duties and morality, the content and significance of fiduciary loyalty, the economic significance of fiduciary law, the application of fiduciary principles to public law and international law, the import of fiduciary relationships to theories of authority, and various other fundamental topics in the field. In many cases, new and important questions are raised by the book's chapters. Indeed, this book not only offers a much-needed theoretical assessment of fiduciary topics, it defines the field going forward, setting an agenda for future philosophical study of fiduciary law.
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The Sublime in Kant and Beckett

Aesthetic Judgement, Ethics and Literature

Author: Bjørn K. Myskja

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110881136

Category: Philosophy

Page: 325

View: 9543

Beckett's novel Molloy and the question how this work evokes a particular kind of feeling associated with its exhibition of meaninglessness, namely the feeling of the sublime, is the point of departure for this study. Kant's theory of the sublime is interpreted within the framework of his aesthetic and moral theories, suggesting a way to understand the claim to universal validity for aesthetic judgements. Kant claims that the judgement of the sublime serves morality but he fails to provide this link, so a theory of how this aesthetic judgement can contribute to the cultivation of moral character is developed. It is argued that Kant held that art, including narrative art like the novel, can be sublime. Kant's theory of the sublime is shown to be relevant for modern works of art, and the application of this Kantian framework throws new light on the discussion of the moral aspects of Beckett's literary work. According to this account, Molloy is a sublime work of art, and despite its amoral content can serve the reader's moral cultivation.
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The Reception and Rendition of Freud in China

China’s Freudian Slip

Author: Tao Jiang,Philip J. Ivanhoe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136208380

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 751

Although Freud makes only occasional, brief references to China and Chinese culture in his works, for almost a hundred years many leading Chinese intellectuals have studied and appropriated various Freudian theories. However, whilst some features of Freud’s views have been warmly embraced from the start and appreciated for their various explanatory and therapeutic values, other aspects have been vigorously criticized as implausible or inapplicable to the Chinese context. This book explores the history, reception, and use of Freud and his theories in China, and makes an original and substantial contribution to our understanding of the Chinese people and their culture as well as to our appreciation of western attempts to understand the people and culture of China. The essays are organised around three key areas of research. First, it examines the historical background concerning the China-Freud connection in the 20th century, before going on to use reconstructed Freudian theories in order to provide a modernist critique of Chinese culture. Finally, the book deploys traditional Chinese thought in order to challenge various aspects of the Freudian project. Both Freudianism’s universal appeal and its cultural particularity are in full display throughout the book. At the same time, the allure of Chinese cultural and literary expressions, both in terms of their commonality with other cultures and their distinctive characteristics, are also scrutinized. This collection of essays will be welcomed by those interested in early modern and contemporary China, as well as the work and influence of Freud. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars of psychology, psychoanalysis, literature, philosophy, religion, and cultural studies more generally.
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Colonialism, Han, and the Transformative Spirit

Author: Grace Ji-Sun Kim

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137344873

Category: History

Page: 102

View: 1172

Globalism, colonialism, and consumerism have caused unjust suffering (han), for the earth's exploited peoples and the exploited lands. To reverse this tragedy, we need to work for a safer, sustainable planet and renew our inspiration from God as the transforming Spirit who gives, sustains and empowers life to all.
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Nursing Pathways for Patient Safety E-book

Author: National Council of State Boards of Nursing

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323079350

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 650

With a wealth of helpful guidelines and assessment tools, Nursing Pathways for Patient Safety makes it easy to identify the causes of practice breakdowns and to reduce health care errors. It provides expert guidance from the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN), plus an overview of the TERCAP® assessment tool. The book systematically examines the causes of practice breakdowns resulting from practice styles, health care environments, teamwork, and structural systems to promote patient safety. An overview of the NCSBN Practice Breakdown Initiative introduces the TERCAP® assessment tool and provides a helpful framework for understanding the scope of problems, along with NCSBN’s approach to addressing them. Coverage of each type of practice breakdown systematically explores errors in areas such as clinical reasoning or judgment, prevention, and intervention. Case Studies provide real-life examples of practice breakdowns and help you learn to identify problems and propose solutions. Chapters on mandatory reporting and implementation of a whole systems approach offer practical information on understanding TERCAP® and implementing a whole systems approach to preventing practice breakdowns.
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Reason's Grief

An Essay on Tragedy and Value

Author: George W. Harris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139457136

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2001

Reason's Grief takes W. B. Yeats's comment that we begin to live only when we have conceived life as tragedy as a call for a tragic ethics, something the modern West has yet to produce. Harris argues that we must turn away from religious understandings of tragedy and the human condition and realize that our species will occupy a very brief period of history, at some point to disappear without a trace. We must accept an ethical perspective that avoids pernicious fantasies about ultimate redemption but that sees tragic loss as a permanent and pervasive aspect of our daily lives, yet finds a way to think, feel and act with both passion and hope. Reason's Grief takes us back through the history of our thinking about value to find our way. The call is for nothing less than a paradigm shift for understanding both tragedy and ethics.
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The Ethics of Tourism Development

Author: Mick Smith,Rosaleen Duffy

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415266864

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 195

View: 5193

Drawing upon a variety of important philosophical traditions, this book develops an original perspective on the relations between ethical, economic and aesthetic values in a tourism context. It considers the ethical/political issues arising in many areas of tourism development, including: the profound cultural and environmental impacts on tourist destinations the reciprocity (or lack of) in host-guest relations the (un)fair distribution of benefits and revenues the moral implications of issues such as sex tourism, staged authenticity and travel to oppressive regimes. The book concludes with a detailed investigation of the potential and pitfalls of ecotourism, sustainable tourism and community-based tourism, as examples of what is sometimes termed 'ethical tourism.' Until now, the ethical issues that surround tourism development have received little academic attention. Explaining philosophical arguments without the use of excessive jargon, this fascinating book interweaves theory and practice, aided by the use of text boxes to explain key terms in ethics, politics, and tourism development, and drawing on contemporary case studies from South Africa, Mexico, Zambia, Honduras, Ethiopia and Madagascar.
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Faith Schools and Society

Civilizing the Debate

Author: Jo Cairns

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441188533

Category: Education

Page: 284

View: 7519

- Do faith schools have a place in a plural society? - Which types of school contribute most effectively to a plural society? This fascinating monograph seeks to answer these questions and more by exploring the fit between personal, spiritual and academic goals in contemporary educational experience and individual school cultures. Jo Cairns, a well-respected authority on faith schools, argues that educational ideology in plural societies has to find a way of recognizing and responding to the 'predicament' of pluralism as it is experienced by individuals and communities. This provocative and challenging book will undoubtedly stimulate debate among educationists across the world.
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Ein endloser Knoten?

Robert Musils Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törless im Spiegel soziologischer, psychoanalytischer und philosophischer Diskurse

Author: Roland Kroemer

Publisher: Wilhelm Fink Verlag

ISBN: 9783770539468

Category:

Page: 223

View: 4996

Die Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törleß, Robert Musils erster Roman, gehört zu den rätselhaftesten Werken der Literaturgeschichte. Kurz nach 1900 erschienen, beschreibt der Text den allmählichen Verlust der ontologischen Sicherheit und den Einbruch einer 'irrationalen', hinter den Alltagskulissen verborgenen Welt. Trotz einer kaum noch überschaubaren Sekundärliteratur geht es dem Leser ähnlich wie der Titelfigur Törleß: Immer wieder glaubt er, die dargestellten Verwirrungen begriffen zu haben - nur um kurz darauf feststellen zu müssen, dass sie sich dem sprachlichen Zugriff erneut entzogen haben. Roland Kroemers Buch beschreibt diesen 'endlosen Knoten' und entwirrt ihn vor dem Hintergrund verschiedener Diskurse aus Soziologie, Psychoanalyse und Philosophie. In detaillierten Textanalysen und breitgestreuten Verweisen auf diverse zeitgenössische Kontexte zeigt die Untersuchung erstmals auf, dass sich die wichtigsten von Musil rezipierten (geistes-)wissenschaftlichen Diskurse in der räumlichen wie personellen Textgestaltung wiederfinden. Der Törleß entpuppt sich als intertextueller und polyphoner Erzähltext, in dem die unterschiedlichsten Weltbilder aufeinandertreffen und um die Vorherrschaft kämpfen.
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