An Overview of the English Language in Nigeria
Author: L. Ayo Banjo
Category: Foreign Language Study
View: 8172The author is a prominent linguistics scholar. The study of sociolinguistics of the English language in Nigeria has assumed great importance in Nigerian universities. Against the background of key works from 1971 to 1991, and the growing debate over an optimal language policy for Nigeria, he looks at the perspectives of an individual writer, to provide an overview of the language since its earliest contacts with what is now known as Nigeria. One important gap which he identifies is the paucity of illustrative data even from the three main Nigerian languages.
Essays on His Theory of Human Nature
Author: Robert B. Louden
Publisher: Oxford University Press
View: 8750In Kant's Human Being, Robert B. Louden continues and deepens avenues of research first initiated in his highly acclaimed book, Kant's Impure Ethics. Drawing on a wide variety of both published and unpublished works spanning all periods of Kant's extensive writing career, Louden here focuses on Kant's under-appreciated empirical work on human nature, with particular attention to the connections between this body of work and his much-discussed ethical theory. Kant repeatedly claimed that the question, "What is the human being" is philosophy's most fundamental question, one that encompasses all others. Louden analyzes and evaluates Kant's own answer to his question, showing how it differs from other accounts of human nature. This collection of twelve essays is divided into three parts. In Part One (Human Virtues), Louden explores the nature and role of virtue in Kant's ethical theory, showing how the conception of human nature behind Kant's virtue theory results in a virtue ethics that is decidedly different from more familiar Aristotelian virtue ethics programs. In Part Two (Ethics and Anthropology), he uncovers the dominant moral message in Kant's anthropological investigations, drawing new connections between Kant's work on human nature and his ethics. Finally, in Part Three (Extensions of Anthropology), Louden explores specific aspects of Kant's theory of human nature developed outside of his anthropology lectures, in his works on religion, geography, education ,and aesthetics, and shows how these writings substantially amplify his account of human beings. Kant's Human Being offers a detailed and multifaceted investigation of the question that Kant held to be the most important of all, and will be of interest not only to philosophers but also to all who are concerned with the study of human nature.
A Post-Dialectical Theory of Value
Author: Stephen Petro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 3922This book explores the overlooked but vital theoretical relationships between R. M. Hare, Alan Gewirth, and Jürgen Habermas. The author claims their accounts of value, while failing to address classic virtue-theoretical critiques, bear the seeds of a resolution to the ultimate question “What is most valuable?” These dialectical approaches, as claimed, justify a reinterpretation of value and value judgment according to the Carnapian conception of an empirical-linguistic framework or grammar. Through a further synthesis with the work of Philippa Foot and Thomas Magnell, the author shows that “value” would be literally meaningless without four fundamental phenomena which constitute such a framework: Logical Judgment, Conceptual Synthesis, Conceptual Abstraction, and Freedom. As part of the 'grammar of goodness,' the excellence of these phenomena, in a highly concrete way, constitute the essence of the greatest good, as this book explains.
Phenomenology and the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians
Author: Michael D. Barber
Publisher: Ohio University Press
View: 2738World-renowned analytic philosophers John McDowell and Robert Brandom, dubbed “Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians,” recently engaged in an intriguing debate about perception. In The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity Michael D. Barber is the first to bring phenomenology to bear not just on the perspectives of McDowell or Brandom alone, but on their intersection. He argues that McDowell accounts better for the intelligibility of empirical content by defending holistically functioning, reflectively distinguishable sensory and intellectual intentional structures. He reconstructs dimensions implicit in the perception debate, favoring Brandom on knowledge’s intersubjective features that converge with the ethical characteristics of intersubjectivity Emmanuel Levinas illuminates. Phenomenology becomes the third partner in this debate between two analytic philosophers, critically mediating their discussion by unfolding the systematic interconnectionamong perception, intersubjectivity, metaphilosophy, and ethics.
Author: Monika Betzler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
View: 3642Die erheblichen inhaltlichen Erweiterungen und Präzisierungen, die Kant vor allem in der Tugendlehre gegenüber seinen früheren ethischen Schriften vornimmt, erweisen sich als aktuell in Bezug auf gegenwärtig diskutierte moraltheoretische Fragen. Die Beiträge dieses Sammelbandes analysieren Kants zentrale Überlegungen im Kontext seiner früheren ethischen Schriften und im Rahmen gegenwärtiger ethischer Debatten. Die aktuelle Relevanz und die Reichweite einer kantisch verstandenen Tugendethik werden so deutlich.
The Value of Autocracy
Author: Anne Margaret Baxley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 4402Anne Margaret Baxley offers a systematic interpretation of Kant's theory of virtue, whose most distinctive features have not been properly understood. She explores the rich moral psychology in Kant's later and less widely read works on ethics, and argues that the key to understanding his account of virtue is the concept of autocracy, a form of moral self-government in which reason rules over sensibility. Although certain aspects of Kant's theory bear comparison to more familiar Aristotelian claims about virtue, Baxley contends that its most important aspects combine to produce something different - a distinctively modern, egalitarian conception of virtue which is an important and overlooked alternative to the more traditional Greek views which have dominated contemporary virtue ethics.
Author: J.J. Drummond,Lester E. Embree
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 7878Against the background of the recent revival of ethics, this handbook aims to show the great fertility of the phenomenological tradition for the study of ethics and moral philosophy by collecting a set of papers on the contributions to ethical thought by major phenomenological thinkers. Twenty-one chapters in the book are articles by experts who explore the thought of the major ethical thinkers in the first two generations of the phenomenological tradition and direct the reader toward the most relevant primary and secondary materials. The final three chapters of the book sketch more recent developments in various parts of the world, and the first three chapters investigate the relations between phenomenology and the dominant normative approaches in contemporary moral philosophy.
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
View: 2647Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Die Nikomachische Ethik (altgriechisch ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια, ēthiká Nikomácheia) ist die bedeutendste der drei unter dem Namen des Aristoteles überlieferten ethischen Schriften. Da sie mit der Eudemischen Ethik einige Bücher teilt, ist sie möglicherweise nicht von Aristoteles selbst in der uns erhaltenen Form zusammengestellt worden. Warum die Schrift diesen Titel trägt, ist unklar. Er bezieht sich möglicherweise auf Aristoteles’ Sohn Nikomachos, auf seinen gleichnamigen Vater oder eine andere Person dieses Namens. (aus wikipedia.de)
Author: Andrew S. Gold,Paul B. Miller
Publisher: OUP Oxford
View: 1457Fiduciary law is a critically important body of law. Fiduciary duties ensure the integrity of a remarkable variety of relationships, institutions, and organizations. They apply to relationships of great personal significance, including in some jurisdictions the relationship between parents and children. They structure a wide variety of commercial relationships, and they are essential to the regulation of relationships between professional service providers and their clients, including relationships between lawyer and client, doctor and patient, and investment manager and client. Fiduciary duties, perhaps uniquely in private law, challenge traditional ways of marking the boundaries between private and public law, inasmuch as they figure prominently in public governance. Indeed, there is even a storied tradition of thinking of the authority of the state in fiduciary terms. Notwithstanding its importance, fiduciary law has been woefully under-analysed by legal theorists. Filling this gap with a series of chapters by leading theorists, this book includes chapters on: the nature of fiduciary relationships, the connection between fiduciary duties and morality, the content and significance of fiduciary loyalty, the economic significance of fiduciary law, the application of fiduciary principles to public law and international law, the import of fiduciary relationships to theories of authority, and various other fundamental topics in the field. In many cases, new and important questions are raised by the book's chapters. Indeed, this book not only offers a much-needed theoretical assessment of fiduciary topics, it defines the field going forward, setting an agenda for future philosophical study of fiduciary law.
Ordnung und Struktur in einer chaotischen Welt - Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben!
Author: Jordan B. Peterson
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
Category: Social Science
View: 6345Der Nr.1-Bestseller aus den USA: Wie man in einer von Chaos und Irrsinn regierten Welt bei Verstand bleibt! Wie können wir in der modernen Welt überleben? Jordan B. Peterson beantwortet diese Frage humorvoll, überraschend und informativ. Er erklärt, warum wir Kinder beim Skateboarden alleine lassen sollten, welches grausame Schicksal diejenigen ereilt, die alles allzu schnell kritisieren und warum wir Katzen, die wir auf der Straße antreffen, immer streicheln sollten. Doch was bitte erklärt uns das Nervensystem eines Hummers über unsere Erfolgschancen im Leben? Und warum beteten die alten Ägypter die Fähigkeit zu genauer Beobachtung als höchste Gottheit an? Dr. Peterson diskutiert Begriffe wie Disziplin, Freiheit, Abenteuer und Verantwortung und kondensiert Wahrheit und Weisheit der Welt in 12 praktischen Lebensregeln. »12 Rules For Life« erschüttert die Grundannahmen von moderner Wissenschaft, Glauben und menschlicher Natur. Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben garantiert!
China’s Freudian Slip
Author: Tao Jiang,Philip J. Ivanhoe
View: 1178Although Freud makes only occasional, brief references to China and Chinese culture in his works, for almost a hundred years many leading Chinese intellectuals have studied and appropriated various Freudian theories. However, whilst some features of Freud’s views have been warmly embraced from the start and appreciated for their various explanatory and therapeutic values, other aspects have been vigorously criticized as implausible or inapplicable to the Chinese context. This book explores the history, reception, and use of Freud and his theories in China, and makes an original and substantial contribution to our understanding of the Chinese people and their culture as well as to our appreciation of western attempts to understand the people and culture of China. The essays are organised around three key areas of research. First, it examines the historical background concerning the China-Freud connection in the 20th century, before going on to use reconstructed Freudian theories in order to provide a modernist critique of Chinese culture. Finally, the book deploys traditional Chinese thought in order to challenge various aspects of the Freudian project. Both Freudianism’s universal appeal and its cultural particularity are in full display throughout the book. At the same time, the allure of Chinese cultural and literary expressions, both in terms of their commonality with other cultures and their distinctive characteristics, are also scrutinized. This collection of essays will be welcomed by those interested in early modern and contemporary China, as well as the work and influence of Freud. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars of psychology, psychoanalysis, literature, philosophy, religion, and cultural studies more generally.
Author: Mick Smith,Rosaleen Duffy
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Business & Economics
View: 2178Drawing upon a variety of important philosophical traditions, this book develops an original perspective on the relations between ethical, economic and aesthetic values in a tourism context. It considers the ethical/political issues arising in many areas of tourism development, including: the profound cultural and environmental impacts on tourist destinations the reciprocity (or lack of) in host-guest relations the (un)fair distribution of benefits and revenues the moral implications of issues such as sex tourism, staged authenticity and travel to oppressive regimes. The book concludes with a detailed investigation of the potential and pitfalls of ecotourism, sustainable tourism and community-based tourism, as examples of what is sometimes termed 'ethical tourism.' Until now, the ethical issues that surround tourism development have received little academic attention. Explaining philosophical arguments without the use of excessive jargon, this fascinating book interweaves theory and practice, aided by the use of text boxes to explain key terms in ethics, politics, and tourism development, and drawing on contemporary case studies from South Africa, Mexico, Zambia, Honduras, Ethiopia and Madagascar.
The Remarkable Success of Spiritual Enterprise
Author: Theodore Roosevelt Malloch
Publisher: Thomas Nelson
Category: Business & Economics
View: 7705Can the concept of "Spiritual Capital" actually ensure a company's success? Critics of capitalism view big businesses as insatiable masters of the universe with little regard for the public. They label those who create wealth as greedy, malicious, and unscrupulous. Doing Virtuous Business answers these charges head-on. In this insightful and original book, Theodore Roosevelt Malloch presents the bold idea that the creation of wealth by virtuous means is the most important thing that can be done for society. Doing Virtuous Business explains the true purpose of business and illuminates the connection between a free economy and religious liberty. Drawing from the notion of "social capital," which has been developed by generations of scholars, Malloch adds the concept of "spiritual capital" as a foundation for social progress and also a necessity for responsible and successful enterprise. He details the virtues that sustain a business and a free market—virtues that build up a network of trust, which is critical to the global economy. Malloch reveals that a company's soul determines its "spiritual capital," an equally imperative foundation to success. From Wal-Mart to IBM, Malloch demonstrates how companies that operate on ethical models informed by spiritual traditions have outperformed their competitors. This book is a welcome moral defense of free enterprise and a sensible guide for achieving the ideal of virtuous business. Besides making the world a better place, Malloch argues, virtuous enterprise makes companies far more successful and profitable than they otherwise would be. He presents case studies of virtuous business in the Judeo-Christian tradition as well as statistical analysis demonstrating how companies that operate on ethical models have outperformed their competitors over the long run.
Robert Musils Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törless im Spiegel soziologischer, psychoanalytischer und philosophischer Diskurse
Author: Roland Kroemer
Publisher: Wilhelm Fink Verlag
View: 5124Die Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törleß, Robert Musils erster Roman, gehört zu den rätselhaftesten Werken der Literaturgeschichte. Kurz nach 1900 erschienen, beschreibt der Text den allmählichen Verlust der ontologischen Sicherheit und den Einbruch einer 'irrationalen', hinter den Alltagskulissen verborgenen Welt. Trotz einer kaum noch überschaubaren Sekundärliteratur geht es dem Leser ähnlich wie der Titelfigur Törleß: Immer wieder glaubt er, die dargestellten Verwirrungen begriffen zu haben - nur um kurz darauf feststellen zu müssen, dass sie sich dem sprachlichen Zugriff erneut entzogen haben. Roland Kroemers Buch beschreibt diesen 'endlosen Knoten' und entwirrt ihn vor dem Hintergrund verschiedener Diskurse aus Soziologie, Psychoanalyse und Philosophie. In detaillierten Textanalysen und breitgestreuten Verweisen auf diverse zeitgenössische Kontexte zeigt die Untersuchung erstmals auf, dass sich die wichtigsten von Musil rezipierten (geistes-)wissenschaftlichen Diskurse in der räumlichen wie personellen Textgestaltung wiederfinden. Der Törleß entpuppt sich als intertextueller und polyphoner Erzähltext, in dem die unterschiedlichsten Weltbilder aufeinandertreffen und um die Vorherrschaft kämpfen.
Author: Grace Ji-Sun Kim
View: 3573Globalism, colonialism, and consumerism have caused unjust suffering (han), for the earth's exploited peoples and the exploited lands. To reverse this tragedy, we need to work for a safer, sustainable planet and renew our inspiration from God as the transforming Spirit who gives, sustains and empowers life to all.