Making a Necessity of Virtue

Aristotle and Kant on Virtue

Author: Nancy Sherman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521564878

Category: Philosophy

Page: 387

View: 6477

A detailed analysis of Aristotelian and Kantian ethics together, remaining faithful to the texts and responsive to contemporary debates.

Making a Virtue of Necessity

An Overview of the English Language in Nigeria

Author: L. Ayo Banjo

Publisher: N.A


Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 167

View: 8172

The author is a prominent linguistics scholar. The study of sociolinguistics of the English language in Nigeria has assumed great importance in Nigerian universities. Against the background of key works from 1971 to 1991, and the growing debate over an optimal language policy for Nigeria, he looks at the perspectives of an individual writer, to provide an overview of the language since its earliest contacts with what is now known as Nigeria. One important gap which he identifies is the paucity of illustrative data even from the three main Nigerian languages.

Kant's Human Being

Essays on His Theory of Human Nature

Author: Robert B. Louden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019991110X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 8750

In Kant's Human Being, Robert B. Louden continues and deepens avenues of research first initiated in his highly acclaimed book, Kant's Impure Ethics. Drawing on a wide variety of both published and unpublished works spanning all periods of Kant's extensive writing career, Louden here focuses on Kant's under-appreciated empirical work on human nature, with particular attention to the connections between this body of work and his much-discussed ethical theory. Kant repeatedly claimed that the question, "What is the human being" is philosophy's most fundamental question, one that encompasses all others. Louden analyzes and evaluates Kant's own answer to his question, showing how it differs from other accounts of human nature. This collection of twelve essays is divided into three parts. In Part One (Human Virtues), Louden explores the nature and role of virtue in Kant's ethical theory, showing how the conception of human nature behind Kant's virtue theory results in a virtue ethics that is decidedly different from more familiar Aristotelian virtue ethics programs. In Part Two (Ethics and Anthropology), he uncovers the dominant moral message in Kant's anthropological investigations, drawing new connections between Kant's work on human nature and his ethics. Finally, in Part Three (Extensions of Anthropology), Louden explores specific aspects of Kant's theory of human nature developed outside of his anthropology lectures, in his works on religion, geography, education ,and aesthetics, and shows how these writings substantially amplify his account of human beings. Kant's Human Being offers a detailed and multifaceted investigation of the question that Kant held to be the most important of all, and will be of interest not only to philosophers but also to all who are concerned with the study of human nature.

Rationality, Virtue, and Liberation

A Post-Dialectical Theory of Value

Author: Stephen Petro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319022857

Category: Philosophy

Page: 327

View: 3922

This book explores the overlooked but vital theoretical relationships between R. M. Hare, Alan Gewirth, and Jürgen Habermas. The author claims their accounts of value, while failing to address classic virtue-theoretical critiques, bear the seeds of a resolution to the ultimate question “What is most valuable?” These dialectical approaches, as claimed, justify a reinterpretation of value and value judgment according to the Carnapian conception of an empirical-linguistic framework or grammar. Through a further synthesis with the work of Philippa Foot and Thomas Magnell, the author shows that “value” would be literally meaningless without four fundamental phenomena which constitute such a framework: Logical Judgment, Conceptual Synthesis, Conceptual Abstraction, and Freedom. As part of the 'grammar of goodness,' the excellence of these phenomena, in a highly concrete way, constitute the essence of the greatest good, as this book explains.

The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity

Phenomenology and the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians

Author: Michael D. Barber

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0821443682

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 2738

World-renowned analytic philosophers John McDowell and Robert Brandom, dubbed “Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians,” recently engaged in an intriguing debate about perception. In The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity Michael D. Barber is the first to bring phenomenology to bear not just on the perspectives of McDowell or Brandom alone, but on their intersection. He argues that McDowell accounts better for the intelligibility of empirical content by defending holistically functioning, reflectively distinguishable sensory and intellectual intentional structures. He reconstructs dimensions implicit in the perception debate, favoring Brandom on knowledge’s intersubjective features that converge with the ethical characteristics of intersubjectivity Emmanuel Levinas illuminates. Phenomenology becomes the third partner in this debate between two analytic philosophers, critically mediating their discussion by unfolding the systematic interconnectionamong perception, intersubjectivity, metaphilosophy, and ethics.

Kant's Ethics of Virtue

Author: Monika Betzler

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110209659

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

View: 3642

Die erheblichen inhaltlichen Erweiterungen und Präzisierungen, die Kant vor allem in der Tugendlehre gegenüber seinen früheren ethischen Schriften vornimmt, erweisen sich als aktuell in Bezug auf gegenwärtig diskutierte moraltheoretische Fragen. Die Beiträge dieses Sammelbandes analysieren Kants zentrale Überlegungen im Kontext seiner früheren ethischen Schriften und im Rahmen gegenwärtiger ethischer Debatten. Die aktuelle Relevanz und die Reichweite einer kantisch verstandenen Tugendethik werden so deutlich.

Kant's Theory of Virtue

The Value of Autocracy

Author: Anne Margaret Baxley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493167

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 4402

Anne Margaret Baxley offers a systematic interpretation of Kant's theory of virtue, whose most distinctive features have not been properly understood. She explores the rich moral psychology in Kant's later and less widely read works on ethics, and argues that the key to understanding his account of virtue is the concept of autocracy, a form of moral self-government in which reason rules over sensibility. Although certain aspects of Kant's theory bear comparison to more familiar Aristotelian claims about virtue, Baxley contends that its most important aspects combine to produce something different - a distinctively modern, egalitarian conception of virtue which is an important and overlooked alternative to the more traditional Greek views which have dominated contemporary virtue ethics.

Phenomenological Approaches to Moral Philosophy

A Handbook

Author: J.J. Drummond,Lester E. Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402007705

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

View: 7878

Against the background of the recent revival of ethics, this handbook aims to show the great fertility of the phenomenological tradition for the study of ethics and moral philosophy by collecting a set of papers on the contributions to ethical thought by major phenomenological thinkers. Twenty-one chapters in the book are articles by experts who explore the thought of the major ethical thinkers in the first two generations of the phenomenological tradition and direct the reader toward the most relevant primary and secondary materials. The final three chapters of the book sketch more recent developments in various parts of the world, and the first three chapters investigate the relations between phenomenology and the dominant normative approaches in contemporary moral philosophy.

Nikomachische Ethik

Author: Aristoteles

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849603849


Page: 285

View: 2647

Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Die Nikomachische Ethik (altgriechisch ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια, ēthiká Nikomácheia) ist die bedeutendste der drei unter dem Namen des Aristoteles überlieferten ethischen Schriften. Da sie mit der Eudemischen Ethik einige Bücher teilt, ist sie möglicherweise nicht von Aristoteles selbst in der uns erhaltenen Form zusammengestellt worden. Warum die Schrift diesen Titel trägt, ist unklar. Er bezieht sich möglicherweise auf Aristoteles’ Sohn Nikomachos, auf seinen gleichnamigen Vater oder eine andere Person dieses Namens. (aus

Philosophical Foundations of Fiduciary Law

Author: Andrew S. Gold,Paul B. Miller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191005290

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 1457

Fiduciary law is a critically important body of law. Fiduciary duties ensure the integrity of a remarkable variety of relationships, institutions, and organizations. They apply to relationships of great personal significance, including in some jurisdictions the relationship between parents and children. They structure a wide variety of commercial relationships, and they are essential to the regulation of relationships between professional service providers and their clients, including relationships between lawyer and client, doctor and patient, and investment manager and client. Fiduciary duties, perhaps uniquely in private law, challenge traditional ways of marking the boundaries between private and public law, inasmuch as they figure prominently in public governance. Indeed, there is even a storied tradition of thinking of the authority of the state in fiduciary terms. Notwithstanding its importance, fiduciary law has been woefully under-analysed by legal theorists. Filling this gap with a series of chapters by leading theorists, this book includes chapters on: the nature of fiduciary relationships, the connection between fiduciary duties and morality, the content and significance of fiduciary loyalty, the economic significance of fiduciary law, the application of fiduciary principles to public law and international law, the import of fiduciary relationships to theories of authority, and various other fundamental topics in the field. In many cases, new and important questions are raised by the book's chapters. Indeed, this book not only offers a much-needed theoretical assessment of fiduciary topics, it defines the field going forward, setting an agenda for future philosophical study of fiduciary law.

12 Rules For Life

Ordnung und Struktur in einer chaotischen Welt - Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben!

Author: Jordan B. Peterson

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641239842

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 6345

Der Nr.1-Bestseller aus den USA: Wie man in einer von Chaos und Irrsinn regierten Welt bei Verstand bleibt! Wie können wir in der modernen Welt überleben? Jordan B. Peterson beantwortet diese Frage humorvoll, überraschend und informativ. Er erklärt, warum wir Kinder beim Skateboarden alleine lassen sollten, welches grausame Schicksal diejenigen ereilt, die alles allzu schnell kritisieren und warum wir Katzen, die wir auf der Straße antreffen, immer streicheln sollten. Doch was bitte erklärt uns das Nervensystem eines Hummers über unsere Erfolgschancen im Leben? Und warum beteten die alten Ägypter die Fähigkeit zu genauer Beobachtung als höchste Gottheit an? Dr. Peterson diskutiert Begriffe wie Disziplin, Freiheit, Abenteuer und Verantwortung und kondensiert Wahrheit und Weisheit der Welt in 12 praktischen Lebensregeln. »12 Rules For Life« erschüttert die Grundannahmen von moderner Wissenschaft, Glauben und menschlicher Natur. Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben garantiert!

The Reception and Rendition of Freud in China

China’s Freudian Slip

Author: Tao Jiang,Philip J. Ivanhoe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136208380

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 1178

Although Freud makes only occasional, brief references to China and Chinese culture in his works, for almost a hundred years many leading Chinese intellectuals have studied and appropriated various Freudian theories. However, whilst some features of Freud’s views have been warmly embraced from the start and appreciated for their various explanatory and therapeutic values, other aspects have been vigorously criticized as implausible or inapplicable to the Chinese context. This book explores the history, reception, and use of Freud and his theories in China, and makes an original and substantial contribution to our understanding of the Chinese people and their culture as well as to our appreciation of western attempts to understand the people and culture of China. The essays are organised around three key areas of research. First, it examines the historical background concerning the China-Freud connection in the 20th century, before going on to use reconstructed Freudian theories in order to provide a modernist critique of Chinese culture. Finally, the book deploys traditional Chinese thought in order to challenge various aspects of the Freudian project. Both Freudianism’s universal appeal and its cultural particularity are in full display throughout the book. At the same time, the allure of Chinese cultural and literary expressions, both in terms of their commonality with other cultures and their distinctive characteristics, are also scrutinized. This collection of essays will be welcomed by those interested in early modern and contemporary China, as well as the work and influence of Freud. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars of psychology, psychoanalysis, literature, philosophy, religion, and cultural studies more generally.

Die Politik

Author: Aristoteles,Christian Garve

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 5970


The Ethics of Tourism Development

Author: Mick Smith,Rosaleen Duffy

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415266864

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 195

View: 2178

Drawing upon a variety of important philosophical traditions, this book develops an original perspective on the relations between ethical, economic and aesthetic values in a tourism context. It considers the ethical/political issues arising in many areas of tourism development, including: the profound cultural and environmental impacts on tourist destinations the reciprocity (or lack of) in host-guest relations the (un)fair distribution of benefits and revenues the moral implications of issues such as sex tourism, staged authenticity and travel to oppressive regimes. The book concludes with a detailed investigation of the potential and pitfalls of ecotourism, sustainable tourism and community-based tourism, as examples of what is sometimes termed 'ethical tourism.' Until now, the ethical issues that surround tourism development have received little academic attention. Explaining philosophical arguments without the use of excessive jargon, this fascinating book interweaves theory and practice, aided by the use of text boxes to explain key terms in ethics, politics, and tourism development, and drawing on contemporary case studies from South Africa, Mexico, Zambia, Honduras, Ethiopia and Madagascar.

Doing Virtuous Business

The Remarkable Success of Spiritual Enterprise

Author: Theodore Roosevelt Malloch

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 0849949734

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7705

Can the concept of "Spiritual Capital" actually ensure a company's success? Critics of capitalism view big businesses as insatiable masters of the universe with little regard for the public. They label those who create wealth as greedy, malicious, and unscrupulous. Doing Virtuous Business answers these charges head-on. In this insightful and original book, Theodore Roosevelt Malloch presents the bold idea that the creation of wealth by virtuous means is the most important thing that can be done for society. Doing Virtuous Business explains the true purpose of business and illuminates the connection between a free economy and religious liberty. Drawing from the notion of "social capital," which has been developed by generations of scholars, Malloch adds the concept of "spiritual capital" as a foundation for social progress and also a necessity for responsible and successful enterprise. He details the virtues that sustain a business and a free market—virtues that build up a network of trust, which is critical to the global economy. Malloch reveals that a company's soul determines its "spiritual capital," an equally imperative foundation to success. From Wal-Mart to IBM, Malloch demonstrates how companies that operate on ethical models informed by spiritual traditions have outperformed their competitors. This book is a welcome moral defense of free enterprise and a sensible guide for achieving the ideal of virtuous business. Besides making the world a better place, Malloch argues, virtuous enterprise makes companies far more successful and profitable than they otherwise would be. He presents case studies of virtuous business in the Judeo-Christian tradition as well as statistical analysis demonstrating how companies that operate on ethical models have outperformed their competitors over the long run.

Ein endloser Knoten?

Robert Musils Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törless im Spiegel soziologischer, psychoanalytischer und philosophischer Diskurse

Author: Roland Kroemer

Publisher: Wilhelm Fink Verlag

ISBN: 9783770539468


Page: 223

View: 5124

Die Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törleß, Robert Musils erster Roman, gehört zu den rätselhaftesten Werken der Literaturgeschichte. Kurz nach 1900 erschienen, beschreibt der Text den allmählichen Verlust der ontologischen Sicherheit und den Einbruch einer 'irrationalen', hinter den Alltagskulissen verborgenen Welt. Trotz einer kaum noch überschaubaren Sekundärliteratur geht es dem Leser ähnlich wie der Titelfigur Törleß: Immer wieder glaubt er, die dargestellten Verwirrungen begriffen zu haben - nur um kurz darauf feststellen zu müssen, dass sie sich dem sprachlichen Zugriff erneut entzogen haben. Roland Kroemers Buch beschreibt diesen 'endlosen Knoten' und entwirrt ihn vor dem Hintergrund verschiedener Diskurse aus Soziologie, Psychoanalyse und Philosophie. In detaillierten Textanalysen und breitgestreuten Verweisen auf diverse zeitgenössische Kontexte zeigt die Untersuchung erstmals auf, dass sich die wichtigsten von Musil rezipierten (geistes-)wissenschaftlichen Diskurse in der räumlichen wie personellen Textgestaltung wiederfinden. Der Törleß entpuppt sich als intertextueller und polyphoner Erzähltext, in dem die unterschiedlichsten Weltbilder aufeinandertreffen und um die Vorherrschaft kämpfen.

Equisse D'une Théorie de la Pratique

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521291644

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 2367

Through Pierre Bourdieu's work in Kabylia (Algeria), he develops a theory on symbolic power.

Colonialism, Han, and the Transformative Spirit

Author: Grace Ji-Sun Kim

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137344873

Category: History

Page: 102

View: 3573

Globalism, colonialism, and consumerism have caused unjust suffering (han), for the earth's exploited peoples and the exploited lands. To reverse this tragedy, we need to work for a safer, sustainable planet and renew our inspiration from God as the transforming Spirit who gives, sustains and empowers life to all.