Make It Rain

State Control of the Atmosphere in Twentieth-Century America

Author: Kristine Harper

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022643723X

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 4221

Weather control. Juxtaposing those two words is enough to raise eyebrows in a world where even the best weather models still fail to nail every forecast, and when the effects of climate change on sea level height, seasonal averages of weather phenomena, and biological behavior are being watched with interest by all, regardless of political or scientific persuasion. But between the late nineteenth century—when the United States first funded an attempt to “shock” rain out of clouds—and the late 1940s, rainmaking (as it had been known) became weather control. And then things got out of control. In Make It Rain, Kristine C. Harper tells the long and somewhat ludicrous history of state-funded attempts to manage, manipulate, and deploy the weather in America. Harper shows that governments from the federal to the local became helplessly captivated by the idea that weather control could promote agriculture, health, industrial output, and economic growth at home, or even be used as a military weapon and diplomatic tool abroad. Clear fog for landing aircraft? There’s a project for that. Gentle rain for strawberries? Let’s do it! Enhanced snowpacks for hydroelectric utilities? Check. The heyday of these weather control programs came during the Cold War, as the atmosphere came to be seen as something to be defended, weaponized, and manipulated. Yet Harper demonstrates that today there are clear implications for our attempts to solve the problems of climate change.
Release

It's All for Sale

The Control of Global Resources

Author: James Ridgeway

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822333746

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 7366

An analysis of who owns and controls the world's natural resources, geared for the general reader but useful for scholars of development, international relations and the environment.
Release

Native America in the Twentieth Century

An Encyclopedia

Author: Mary B. Davis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135638543

Category: History

Page: 832

View: 2890

First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Release

The Government Took My Property!

A Comparison of Acquisition Law in Australia and the United States

Author: Silas Flint

Publisher: Silas Flint

ISBN: 1311440682

Category: Law

Page: 102

View: 8125

Most people don't think much about acquisitions or "takings" of private property by the government--until they receive a letter that their land is about to be taken! This complex subject is made easy to understand in this volume. The author uses zany humor and bizarre examples to describe the history of acquisitions in Australia and the USA, and how they have come to be what they are today. While the book is written from an Australian perspective, it also provides significant insights into American takings and how they operate.
Release

Earth Rising

American Environmentalism in the 21st Century

Author: Philip Shabecoff

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597263351

Category: Environmentalism

Page: 224

View: 4244

"He makes a compelling case that another wave of environmentalism is needed - more powerful, diverse and sophisticated, visionary and flexible. Earth Rising offers a detailed road map that can guide environmentalists toward that new and reenergized place in society."--BOOK JACKET.
Release

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141297464X

Category: Science

Page: 883

View: 6889

This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.
Release

Acid Earth

The Global Threat of Acid Pollution

Author: John McCormick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134053851

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 8619

Acid rain was one of the major environmental issues of the 1980s. But while industrialized countries have taken measures to reduce the emissions that lead to acidification, the problems have not gone away. Trees are still dying, lakes are still being made uninhabitable; buildings are still corroding; and human health is still suffering. The most worrying trend is the repetition in the industrializing countries of Asia and Latin America of the problems that have long afflicted Europe and North America. More than 10 years after it was first published, the highly acclaimed Acid Earth still provides the only global view of acidification, and remains the standard text on the subject. Chapters on the causes, effects and growing scientific understanding of acid pollution, and the possible solutions, are followed by detailed studies of the political struggles involved in responding to acid damage in western and eastern Europe, the US and the newly industrializing countries. Written in non-technical language for people interested in the problems of the environment, Acid Earth calls for a renewed sense of public and political will to bring the problems of acid pollution under control. The book also makes valuable reading for specialists and students. Originally published in 1992
Release

Markets and Politicians

Politicized economic choice

Author: Arye L. Hillman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401138826

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 2094

Arye L. Hillman There has been much economic theorizing directed at providing the politician with guidance in the design of policies that will amend market outcomes in ways that achieve specified efficiency or equity objectives. It has been common practice in economic models to portray the politician who implements the policy recommendations as a mechanistic individual who behaves as would a benevolent dictator to maximize a prespecified conception of social welfare or the utility of a representative consumer. The self-interest and discretion that is attributed to firms and consumers as optimizing agents is absent from the motives of such a politician. Economic policy choice is thereby depoliticized. How well depoliticized economic theory fares in explaining or predicting economic policy choice depends naturally enough upon how politicized is the economic system in which economic and political agents function. The papers in this volume recognize that politicians may exercise sufficient discretion so as not to behave mechanistically in correcting market inefficiencies or in pursuit of a somehow specified just income distribution. Since politicians are viewed as self-interested optimizing agents, just as are utility-maximizing consumers and profit-maximizing producers, the choice of economic policies is politicized. Coverage is provided of a broad spectrum of economic policy choice where markets and politicians interact. Section I is concerned with policy determination in western market economies, Section II with the introduction of markets into economies in transition from socialism, and Section III with international transactions.
Release

The State of the Earth

Environmental Challenges on the Road to 2100

Author: Paul K. Conkin

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813137470

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 8599

The pace of human progress accelerated profoundly in the twentieth century, spawning revolutionary advances in medicine, agriculture, and industry. Between 1900 and 2000, the world's population quadrupled, and production and consumption of goods increased by a factor of twelve. In The State of the Earth, award-winning historian Paul K. Conkin offers a balanced, nuanced, and ultimately hopeful assessment of the major environmental challenges that must be met after a century of torrid growth and development. Unlike many recent polemics that reduce serious environmental debates to partisan political arguments, The State of the Earth provides a thorough and scientifically informed introduction to current environmental concerns. Conkin demonstrates how the explosion in population, production, and consumption has begun to deplete critical resources such as soil nutrients and fresh water, leading to potentially widespread shortages in the world's poorest regions. Fossil fuel emissions have assured a rapid increase in greenhouse gases and contributed to rising surface and ocean temperatures, a warming that is almost certain to continue throughout the twenty-first century. Conkin explains how the complex interactions between pollution, warming, and resource depletion may threaten the planet's biodiversity and endanger innumerable species. The State of the Earth, however, is much more than a summary statement of potential catastrophes. Conkin details the long history of global conservation and environmental protection movements and places their efforts in accessible historical, theoretical, and scientific contexts. He anchors his analysis with the awareness that environmental concerns are simultaneously hotly debated political issues, variables in economic decision making, and matters of extraordinary social and cultural significance. Conkin's mission is neither to proclaim certain doom nor to suggest blithely that technological innovation and other free-market solutions will soon repair the damage already done. Rather, The State of the Earth explains the realities and consequences of ecological disruption, unsustainable growth, and environmental degradation. Conkin provides a sober and comprehensive introduction to the science and history of the environmental challenges facing humans in the new century, highlighting the need to act now on a global scale to reverse these troubling trends.
Release

Crabgrass Crucible

Suburban Nature and the Rise of Environmentalism in Twentieth-Century America

Author: Christopher C. Sellers

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807869902

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 8748

Although suburb-building created major environmental problems, Christopher Sellers demonstrates that the environmental movement originated within suburbs--not just in response to unchecked urban sprawl. Drawn to the countryside as early as the late nineteenth century, new suburbanites turned to taming the wildness of their surroundings. They cultivated a fondness for the natural world around them, and in the decades that followed, they became sensitized to potential threats. Sellers shows how the philosophy, science, and emotions that catalyzed the environmental movement sprang directly from suburbanites' lives and their ideas about nature, as well as the unique ecology of the neighborhoods in which they dwelt. Sellers focuses on the spreading edges of New York and Los Angeles over the middle of the twentieth century to create an intimate portrait of what it was like to live amid suburban nature. As suburbanites learned about their land, became aware of pollution, and saw the forests shrinking around them, the vulnerability of both their bodies and their homes became apparent. Worries crossed lines of class and race and necessitated new ways of thinking and acting, Sellers argues, concluding that suburb-dwellers, through the knowledge and politics they forged, deserve much of the credit for inventing modern environmentalism.
Release

American Government and Politics Today, No Separate Policy Chapters Version, 2013-2014

Author: Steffen Schmidt,Mack Shelley,Barbara Bardes,Lynne Ford

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 113395605X

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 6922

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS TODAY is known nationwide for its balanced, unbiased, and up-to-date coverage of constitutional, governmental, political, social, and economic structures and their processes. It encourages students to experience the excitement that comes with being an active, engaged, and informed citizen and provides them with the tools they need to get involved. This latest edition includes a variety of updates including in-depth coverage of the 2012 elections. This version of the text does not include the policy chapters. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Release

The Atlas of U.S. and Canadian Environmental History

Author: Char Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136755233

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 9982

This visually dynamic historical atlas chronologically covers American environmental history through the use of four-color maps, photos, and diagrams, and in written entries from well known scholars. Organized into seven categories, each chapter covers: agriculture * wildlife and forestry * land use and management * technology and industry * pollution and human heath * human habitats * and ideology and politics. With valuable reference aids--including bibliographies, sources for further research, an extensive index, and newly designed maps--this is an indispensable tool for students and educators alike. For a detailed contents, a generous selection of sample articles, and more, visit the website Atlas of US and Canadian Environmental History website. Also includes 46 color maps.
Release

The Basic Environmental History

Author: Mauro Agnoletti,Simone Neri Serneri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319091808

Category: Science

Page: 253

View: 6422

This book is an introductory instrument to the main themes of environmental history, illustrating its development over time, methodological implications, results achieved and those still under discussion. But the overriding aspiration is to show that the doubts, methods and knowledge elaborated by environmental history have a heuristic value that is far from negligible precisely in its attitude to the most consolidated major historiography. For this reason, this book gives an overview of environmental history as it is an essential component of the basic knowledge of global history. At the same time, it introduces specific aspects which are useful both for anyone wanting to deepen his/her studies of environmental historiography and for those interested in one of the many disciplinary areas – from rural history to urban history, from the history of technology to the history of public health, etc. with which environmental history develops a dialogue.
Release

Crucibles

The Story of Chemistry from Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission

Author: Bernard Jaffe

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486141845

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 768

Classic popular account of the great chemists Trevisan, Paracelsus, Avogadro, Mendeléeff, the Curies, Thomson, Lavoisier, and others, up to A-bomb research and recent work with subatomic particles. 20 illustrations.
Release

Green: Your Place in the New Energy Revolution

Author: Jane Hoffman,Michael Hoffman

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780230613195

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4110

Green will illustrate and shed new light on the gamut of issues associated with renewable energy, a topic whose importance increases exponentially with every temperature record-setting year. Jane and Michael Hoffman use their years of experience to explain the technological and economic future of this ecologically significant issue. They incisively explain its politics: what countries are doing right now and, most importantly, what the U.S. should be doing. Green will cut through the hype and polemics surrounding ecologically friendly technologies and present the unvarnished truth. It will guide the reader through the misinformation and confusion over global warming, and demonstrate the degree to which renewable energy can be part of the solution.
Release

Air Pollution, Acid Rain and the Environment

Report Number 18

Author: Kenneth Mellanby

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400927355

Category: Science

Page: 129

View: 5875

The Watt Committee on Energy became active in of the effects on buildings, for instance. Proposals the study of Acid Rain during 1982. Perhaps the for action should therefore concentrate on measures only aspect of the subject that has become more that promise a real improvement as a result of certain during the subsequent five years is that the expenditure. expression 'Acid Rain' is used loosely in public The Watt Committee's study of this subject has been in two phases. The first dealt with the nature debate for a complex of industrial and environ mental phenomena. Among these, Acid Rain in the of the problem, and culminated in the publication straightforward meaning of the words-rain and of Watt Committee Report No. 14 in 1984. That perhaps snow having a significantly high level of Report was divided into four sections, each of acidity-is of only limited importance. To represent which was prepared by a sub-group of the working this perspective, therefore, the Watt Committee Ex group: they dealt respectively with the fate of air borne pollution, vegetation and soils, fresh water ecutive decided that the study leading to the present Report should be entitled 'Air Pollution, Acid Rain and remedial strategy. In the second phase, these and the Environment'. sub-groups have brought their sections up-to-date The Watt Committee's interest in Acid Rain and a fifth sub-group was appointed to study arises from the fact that, among its causes, the buildings and non-living materials.
Release

Sea Level Rise

History and Consequences

Author: Bruce Douglas,Mark T Kearney,Stephen P. Leatherman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080516790

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 9982

Sea Level Rise, History and Consequences includes a special emphasis on the evidence for historical sea level change; case studies are used to demonstrate the resulting consequences. A CD-ROM is included which contain tide gauge data and trends of relative sea level from the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level. The material on the CD-ROM is either in the form of text files, or web sites that can be opened by widely available web-browsers. Sea level is expected to rise as much as 60-100 centimeters over the next century due to greenhouse-induced global warming -- or at least that is what the some scientists predict. However, the concept of sea level is extremely complex, which makes the prediction of sea level rise anything but certain. The reviewers are in consensus in enthusiastically endorsing this comprehensive book and CD-ROM treatment. This book will be a comprehensive review of the subject using the data themselves (on CD-ROM) to illustrate the principles involved, rather than detailed mathematical treatments. The book should be readily accessible to upper division and first-year graduate students in the environmental sciences, geography, geology, and other interdisciplinary fields. Four pages (up to 16 pages) of color in the printed text. The book will have wide appeal. It will be read by geologists, geophysicists, climatologists, oceanographers, meteorologists, environmental scientists, geomorphologists, coastal engineers, and policy makers in all of these fields.
Release

Toxicology of the Nose and Upper Airways

Author: John B. Morris,Dennis J. Shusterman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420081888

Category: Medical

Page: 450

View: 1706

The application of molecular biologic methods, recognition of neurogenic inflammatory processes, and utilization of genetic knockout animals are just some of the advances in toxicology of the upper airways in recent years. Toxicology of the Nose and Upper Airways presents a culmination of knowledge gained as a result of both human and experimental animal studies over the past decade. With contributions from internationally recognized leaders in the fields of experimental toxicology, respiratory medicine, otolaryngology, allergy, and sensory science, this volume: Examines the effect of selected pollutants on the upper airways of both humans and experimental animals—emphasizing mechanistic issues in the process Discusses epidemiologic findings from populations exposed occupationally or environmentally, comparing and contrasting alternative risk assessment approaches Features clear chapter organization with sections on structure and function, dosimetry and toxicokinetics, functional and pathologic responses and their measurement, responses to specific agents, risk assessment, and special topics This volume is an essential reference for pharmacologists and toxicologists concerned with the nose and upper airway, as well as clinicians, risk assessors, and sensory scientists.
Release

Warrior Race

A History of the British at War

Author: Lawrence James

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1429975822

Category: History

Page: 880

View: 707

Modern Britain is a nation shaped by wars. The boundaries of its separate parts are the outcome of conquest and resistance. The essence of its identity are the warrior heroes, both real and imagined, who still capture the national imagination: from Boadicea to King Arthur, Rob Roy to Henry V, the Duke of Wellington to Winston Churchill. It is a sense of identity that grew under careful cultivation during the global struggles of the eighteenth century, and found its most powerful expression during the world wars of the twentieth. In Warrior Race, Lawrence James investigates the role played by war in the making of Britain. Drawing on the latest historical and archaeological research, as well as numerous unfamiliar and untapped resources, he charts the full reach of British military history: the physical and psychological impact of Roman military occupation; the monarchy's struggle for mastery of the British Isles; the civil wars of the seventeenth century; the "total war" experience of twentieth-century conflict. But Warrior Race is more than just a compelling historical narrative. Lawrence James skillfully pulls together the momentous themes of his subject. He discusses how war has continually been a catalyst for social and political change, the rise, survival, and reinvention of chivalry, the literary quest for a British epic, the concept of birth and breeding as the qualifications for command in war, and the issues of patriotism and Britain's antiwar tradition. Warrior Race is popular history at its very best: incisive, informative, and accessible; immaculately researched and hugely readable. Balancing the broad sweep of history with an acute attention to detail, Lawrence James never loses sight of this most fascinating and enduring of subjects: the question of British national identity and character.
Release