Losing ground

American social policy, 1950-1980

Author: Charles A. Murray

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)


Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 323

View: 1311

This classic book serves as a starting point for any serious discussion of welfare reform. Losing Ground argues that the ambitious social programs of the1960s and 1970s actually made matters worse for

Losing Ground

American Social Policy, 1950-1980, 10th Anniversary Edition

Author: Charles Murray

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0786723777

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 4516

This classic book serves as a starting point for any serious discussion of welfare reform. Losing Ground argues that the ambitious social programs of the1960s and 1970s actually made matters worse for its supposed beneficiaries, the poor and minorities. Charles Murray startled readers by recommending that we abolish welfare reform, but his position launched a debate culminating in President Clinton's proposal “to end welfare as we know it.”

Losing Ground

American Social Policy, 1950-1980

Author: Charles A. Murray

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780465042333

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 323

View: 6367

With a new introduction by the author, this tenth anniversary edition of the classic book argues that the ambitious social programs of the Great Society designed to help the poor and disadvantaged often made things worse."A remarkable book. Future discussions of social policy cannot proceed without taking the arguments and evidence of this book into account."--James S. Coleman, University of Chicago "Without bile and without rhetoric it lays out a stark truth that must be faced: Two decades of well-meaning programs to erase racism and poverty in the U.S. have left those at the very bottom of the ladder worse off than ever."--Daniel B. Moskowitz, "Business Week" "A great book."--Richard Vigilante, "Wall Street Journal" "Charles Murray will infuriate people. But if they read carefully, he will also make them think."--Ken Auletta, author of "The Underclass"

Slipping Through the Cracks

Status of Black Women

Author: Margaret C. Simms

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351490788

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 3078

The problems and special needs of black women are still given inadequate attention in social science analysis. Too often black women are subsumed under the category of ""blacks"" or ""women,"" with little consideration for their unique needs. This volume focuses on black women as a special group. It includes chapters on employment, educational attainment, and job training programs which originated as papers given at a symposium on the economic status of black women, co-sponsored by the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation and The Review of Black Political Economy.

Arbeit gegen Armut

Die Reform der Sozialhilfe in den USA

Author: Thomas Gebhardt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322890791

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 3757

Armut gehört seit langem zu den Bildern aus Amerika. Warum hat man die Armut in den USA nicht abschaffen können, obwohl es an sozialpolitischen Experimenten nicht mangelte? Welche politischen Annahmen liegen dem "amerikanischen Modell" zu Grunde, das so oft propagiert wie diffamiert wird? Diese Arbeit versucht, Antworten auf diese Fragen zu geben. Dabei werden zunächst die neueren Armutslagen in den USA analysiert und Theorien ihrer Entstehung diskutiert. Im Mittelpunkt der Darstellung steht die Sozialhilfepolitik einschließlich der umstrittenen Reform von 1996. Die Studie legt Gefahren und Folgen der hochgradigen Politisierung der Reformbemühungen offen und analysiert die Bedeutung von Schlüsselentscheidungen für die programmatische Ausrichtung der Sozialhilfe und ihre politische Bearbeitung. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird erklärt, warum die soziale Integration von Bedürftigen durch ihre Verpflichtung zur Arbeit zunehmend wichtigstes Ziel der amerikanischen Sozialhilfepolitik geworden ist.

Soziale Ungleichheit, Kriminalität und Kriminalisierung

Author: Wolfgang Ludwig-Mayerhofer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663011925

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 5295

Dieses Buch strebt nach "soziologischer Aufklärung", nach Differenzierung: - Was ist von den vielfach vermuteten Zusammenhängen von Armut und Kriminalität zu halten? - Wie entwickeln sich moderne Städte, und welche Konsequenzen hat das für Kriminalität und soziale Kontrolle? - Welche Risiken hinsichtlich Kriminalität und Kriminalisierung birgt die Lebensführung von Straßenkindern und von Wohnungslosen? - Wie spiegelt sich gesellschaftliche Spaltung in modernen sozialen Kontrollformen wider?

Internationales Handbuch der Gewaltforschung

Author: Wilhelm Heitmeyer,John Hagan

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322803767

Category: Social Science

Page: 1583

View: 8075

Die Forschung zur Gewalt in modernen westlichen Gesellschaften hat in den letzten Jahren zugenommen. Die Erklärungen dafür sind zahlreich: tatsächlicher Anstieg bei bestimmten Gewaltvarianten, neue Sensibilitäten, Rückkehr alter Gewaltformen, Verlagerung von Gewalt in andere gesellschaftliche Bereiche etc. Bisher fehlt jedoch ein systematischer Überblick über die tatsächlichen Entwicklungen. Das vorliegende Handbuch informiert umfassend über Gewalt als soziales Phänomen. Dabei wird fast allen Facetten dieses Themas Rechnung getragen: · Sozialstrukturelle Verhältnisse und Gewalt, · Sozialisation und Lernen von Gewalt, · Gewalterfahrungen und Gewalttätigkeit, · Gewaltopfer, · Gewalt in gesellschaftlichen Institutionen, · Gewalt durch politische Gruppen, · Gewaltdiskurse etc. In 62 Artikeln von Autorinnen und Autoren aus zehn Ländern liefert der Band ein komplexes, transdisziplinäres Bild eines Forschungsfeldes zwischen Ordnung, Zerstörung und Macht.

Praxis for the Poor

Piven and Cloward and the Future of Social Science in Social Welfare

Author: Sanford Schram

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814798171

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 5463

Richard Cloward and Frances Fox Pivin stand as models of politically engaged academics. In this compelling new book, the author examines the careers of Piven and Colward, along with nineteenth century feminist social reformer Jane Addams, to suggest--and demonstrate--how a more politically-active scholarship can contribute to struggles for social justice.

Is Marriage for White People?

How the African American Marriage Decline Affects Everyone

Author: Ralph Richard Banks

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101475641

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8706

A distinguished Stanford law professor examines the steep decline in marriage rates among the African American middle class, and offers a paradoxical-nearly incendiary-solution. Black women are three times as likely as white women to never marry. That sobering statistic reflects a broader reality: African Americans are the most unmarried people in our nation, and contrary to public perception the racial gap in marriage is not confined to women or the poor. Black men, particularly the most successful and affluent, are less likely to marry than their white counterparts. College educated black women are twice as likely as their white peers never to marry. Is Marriage for White People? is the first book to illuminate the many facets of the African American marriage decline and its implications for American society. The book explains the social and economic forces that have undermined marriage for African Americans and that shape everyone's lives. It distills the best available research to trace the black marriage decline's far reaching consequences, including the disproportionate likelihood of abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, single parenthood, same sex relationships, polygamous relationships, and celibacy among black women. This book centers on the experiences not of men or of the poor but of those black women who have surged ahead, even as black men have fallen behind. Theirs is a story that has not been told. Empirical evidence documents its social significance, but its meaning emerges through stories drawn from the lives of women across the nation. Is Marriage for White People? frames the stark predicament that millions of black women now face: marry down or marry out. At the core of the inquiry is a paradox substantiated by evidence and experience alike: If more black women married white men, then more black men and women would marry each other. This book not only sits at the intersection of two large and well- established markets-race and marriage-it responds to yearnings that are widespread and deep in American society. The African American marriage decline is a secret in plain view about which people want to know more, intertwining as it does two of the most vexing issues in contemporary society. The fact that the most prominent family in our nation is now an African American couple only intensifies the interest, and the market. A book that entertains as it informs, Is Marriage for White People? will be the definitive guide to one of the most monumental social developments of the past half century.

Social Welfare in Global Context

Author: James Midgley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761907886

Category: Political Science

Page: 245

View: 6883

James Midgley provides an overview of social welfare, outlining key institutions, terminology, historical research and approaches. In addition, he details reasons for the existence of international social welfare and the challenges which arise from it. Social Welfare in Global Context includes sections on: applied international social welfare, which addresses the concerns of practitioners; and issues of social work practice, social development, the activities of international agencies and their collaborative efforts. As well as its important focus on practical application, the book also presents key theoretical debates in the field, and provides a comprehensive account of world social conditions and social welfare in

Soziale Dienstleistungspolitik

Eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme

Author: Heinz-Jürgen Dahme,Norbert Wohlfahrt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658063408

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 4854

Ausgehend von Liberalisierung und Ökonomisierung sozialer Dienstleistungen werden in dieser Bilanzierung der europäischen und deutschen Dienstleistungspolitik die Folgewirkungen für die Sozialwirtschaft, die Organisationspolitik im Sozialsektor und die Gestaltung von Beschäftigungsbedingungen aufgezeigt. Eine theoretische Standortbestimmung zeigt, dass soziale Dienstleistungspolitik jenseits ihrer Marktöffnung sozialpolitisch bestimmt bleibt.

A Patriot's History of the United States

From Columbus's Great Discovery to America's Age of Entitlement, Revised Edition

Author: Larry Schweikart,Michael Patrick Allen

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698173635

Category: History

Page: 1008

View: 5428

For the past three decades, many history professors have allowed their biases to distort the way America’s past is taught. These intellectuals have searched for instances of racism, sexism, and bigotry in our history while downplaying the greatness of America’s patriots and the achievements of “dead white men.” As a result, more emphasis is placed on Harriet Tubman than on George Washington; more about the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II than about D-Day or Iwo Jima; more on the dangers we faced from Joseph McCarthy than those we faced from Josef Stalin. A Patriot’s History of the United States corrects those doctrinaire biases. In this groundbreaking book, America’s discovery, founding, and development are reexamined with an appreciation for the elements of public virtue, personal liberty, and private property that make this nation uniquely successful. This book offers a long-overdue acknowledgment of America’s true and proud history.