Linguistics in the Courtroom

A Practical Guide

Author: Roger W. Shuy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198041863

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 160

View: 6963

This is a practical guide for both beginning and established linguists who have been asked by lawyers to address the language issues in their civil and criminal cases. Author Roger W. Shuy deals with issues of how to become an expert, how to start and manage a practice of consulting on law cases, how to address the issue of professional ethics, how to work with lawyers, write reports, affidavits, and participate successfully in depositions, direct examination, and cross examination at trial. The book also suggests ways that linguists can use their forensic linguistic experiences in their publications and classroom teaching, along with suggestions of recent books that forensic linguists may need for their personal libraries.
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Handbuch Sprache im Recht

Author: Ekkehard Felder,Friedemann Vogel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110393905

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 589

View: 2099

Das Handbuch Sprache im Recht beleuchtet die zentrale Rolle der Sprache für die juristische Arbeit im Kontext institutionellen Rechts. Im Fokus stehen die sprachlichen Produktions- und Rezeptionsprozesse juristischer Textarbeit. Dazu werden semiotische, semantische und pragmatische Aspekte der rechtlichen Fachkommunikation im Spiegel von Mündlichkeit und Schriftlichkeit behandelt. Neben der Relevanz der Rechtssprache aus dem Blickwinkel der Legislative, Exekutive und Judikative werden einschlägige Phänomene des Rechts in ihren Grundzügen behandelt wie z.B. die Bedeutung von Normtexten für die Rechtsfindung, der Stellenwert der Rechtsterminologie in Kommentaren und Rechtswörterbüchern, das Sprechen vor Gericht sowie das Übersetzen und Dolmetschen. Der Band geht u.a. auf folgende Leitfragen ein: Wie werden in juristischen Entscheidungen Bedeutungen von Normtexten gerechtfertigt und damit Recht gesprochen? Mit welchen sprachlichen Mitteln konstituieren Akteure Geltungsansprüche sowohl vor Gericht als auch im parlamentarischen Rechtsetzungsprozess? Wie werden juristische Normkonzepte in die Gesellschaft vermittelt? Das Handbuch verdeutlicht den enormen Einfluss der Rechtssprache und macht dies für Laien transparent.
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Verstellungen in inkriminierten Schreiben

Eine linguistische Analyse verstellten Sprachverhaltens in Erpresserschreiben und anderen inkriminierten Texten

Author: Stefanie Bredthauer

Publisher: Kölner Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 3942720469

Category:

Page: 140

View: 5610

Sprachliche Verstellungen in inkriminierten Texten wie Erpresserbriefen und Drohschreiben sind ein Phänomen, mit dem Gutachter/innen – beispielsweise im Rahmen von polizeilichen Ermittlungen – immer wieder konfrontiert werden. Um ihre Identität zu verschleiern, verfremden die Autor/innen dieser inkriminierten Texte ihren Sprachstil oder ahmen den Sprachgebrauch anderer Personen und Personengruppen nach. In der forensisch-linguistischen Forschungsliteratur werden diese Verstellungen häufig genannt, Gegenstand wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen waren sie jedoch selten, so dass bisher nur wenig über sie bekannt war. Diese Arbeit widmet sich diesem Forschungsdesiderat mit dem Ziel, anhand eines Datenkorpus des Bundeskriminalamtes Merkmale von sprachlichen Verstellungen in inkriminierten Texten herauszuarbeiten, damit sie besser erkannt und adäquat beschrieben werden können. Die Untersuchung richtet sich vor allem an Personen, die in ihrer Arbeit mit inkriminierten Texten befasst sind.
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Language and the Law in Deaf Communities

Author: Ceil Lucas

Publisher: Gallaudet University Press

ISBN: 9781563681431

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 188

View: 4247

Three attorneys and three linguistics scholars contribute five essays focusing on the intersection of language and law in deaf communities. Coverage includes the language problems of minorities in legal settings, the interrogation of deaf people, interpretation issues for juries that include deaf pe
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Fighting over Words

Language and Civil Law Cases

Author: Roger W. Shuy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019045007X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 8340

Most people fight over something or other and language is usually at the very center of the conflict. Often the way we use language is the cause of the battle. There are many areas in which fighting about language can be observed but civil law cases offer the most fertile examples of this warfare over words. What did the contract actually say? Was there deception in the advertising? Was the warning label clear and effective? Did the company evidence race or age discrimination against employees or customers? Was one company's name too similar to that of another company? Did the corporation plagiarize the work of another? Did it fraudulently represent what its work? This book is about the ways linguistic analysis describes, exposes, and aids disputes in 18 civil cases where language framed the battleground. Roger Shuy, a well-known forensic linguist and consultant, shows how the skills of linguistic analysis can help resolve disputed meanings, while also showing how civil cases can prove to be fertile ground for linguistic scholarship. He does this by collecting and analyzing cases involving contracts, trademark disputes, advertisements, product liability, copyright infringement, discrimination, trademark disputes, and fraud controversies. In each case he employs all the tools of formal linguistics to show how it can be as helpful as other physical sciences in resolving legal disagreements. The work will be of interest primarily to linguists -- sociolinguists, forensic linguists, and scholars and students of law and society -- as well as lawyers and law students.
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Speaking of Crime

The Language of Criminal Justice

Author: Lawrence M. Solan,Peter M. Tiersma

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226767871

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 6385

Why do so many people voluntarily consent to searches by have the police search their person or vehicle when they know that they are carrying contraband or evidence of illegal activity? Does everyone understand the Miranda warning? How well can people recognize a voice on tape? Can linguistic experts identify who wrote an anonymous threatening letter? Speaking of Crime answers these questions and examines the complex role of language within our criminal justice system. Lawrence M. Solan and Peter M. Tiersma compile numerous cases, ranging from the Lindbergh kidnapping to the impeachment trial of Bill Clinton to the JonBenét Ramsey case, that provide real-life examples of how language functions in arrests, investigations, interrogations, confessions, and trials. In a clear and accessible style, Solan and Tiersma show how recent advances in the study of language can aid in understanding how legal problems arise and how they might be solved. With compelling discussions current issues and controversies, this book is a provocative state-of-the-art survey that will be of enormous value to legal scholars and professionals throughout the criminal justice system.
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Teaching and Researching Writing

Author: Ken Hyland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317862724

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 4985

This book provides an authoritative, readable and up-to-date guide to the major themes and developments in current writing theory, research and teaching. Written in a clear, accessible style, it covers theoretical and conceptual issues, addresses current questions and shows how research has fed into state-of-the-art teaching methods, practices, materials and software applications. Thoroughly updated and revised, this second edition also contains a new chapter on important issues in writing such as genre, context and identity. The book includes: Suggestions for teaching approaches and small-scale, do-able research projects, illustrated with case studies Clearly laid out discussions of key topics using bullet points, screen shots, sidebars and quote boxes An extensive compendium of resources including lists of major journals, websites, professional associations, conferences and on-line databases A recommended reading section and glossary of key terms The combination of teaching and research analysis with practical information makes this an invaluable resource for teachers, supervisors, students, materials writers, trainers and professionals engaged in language study and teaching.
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Creating Language Crimes

How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language

Author: Roger W. Shuy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198040125

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 6955

This book by Roger W. Shuy, the senior figure in forensic linguistics, is the first to explain in an accessible way the vital role that linguistic evidence and its proper analysis play in criminal investigations. Shuy provides compelling case studies of how language functions in investigations involving, among others, wired undercover operatives, and the interrogation of suspects. He makes the point that language evidence can be as important as physical evidence, but yet does not enjoy the same degree of scrutiny by investigators, attorneys, and the courts. Beyond this, however, his more controversial thesis is that police frequently misuse or manipulate language, using various powerful controversial strategies, in order to intentionally create an impression of the targets' guilt or even to get them to confess. This book makes its case by analyzing a dozen criminal cases involving a variety of crimes, such as fraud, bribery, stolen property, murder, and others. About half involve co-operating witnesses who do the tape recording, and the other half undercover police officers. These cases demonstrate how undercover operatives use different conversational strategies, such as overlapping conversation, ambiguity, interruption, refusing to take "no" for an answer, and others to create a negative impression of the targets on later listeners. Creating Language Crimes provides a fascinating window into a little-known and discussed facet of law enforcement. It will appeal to anyone concerned with language (particularly sociolinguists and discourse analysts), as well as to those involved in law enforcement and criminal cases.
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Language

Author: George Melville Bolling,Bernard Bloch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Comparative linguistics

Page: N.A

View: 3181

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Übersetzung - Translation - Traduction. 1. Teilband

Author: Harald Kittel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110194082

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1135

View: 1704

Das Handbuch Übersetzung entfaltet erstmals den gesamten Gegenstandsbereich, der unter Übersetzung verstanden werden kann, in seinen Problemkomplexen. Es bietet eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme des derzeit verfügbaren Wissens und der internationalen Forschung zur Übersetzung unter systematischen und historischen Gesichtspunkten. Im Bestreben, die Übersetzungsforschung und deren heterogene Gegenstände möglichst vollständig vorzustellen, bietet das Handbuch einen Überblick über die verschiedenen Zweige der Übersetzungsforschung. Es erfasst Übersetzungsphänomene, verstanden als Formen inter- und innersprachlichen Transfers und interkultureller Kommunikation, in deren sozialen, räumlichen, situativen, sprachlichen, literarischen und allgemein kulturellen Vielfalt unter diachronen, synchronen und systematischen Gesichtspunkten. Es erläutert und dokumentiert die wichtigsten Ergebnisse bisheriger Übersetzungsforschung, aber auch aktuelle Debatten, in ihren jeweiligen geistes-, sozial- und wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen, theoretischen und methodischen Bindungen. Es weist auf Forschungslücken hin und benennt Prioritäten und Desiderata für künftige Forschung.
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An Introduction to Forensic Linguistics

Language in Evidence

Author: Malcolm Coulthard,Alison Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134361513

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 6810

From the accusation of plagiarism in The Da Vinci Code, to the infamous hoaxer in the Yorkshire Ripper case, the use of linguistic evidence in court and the number of linguists called to act as expert witnesses in court trials has increased rapidly in the past fifteen years. An Introduction to Forensic Linguistics: Language in Evidence provides a timely and accessible introduction to this rapidly expanding subject. Using knowledge and experience gained in legal settings – Malcolm Coulthard in his work as an expert witness and Alison Johnson in her work as a West Midlands police officer – the two authors combine an array of perspectives into a distinctly unified textbook, focusing throughout on evidence from real and often high profile cases including serial killer Harold Shipman, the Bridgewater Four and the Birmingham Six. Divided into two sections, 'The Language of the Legal Process' and 'Language as Evidence', the book covers the key topics of the field. The first section looks at legal language, the structures of legal genres and the collection and testing of evidence from the initial police interview through to examination and cross-examination in the courtroom. The second section focuses on the role of the forensic linguist, the forensic phonetician and the document examiner, as well as examining in detail the linguistic investigation of authorship and plagiarism. With research tasks, suggested reading and website references provided at the end of each chapter, An Introduction to Forensic Linguistics: Language in Evidence is the essential textbook for courses in forensic linguistics and language of the law.
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Exploring Courtroom Discourse

The Language of Power and Control

Author: Anne Wagner,Le Cheng

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409423478

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 267

View: 3973

This volume presents a combination of practical, empirical research data and theoretical reflection to provide a comparative view of language and discourse in the courtroom. The work explores how the various disciplines of law and linguistics can help us understand the nature of Power and Control - both oral and written - and how it might be clarified to unravel linguistic representation of legal reality. It presents and examines the most recent research and theories at national and international level.
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Book Review Index 2009

Cumulation

Author: Dana Ferguson

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9781414419121

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1262

View: 7911

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Discourse in a Multilingual and Multicultural Courtroom

A Court Interpreter's Guide

Author: R. Moeketsi

Publisher: Van Schaik Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Conduct of court proceedings

Page: 200

View: 1916

An interdisciplinary account of language and the law, this text looks at court interpreting and the nature of verbal interaction in the courtroom. Linguistic problems experienced due to personality and language factors, and the intimidating nature of legal discourse are also discussed.
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Communication in Investigative and Legal Contexts

Integrated Approaches from Forensic Psychology, Linguistics and Law Enforcement

Author: Gavin Oxburgh,Trond Myklebust,Tim Grant,Rebecca Milne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118769228

Category: Psychology

Page: 408

View: 5528

Communication in Forensic Contexts provides in-depth coverage of the complex area of communication in forensic situations. Drawing on expertise from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement worldwide, the text bridges the gap between these fields in a definitive guide to best practice. Offers best practice for understanding and improving communication in forensic contexts, including interviewing of victims, witnesses and suspects, discourse in courtrooms, and discourse via interpreters Bridges the knowledge gaps between forensic psychology, forensic linguistics and law enforcement, with chapters written by teams bringing together expertise from each field Published in collaboration with the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group, dedicated to furthering evidence-based practice and practice-based research amongst researchers and practitioners International, cross-disciplinary team includes contributors from North America, Europe and Asia Pacific, and from psychology, linguistics and forensic practice
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The Languages and Linguistics of Australia

A Comprehensive Guide

Author: Harold Koch,Rachel Nordlinger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110395126

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 523

View: 4057

The Languages and Linguistics of Australia: A Comprehensive Guide is part of the multi-volume reference work on the languages and linguistics of the continents of the world. The volume provides a thorough overview of Australian languages, including their linguistic structures, their genetic relationships, and issues of language maintenance and revitalisation. Australian English, Aboriginal English and other contact varieties are also discussed.
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Forensic Linguistics

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Forensic linguistics

Page: N.A

View: 5884

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Sociolinguistics and the Legal Process

Author: Dr. Diana Eades

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847696779

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 3375

Sociolinguistics and the Legal Process is an introduction to language, law and society for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. Its central focus is the exploration of what sociolinguistic research can tell us about how language works and doesn’t work in the legal process. Written for readers who may not have prior knowledge of sociolinguistics or the law, the book has an accessible style combined with discussion questions and exercises as well as topics for assignments, term papers, theses and dissertations. A wide range of legal contexts are investigated, including courtroom hearings, police interviews, lawyer interviews as well as small claims courts, mediation, youth justice conferencing and indigenous courts. The final chapter looks at how sociolinguists can contribute to the legal process: as expert witnesses, through legal education, and through investigating the role of language in the perpetuation of inequality in and through the legal process.
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 1839

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Describing Discourse

A Practical Guide to Discourse Analysis

Author: Nicola Woods

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1444116681

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 3662

For anyone approaching Discourse Analysis for the first time, theory means little when it is not related to actual knowledge and experience of language in use. Describing Discourse takes the unique approach of introducing discourse studies through the hands-on analysis of linguistic data. The book introduces students to specific discourses constructed for particular purposes, for example, from the domains of advertising, law, medicine and education. Each chapter provides examples, exercises and commentary designed to develop the analytical abilities needed in describing the characteristic forms and typical functions of different discourses. Describing Discourse provides the ideal entry into the study of discourse for students new to the subject.
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