Leonardo to the Internet

Technology and Culture from the Renaissance to the Present

Author: Thomas J. Misa

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421404788

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 5889

"Misa brings his acclaimed text up to date by examining how today's unsustainable energy systems, insecure information networks, and vulnerable global shipping have helped foster geopolitical risks and instability. A masterful analysis of how technology and culture have influenced each other over five centuries, Leonardo to the Internet frames a history that illuminates modern-day problems and prospects faced by our technology-dependent world
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A Material History of Medieval and Early Modern Ciphers

Cryptography and the History of Literacy

Author: Katherine Ellison,Susan Kim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135197307X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 286

View: 5117

The first cultural history of early modern cryptography, this collection brings together scholars in history, literature, music, the arts, mathematics, and computer science who study ciphering and deciphering from new materialist, media studies, cognitive studies, disability studies, and other theoretical perspectives. Essays analyze the material forms of ciphering as windows into the cultures of orality, manuscript, print, and publishing, revealing that early modern ciphering, and the complex history that preceded it in the medieval period, not only influenced political and military history but also played a central role in the emergence of the capitalist media state in the West, in religious reformation, and in the scientific revolution. Ciphered communication, whether in etched stone and bone, in musical notae, runic symbols, polyalphabetic substitution, algebraic equations, graphic typographies, or literary metaphors, took place in contested social spaces and offered a means of expression during times of political, economic, and personal upheaval. Ciphering shaped the early history of linguistics as a discipline, and it bridged theological and scientific rhetoric before and during the Reformation. Ciphering was an occult art, a mathematic language, and an aesthetic that influenced music, sculpture, painting, drama, poetry, and the early novel. This collection addresses gaps in cryptographic history, but more significantly, through cultural analyses of the rhetorical situations of ciphering and actual solved and unsolved medieval and early modern ciphers, it traces the influences of cryptographic writing and reading on literacy broadly defined as well as the cultures that generate, resist, and require that literacy. This volume offers a significant contribution to the history of the book, highlighting the broader cultural significance of textual materialities.
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Styles of Knowing

A New History of Science from Ancient Times to the Present

Author: Chunglin Kwa

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822977745

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 9827

Now available in English, Styles of Knowing explores the development of various scientific reasoning processes in cultural-historical context. Influenced by historian Alistair Crombie’s Styles of Scientific Thinking in the European Tradition, Chunglin Kwa organizes his book according to six distinct styles: deductive, experimental, analytical-hypothetical, taxonomic, statistical, and evolutionary. Instead of featuring individual scientific disciplines in different chapters, each chapter explains the historical applications of each style’s unique criterion for good science. Kwa shows also how styles have influenced each other and transformed over time. In a chapter written especially for American audiences, Kwa examines how changes in engineering and technology during the twentieth century affected the balance among the various styles of science. Based on extensive research in Greek and Latin primary sources and numerous modern secondary sources, Kwa demonstrates the heterogeneous nature of scientific discovery. This accessible and innovative introduction to scientific change provides a foundational history for the classroom, historians, and nonspecialists.
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FastLane

Managing Science in the Internet World

Author: Thomas J. Misa,Jeffrey R. Yost

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421418681

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 9871

Since 2000, the National Science Foundation has depended upon its pioneering FastLane e-government system to manage grant applications, peer reviews, and reporting. In this behind-the-scenes account Thomas J. Misa and Jeffrey R. Yost examine how powerful forces of science and computing came together to create this influential grant-management system, assessing its impact on cutting-edge scientific research. Why did the NSF create FastLane, and how did it anticipate the development of web-based e-commerce? What technical challenges did the glitch-prone early system present? Did the switch to electronic grant proposals disadvantage universities with fewer resources? And how did the scientific community help shape FastLane? Foregrounding the experience of computer users, the book draws on hundreds of interviews with scientific researchers, sponsored project administrators, NSF staff, and software designers, developers, and managers.
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Great events from history

The Renaissance & early modern era, 1454-1600

Author: Christina J. Moose

Publisher: Salem Pr Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 972

View: 8004

The Renaissance & Early Modern Era's start date, 1454, was selected because it immediately follows the end of the Hundred Years? War and the Fall of Constantinople. The following century was marked by the height of the Renaissance in Europe, the rise of the Ottomans and the Wars of the Roses in Britain. Also, European colonization expanded into Africa, Asia and the Americas, Japan became unified and the rise of both indigenous and colonial trade empires in Africa became important. The set discusses major changes in world economics and demographics.
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Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 7015

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The Book Review Digest

Annual cumulation

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bibliography

Page: N.A

View: 3044

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Forthcoming Books

Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 836

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Kunstvolle Wissenschaft

Aufklärung, Unterhaltung und der Niedergang der visuellen Bildung

Author: Barbara Maria Stafford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783865724403

Category:

Page: 383

View: 4315

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Die Information

Geschichte, Theorie, Flut

Author: James Gleick

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864142245

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 7650

Blut, Treibstoff, Lebensprinzip - in seinem furiosen Buch erzählt Bestsellerautor James Gleick, wie die Information zum Kernstück unserer heutigen Zivilisation wurde. Beginnend bei den Wörtern, den "sprechenden" Trommeln in Afrika, über das Morsealphabet und bis hin zur Internetrevolution beleuchtet er, wie die Übermittlung von Informationen die Gesellschaften prägten und veränderten. Gleick erläutert die Theorien, die sich mit dem Codieren und Decodieren, der Übermittlung von Inhalten und dem Verbreiten der Myriaden von Botschaften beschäftigen. Er stellt die bekannten und unbekannten Pioniere der Informationsgesellschaft vor: Claude Shannon, Norbert Wiener, Ada Byron, Alan Turing und andere. Er bietet dem Leser neue Einblicke in die Mechanismen des Informationsaustausches. So lernt dieser etwa die sich selbst replizierende Meme kennen, die "DNA" der Informationen. Sein Buch ermöglicht ein neues Verständnis von Musik, Quantenmechanik - und eine gänzlich neue Sicht auf die faszinierende Welt der Informationen.
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Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 9620

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
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Der Philosoph im Museum

Die Ausstellung »Les Immatériaux« von Jean François Lyotard

Author: Antonia Wunderlich

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839409373

Category: Art

Page: 264

View: 6560

Dieser Band analysiert ein zwar als Schlagwort geläufiges, bisher aber kaum untersuchtes Werk des Philosophen Jean-François Lyotard: die Ausstellung »Les Immatériaux«, die er 1985 im Pariser Centre Pompidou kuratierte. Sie gilt als ein Meilenstein der Szenographie und sollte das Publikum für eine nahe Zukunft sensibilisieren, die von neuen Medien und Technologien massiv verändert werde. Das Buch reflektiert »Les Immatériaux« als eigenständiges philosophisches Werk Lyotards, dessen Wechsel vom akademischen Philosophen zum Kurator einige philosophische und ausstellungsgestalterische Besonderheiten mit sich brachte. Mit einer neuen Methode zur Analyse von Ausstellungen werden diese Besonderheiten detailliert und anschaulich vorgestellt.
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Die Gutenberg-Elegien

Lesen im elektronischen Zeitalter

Author: Sven Birkerts

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3105617051

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 1161

Leidenschaftliche und melancholische essayistische Variationen über das Lesen, allen Bücherfreunden zum Trost, die sich den Verheißungen der schönen neuen Bildschirmwelt nicht restlos überlassen wollen. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)
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Zyklopen der Technik

Author: Joh. Eugen Mayer-Donaueschingen

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3861955296

Category:

Page: 216

View: 3606

Mayer-Donaueschingen beschreibt in diesem Buch von 1914 die Technik der Eisenbahnen und anderer technischen "Zyklopen" zum damaligen Stand.
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