Legality and Legitimacy

Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen, and Hermann Heller in Weimar

Author: David Dyzenhaus

Publisher: Oxford : Clarendon Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Germany

Page: 283

View: 500

The relationship between law and legitimacy is investigated in this book. The legal theories of three eminent public lawyers of the Weimar era are analyzed and the problems they address of legal and political order in a crisis-ridden modern society remain relevant to contemporary legal debates.
Release

Legality and Legitimacy

Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen, and Hermann Heller in Weimar

Author: David Dyzenhaus

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198298463

Category: Law

Page: 283

View: 3390

This book investigates one of the oldest questions of legal philosophy---the relationship between law and legitimacy. It analyses the legal theories of three eminent public lawyers of the Weimar era, Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen, and Hermann Heller. Their theories addressed the problems of legal and political order in a crisis-ridden modern society and so they remain highly relevant to contemporary debates about legal order in the age of pluralism. Schmitt, the philosopher of German fascism, has recently received much attention. Kelsen is well-known as one of the main exponents of the philosophy of legal positivism. Heller is virtually unknown outside Germany. Dyzenhaus exposes the dangers of Schmitt's legal philosophy by situating it in the legal context of constitutional crisis to which he responded. He also points out the severs inadequacies of Kelsen's legal positivism. In a wide-ranging account of the predicaments of contemporary legal and political philosophy, Heller's position is argued to be the most promising of the three.
Release

Legality and Legitimacy

Author: Carl Schmitt

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822385767

Category: Law

Page: 211

View: 7505

Carl Schmitt ranks among the most original and controversial political thinkers of the twentieth century. His incisive criticisms of Enlightenment political thought and liberal political practice remain as shocking and significant today as when they first appeared in Weimar Germany. Unavailable in English until now, Legality and Legitimacy was composed in 1932, in the midst of the crisis that would lead to the collapse of the Weimar Republic and only a matter of months before Schmitt’s collaboration with the Nazis. In this important work, Schmitt questions the political viability of liberal constitutionalism, parliamentary government, and the rule of law. Liberal governments, he argues, cannot respond effectively to challenges by radical groups like the Nazis or Communists. Only a presidential regime subject to few, if any, practical limitations can ensure domestic security in a highly pluralistic society. Legality and Legitimacy is sure to provide a compelling reference point in contemporary debates over the challenges facing constitutional democracies today. In addition to Jeffrey Seitzer’s translation of the 1932 text itself, this volume contains his translation of Schmitt’s 1958 commentary on the work, extensive explanatory notes, and an appendix including selected articles of the Weimar constitution. John P. McCormick’s introduction places Legality and Legitimacy in its historical context, clarifies some of the intricacies of the argument, and ultimately contests Schmitt’s claims regarding the inherent weakness of parliamentarism, constitutionalism, and the rule of law.
Release

Hans Kelsen und die offene Gesellschaft

Author: Robert Chr. van Ooyen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658173076

Category: Political Science

Page: 313

View: 9740

Hans Kelsens „Staatslehre ohne Staat“ und „Volk“ ist eine bedeutsame politische Theorie, vielleicht sogar die Verfassungstheorie der offenen Gesellschaft in der postnationalen Moderne: Ob Zuwanderungsgesellschaft oder europäische Integration – mit ihr lassen sich genau die aktuellen demokratie- und verfassungstheoretischen Herausforderungen pluralistischer Gesellschaften erfassen, an denen die tradierten Staats- und Verfassungslehren bis in die Rechtsprechung des Bundesverfassungsgerichts hinein scheitern. Kelsens modern-demokratische Konzeption einer Bürgerschaft als Rechtsgenossenschaft bedarf weder der „Souveränität“ noch der „homogenen Nation“; sie ist daher auch die für das zeitgemäße Verständnis des Grundgesetzes adäquate Staats- und Verfassungstheorie.
Release

Hermann Hellers Theorie der Politik und des Staates

die Geburt der Politikwissenschaft aus dem Geiste der Soziologie

Author: Michael Henkel

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161516856

Category: Political Science

Page: 732

View: 9697

English summary: Hermann Heller developed a modern theory of politics as a whole which made him the father of political science in Germany. Michael Henkel traces the internal development of Heller's work, provides the first analysis of his basic concepts of social theory and does a systematic reconstruction of Heller's later theories. German description: Hermann Heller (1891-1933) ist einer Gruppe von deutschen Staatsrechtslehrern der Weimarer Republik zuzurechnen, die sich gegen eine positivistische Beschrankung der Staatsrechtslehre auf rechtsnormative Fragen wandte und die eine Berucksichtigung sozialer, politischer und historischer Aspekte des Staates in eine juristische Wissenschaft vom Verfassungsstaat einforderte. Im Unterschied zu den anderen Vertretern einer solchen antipositivistischen Position zielte Heller nicht nur auf eine Neubesinnung der juristischen Staatslehre, sondern daruber hinaus auf die theoretische Grundlegung einer modernen Politikwissenschaft. Dies suchte er durch die Ausfuhrung einer systematischen Theorie der Politik und des Staates zu realisieren, die vor allem in seinem Hauptwerk Staatslehre entfaltet ist.Michael Henkel unternimmt eine systematische Rekonstruktion dieser Theorie Hellers. Dabei werden die Genese der Theorie und sodann erstmals in der Forschung die sozialtheoretischen Grundlagen von Hellers Ansatz detailliert offengelegt und in ihren theoriegeschichtlichen Zusammenhang eingeordnet. Der Autor zeigt auch, wie Hellers wissenschaftliches Unternehmen als die spezifisch politikwissenschaftliche Auspragung einer Sozialtheorie begriffen werden muss, die er im Leipzig der Zwischenkriegszeit gemeinsam mit seinen Kollegen Theodor Litt und Hans Freyer formuliert hat.Schliesslich wird Hellers Theorie im Lichte aktueller Debatten in der Politikwissenschaft und der deutschen Staatsrechtslehre auf ihre Aktualitat hin befragt. Hierbei erweist sich Hellers Ansatz als fur eine Selbstverstandigung der heutigen Politikwissenschaft uberaus fruchtbar.
Release

Constitutional Failure

Carl Schmitt in Weimar

Author: Ellen Kennedy

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822332435

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7325

DIVThe author's argument that Carl Schmitt's critique of Weimar Republic liberalism cannot be countered by reforming liberalism is also a contribution to current political theory and an analysis of contemporary liberalism./div
Release

Carl Schmitt

The End of Law

Author: William E. Scheuerman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847694181

Category: Philosophy

Page: 345

View: 9585

This is the first full-length study in English of twentieth-century Germany's most influential authoritarian right-wing political theorist, Carl Schmitt, that focuses on the central place of his attack on the liberal rule of law. This is also the first book in any language to devote substantial attention to Schmitt's subterranean influence on some of the most important voices in political thought (Joseph Schumpeter, Friedrich A. Hayek, and Hans Morgenthau) in the United States after 1945. Visit our website for sample chapters!
Release

Constitutional Theory

Author: Carl Schmitt

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822390589

Category: Law

Page: 488

View: 4039

Carl Schmitt’s magnum opus, Constitutional Theory, was originally published in 1928 and has been in print in German ever since. This volume makes Schmitt’s masterpiece of comparative constitutionalism available to English-language readers for the first time. Schmitt is considered by many to be one of the most original—and, because of his collaboration with the Nazi party, controversial—political thinkers of the twentieth century. In Constitutional Theory, Schmitt provides a highly distinctive and provocative interpretation of the Weimar Constitution. At the center of this interpretation lies his famous argument that the legitimacy of a constitution depends on a sovereign decision of the people. In addition to being subject to long-standing debate among legal and political theorists in Western Europe and the United States, this theory of constitution-making as decision has profoundly influenced constitutional theorists and designers in Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe. Constitutional Theory is a significant departure from Schmitt’s more polemical Weimar-era works not just in terms of its moderate tone. Through a comparative history of constitutional government in Europe and the United States, Schmitt develops an understanding of liberal constitutionalism that makes room for a strong, independent state. This edition includes an introduction by Jeffrey Seitzer and Christopher Thornhill outlining the cultural, intellectual, and political contexts in which Schmitt wrote Constitutional Theory; they point out what is distinctive about the work, examine its reception in the postwar era, and consider its larger theoretical ramifications. This volume also contains extensive editorial notes and a translation of the Weimar Constitution.
Release

The Constitution of Law

Legality in a Time of Emergency

Author: David Dyzenhaus

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139460501

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 5601

Dyzenhaus deals with the urgent question of how governments should respond to emergencies and terrorism by exploring the idea that there is an unwritten constitution of law, exemplified in the common law constitution of Commonwealth countries. He looks mainly to cases decided in the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada to demonstrate that even in the absence of an entrenched bill of rights, the law provides a moral resource that can inform a rule-of-law project capable of responding to situations which place legal and political order under great stress. Those cases are discussed against a backdrop of recent writing and judicial decisions in the United States of America in order to show that the issues are not confined to the Commonwealth. The author argues that the rule-of-law project is one in which judges play an important role, but which also requires the participation of the legislature and the executive.
Release

From Empire to Union

Conceptions of German Constitutional Law since 1871

Author: Jo Eric Khushal Murkens

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191652016

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 442

Germany has long been at the centre of European debates surrounding the modern role of national constitutional law and its relationship with EU law. In 2009 the German constitutional court voted to uphold the constitutionality of the Lisbon Treaty, but its critical, restrictive decision sent shockwaves through the European legal community who saw potential threats to further European integration. What explains Germany's uneasy relationship with the project of European legal integration? How have the concepts of sovereignty, state, people, and democracy come to dominate the Constitutional Court's thinking, despite not being defined in the Constitution itself? Despite its importance to the whole enterprise of the European Union, German constitutional thought has been poorly understood in the wider European literature. This book presents a historical account of German conceptions of constitutional law, providing the understanding necessary to see what is at stake in contemporary debates surrounding the constitution and the European Union. Examining the modern development of German constitutional thought, this volume traces the key public law concepts of state, constitution, sovereignty, and democracy from their modern emergence in the 19th century through to the present day. It analyses the constitutional relationship between Germany and the EU from a sociological and historical perspective, looking at how German constitutional law has conflicted and compromised with EU law, and the difficulties this has raised. Filling a significant gap in comparative constitutional law literature, this book provides an account of the major schools of German constitutional thought and their development. Against this backdrop it offers a fascinating insight into Germany's relationship with the European Union.
Release

Why Grundnorm?

A Treatise on the Implications of Kelsen's Doctrine

Author: Uta Bindreiter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789041118677

Category: Philosophy

Page: 249

View: 8635

Who presupposes Kelsen's basic norm? Is it possible to defend the presupposition in a way that is convincing? And what difference does the presupposition make? Endeavouring to highlight the role of basic assumptions in the law, the author argues that the verb "to presuppose', with Kelsen, has not only a conceptual but also a normative dimension; and that the expression 'presupposing the basic norm'is adequate in so far as it marks the descriptive-normative nature of utterances made in specifically legal speech-situations. Addressed to legal theorists in general, the treatise purports to show that Kelsen's doctrine lends itself to an interpretation according to which the very act of "presupposing" the Grundnorm can be understood as a Grund, i.e. normative source of all positive law; and, what is more, that this interpretation admits of addressing the issue of the (formal) legitimacy of supra-national and directly applicable rules and other norms.
Release

Der Staat

Author: Duncker and Humblot

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Constitutional history

Page: N.A

View: 1809

Release

Der Staat

Zeitschrift für Staatslehre, öffentliches Recht und Verfassungsgeschichte

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public law

Page: N.A

View: 512

Release

Advokative Volkssouveränität

Carl Schmitts Konstruktion einer "demokratischen" Diktaturtheorie im Kontext der Interpretation politischer Theorien der Aufklärung

Author: Ulrich Thiele

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Democracy

Page: 575

View: 8697

Release

Politisches Denken

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political science

Page: N.A

View: 2008

Release