Lectures on Legal History and Miscellaneous Legal Essays

Author: James Barr Ames

Publisher: Palala Press

ISBN: 9781377417172

Category: Law

Page: 566

View: 386

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Durch Dritte verursachte Willensmängel

Author: Sebastian Martens

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161494987

Category: Law

Page: 428

View: 9779

English summary: Sebastian Martens discusses duress, misrepresentation and undue influence by a third party and its effects in contract law. He uses historical and comparative methods to enable a better understanding of the development of the present legal rules concerning vices of consent caused by a third party. In the first two chapters, he analyzes the origins in Roman law and their reception in continental law. He then shows how the corresponding rules originated in English common law, and in the final chapter he provides a critical review of German law against the backdrop of the results of his study. In particular, he focuses on the impact the special rules for the third party situations have had on the general law of lack of consent. German description: Nach 123 Abs. 1 BGB ist jede Willenserklarung anfechtbar, zu deren Abgabe der Erklarende durch eine arglistige Tauschung oder widerrechtliche Drohung bestimmt wurde. Nur fur den Fall einer Tauschung durch einen Dritten schrankt 123 Abs. 2 BGB dieses Anfechtungsrecht ein. Sebastian Martens untersucht mit einem rechtshistorischen und rechtsvergleichenden Ansatz, wie sich diese Regelung erklaren lasst. In einem ersten Kapitel widmet er sich den romisch-rechtlichen Ursprungen, deren Rezeption und Fortentwicklung auf dem europaischen Kontinent er im zweiten Kapitel darstellt. Im dritten Kapitel wird die Entstehung der entsprechenden Regelungen des englischen Common Law untersucht. Das abschliessende vierte Kapitel nutzt die bis dahin gesammelten Erkenntnisse zu einer dogmatischen Analyse und Kritik des geltenden Rechts. Dabei wird gezeigt, dass die unterschiedliche Behandlung von Drohung und Tauschung zu Wertungswiderspruchen fuhrt und im BGB selbst eine einheitliche Losung angelegt ist. Daruber hinaus wird deutlich, dass das Recht der Willensmangel insgesamt stark von den praktisch eher bedeutungslosen Drittfallen gepragt wurde: Der Anfechtungstatbestand der widerrechtlichen Drohung gewann seine Kontur durch das Bemuhen um eine handhabbare Losung der Drittfalle, und durch die auf das romische Recht zuruckgehende differenzierte Behandlung von Drohungen und Tauschungen durch Dritte wurde die Entwicklung eines allgemeinen Anfechtungstatbestandes der widerrechtlichen Beeinflussung verhindert.

The Inception of Modern Professional Education

C. C. Langdell, 1826-1906

Author: Bruce A. Kimball

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807889961

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 3877

Christopher C. Langdell (1826-1906) is one of the most influential figures in the history of American professional education. As dean of Harvard Law School from 1870 to 1895, he conceived, designed, and built the educational model that leading professional schools in virtually all fields subsequently emulated. In this first full-length biography of the educator and jurist, Bruce Kimball explores Langdell's controversial role in modern professional education and in jurisprudence. Langdell founded his model on the idea of academic meritocracy. According to this principle, scholastic achievement should determine one's merit in professional life. Despite fierce opposition from students, faculty, alumni, and legal professionals, he designed and instituted a formal system of innovative policies based on meritocracy. This system's components included the admission requirement of a bachelor's degree, the sequenced curriculum and its extension to three years, the hurdle of annual examinations for continuation and graduation, the independent career track for professional faculty, the transformation of the professional library into a scholarly resource, the inductive pedagogy of teaching from cases, the organization of alumni to support the school, and a new, highly successful financial strategy. Langdell's model was subsequently adopted by leading law schools, medical schools, business schools, and the schools of other professions. By the time of his retirement as dean at Harvard, Langdell's reforms had shaped the future model for professional education throughout the United States.

Enrichment in the Law of Unjust Enrichment and Restitution

Author: Andrew Lodder

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847319726

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 9434

Enrichment is key to understanding the law of unjust enrichment and restitution. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the concept of enrichment and its implications for restitutionary awards. Dr Lodder argues that enrichment may be characterised either factually or legally, and explores the consequences of that distinction. In factual enrichment cases, the measure of enrichment is the objective value received. This is the basis of many awards of money had and received, quantum meruit, quantum valebat and money paid. In legal enrichment cases, the benefit is the acquisition of a specific right or the release of a specific obligation. The remedy is restitution of that right or reinstatement of that obligation. It is demonstrated that specific restitution of the defendant's legal enrichment is often the basis for resulting trusts, rescission, rectification and subrogation. This book has profound implications for understanding restitutionary awards and the relationship between the enrichment inquiry and other aspects of the law of unjust enrichment, including the 'at the expense of' inquiry and the defence of change of position.

Bereicherung und Irrtum

rechtsvergleichende Untersuchungen zum anglo-amerikanischen, französischen, schweizerischen, römischen u. deutschen Leistungsbereicherungsrecht

Author: Harald Koch

Publisher: Duncker & Humblot

ISBN: 9783428429943

Category: Mistake (Law)

Page: 177

View: 8825


Lawyers' Law Books

A Practical Index to Legal Literature

Author: Donald Raistrick,John Rees

Publisher: N.A


Category: Droit - Documentation - Bibliographie

Page: 576

View: 6135


The National union catalog, pre-1956 imprints

a cumulative author list representing Library of Congress printed cards and titles reported by other American libraries

Author: Library of Congress,American Library Association. Committee on Resources of American Libraries. National Union Catalog Subcommittee

Publisher: N.A


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 811


Dictionary of American Biography

Under the Auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies : Supplement One

Author: Harris Elwood Starr

Publisher: N.A


Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 2189


Eduard Gans and the Hegelian Philosophy of Law

Author: M.H. Hoffheimer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401585237

Category: Philosophy

Page: 142

View: 1365

Gans ranks at the head of that important group of Hegelian thinkers that bridged the generations of Hegel and Marx. ! Yet there is a large gap between Gans 's historical importance and the scholarship on him. Despite a renewal of interest in Gans's work on the Continent,2 Gans remains almost completely unknown to English-Ianguage scholars, and almost none ofhis work has been 3 previously translated. His Prefaces to his posthumous editions of Hegel's writings are inaccessib1e to English speakers, despite the fact that they shed important light on the authenticity of the so-called Additions to those texts. His Preface to Hegel's Philosophy ofLaw has never been translated before, while his Preface to the Philosophy of History has been omitted from reprintings 4 for generations. Moreover, the recent scholarship on the Continent has focused on Gans 's political and philosophical rather than his legal writings. There is little dis cussion in any language ofhis system oflaw, which is the focus ofthe present study. Some of the reasons for the neglect of Gans are obvious. Gans cannot be a hero for most readers today. He accepted apostasy as a means to profes sional advancement. And though more liberal than Hegel, Gans nonetheless accommodated himself to the results of the Restoration and evaded political persecution that might have kindled the sympathy of later generations.