Law and Social Theory

Author: Reza Banakar,Max Travers

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1782252045

Category: Law

Page: 378

View: 7785

There is a growing interest within law schools in the intersections between law and different areas of social theory. The second edition of this popular text introduces a wide range of traditions in sociology and the humanities that offer provocative, contextual views on law and legal institutions. The book is organised into six sections, each with an introduction by the editors, on classical sociology of law, systems theory, critical approaches, law in action, postmodernism, and law in global society. Each chapter is written by a specialist who reviews the literature, and discusses how the approach can be used in researching different topics. New chapters include authoritative reviews of actor network theory, new legal realism, critical race theory, post-colonial theories of law, and the sociology of the legal profession. Over half the chapters are new, and the rest are revised in order to include discussion of recent literature.
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An introduction to law and social theory

Author: Reza Banakar,Max Travers

Publisher: Hart Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 367

View: 9422

Although most law schools recognise the value of introducing students to a broader sociological perspective on law, this usually falls short of a full engagement with sociology as an academic discipline. This book introduces a wide range of sociological traditions, and how they can be used in investigating law and legal institutions. The book is organised into six sections, each with an introduction by the editors, on classical sociology of law, structural functionalism and systems theory, critical approaches, interpretive approaches, postmodernism, and pluralism and globalisation, and a conclusion that discusses the relationship between law and sociology. Each of the chapters is written by a specialist who reviews the literature, and discusses how the approach can be used in researching different topics. CONTENTS: Introduction (Reza Banakar and Max Travers) 1. CLASSICAL SOCIOLOGY AND LAW: The Problematization of Law in Classical Social Theory (Alan Hunt); Sociological Jurisprudence (Reza Banakar) 2. STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM AND SYSTEMS THEORY: The Thick Description of Law: An Introduction to Niklas Luhmann's Theory (Klaus A. Ziegert); Jurgen Habermas and the Sociology of Law (Bo Carlsson) 3. CRITICAL APPROACHES: Marxism and the Social Theory of Law (Robert Fine); Sharing the Paradigms? CLS and the Sociology of Law (Jiri Priban), Feminist Legal Theory (Ruth Fletcher); A Race and Gendered Organisational Logic in Law Firms (Jennifer Pierce); Putting Gender and Sexuality on the Agenda (Nico J Beger); The Power of the Legal Field (Mikael R. Madsen and Yves Dezalay) 4. INTERPRETIVE APPROACHES: Symbolic Interactionism and Law (Max Travers); Ethnomethodology and Law (Robert Dingwall) 5. POSTMODERNISM: Foucault and Law (Gary Wickham); Postmodernism and Common Law (Shaun McVeigh) 6. LEGAL PLURALISM (Anne Griffiths); Globalistion and Law (John Flood); Comparative Sociology of Law (David Nelken) CONCLUSIONS: Law and Sociology (Reza Banakar and Max Travers).
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Living Law

Studies in Legal and Social Theory

Author: Roger Cotterrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351559982

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 6512

Living Law presents a comprehensive overview of relationships between legal and social theory, and of current approaches to the sociological study of legal ideas. It explores the nature of legal theory and sociolegal studies today as teaching and research fields, and the work of many of the major sociolegal theorists. In addition, it sets out the author's distinctive approach to sociological analysis of law, applying this in a range of studies in specific legal fields, such as the law of contract, property and trusts, constitutional analysis, and comparative law.
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Law, Culture and Society

Legal Ideas in the Mirror of Social Theory

Author: Roger Cotterrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351217968

Category: Law

Page: 208

View: 3908

This book presents a distinctive approach to the study of law in society, focusing on the sociological interpretation of legal ideas. It surveys the development of connections between legal studies and social theory and locates its approach in relation to sociolegal studies on the one hand and legal philosophy on the other. It is suggested that the concept of law must be re-considered. Law has to be seen today not just as the law of the nation state, or international law that links nation states, but also as transnational law in many forms. A legal pluralist approach is not just a matter of redefining law in legal theory; it also recognizes that law's authority comes from a plurality of diverse, sometimes conflicting, social sources. The book suggests that the social environment in which law operates must also be rethought, with many implications for comparative legal studies. The nature and boundaries of culture become important problems, while the concept of multiculturalism points to the cultural diversity of populations and to problems of fragmentation, or perhaps to new kinds of unity of the social. Theories of globalization raise a host of issues about the integrity of societies and about the need to understand social networks and forces that extend beyond the political societies of nation states. Through a range of specific studies, closely interrelated and building on each other, the book seeks to integrate the sociology of law with other kinds of legal analysis and engages directly with current juristic debates in legal theory and comparative law.
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Unspeakable Subjects

Feminist Essays in Legal and Social Theory

Author: Nicola Lacey,Professor of Law Gender and Social Policy Nicola Lacey

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1901362337

Category: Law

Page: 273

View: 7745

The essays in this book present a feminist critique of law based on an analysis of the ways in which the very structure of modern law is gendered. Ranging across such field as criminal law and anti-discrimination law, Lacey examines the conceptual framework of modern legal practices, the concepts of equality, and the relationship between the state, the individual and the community.
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Realistic Socio-legal Theory

Pragmatism and a Social Theory of Law

Author: Brian Z. Tamanaha

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198265603

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 7454

Combining philosophical pargmatism with a methodological foundation, Tamanaha formulates a framework for a realistic approach to socio-legal theory. The strengths of this approach are contrasted with that of the major schools of socio-legal theory by application to core issues in this area. Thus Tamanaha explores the problematic state of socio-legal studies, the relationship between behaviour and meaning, the notion of legal ideology, the problem of indeterminacy in rule following and application, and the structure of judicial decision making. These issues are tackled in a clear and concise fashion while articulating a social theory of law which draws equally from legal theory and socio-legal theory.
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The Subject of Prostitution

Sex Work, Law and Social Theory

Author: Jane Scoular

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317696468

Category:

Page: 190

View: 1864

The Subject of Prostitution offers a distinctive analysis of the links between prostitution and social theory in order to advance a critical analysis of the relationship of law to sex work. Using the lens of social theory to disrupt fixed meanings the book provides an advanced analytical framework through which to understand the complexity and contingencies of sex work in late modernity. The book analyses contemporary citizenship discourse and the law's ability to meet the competing demands of empowerment by sex workers and protection by radical feminists who view prostitution as the epitome of patriarchal sexual and economic relations. Its central focus is the role of law in both structuring and responding to the 'problem of prostitution'. By developing a distinctive constitutive approach to law, the author offers a more advanced analytical framework from which to understand how law matters in contemporary debates and also suggests how law could matter in more imaginative justice reforms. This is particularly pertinent in a period of unprecedented legal reform, both internationally and nationally, as legal norms simultaneously attempt to protect, empower and criminalise parties involved in the purchase of sexual services. The Subject of Prostitution aims to overcome the current aporia in these debates and suggest new ways to engage with the subject and law. As such, The Subject of Prostitution provides an advanced theoretical resource for policymakers, researchers and activists involved in contemporary struggles over the meanings and place of sex work in late modernity.
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Understanding Law and Society

Author: Max Travers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135248443

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 9645

This textbook on the sociology of law is organised according to the theoretical traditions of sociology, and oriented towards providing an accessible, but sophisticated, introduction to, and overview of, the central themes, problems and debates in this field. The book employs an international range of examples - including the state, minority rights, terrorism, family violence, the legal profession, pornography, mediation, religious tolerance, and euthanasia - in order to distinguish a sociological approach to law from 'black-letter', jurisprudential and empirical policy-oriented traditions. Beginning with 'classical', 'consensus' and 'critical' sociological approaches, the book covers the full range of contemporary perspectives, including the new institutionalism, feminism, the interpretive tradition, postmodernism, legal pluralism and globalisation. It then concludes with a consideration of current theoretical issues, as well as a reflection upon the importance of a sociological approach to law. Understanding Law and Society provides a clear, but critical, discussion of the relevant literature, along with study questions and guides to further reading. It is designed to support courses in law and society and in the sociology of law, but will also be of value to others with interests in these areas.
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Habermas on Law and Democracy

Critical Exchanges

Author: Michel Rosenfeld,Andrew Arato

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520204669

Category: Law

Page: 466

View: 6066

In the first essay, Habermas himself succinctly presents the centerpiece of his theory: his proceduralist paradigm of law. The following essays comprise elaborations, criticisms, and further explorations by others of the most salient issues addressed in his theory. The distinguished group of contributors--internationally prominent scholars in the fields of law, philosophy, and social theory--includes many who have been closely identified with Habermas as well as some of his best-known critics. The final essay is a thorough and lengthy reply by Habermas, which not only engages the most important arguments raised in the preceding essays but also further elaborates and refines some of his own key contributions in Between Facts and Norms. This volume will be essential reading for philosophers, legal scholars, and political and social theorists concerned with understanding the work of one of the leading philosophers of our age. These provocative, in-depth debates between Jürgen Habermas and a wide range of his critics relate to the philosopher's contribution to legal and democratic theory in his recently published Between Facts and Norms. Drawing upon his discourse theory, Habermas has elaborated a novel and powerful account of law that purports to bridge the gap between democracy and rights, by conceiving law to be at once self-imposed and binding.
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Law and Social Norms

Author: Eric A. Posner

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674042308

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 2417

What is the role of law in a society in which order is maintained mostly through social norms, trust, and nonlegal sanctions? Eric Posner argues that social norms are sometimes desirable yet sometimes odious, and that the law is critical to enhancing good social norms and undermining bad ones. But he also argues that the proper regulation of social norms is a delicate and complex task, and that current understanding of social norms is inadequate for guiding judges and lawmakers. What is needed, and what this book offers, is a model of the relationship between law and social norms. The model shows that people's concern with establishing cooperative relationships leads them to engage in certain kinds of imitative behavior. The resulting behavioral patterns are called social norms. Posner applies the model to several areas of law that involve the regulation of social norms, including laws governing gift-giving and nonprofit organizations; family law; criminal law; laws governing speech, voting, and discrimination; and contract law. Among the engaging questions posed are: Would the legalization of gay marriage harm traditional married couples? Is it beneficial to shame criminals? Why should the law reward those who make charitable contributions? Would people vote more if non-voters were penalized? The author approaches these questions using the tools of game theory, but his arguments are simply stated and make no technical demands on the reader.
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A Sociological Theory of Law

Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135142556

Category: Law

Page: 424

View: 1374

Niklas Luhmann is recognised as a major social theorist, and his treatise on the sociology of law is a classic text. For Luhmann, law provides the framework of the state, lawyers are the main human resource for the state, and legal theory provides the most suitable base from which to theorize on the nature of society. He explores the concept of law in the light of a general theory of social systems, showing the important part law plays in resolving fundamental problems a society may face. He then goes on to discuss in detail how modern 'positive' – as opposed to ‘natural’ – law comes to fulfil this function. The work as a whole is not only a contribution to legal sociology, but a major work in social theory. With a revised translation, and a new introduction by Martin Albrow.
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A Social Theory of International Law

International Relations as a Complex System

Author: Kazuko Hirose Kawaguchi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401749787

Category: Law

Page: 317

View: 9892

The ability to shape one's own destiny-to make decisions on the basis of one's own ideals and goals-is a uniquely human characteristic. It is shared by the groups that human beings fonn-peoples, nations, and other communities--each bound by a common destiny. The very existence of different individuals and groups that have this characteristic virtually guarantees that there will be conflicts among them. And yet it is also human to want to find common ground with others. When individuals or groups emphasize their differences, the result is conflict; when they find common ground, cooperation becomes possible. However, even when it appears that cooperative efforts have resolved the sources of conflict, not all conflict will disappear. Conflict is a natural part of all human interaction. Both conflict and cooperation exist simultaneously. All social phenomena can ultimately be reduced to the question of how these two human characteristics are reconciled and allowed to coexist on the same plane.
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Law and Society in Transition

Toward Responsive Law

Author: Philippe Nonet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351509586

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 658

Year by year, law seems to penetrate ever larger realms of social, political, and economic life, generating both praise and blame. Nonet and Selznick's Law and Society in Transition explains in accessible language the primary forms of law as a social, political, and normative phenomenon. They illustrate with great clarity the fundamental difference between repressive law, riddled with raw conflict and the accommodation of special interests, and responsive law, the reasoned effort to realize an ideal of polity. To make jurisprudence relevant, legal, political, and social theory must be reintegrated. As a step in this direction, Nonet and Selznick attempt to recast jurisprudential issues in a social science perspective. They construct a valuable framework for analyzing and assessing the worth of alternative modes of legal ordering. The volume's most enduring contribution is the authors' typology-repressive, autonomous, and responsive law. This typology of law is original and especially useful because it incorporates both political and jurisprudential aspects of law and speaks directly to contemporary struggles over the proper place of law in democratic governance. In his new introduction, Robert A. Kagan recasts this classic text for the contemporary world. He sees a world of responsive law in which legal institutions-courts, regulatory agencies, alternative dispute resolution bodies, police departments-are periodically studied and redesigned to improve their ability to fulfill public expectations. Schools, business corporations, and governmental bureaucracies are more fully pervaded by legal values. Law and Society in Transition describes ways in which law changes and develops. It is an inspiring vision of a politically responsive form of governance, of special interest to those in sociology, law, philosophy, and politics.
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A General Jurisprudence of Law and Society

Author: Brian Z. Tamanaha

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199244669

Category: Law

Page: 263

View: 362

A theoretical and sociological exploration of the relationship between law and society, this book constructs an approach to law that integrates legal theory with sociological approaches to law. Law is generally understood to be a mirror of society--a reflection of its customs and morals--that functions to maintain social order. Focusing on this common understanding, the book conducts a survey of Western legal and social theories about law and its relationship within society, engaging in a theoretical and empirical critique of this common understanding.
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Dividing Public and Private

Law, Politics, and Social Theory

Author: Gerald Turkel

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 255

View: 8845

The distinction between private and public realms of experience, of social activity and of personal identity, are fundamental for shaping everyday understanding and organization of social life. This study makes the public/private division central to social theory and social inquiry. Turkel demonstrates that by placing the public/private distinction at the center of social thought and by rethinking the writings of such classical theorists as Marx, Durkheim, Weber, and Parsons through the prism of the public/private dichotomy, new dimensions are raised for the analysis of authority, legitimacy, law, political participation, and the very meanings of freedom and necessity.
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Theory and Method in Socio-Legal Research

Author: Reza Banakar,Max Travers

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316913

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 5157

Socio-legal researchers increasingly recognise the need to employ a wide variety of methods in studying law and legal phenomena, and the need to be informed by an understanding of debates about theory and method in mainstream social science. The papers in this volume illustrate how a range of topics, including EU law, ombudsmen, judges, lawyers, Shariah Councils and the quality assurance industry can be researched from a socio-legal perspective. The objective of the collection is to show how different methods can be used in researching law and legal phenomena, how methodological issues and debates in sociology are relevant to the study of law, and the importance of the debate between "structural" and "action" traditions in researching law. It also approaches the methodological problem of how sociology of law can address the content of legal practice from a variety of perspectives and discusses the relationship between pure and applied research. The editors provide a critical introduction to each of the six sections, and a general introduction on law, sociology and method. The collection will provide an invaluable resource for socio-legal researchers, law school researchers and postgraduates.
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Contract and Organisation

Legal Analysis in the Light of Economic and Social Theory

Author: Terence Daintith,Gunther Teubner

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110904993

Category: Law

Page: 305

View: 9375

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Law as a Social Institution

Author: Hamish Ross

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1841132306

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 4224

This book develops the rudiments of a sociological perspective on state law and legal theory. It outlines a distinctive approach to theoretical enquiry that offers an improved understanding of law as a social and institutional phenomenon. The book draws upon Max Weber's sociological and juristic writings as a context in which to explore themes arising or selectively developed from a critical reassessment of key aspects of H.L.A. Hart's theory of law. The discussion initially centers around three problematical areas or "Gordian Knots" - essentially weaknesses in the analytical nucleus of The Concept of Law, matters of misplaced emphasis and other elements that, it is argued, have obscured fundamental aspects of a perceived social reality. Using the critique as a point of departure, the book explores key issues that Hart merely touched upon or seemingly passed over: the role of the (sociologically inclined) jurist, the defensibility of an "institutional insider's" perspective, the institutional behavioral dimension of the legal world, and the relational and social power dynamics of law-affected human behavior.
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Law as a Social System

Author: Niklas Luhmann,Klaus A. Ziegert,Fatima Kastner

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198262381

Category: Medical

Page: 498

View: 7602

In this volume, Niklas Luhmann, the leading exponent of systems theory, explores its implications for our understanding of law. The volume provides a rigorous application to law of a theory that offers profound insights into the relationships between law and other aspects of contemporary society, including politics, the economy, the media, education, and religion.Readership: Academics and students of sociology, law, philosophy, and legal philosophy.
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