Laughter in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times

Epistemology of a Fundamental Human Behavior, its Meaning, and Consequences

Author: Albrecht Classen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110245485

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 862

View: 4642

Despite popular opinions of the ‘dark Middle Ages’ and a ‘gloomy early modern age,’ many people laughed, smiled, giggled, chuckled, entertained and ridiculed each other. This volume demonstrates how important laughter had been at times and how diverse the situations proved to be in which people laughed, and this from late antiquity to the eighteenth century. The contributions examine a wide gamut of significant cases of laughter in literary texts, historical documents, and art works where laughter determined the relationship among people. In fact, laughter emerges as a kaleidoscopic phenomenon reflecting divine joy, bitter hatred and contempt, satirical perspectives and parodic intentions. In some examples protagonists laughed out of sheer happiness and delight, in others because they felt anxiety and insecurity. It is much more difficult to detect premodern sculptures of laughing figures, but they also existed. Laughter reflected a variety of concerns, interests, and intentions, and the collective approach in this volume to laughter in the past opens many new windows to the history of mentality, social and religious conditions, gender relationships, and power structures.
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Laughter in Eastern and Western Philosophies

Proceedings of the Académie du Midi

Author: Hans-Georg Moeller,Günter Wohlfart

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 349586038X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 234

View: 7255

This anthology looks at laughter through intercultural and interdisciplinary perspectives. It focuses on humoristic aspects of East-Asian philosophies such as Daoism and Zen Buddhism as well as on the use of irony and wit by Western authors ranging from ancient Greece to contemporary Newfoundland.
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Laughter

Notes on a Passion

Author: Anca Parvulescu

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262514745

Category: Philosophy

Page: 211

View: 1383

Uncovering an archive of laughter, from the forbidden giggle to the explosive guffaw.
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Behind the Laughter

"Die Simpsons" im Kontext der amerikanischen Populärkultur

Author: Michael Czogalla

Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 3828853838

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 5412

Die amerikanische Gesellschaft steckt voller Kontroversen. Dazu gehören auch familiäre und religiöse Gesichtspunkte des gemeinschaftlichen Lebens. Neben verschiedenen Themen aus Kultur und Politik sind diese Aspekte den Simpsons-Machern besonders wichtig. Der animierte Umgang mit postmodernen Gesellschaftsproblemen ist die verdaulichere Variante, Kritik an einem System zu äußern, das kontroverser kaum sein könnte. Homer, Bart, Marge, Lisa und Maggie stellen jeder für sich einen amerikanischen Typus dar, den man in den 'Springfields' Amerikas nicht lange suchen muss. Neben einer Einführung in die Animationsgeschichte und dem Simpsonschen Beitrag zur Populärkultur, werden anhand von unzähligen Originalzitaten und Szenen der Serie "Die Simpsons" verschiedene Kontroversen der amerikanischen Gesellschaft untersucht.
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Laughter

A Scientific Investigation

Author: Robert R. Provine

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101659254

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 6571

Do men and women laugh at the same things? Is laughter contagious? Has anyone ever really died laughing? Is laughing good for your health? Drawing upon ten years of research into this most common-yet complex and often puzzling-human phenomenon, Dr. Robert Provine, the world's leading scientific expert on laughter, investigates such aspects of his subject as its evolution, its role in social relationships, its contagiousness, its neural mechanisms, and its health benefits. This is an erudite, wide-ranging, witty, and long-overdue exploration of a frequently surprising subject.
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Laughter

An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic

Author: Henri Bergson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486113574

Category: Humor

Page: 112

View: 4116

Bergson explores why people laugh and what laughter means. A classic statement of the principles of humor, it explores what it is in language that makes a joke funny.
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A History of English Laughter

Laughter from Beowulf to Beckett and Beyond

Author: Manfred Pfister

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042012882

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 201

View: 5755

Is there a 'history' of laughter? Or isn't laughter an anthropological constant rather and thus beyond history, a human feature that has defined humanity ashomo ridens from cave man and cave woman to us? The contributors to this collection of essays believe that laughter does have a history and try to identify continuities and turning points of this history by studying a series of English texts, both canonical and non-canonical, from Anglosaxon to contemporary. As this is not another book on the history of the comic or of comedy it does not restrict itself to comic genres; some of the essays actually go out of their way to discover laughter at the margins of texts where one would not have expected it all – in Beowulf, or Paradise Lost or the Gothic Novel. Laughter at the margins of texts, which often coincides with laughter from the margins of society and its orthodoxies, is one of the special concerns of this book. This goes together with an interest in 'impure' forms of laughter – in laughter that is not the serene and intellectually or emotionally distanced response to a comic stimulus which is at the heart of many philosophical theories of the comic, but emotionally disturbed and troubled, aggressive and transgressive, satanic and sardonic laughter. We do not ask, then, what is comic, but: who laughs at and with whom where, when, why, and how?
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Laughter

The Secret of Good Health

Author: S.P. Sharma

Publisher: Pustak Mahal

ISBN: 9788122308167

Category:

Page: 115

View: 7772

Be the soul of the party.Find favour with your associates in business,or social circles!Get going with Laughter-the Secret of Good Health!In fact,the fastest way to break the ice in many a situation is to crack a joke. Which is why Danish pianist Victor Borge had quipped: Laughter is the shortest distance between two people.This book is replete with humorous one-liners, quips, quotes and anecdotes that will have you rolling with laughter.The book also dwells on famous humourists and other personalities with a sharp sense of humour, including Mark Twain, George Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde, Winston Churchill, Abraham Lincoln and Mahatma Gandhi, amongst others.Jokes apart, laughter also has multiple therapeutic benefits, as attested by medicalmen--and elucidated by oft-repeated maxim,Laughter is the best medicine.Indeed, in March 1995, the first Laughter Club was launched by a Mumbai-based doctor precisely for its therapeutic benefits.This book also tells you all about the scientific benefits of laughter. So read, laugh and be merry!For therein lies the secret of good health and happiness.
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Laughter in Interaction

Author: Phillip Glenn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139437370

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 946

Laughter in Interaction is an illuminating and lively account of how and why people laugh during conversation. Bringing together twenty-five years of research on the sequential organisation of laughter in everyday talk, Glenn analyses recordings and transcripts to show the finely detailed co-ordination of human laughter. He demonstrates that its production and placement, relative to talk and other activities, reveal much about its emergent meaning and accomplishments. The book shows how the participants in a conversation move from a single laugh to laughing together, how the matter of 'who laughs first' implicates orientation to social activities and how interactants work out whether laughs are more affiliative or hostile. The final chapter examines the contribution of laughter to sequences of conversational intimacy and play and to the invocation of gender. Engaging and original, the book shows how this seemingly insignificant part of human communication turns out to play a highly significant role in how people display, respond to and revise identities and relationships.
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Humour and laughter

theory, research and applications

Author: Anthony J. Chapman,Hugh C. Foot

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825740

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 2731

Humor and laughter play a vital part in our everyday social encounters. In this book, well-known psychologists including Thomas R. Shultz, Mary K. Rathbart, and Goran Nerhardt explore the psychology of humor and laughter, examining the major theoretical perspectives underlying current approaches. This volume draws together the main empirical work done over the course of the twentieth century.
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Ethical Consensus and the Truth of Laughter

The Structure of Moral Transformations

Author: Hub Zwart

Publisher: Peeters Publishers

ISBN: 9789039004128

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 3646

We participate in moral debate, instead of taking established morality for granted, because of our discontent with the moral discourse already existing. We feel that something is distorted or concealed, that something remains to be said. One of the strategies to expose the deficiencies of established discourse is critical argument, but under certain specific historical circumstances, the apparent self-evidence of established moral discourse has gained such a dominance, has acquired such an ability to conceal its basic vulnerability, that its validity simply seems beyond contestation. Notwithstanding our discontent, we remain unable to challenge the established truth effectively. Then, all of a sudden, its vulnerability is revealed - and this is the experience of laughter. Moral criticism is preceded by laughter. In fact, all crucial transformations that emerged in the history of morality were accompanied by and made possible by laughter and moral criticism is basically and originally a comic genre. After drawing an outline of the present moral regime in chapter one, the moral significance of laughter is recovered with the help of four 'philosophers of laughter' in chapter two, namely Bakhtin, Nietzsche, Bataille and Foucault. Laughter allows reality to appear in a certain light, it contains a basic truth, it is a philosophical principle in its own right that cannot be reduced to or identified with the truth of science. In the subsequent chapters it is shown how three crucial moral transformations, occuring in the fourth century B.C., the sixteenth century A.D. and the nineteenth century A.D. evolved out of an experience of laughter, articulated by three outstanding protagonists of laughter presented in this book: Socrates, Luther and Ibsen. Finally, the significance of the experience of laughter in view of the present is discussed.
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Laughter

a socio-scientific analysis

Author: Joyce Oramel Hertzler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Humor

Page: 231

View: 2533

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Art and Laughter

Author: Sheri Klein

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781845112332

Category: Art

Page: 156

View: 9445

This is the first book to take seriously (though not too seriously) the surprisingly neglected role of humour in art. Art and Laughter looks back to comic masters such as Hogarth and Daumier and to Dada, Surrealism and Pop Art, asking what makes us laugh and why, and exploring the use of comedy in art from satire and irony to pun, parody and black and bawdy humor. Encouraging laughter in the hallowed space of the gallery, Klein takes us on a tour of the comic work of Red Grooms, Cary Leibowitz, William Wegman, The Chicago Hairy Who, Richard Prince, Bruce Nauman, Jeff Koons, Vik Muniz and many more. She looks too at the smile in art and at the cute, the camp and the downright kitsch.
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Madness, Masks, and Laughter

An Essay on Comedy

Author: Rupert D. V. Glasgow

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838635599

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 387

View: 2525

"Madness, Masks, and Laughter: An Essay on Comedy is an exploration of narrative and dramatic comedy as a laughter-inducing phenomenon. The theatrical metaphors of mask, appearance, and illusion are used as structural linchpins in an attempt to categorize the many and extremely varied manifestations of comedy and to find out what they may have in common with one another. As this reliance on metaphor suggests, the purpose is less to produce The Truth about comedy than to look at how it is related to our understanding of the world and to ways of understanding our understanding. Previous theories of comedy or laughter (such as those advanced by Hobbes, Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Bergson, Freud, and Bakhtin) as well as more general philosophical considerations are discussed insofar as they shed light on this approach. The limitations of the metaphors themselves mean that sight is never lost of the deep-seated ambiguity that has made laughter so notoriously difficult to pin down in the past." "The first half of the volume focuses in particular on traditional comic masks and the pleasures of repetition and recognition, on the comedy of imposture, disguise, and deception, on dramatic and verbal irony, on social and theatrical role-playing and the comic possibilities of plays-within-plays and "metatheatre," as well as on the cliches, puns, witticisms, and torrents of gibberish which betray that language itself may be understood as a sort of mask. The second half of the book moves to the other side of the footlights to show how the spectators themselves, identifying with the comic spectacle, may be induced to "drop" their own roles and postures, laughter here operating as something akin to a ventilatory release from the pressures of social or cognitive performance. Here the essay examines the subversive madness inherent in comedy, its displaced anti-authoritarianism, as well as the violence, sexuality, and bodily grotesqueness it may bring to light. The structural tensions in this broadly Hobbesian or Freudian model of a social mask concealing an anti-social self are reflected in comedy's own ambivalences, and emerge especially in the ambiguous concepts of madness and folly, which may be either celebrated as festive fun or derided as sinfulness. The study concludes by considering the ways in which nonsense and the grotesque may infringe our cognitive limitations, here extending the distinction between appearance and reality to a metaphysical level which is nonetheless prey to unresolvable ambiguities." "The scope of the comic material ranges over time from Aristophanes to Martin Amis, from Boccaccio, Chaucer, Rabelais, and Shakespeare to Oscar Wilde, Joe Orton, John Barth, and Philip Roth. Alongside mainly Old Greek, Italian, French, Irish, English, and American examples, a number of relatively little-known German plays (by Grabbe, Tieck, Buchner, and others) are also taken into consideration."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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Talking about Laughter

and Other Studies in Greek Comedy

Author: Alan H. Sommerstein

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191569682

Category: Drama

Page: 368

View: 5164

This book brings together fourteen studies by Alan Sommerstein on Aristophanes and his fellow comic dramatists, some of which have not previously appeared in print. The studies cover almost all the major topics of Sommerstein's work - the nature and functions of comedy in Aristophanes' time, its connections with the society and politics of its day, the question of Aristophanes' own political stances, the light comedy can throw on classical Athenians' perception of basic social divisions (age, gender, citizen/alien, free/slave), comedy's exploitation of the expressive resources of the Greek language, the composition and production history of individual plays, and the history of the genre as a whole.
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On the Comic and Laughter

Author: Vladimir I︠A︡kovlevich Propp

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802099262

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 191

View: 8175

An extensive investigation of the forms and functions of the comic, this lively and engaging English critical edition will be welcomed by those interested in laughter, comedy, folklore, Russian literature, and specific authors such as Gogol, Pushkin, Chekhov, Rabelais, Molière, and Shakespeare. The direct, humorous, and provocative style of this work, which tackles the subject of humour with a vast array of vivid examples encountered on every page, will certainly appeal to the contemporary reader. Vladimir Propp takes various forms of laughter in literature and real life and addresses questions such as the comic of similarity, the comic of difference, parody, duping, incongruity, lying, ritual laughter, and carnival laughter. The author of the widely acclaimed Morphology of the Folktale has written an original, comprehensive, and exciting study on how humour works, and on everything you wanted to know about the genre, in a clear, approachable, and insightful manner.
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Laughter and Ridicule

Towards a Social Critique of Humour

Author: Michael Billig

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412911436

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 9236

From Thomas Hobbes' fear of the power of laughter to the compulsory, packaged "fun" of the contemporary mass media, Billig takes the reader on a stimulating tour of the strange world of humour. Both a significant work of scholarship and a novel contribution to the understanding of the humourous, this is a seriously engaging book' - David Inglis, University of Aberdeen This delightful book tackles the prevailing assumption that laughter and humour are inherently good. In developing a critique of humour the author proposes a social theory that places humour - in the form of ridicule - as central to social life. Billig argues that all cultures use ridicule as a disciplinary means to uphold norms of conduct and conventions of meaning. Historically, theories of humour reflect wider visions of politics, morality and aesthetics. For example, Bergson argued that humour contains an element of cruelty while Freud suggested that we deceive ourselves about the true nature of our laughter. Billig discusses these and other theories, while using the topic of humour to throw light on the perennial social problems of regulation, control and emancipation.
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Dimensions of Laughter in Crime and Punishment

Author: John Spiegel

Publisher: Susquehanna University Press

ISBN: 9781575910376

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 168

View: 2229

"Since human laughter served, in a sense, as Dostoevsky's model, the author pays some heed to the highly controversial subject of real-life laughter, along with the leading theories that seek to elucidate its causes and implications.".
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