Later Prehistoric and Roman Landscapes on the Berkshire Downs

Author: Paula Susan Levick

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Oxford Limited

ISBN: 9781407313665

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 6849

"The aim was to examine land-use and settlement on the Berkshire Downs from the Bronze Age to the end of the Romano-British period. ... A multi-disciplinary approach was used to rebuild this landscape. Aerial transcription from the National Mapping Programme is used to provide a view of the landscape before its destruction through modern agriculture, while maps and documents, lidar, woodland survey, geophysics and metal detected finds are used to create a theoretical account of activity across this region."--Abstract.
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Anglo-Saxon Farms and Farming

Author: Debby Banham,Rosamond Faith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667315

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 524

Farming was the basis of the wealth that made England worth invading, twice, in the eleventh century, while trade and manufacturing were insignificant by modern standards. In Anglo-Saxon Farms and Farming, the authors employ a wide range of evidence to investigate how Anglo-Saxon farmers produced the food and other agricultural products that sustained English economy, society, and culture before the Norman Conquest. The first part of the volume draws on written and pictorial sources, archaeology, place-names, and the history of the English language to discover what crops and livestock people raised, and what tools and techniques were used to produce them. In part two, using a series of landscape studies - place-names, maps, and the landscape itself, the authors explore how these techniques might have been combined into working agricultural regimes in different parts of the country. A picture emerges of an agriculture that changed from an essentially prehistoric state in the sub-Roman period to what was recognisably the beginning of a tradition that only ended with the Second World War. Anglo-Saxon farming was not only sustainable, but infinitely adaptable to different soils and geology, and to a climate changing as unpredictably as it is today.
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Beyond the Medieval Village

The Diversification of Landscape Character in Southern Britain

Author: Stephen Rippon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199203822

Category: History

Page: 323

View: 8190

The varied character of Britain's countryside and towns provides communities with a strong sense of local identity. One of the most significant features of the southern British landscape is the way that its character differs from region to region, with compact villages in the Midlands contrasting with the sprawling hamlets of East Anglia and isolated farmsteads of Devon. Even more remarkable is the very 'English' feel of the landscape in southern Pembrokeshire, in the far south west of Wales. Hoskins described the English landscape as 'the richest historical record we possess', and in this book Stephen Rippon explores the origins of regional variations in landscape character, arguing that while some landscapes date back to the centuries either side of the Norman Conquest, other areas across southern Britain underwent a profound change around the 8th century AD.
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Thorps in a Changing Landscape

Author: Paul Cullen,Richard Jones,David N. Parsons

Publisher: Univ of Hertfordshire Press

ISBN: 9781902806822

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 6350

"The authors consider the siting of 'thorps' and 'throps' in relation to the landscape and to soil types in particular. Amply demonstrating the value of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of early medieval settlement in England, the authors are able to draw important conclusions about the changes in farming that swept the country during this period and by association the process of village nucleation. By examining both the chronology of place-names in 'thorp' and 'throp' and their qualifying elements (notably the presence or absence of personal names), it appears possible to chart both the speed at which arable enterprises farmed in severalty converted to communal cultivation as well as the direction in which the changes spread. There is a sense of real excitement as many fresh insights are revealed in the course of the book"--Page 4 of cover.
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The Landscape of Roman Britain

Author: Ken R. Dark

Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 186

View: 9556

A look at the society, politics, economics and natural environment of the Romano-British countryside, in which the authors investigate how different parts of the landscape may have related to each other. Includes a discussion of Romano-British agricultural systems.
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The Maddle Farm project

an integrated survey of prehistoric and Roman landscapes on the Berkshire Downs

Author: Vincent L. Gaffney,Martin Tingle

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 9954

An experimental field survey of a large area of the Berkshire Downs, south of Uffington, achieved by intensive field walking of selected sample areas, and some excavation. Reveals the nature of the Prehistoric and Roman landscape.
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The Prehistory of Beer Head

Field Survey and Excavations at an Isolated Flint Source on the South Devon Coast

Author: Martin Tingle

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 117

View: 8146

A report on fieldwork which aimed to determine the nature and extent of prehistoric stone working around the headland at Beer, and to establish whether exploitation reflected factors such as the efficient use of raw materials, or the desire to produce specific artefact-types. The size of the area in which chalk flint was easily accessible meant that some evidence of controlled access might be found; finally evidence from other sites was considered, in order to measure the importance of Beer to prehistoric communities of the south-west peninsular.
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Stone Age - Mining Age

Author: Gabriele Körlin,Gerd Weisgerber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Flint mines and mining, Prehistoric

Page: 608

View: 2705

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Medieval Villages in an English Landscape

Beginnings and Ends

Author: Richard Jones,Mark Page

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 6042

The village one of the keystones of the English rural landscape - has a powerful hold on the imagination. The origin of nucleated and dispersed settlements - the countryside of villages and the countryside of hamlets has consequently become a central concern of landscape historians. Between AD 500 and 1700, a series of revolutions transformed the structure of the South West Peninsulas rural landscape. The book tells the story of these changes, and also explores how people experienced the landscape in which they lived: how they came to imbue places with symbolic and cultural meaning. Contributors include: Ralph Fyfe on the pollen evidence of landscape change; Sam Turner on the Christian landscape; Peter Herring on both strip fields and Brown Willy, Bodmin Moor; Oliver Creighton and J. P. Freeman on castles; Phil Newman on tin working; Lucy Franklin on folklore and imagined landscapes.
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The Vale of the White Horse survey

the study of a changing landscape in the clay lowlands of southern England from prehistory to the present

Author: Martin Tingle

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 134

View: 3508

This study of `a changing landscape in the clay lowlands of southern Britain' is based on field walking of a 2 by 9.5 km area running NW across the vale from the chalk uplands of White Horse Hill, an area cutting across a wide range of local soil types. The southern end of the area overlaps with the Maddle farm survey completed by the author and V Gaffney a few years ago (BAR 200, 1989, now out of print). The survey describes and maps finds of all periods from Prehistoric through Roman to Medieval and Post-Medieval.
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The Shapwick Project, Somerset

A Rural Landscape Explored

Author: Christopher M. Gerrard,Michael Aston

Publisher: Maney Pub

ISBN: 9781905981861

Category: History

Page: 1047

View: 8126

The Shapwick Project, undertaken between 1989-99 is one of the most detailed studies of a single medieval settlement and its landscape. A principal aim of the project was to examine processes of nucleation, a current hot topic in medieval archaeology. This massive volume represents the final report from the project. It contains sections on methodology, on the various surveys undertaken (historical, architectural, archaeological and ecological), on the excavations themselves and on the finds, both material and environmental. The conclusions chart the development of settlement patterns at Shapwick from prehistory to the present day.
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Becoming Consumers: Looking Beyond Wealth as an Explanation for Villa Variability

Perspectives from the East of England

Author: Christopher Barry Martins

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781841719009

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 8361

A comprehensive study of the social and psychological characteristics of modern consumer behaviour that is then used as an interpretative perspective with which to consider the evidence for a selection of villas in Roman Britain.
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Uffington White Horse and Its Landscape

Investigations at White Horse Hill, Uffington, 1989-95, and Tower Hill, Ashbury, 1993-4

Author: David Miles,Richard N. Bailey

Publisher: Oxford Univ School of Archaeology

ISBN: 9780947816773

Category: History

Page: 331

View: 2912

The White Horse at Uffington, and its landscape, presents a mysterious image of the past and the origins and antiquity of the Horse, the hillfort and its surrounding monuments, have been debated through many generations. Now for the first time archaeological and historical evidence combine to present an amazing story revealing the truly prehistoric beginnings of the Horse and its revered place as part of our heritage.
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The Field Archaeology of the Salisbury Plain Training Area

Author: David McOmish

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 3680

The Salisbury Plain Training Area has been in military ownership since the late 19th Century. As a consequence the area has not suffered the agricultural 'improvements' or urban developments that characterise so much of the English countryside today. It remains the largest tact of unimproved chalk downland in north-west Europe, much of it now scheduled as an ancient monument in recognition of its rich archaeological landscape, and is unparalleled anywhere else in England.The archaeology bears witness to a number of major changes in land use. While extensive Bronze Age barrow cemeteries lie on the slopes of the downs, vast carpets of 'Celtic' fields were laid out in the same areas, and this agricultural landscape was in turn, superseded by one with an extensive system of territorial divisions - the linear boundaries. Perhaps the most remarkable survivals, however, are the eleven Romano-British villages that have been identified and surveyed. These are impressive sites in their own right but it is the aerial and chronological completeness of this archaeological landscape that makes it so important, for it is actually possible to trace the ancient landscape from one village to another.Not since the work of the 19th-century antiquarians, Sir Richard Colt Hoare and William Cunnington, has the area had such detailed analysis. Using a combination of survey techniques, this volume traces human influence on the landscape from prehistoric times to the recent military activities, and presents a synthesis of the results of recent fieldwork.
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