Late Victorian Holocausts

El Nino Famines and the Making of the Third World

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1781680612

Category: History

Page: 470

View: 2475

Bestselling, magisterial melding of global environmental history and global political history. Winner of the World History Association Book Award. Examining a series of El Niño-induced droughts and the famines that they spawned around the globe in the last third of the 19th century, Mike Davis discloses the intimate, baleful relationship between imperial arrogance and natural incident that combined to produce some of the worst tragedies in human history. Late Victorian Holocausts focuses on three zones of drought and subsequent famine: India, Northern China; and Northeastern Brazil. All were affected by the same global climatic factors that caused massive crop failures, and all experienced brutal famines that decimated local populations. But the effects of drought were magnified in each case because of singularly destructive policies promulgated by different ruling elites. Davis argues that the seeds of underdevelopment in what later became known as the Third World were sown in this era of High Imperialism, as the price for capitalist modernization was paid in the currency of millions of peasants’ lives.
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Ökologie der Angst

das Leben mit der Katastrophe

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238199

Category:

Page: 541

View: 9791

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Planet der Slums

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783935936569

Category: City and town life

Page: 247

View: 9337

Mike Davis konstatiert in diesem ambitionierten und verstörenden Buch eine" Kopernikansche Wende"der menschlichen Siedlungsgeschichte. Denn nie zuvor überstieg der Anteil der Stadtbevölkerung den Anteil der auf dem Land Wohnenden und nie zuvor sah sich eine ungeheure Anzahl von über einer Milliarde Menschen gezwungen, ihr Überleben in Armut, im Schmutz der Müllhalden, ohne (sauberes) Wasser, ohne Toiletten, ohne irgendeine Art der Gesundheits- oder Sozialversorgung zu organisieren. Die Megaslums des" Südens"sind Ausdruck einer im höchsten Maße ungleichen und instabilen urbanen Welt. Hier treffen die sozialen Fronten der Globalisierung in radikaler Weise aufeinander.
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Transnational Migration and Work in Asia

Author: Kevin Hewison,Ken Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134204086

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7466

Focusing on the issues associated with migrating for work both in and from the Asian region, this book sheds light on the debate over migration and trafficking. With contributions from an international team of well-known scholars, the book sets labour migration firmly within the context of globalization, providing a focused, contemporary discussion of what is undoubtedly a major twenty-first century concern. Transnational Migration and Work in Asia analyzes workers motivations and rationalities, highlighting the similarities of migration experiences throughout Asia. Presenting in-depth case studies of the real-life experiences and problems faced by migrant workers, the book discusses migrants’ relations with the state and their vulnerability to exploitation, as well as the major policy issues now facing governments, employers, NGOs and international agencies.
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The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 1190

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.
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The Origins of the Modern World

Fate and Fortune in the Rise of the West

Author: Robert Marks

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1461700000

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 4818

This clearly written and engrossing book presents a global narrative of the origins of the modern world from 1400 to the present. Unlike most studies, which assume that the "rise of the West" is the story of the coming of the modern world, this history, drawing upon new scholarship on Asia, Africa, and the New World, constructs a story in which those parts of the world play major roles. Robert B. Marks defines the modern world as one marked by industry, the nation state, interstate warfare, a large and growing gap between the wealthiest and poorest parts of the world, and an escape from "the biological old regime." He explains its origins by emphasizing contingencies (such as the conquest of the New World); the broad comparability of the most advanced regions in China, India, and Europe; the reasons why England was able to escape from common ecological constraints facing all of those regions by the 18th century; and a conjuncture of human and natural forces that solidified a gap between the industrialized and non-industrialized parts of the world. Now in a new edition that brings the saga of the modern world to the present, the book considers how and why the United States emerged as a world power in the twentieth century and became the sole superpower by the twenty-first century. Once again arguing that the rise of the United States to global hegemon was contingent, not inevitable, Marks also points to the resurgence of Asia and the vastly changed relationship of humans to the environment that may, in the long run, overshadow any political and economic milestones of the past hundred years. E-mail [email protected] for a username and password to access the instructor site.
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Ökonomie für den Menschen

Wege zu Gerechtigkeit und Solidarität in der Marktwirtschaft

Author: Amartya Kumar Sen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423362641

Category: Wirtschaftsentwicklung - Freiheit - Soziale Gerechtigkeit

Page: 424

View: 2812

Das große Buch des Nobelpreisträgers: Eine Programmschrift, die ökonomische Vernunft, politischen Realismus und soziale Verantwortung zusammenführt. Mit diesem Buch hat Sen eine Schneise in die Globalisierungsdebatte geschlagen. Als einer der bedeutenden Wirtschaftstheoretiker der Gegenwart fordert er die Moral in der Marktwirtschaft ein und packt das Weltproblem Nr. 1 an: die sich immer weiter öffnende Schere zwischen dem global agierenden Turbokapitalismus und der zunehmenden Arbeitslosigkeit und Verarmung. Dieses engagierte Buch hat er für die breite Öffentlichkeit geschrieben, eindringlich stellt er dar, daß Freiheit, Gleichheit und Solidarität keine abstrakten Ideale sind, sondern fundamentale Voraussetzungen für eine prosperierende, gerechte Weltwirtschaft.
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Invisible Nature

Healing the Destructive Divide Between People and the Environment

Author: Kenneth Worthy

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1616147644

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 9637

A revolutionary new understanding of the precarious modern human-nature relationship and a path to a healthier, more sustainable world. Amidst all the wondrous luxuries of the modern world—smartphones, fast intercontinental travel, Internet movies, fully stocked refrigerators—lies an unnerving fact that may be even more disturbing than all the environmental and social costs of our lifestyles. The fragmentations of our modern lives, our disconnections from nature and from the consequences of our actions, make it difficult to follow our own values and ethics, so we can no longer be truly ethical beings. When we buy a computer or a hamburger, our impacts ripple across the globe, and, dissociated from them, we can’t quite respond. Our personal and professional choices result in damages ranging from radioactive landscapes to disappearing rainforests, but we can’t quite see how. Environmental scholar Kenneth Worthy traces the broken pathways between consumers and clean-room worker illnesses, superfund sites in Silicon Valley, and massively contaminated landscapes in rural Asian villages. His groundbreaking, psychologically based explanation confirms that our disconnections make us more destructive and that we must bear witness to nature and our consequences. Invisible Nature shows the way forward: how we can create more involvement in our own food production, more education about how goods are produced and waste is disposed, more direct and deliberative democracy, and greater contact with the nature that sustains us.
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African Postcolonial Modernity

Informal Subjectivities and the Democratic Consensus

Author: S. Osha

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137446935

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 8831

African cultures and politics remain significantly affected by precolonial and postcolonial configurations of modernity, as well as hegemonic global systems. This project explores Africa's conversation with itself and the rest of the world, critiquing universalist notions of democratization.
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Zur Aktualität von Mike Davis

Author: Frank Eckardt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353118766X

Category: Social Science

Page: 151

View: 6380

Mit seinem Buch „City of Quartz“ hat Mike Davis im Jahr 1990 eine intensive Recherche zu aktuellen Themen der Stadtentwicklung anhand von Los Angeles vorgelegt. Dabei hat er nicht nur quasi die zwei Jahre später stattfindenden Unruhen vorhergesagt, sondern eine weitergehende Theorie der post-liberalen Stadt entwickelt, die die Stadtsoziologie im hohen Maß beunruhigt hat. Ist Los Angeles erst der Anfang? Davis ist ein kritischer Historiker, der sich aus der Arbeiterbewegung kommend mit Themen wie der amerikanischen Arbeiterbewegung, der Latino-Immigration und den Auswirkungen des Neo-Liberalismus beschäftigt hat. Seinen theoretischen Ansatz einer kritischen Stadtsoziologie hat er darüber hinaus mit Büchern über San Diego, den „Toten Städten“ und über die weltweiten Slums dargelegt.
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Engineers Within a Local and Global Society

Author: Caroline Baillie

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 159829136X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 69

View: 5499

In this book, author Caroline Baillie draws from history, and lessons learned from engineers of the past, by looking at the impact they had on the worlds in which they lived, intended or otherwise. She considers the political and economic systems in which engineers operate and how engineering interacts with and contributes to major global forces. She also addresses equity issues, both in working conditions as well as in considering who it is they engineer for. She looks at the networks of engineering knowledge and the relationship to power, considering more democratic ways of empowering the public to address real needs. She also discusses ways in which engineering is organized, who makes the decisions, and how these decisions affect what they engineer. Finally she considers the latest works on public participation in technology, appropriate technology for developing countries, as well as focusing on environmental and ethical responsibilities of engineers.
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Climate Change and Global Health

Author: Colin D Butler

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780642652

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 8512

There is increasing understanding, globally, that climate change will have profound and mostly harmful effects on human health. This authoritative book brings together international experts to describe both direct (such as heat waves) and indirect (such as vector-borne disease incidence) impacts of climate change, set in a broad, international, economic, political and environmental context. This unique book also expands on these issues to address a third category of potential longer-term impacts on global health: famine, population dislocation, and conflict. This lively yet scholarly resource explores these issues fully, linking them to health in urban and rural settings in developed and developing countries. The book finishes with a practical discussion of action that health professionals can yet take.
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India and the British Empire

Author: Douglas M. Peers,Nandini Gooptu

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191632090

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 2024

South Asian History has enjoyed a remarkable renaissance over the past thirty years. Its historians are not only producing new ways of thinking about the imperial impact and legacy on South Asia, but also helping to reshape the study of imperial history in general. The essays in this collection address a number of these important developments, delineating not only the complicated interplay between imperial rulers and their subjects in India, but also illuminating the economic, political, environmental, social, cultural, ideological, and intellectual contexts which informed, and were in turn informed by, these interactions. Particular attention is paid to a cluster of binary oppositions that have hitherto framed South Asian history, namely colonizer/colonized, imperialism/nationalism, and modernity/tradition, and how new analytical frameworks are emerging which enable us to think beyond the constraints imposed by these binaries. Closer attention to regional dynamics as well as to wider global forces has enriched our understanding of the history of South Asia within a wider imperial matrix. Previous impressions of all-powerful imperialism, with the capacity to reshape all before it, for good or ill, are rejected in favour of a much more nuanced image of imperialism in India that acknowledges the impact as well as the intentions of colonialism, but within a much more complicated historical landscape where other processes are at work.
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The Power of the Sea

Tsunamis, Storm Surges, Rogue Waves, and Our Quest to Predict Disasters

Author: Bruce Parker

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780230112247

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8007

The Power of the Sea describes our struggle to understand the physics of the sea, so we can use that knowledge to predict when the sea will unleash its fury against us. In a wide-sweeping narrative spanning much of human history, Bruce Parker, former chief scientist of the National Ocean Service, interweaves thrilling and often moving stories of unpredicted natural disaster with an accessible account of scientific discovery. The result is a compelling scientific journey, from ancient man's first crude tide predictions to today's advanced early warning ability based on the Global Ocean Observing System. It is a journey still underway, as we search for ways to predict tsunamis and rogue waves and critical aspects of El Niño and climate change caused by global warming.
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Tense Future

Modernism, Total War, Encyclopedic Form

Author: Paul K. Saint-Amour

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266295

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 368

View: 8461

We know that trauma can leave syndromes in its wake. But can the anticipation of violence be a form of violence as well? Tense Future argues that it can-that twentieth-century war technologies and practices, particularly the aerial bombing of population centers, introduced non-combatants to a coercive and traumatizing expectation. During wartime, civilians braced for the next raid; during peacetime they braced for the next war. The pre-traumatic stress they experienced permeates the century's public debates and cultural works. In a series of groundbreaking readings, Saint-Amour illustrates how air war prophets theorized the wounding power of anticipation, how archive theory changed course in war's shadow, and how speculative fiction conjured visions of a civilizational collapse that would end literacy itself. And in this book's central chapters, he shows us how Ford Madox Ford, Robert Musil, James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and other interwar modernist writers faced the memory of one war and the prospect of another, some by pitting their fictions' encyclopedic scale and formal turbulence against total war, others by conceding war's inevitability while refusing to long for a politically regressive peace. Total war: a conflict that exempts no one, disregarding any difference between soldier and civilian. Tense Future forever alters our understanding of the concept of total war by tracing its emergence during the First World War, its incubation in air power theory between the wars, and above all its profound partiality. For total war, during most of the twentieth century, meant conflict between imperial nation states; it did not include the violence those states routinely visited on colonial subjects during peacetime. Tacking back and forth between metropole and colony, between world war and police action, Saint-Amour describes the interwar refashioning of a world system of violence-production, one that remains largely intact in our own moment of perpetual interwar.
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Unequal health

The scandal of our times

Author: Danny Dorling

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447309340

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 6134

Health inequalities are the most important inequalities of all. In the US and the UK these inequalities have now reached an extent not seen for over a century. Most people's health is much better now than then, but the gaps in life expectancy between regions, between cities, and between neighbourhoods within cities now surpass the worst measures over the last hundred years. In almost all other affluent countries, inequalities in health are lower and people live longer. In his new book, academic and writer Danny Dorling describes the current extent of inequalities in health as the scandal of our times. He provides nine new chapters and updates a wide selection of his highly influential writings on health, including international-peer reviewed studies, annotated lectures, newspaper articles, and interview transcripts, to create an accessible collection that is both contemporary and authoritative. As a whole the book shows conclusively that inequalities in health are the scandal of our times in the most unequal of rich nations and calls for immediate action to reduce these inequalities in the near future.
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