Interdisciplinary Approaches to Food, Culture, and Markets in Ancient Mesoamerica
Author: John Staller,Michael Carrasco
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Social Science
View: 868The significance of food and feasting to Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures has been extensively studied by archaeologists, anthropologists and art historians. Foodways studies have been critical to our understanding of early agriculture, political economies, and the domestication and management of plants and animals. Scholars from diverse fields have explored the symbolic complexity of food and its preparation, as well as the social importance of feasting in contemporary and historical societies. This book unites these disciplinary perspectives — from the social and biological sciences to art history and epigraphy — creating a work comprehensive in scope, which reveals our increasing understanding of the various roles of foods and cuisines in Mesoamerican cultures. The volume is organized thematically into three sections. Part 1 gives an overview of food and feasting practices as well as ancient economies in Mesoamerica. Part 2 details ethnographic, epigraphic and isotopic evidence of these practices. Finally, Part 3 presents the metaphoric value of food in Mesoamerican symbolism, ritual, and mythology. The resulting volume provides a thorough, interdisciplinary resource for understanding, food, feasting, and cultural practices in Mesoamerica.
Readings in Contemporary Cultural Anthropology
Author: William A. Haviland,Robert J. Gordon
Category: Social Science
View: 9479A supplementary reader for cultural anthropology courses that consists entirely of contemporary articles that are global in both authorship and perspective. Recognizing the centrality of fieldwork to anthropological knowledge, the Third Edition includes essays that deal specifically with the nature and dilemmas of fieldwork. These essays, several of which have been commissioned especially for this volume, consider the changing status of the field, the nature of anthropological learning in the field, and ethical issues and dilemmas
Segmentary Lineage Migration in Advancing Frontiers
Author: John W. Fox
Publisher: CUP Archive
Category: Social Science
View: 1958John Fox here offers a fresh and persuasive view of the crucial Classic-Postclassic transition that determined the shape of the later Maya state. Drawing this data from ethnographic analogy and native chronicles as well as archaeology, he identifies segmentary lineage organisation as the key to understanding both the political organisation and the long-distance migrations observed among the Quiche Maya of Guatemala and Mexico. The first part of the book traces the origins of the Quiche, Itza and Xiu to the homeland on the Mexican Gulf coast where they acquired their potent Toltec mythology and identifies early segmentary lineages that developed as a result of social forces in the frontier zone. Dr Fox then matches the known anthropological characteristics of segmentary lineages against the Mayan kinship relationships described in documents and deduced from the spatial patterning within Quiche towns and cities. His conclusion, that the inherently fissile nature of segmentary lineages caused the leapfrogging migrations of up to 500km observed amongst the Maya, offers a convincing solution to a problem that has long puzzled scholars.
Author: Glenn Storey
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
Category: Social Science
View: 2449A baseline study of the growth of preindustrial cities worldwide. This work employs a subset of preindustrial cities on many continents to answer questions archaeologists grapple with concerning the populating and growth of cities before industrialization. It further explores how scholars differently conceive and execute their research on the population of cities. The subject cities are in Greece, Mesoamerica, the Andes, Italy, Egypt, Africa, United States, Denmark, and China. This broad sample provides a useful framework for answers to such questions as “Why did people agglomerate into cities?” and “What population size and what age of endurance constitute a city?” The study covers more than population magnitude and population makeup, the two major frameworks of urban demography. The contributors combine their archaeological and historical expertise to reveal commonalities, as well as theoretical extrapolations and methodological approaches, at work here and outside the sample. Urbanism in the Preindustrial World is a unique study revealing the variety of factors involved in the coalescing and dispersal of populations in preindustrial times.
Category: Latin America
View: 6873Contains scholarly evaluations of books and book chapters as well as conference papers and articles published worldwide in the field of Latin American studies. Covers social sciences and the humanities in alternate years.
Dynastic Politics of the Classic Maya
Author: Stephen D. Houston
View: 5802Since their discovery by early explorers, Maya hieroglyphs have prompted much speculation. What did this complex writing system record? How was the information organized, and what themes did it emphasize? What did the script reveal about the society that produced it? After over a century of research, epigraphers have finally deciphered much of the hieroglyphs' structure, content, and chronology, thereby opening a way to understand Maya civilization in its own terms. This pioneering study uses the inscriptions and monumental art of Dos Pilas in the Peten region of Guatemala to reconstruct the history and fate of a crucial Maya-dynasty. Houston's innovative approach combines data derived from the hieroglyphs with the findings of archaeology and anthropology to provide a detailed picture of Dos Pilas' development as a dynastic center. Houston reveals that the rulers of Dos Pilas were conquerors who established and maintained a regional polity. The records of their deeds on monuments at Dos Pilas and sites nearby contain a wealth of detail that matches anything found at other major Maya centers. This information on a major Classic period (roughly A.D. 250-900) site illuminates a world of intrigue, diplomacy, warfare, and courtly life. Though the written record inscribes only the elite version of events, it amplifies much that is already known about the Classic Maya and will be of interest to historians of the region, archaeologists, anthropologists, art historians, and epigraphers.
Author: Thomas Gregor
Publisher: Vanderbilt Univ Pr
Category: Political Science
View: 6980A stimulating and innovative consideration of the concept, causes, and practice of peace in societies both ancient and modern, human and primate.provides the first broadly interdisciplinary examination of peace as viewed from the perspectives of social anthropology, primatology, archeology, psychology, political science, and economics. Among other notable features, this volume offers: a major theory concerning the evolution of peace and violence through human history; an in-depth comparative study of peaceful cultures with the goal of discovering what it is that makes them peaceful; one of the earliest reports of a new theory of the organization and collapse of ancient Maya civilization; a comparative examination of peace from the perspective of change, including the transition of one of the world's most violent societies to a relatively peaceful culture, and the decision-making process of terrorists who abandon violence; and a theory of political change that sees the conclusion of wars as uniquely creative periods in the evolution of peace among modern nations.
Author: Michael Vallo
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category: Social Science
View: 6276This substantial volume presents an in-depth discussion and extensive illustrated catalogue of the ceramics from and around the Mayan settlement of Xkipiché on the Yucatan Peninsula. Sections establish a typology and chronology for the vessels, discovered between 1928 and 1971, and place them within their archaeological context. German text with one Spanish chapter.
Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond
Author: Nicole Maria Brisch
Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales
View: 1543This volume represents a collection of contributions presented during the Third Annual University of Chicago Oriental Institute Seminar Religion and Power: Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond, held at the Oriental Institute, February 23-24, 2007. The purpose of this conference was to examine more closely concepts of kingship in various regions of the world and in different time periods. The study of kingship goes back to the roots of fields such as anthropology and religious studies, as well as Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology. More recently, several conferences have been held on kingship, drawing on cross-cultural comparisons. Yet the question of the divinity of the king as god has never before been examined within the framework of a cross-cultural and multi-disciplinary conference. Some of the recent anthropological literature on kingship relegates this question of kings who deified themselves to the background or voices serious misgivings about the usefulness of the distinction between divine and sacred kings. Several contributors to this volume have pointed out the Western, Judeo-Christian background of our categories of the human and the divine. However, rather than abandoning the term divine kingship because of its loaded history it is more productive to examine the concept of divine kingship more closely from a new perspective in order to modify our understanding of this term and the phenomena associated with it.