Land, Labor and the Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, 1882-1914

Author: Gershon Shafir

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520917415

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2106

Gershon Shafir challenges the heroic myths about the foundation of the State of Israel by investigating the struggle to control land and labor during the early Zionist enterprise. He argues that it was not the imported Zionist ideas that were responsible for the character of the Israeli state, but the particular conditions of the local conflict between the European "settlers" and the Palestinian Arab population.
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A Half Century of Occupation

Israel, Palestine, and the World's Most Intractable Conflict

Author: Gershon Shafir

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520293509

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 9338

"The Israel-Palestine conflict is one of the most polarizing and long-lived confrontations in the world. Tearing communities apart in Israel and Occupied Palestine, with repercussions across the globe, Israel's "temporary" occupation turns a half century old in 2017. This timely and provocative book offers a background history and context for general readers and covers the major turning points of the conflict. Expertly detailing the political, diplomatic, and legal dimensions of the struggle, Gershon Shafir examines the effect of the colonization of occupied territories on Israel's democracy and offers compelling reasons and possibilities for ending the occupation now."--Provided by publisher.
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The False Prophets of Peace

Liberal Zionism and the Struggle for Palestine

Author: Tikva Honig-Parnass

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608462145

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 5304

This book refutes the long held view of the Israeli left as adhering to a humanistic, democratic and even socialist tradition, attributed to the historic Zionist Labor movement. Through a critical analysis of the prevailing discourse of Zionist intellectuals and activists on the Jewish-democratic state, it uncovers the Zionist left’s central role in laying the foundation of the colonial settler state of Israel, in articulating its hegemonic ideology and in legitimizing, whether explicitly or implicitly, the apartheid treatment of Palestinians both inside Israel and in the 1967 occupied territories. Their determined support of a Jewish-only state underlies the failure of the “peace process,” initiated by the Zionist Left, to reach a just peace based on recognition of the national rights of the entire Palestinian people.
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Israeli-Palestinian Activism

Shifting Paradigms

Author: Alexander Koensler

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472439473

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 3131

When do words and actions empower? When do they betray? Based on ethnographic fieldwork, this volume tracks the repercussions of advocacy activism against house demolitions in 'unrecognised' Arab-Bedouin villages in Israel's southern 'internal frontier'. It highlights the repercussions of activism for victims, fund-raisers and activists. The ethnographic episodes show how humanitarian aid intervention and indigenous identity politics can turn into a double-edged sword. Ironically, institutional lobbying for coexistence and its interpretative categories can sometimes perpetuate different forms of subjugation. The volume also shows how, beyond the institutional lobbying, novel figures of activism emerge: informal networks create non-sectarian, cross-cutting countercultures and rethink human-environment relationships. These experimental political subjects redefine the categories of the conflict and elude the logic of zero-sum games; they point towards a shifting paradigm in current ethnopolitics. Koensler outlines an ethnographic approach for the study of social movements that follows multiple relations around mobilisations rather than studying activism in itself. This perspective thus becomes relevant for scholars and activists engaged with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and those interested in global rights discourses.
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Studies in Contemporary Jewry

Volume VIII: A New Jewry? America Since the Second World War

Author: Peter Y. Medding

Publisher: Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

ISBN: 9780195360684

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 6113

The eighth volume of the acclaimed annual publication of the Institute of Contemporary Jewry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, this volume focuses on the history and development of American Jewish life since World War II. Contributions include "A 'Golden Decade' for American Jews, 1945-1955" by Arthur A. Goren, "American Judaism: Changing Patterns in Denominational Self-Definition" by Arnold Eisen, "Value Added: Jews in Postwar American Culture" by Stephen J. Whitfield, "The Postwar Economy of American Jews" by Barry R. Chiswick, "Jewish Migration in Postwar America: The Case of Miami and Los Angeles" by Deborah Dash Moore, and "All in the Family: American Jewish Attachments to Israel" by Chaim Waxman. The volume also contains essays, book reviews, and a list of recent dissertations in the field.
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Defining Neighbors

Religion, Race, and the Early Zionist-Arab Encounter

Author: Jonathan Marc Gribetz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140085265X

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3515

As the Israeli-Palestinian conflict persists, aspiring peacemakers continue to search for the precise territorial dividing line that will satisfy both Israeli and Palestinian nationalist demands. The prevailing view assumes that this struggle is nothing more than a dispute over real estate. Defining Neighbors boldly challenges this view, shedding new light on how Zionists and Arabs understood each other in the earliest years of Zionist settlement in Palestine and suggesting that the current singular focus on boundaries misses key elements of the conflict. Drawing on archival documents as well as newspapers and other print media from the final decades of Ottoman rule, Jonathan Gribetz argues that Zionists and Arabs in pre–World War I Palestine and the broader Middle East did not think of one another or interpret each other's actions primarily in terms of territory or nationalism. Rather, they tended to view their neighbors in religious terms—as Jews, Christians, or Muslims—or as members of "scientifically" defined races—Jewish, Arab, Semitic, or otherwise. Gribetz shows how these communities perceived one another, not as strangers vying for possession of a land that each regarded as exclusively their own, but rather as deeply familiar, if at times mythologized or distorted, others. Overturning conventional wisdom about the origins of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Gribetz demonstrates how the seemingly intractable nationalist contest in Israel and Palestine was, at its start, conceived of in very different terms. Courageous and deeply compelling, Defining Neighbors is a landmark book that fundamentally recasts our understanding of the modern Jewish-Arab encounter and of the Middle East conflict today.
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Agamben and Colonialism

Author: Marcelo Svirsky

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748649263

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 9477

This collection of essays evaluates Agamben's work from a postcolonial perspective. Svirsky and Bignall assemble leading figures to explore the rich philosophical linkages and the political concerns shared by Agamben and postcolonial theory.
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Rethinking Israeli Space

Periphery and Identity

Author: Erez Tzfadia,Haim Yacobi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136726047

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 443

This book sheds light on the production of Israeli space and the politics of Jewish and Arab cities. The authors’ postcolonial approach deals with the notion of periphery and peripherality, covering issues of spatial protest, urban policy and urban planning. Discussing periphery as a political, social and spatial phenomenon and both a product and a process manufactured by power mechanisms, the authors show how the state, the regime of citizenship, the capitalist logic, and the logic of ethnonationalism have all resulted in ethno-class division and stratification, which have been shaped by spatial policy. Rather than using the term periphery to describe an economic, geographical and social situation in which disadvantaged communities are located, this critical examination addresses the traditionally passive dimension of this term suggest that the reality of peripheral communities and spaces is rather more conflicted and controversial. The multidisciplinary approach taken by this book means it will be a valuable contribution to the fields of planning theory, political science and public policy, urban sociology, critical geography and Middle East studies.
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The Postzionism Debates

Knowledge and Power in Israeli Culture

Author: Laurence J. Silberstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113666386X

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 2503

The struggle for postzionism is a conflict over national memory and the control of cultural and physical space. Laurence J. Silberstein analyzes the phenomenon of postzionism and provides an intervention into this debate.
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Postzionism

A Reader

Author: Laurence Jay Silberstein

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813543479

Category: History

Page: 406

View: 4785

Postzionism first emerged in the mid-1980s in writings by historians and social scientists that challenged the dominant academic versions of Israeli history, society, and national identity. Subsequently, this critique was expanded and sharpened in the writings of philosophers, cultural critics, legal scholars, and public intellectuals. This reader provides a broad spectrum of innovative and highly controversial views on Zionism and its place in the global Jewish world of the twenty-first century. While not questioning Israel's legitimacy as a state, many contributors argue that it has yet to become a fully democratic, pluralistic state in which power is shared among all of its citizens. Essays explore current attitudes about Jewish homeland and diaspora as well as the ways that zionist discourse contributes to the marginalization and exclusion of such minority communities as Palestinian citizens, Jews of Middle-Eastern origin (Mizrahim), women, and the queer community. An introductory essay describes Postzionism and contextualizes each contribution within the broader discourse. The most complete collection of postzionist documents available in English, this anthology is essential reading for students and scholars of Jewish identity, Middle-Eastern conflict, and Israeli history.
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Zionism

Author: David Engel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317865480

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 878

Zionism is an international political movement that was originally dedicated to the resettlement of Jewish people in the Promised Land, and is now synonymous with support for the modern state of Israel. This addition to the Short Histories of Big Ideas series looks at the controversial and topical notion of Zionism from a balanced viewpoint, concentrating on where it came from, how it accomplished its goals, and why it affected so many people.
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Being Israeli

The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship

Author: Gershon Shafir,Yoav Peled

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521796729

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 9353

The authors speculate on the relationship between identity and citizenship in Israel.
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International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond

Author: Antony Best,Jussi Hanhimaki,Joseph A. Maiolo,Kirsten E. Schulze

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134070802

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 3709

This major global history of the twentieth century is written by four prominent international historians for first-year undergraduate level and upward. Using their thematic and regional expertise, the authors cover events in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Americas from the last century and beyond. Among the areas this book covers are: the decline of European hegemony over the international order the diffusion of power to the two superpowers the rise of newly independent states in Asia and Africa the course and consequences of the major global conflicts of the twentieth century. This second edition is thoroughly updated, and includes extended coverage of European integration, the rise of supra-governmental organizations, and the ‘global War on Terror'. A support website provides supplementary exercises, questions and tutor guidance.
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Clash of Modernities

The Making and Unmaking of the New Jew, Turk, and Arab and the Islamist Challenge

Author: Khaldoun Samman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317262344

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 973

To understand the Middle East we must also understand how the West produced a temporal narrative of world history in which westemers placed themselves on top and all others below them. In a landmark reinterpretation of Middle Eastern history, this book shows how Arabs, Muslims, Turks, and Jews absorbed, revised, yet remained loyal to this Western vision. Turkish Kemalism and Israeli Zionism, in their efforts to push their people forward, accepted the narrative almost wholeheartedly, eradicating what they perceived as 'archaic' characteristics of their Jewish and Turkish cultures. Arab nationalists negotiated a more culturally schizophrenic approach to appeasing the colonizer's gaze. But so too, Samman argues, did the Islamists who likewise wanted to improve their societies. But in order to modernize, Islamists prescribed the eradication of Western contamination and reintroduced the prophetic stage that they believe - if the colonizer and their local Arab coconspirators hadn't intervened - would have produced true civilization. Samman's account explains why Islamists broke more radically with the colonizer's insult. For all these nationalists gender would be used as the measuring device of how well they did in relation to the colonizer's gaze.
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Die Geburt Israels

Mythos und Wirklichkeit

Author: Simha Flapan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783937389554

Category:

Page: 399

View: 8359

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The New Israel

Peacemaking And Liberalization

Author: Gershon Shafir,Yoav Peled

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780813338736

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 8923

The New Israel: Peacemaking and Liberalization argues that the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian peace process will be expedited by increased economic liberalization. Israel has undergone dramatic economic change in the 1990s, shifting from a strongly protectionist, state-centered economy to a more international, “neoliberal” one. The book maintains that these fundamental changes have in turn transformed Israeli society as a whole, resulting in a significant moderation of attitudes toward the Palestinian people and Palestinian nationalism. The New Israel contains contributions from both established Israeli sociologists and promising young scholars. The New Israel: Peacemaking and Liberalization is an insightful commentary on one of the most crucial international issues of our time.
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Producing Spoilers

Peacemaking and the Production of Enmity in a Secular Age

Author: Joyce Dalsheim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199387230

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9730

Supporters of Hamas and radical religious Israeli settlers seem to serve one purpose in the international peace process: to provide an excuse for its failure. High-level diplomatic negotiators and grassroots peace activists alike blame religious extremists for acting as "spoilers" of rational negotiation, and have often attempted to neutralize, co-opt, or marginalize them. In Producing Spoilers, Joyce Dalsheim explores the problem of stalled peacemaking by viewing spoilers not as the cause, but as a symptom of systemic malfunctions within the concept of the nation-state itself, and the secular constructs of historicism that support it. She argues that spoilers are generated as internal enemies in the course of conflict and used to explain why processes of peace and reconciliation fail. In other words, peacemaking efforts can work to produce enmity. Focusing on the case of Israel and Palestine, Dalsheim shows how processes of conflict resolution, diplomacy, dialogue, education, and social theorizing about liberation, peace, and social justice actually participate in constructing enemies, thus limiting the options for peaceful outcomes. Dalsheim examines the work of politicians and diplomats as well as scholars and grass-roots level peacemakers, drawing on her research and her own experience as an activist for peace. She identifies a number of common techniques and assumptions that help to produce spoilers, among them the constraints of the narrative form and how storytelling is employed in conflict resolution, and the idea of anachronism, which prevents theorists and activists from seeing creative possibilities for peaceful coexistence. Dalsheim also looks at the limits of territorial solutions and the consequences of nationalism-the context in which spoilers of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict are produced. She contrasts that nationalism with current theorizing on flexible citizenship and diasporic identity. The book culminates by moving beyond national enmity and outside conventional peacemaking to clear a space in which to think about alternative forms of negotiation, exchange, community, and coexistence.
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Die späte Reue des Jack Wiseman

Roman

Author: Ayelet Waldman

Publisher: Paul Zsolnay Verlag

ISBN: 3552057560

Category: Fiction

Page: 480

View: 4775

Am Sterbebett bittet der ehemalige GI Jack Wiseman seine Enkelin Natalie, ein Amulett, das er im Mai 1945 aus dem legendären „Goldzug“ mitgenommen hatte, den rechtmäßigen Erben zurückzugeben. Als US-Soldat im Zweiten Weltkrieg war er beauftragt worden, Dutzende in Salzburg sichergestellte Waggons – voller geraubten Eigentums ermordeter Juden aus Ungarn – zu bewachen. Und er hatte sich in Ilona verliebt, eine junge Überlebende des Nationalsozialismus, die im Hotel Europa gestrandet war. Mit detektivischem Scharfsinn verfolgt nun Natalie gemeinsam mit einem New Yorker Kunsthändler die Spur des Schmuckstücks. Dabei stößt sie auf eine außergewöhnliche Geschichte.
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A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Author: Ian J. Bickerton,Carla L. Klausner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780131900042

Category: History

Page: 398

View: 4616

This concise and comprehensive book presents a balanced, impartial, and well-illustrated coverage of the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The authors identify and examine the issues and themes that have characterized and defined the conflict over the past century. The updated Fourth Edition includes a new final unit that examines the many developments since 9/11. The critical issues covered include the Great Power rivalries, the causes and results of the major wars, the evolution of Palestinian nationalism, the Israeli-occupied territories and the Intifada, and the course of the peace process. This is for anyone interested in the history and development of the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict.
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