Labor Camp Socialism: The Gulag in the Soviet Totalitarian System

The Gulag in the Soviet Totalitarian System

Author: Galina Mikhailovna Ivanova,Donald J. Raleigh,Galina Mikhailovna,Carol A. Flath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317466640

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 1703

This is the first historical survey of the Gulag based on newly accessible archival sources as well as memoirs and other studies published since the beginning of glasnost. Over the course of several decades, the Soviet labor camp system drew into its orbit tens of millions of people -- political prisoners and their families, common criminals, prisoners of war, internal exiles, local officials, and prison camp personnel. This study sheds new light on the operation of the camp system, both internally and as an integral part of a totalitarian regime that "institutionalized violence as a universal means of attaining its goals". In Galina Ivanova's unflinching account -- all the more powerful for its austerity -- the Gulag is the ultimate manifestation of a more pervasive and lasting distortion of the values of legality, labor, and life that burdens Russia to the present day.
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Lenin, Stalin und Hitler

Drei Diktatoren, die Europa in den Abgrund führten

Author: Robert Gellately

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 9783785723494

Category: History

Page: 920

View: 8150

Zwei Weltkriege, die russische Revolution, Aufstieg und Fall des "Dritten Reichs", der Holocaust - zwischen 1914 und 1945 brechen große politische Katastrophen über Europa herein und verändern die Gesellschaft von Grund auf. Im Zentrum der Katastrophen stehen drei Diktatoren: Lenin, Stalin und Hitler. Während über die Verbrechen und Grausamkeit der Letztgenannten Einigkeit besteht, wird Lenin bisweilen als "guter Gründungsvater" eingeschätzt. Zu unrecht. Der renommierte Historiker Robert Gellately beweist in seiner Studie Lenins verheerende Rolle für die jüngere Geschichte und liefert damit den Schlüssel zu einem besseren Verständnis des großen Weltenbrands.
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Der Gulag

Author: Anne Applebaum

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442153503

Category:

Page: 732

View: 417

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The Thaw

Soviet Society and Culture during the 1950s and 1960s

Author: Denis Kozlov,Eleonory Gilburd

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442618957

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2715

The period from Stalin’s death in 1953 to the end of the 1960s marked a crucial epoch in Soviet history. Though not overtly revolutionary, this era produced significant shifts in policies, ideas, language, artistic practices, daily behaviours, and material life. It was also during this time that social, cultural, and intellectual processes in the USSR began to parallel those in the West (and particularly in Europe) as never before. This volume examines in fascinating detail the various facets of Soviet life during the 1950s and 1960s, a period termed the ‘Thaw.’ Featuring innovative research by historical, literary, and film scholars from across the world, this book helps to answer fundamental questions about the nature and ultimate fortune of the Soviet order – both in its internal dynamics and in its long-term and global perspectives.
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Broad Is My Native Land

Repertoires and Regimes of Migration in Russia’s Twentieth Century

Author: Lewis H. Siegelbaum,Leslie Page Moch

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455138

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 8481

Whether voluntary or coerced, hopeful or desperate, people moved in unprecedented numbers across Russia's vast territory during the twentieth century. Broad Is My Native Land is the first history of late imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet Russia through the lens of migration. Lewis H. Siegelbaum and Leslie Page Moch tell the stories of Russians on the move, capturing the rich variety of their experiences by distinguishing among categories of migrants—settlers, seasonal workers, migrants to the city, career and military migrants, evacuees and refugees, deportees, and itinerants. So vast and diverse was Russian political space that in their journeys, migrants often crossed multiple cultural, linguistic, and administrative borders. By comparing the institutions and experiences of migration across the century and placing Russia in an international context, Siegelbaum and Moch have made a magisterial contribution to both the history of Russia and the study of global migration. The authors draw on three kinds of sources: letters to authorities (typically appeals for assistance); the myriad forms employed in communication about the provision of transportation, food, accommodation, and employment for migrants; and interviews with and memoirs by people who moved or were moved, often under the most harrowing of circumstances. Taken together, these sources reveal the complex relationship between the regimes of state control that sought to regulate internal movement and the tactical repertoires employed by the migrants themselves in their often successful attempts to manipulate, resist, and survive these official directives.
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The Siberian Curse

How Communist Planners Left Russia Out in the Cold

Author: Fiona Hill,Clifford G. Gaddy

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815796188

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 7018

Can Russia ever become a normal, free-market, democratic society? Why have so many reforms failed since the Soviet Union's collapse? In this highly-original work, Fiona Hill and Clifford Gaddy argue that Russia's geography, history, and monumental mistakes perpetrated by Soviet planners have locked it into a dead-end path to economic ruin. Shattering a number of myths that have long persisted in the West and in Russia, The Siberian Curse explains why Russia's greatest assets––its gigantic size and Siberia's natural resources––are now the source of one its greatest weaknesses. For seventy years, driven by ideological zeal and the imperative to colonize and industrialize its vast frontiers, communist planners forced people to live in Siberia. They did this in true totalitarian fashion by using the GULAG prison system and slave labor to build huge factories and million-person cities to support them. Today, tens of millions of people and thousands of large-scale industrial enterprises languish in the cold and distant places communist planners put them––not where market forces or free choice would have placed them. Russian leaders still believe that an industrialized Siberia is the key to Russia's prosperity. As a result, the country is burdened by the ever-increasing costs of subsidizing economic activity in some of the most forbidding places on the planet. Russia pays a steep price for continuing this folly––it wastes the very resources it needs to recover from the ravages of communism. Hill and Gaddy contend that Russia's future prosperity requires that it finally throw off the shackles of its Soviet past, by shrinking Siberia's cities. Only by facilitating the relocation of population to western Russia, closer to Europe and its markets, can Russia achieve sustainable economic growth. Unfortunately for Russia, there is no historical precedent for shrinking cities on the scale that will be required. Downsizing Siberia will be a costly and wrenching process. But there is no alternative. Russia cannot afford to keep the cities communist planners left for it out in the cold.
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Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei (illustriert)

Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels

Publisher: Clap Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 163537698X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 47

View: 2011

Das Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei, auch Das Kommunistische Manifest genannt, ist ein programmatischer text, in dem Karl Marx und Friedrich Engels große Teile der später als „Marxismus“ bezeichneten Weltanschauung entwickelten.Das Manifest entstand im Auftrag des Bundes der Kommunisten, der darin seine Anschauungen darlegen wollte. Es beginnt mit dem heute geflügelten Wort: „Ein Gespenst geht um in Europa – das Gespenst des Kommunismus“ und endet mit dem bekannten Aufruf: „Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt euch!
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Der Archipel GULAG

Author: Aleksandr I. Solženicyn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596184248

Category:

Page: 579

View: 1923

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The New Leader

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Socialism

Page: N.A

View: 9822

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Osteuropa

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe, Eastern

Page: N.A

View: 1985

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NewsNet

Author: American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7519

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From the Gulag to the Killing Fields

Personal Accounts of Political Violence and Repression in Communist States

Author: Paul Hollander

Publisher: Intercollegiate Studies Institute

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 760

View: 3041

Edited by a renowned scholar of communism, this volume gathers together more than 40 dramatic personal memoirs of communist violence and repression from political prisoners across the globe.
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Russia and the USSR in the Twentieth Century

Author: David MacKenzie,Michael W. Curran

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 457

View: 4469

In this revision of their best-selling text, MacKenzie and Curran present a succinct, updated history from the later imperial tsarist regime to the current Russia. Acclaimed in the field for its clarity, comprehensiveness, and accuracy, the text balances social/cultural history with political history through the Putin presidency, and offers Russian as well as post-Soviet views of Russian history.
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Als die Tauben verschwanden

Roman

Author: Sofi Oksanen

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462308262

Category: Fiction

Page: 432

View: 6265

Finnland ist Gastland der Frankfurter Buchmesse und Sofi Oksanen ihr Star Der Roman folgt dem Schicksal dreier Esten während des Zweiten Weltkriegs und danach: Roland, einem prinzipientreuen estnischen Freiheitskämpfer, seinem machthungrigen, skrupellosen Cousin Edgar und dessen Frau Juudit, die sich in einen deutschen Offizier verliebt. Ein meisterhaft komponierter Roman über Machtstreben, Liebe und Verrat.Estland zur Zeit der deutschen Besatzung: Während sich Roland versteckt hält, weil er immer noch an die estnische Befreiung glaubt, versucht Edgar ins Zentrum der Machthaber vorzustoßen. Seine Frau Juudit verliebt sich in einen hohen deutschen Offizier, nicht ahnend, dass ihr Mann über genau diesen Offizier die Karriereleiter emporklettern möchte. Nach dem Krieg werden die Karten neu gemischt, Estland steht unter der Besatzung der Sowjets, und wieder ist es Edgar, der hofft, seiner Vergangenheit zum Trotz auch bei den Kommunisten eine herausragende Rolle zu spielen. Intrigen und Legenden, Verrat und Heimtücke, Liebe und Familie – Sofi Oksanen hat einen Roman geschrieben, der sich durch die meisterliche Konstruktion wie ein Thriller liest und dessen Figuren, allen voran Edgar, man nicht mehr vergisst.Die internationale literarische Sensation des Jahres.
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The Dictators

Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia

Author: R. J. Overy

Publisher: Allan Lane

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 848

View: 3930

Half a century after their deaths, the dictatorships of Stalin and Hitler still cast a long and terrible shadow over the modern world. They were the most destructive and lethal regimes in history, murdering millions. They fought the largest and costliest war in all history. Yet millions of Germans and Russians enthusiastically supported them and the values they stood for. In this first major study of the two dictatorships side-by-side Richard Overy sets out to answer the question: How was dictatorship possible? How did they function? What was the bond that tied dictator and people so powerfully together? He paints a remarkable and vivid account of the different ways in which Stalin and Hitler rose to power, and abused and dominated their people. It is a chilling analysis of powerful ideals corrupted by the vanity of ambitious and unscrupulous men.
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Women of the Gulag

Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives

Author: Paul R. Gregory

Publisher: Hoover Institution Press

ISBN: 0817915761

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 5977

During the course of three decades, Joseph Stalin’s Gulag, a vast network of forced labor camps and settlements, held many millions of prisoners. People in every corner of the Soviet Union lived in daily terror of imprisonment and execution. In researching the surviving threads of memoirs and oral reminiscences of five women victimized by the Gulag, author Paul R. Gregory has stitched together a collection of stories from the female perspective, a view in short supply. Capturing the fear, paranoia, and unbearable hardship that were hallmarks of Stalin’s Great Terror, Gregory relates the stories of five women from different social strata and regions in vivid prose, from their pre-Gulag lives, through their struggles to survive in the repressive atmosphere of the late 1930s and early 1940s, to the difficulties facing the four who survived as they adjusted to life after the Gulag. These firsthand accounts illustrate how even the wrong word could become a crime against the state. The book begins with a synopsis of Stalin’s rise to power, the roots of the Gulag, and the scheming and plotting that led to and persisted in one of the bloodiest, most egregious dictatorships of the 20th century.
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Exile to Siberia, 1590-1822

Corporeal Commodification and Administrative Systematization in Russia

Author: Andrew A. Gentes

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230536937

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 5219

Stressing the relationship between tsarism's service-state ethos and its utilization of subjects, this study argues that economic and political, rather than judicial or penological, factors primarily conditioned Siberian exile's growth and development.
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