Key Perspectives In Criminology

Author: Tierney, John

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033522914X

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 1379

This book introduces the important words and themes which students need to know in order to succeed at criminology. It doesn't aim to be a dictionary rather it brings together a comprehensive list of those essential words that students need. It has the advantage of being able to offer longer definitions of terms as well as suggesting terms which are new to the subject area and which are helping change the discipline eg 'green criminology'. The book is a proactive intervention in the development of criminology and includes cross referencing throughout, relevant sources cited, annotated guide to further reading and an overview of critiques of each concept.
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The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

Author: Rod Morgan,Mike Maguire,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199590273

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 1029

View: 4867

With contributions from leading academics, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology provides an authoritative collection of chapters covering the topics studied on criminology courses. Each chapter details relevant theory, recent research, policy developments, and current debates, and includes extensive references to aid further research.
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Introduction to Criminology

A Text/Reader

Author: Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412992362

Category: Social Science

Page: 621

View: 8049

A unique text/reader that takes a comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach to the study of criminology Providing an affordable alternative to the standard textbook, this new edition of the authors’ popular text/reader provides instructors and students the best of both worlds – authored text with carefully selected accompanying readings. Now thoroughly updated with new articles, new content, and new statistics, tables, and figures, this Second Edition provides an interdisciplinary perspective on crime and criminality that incorporates the latest theories, concepts, and research from sociology, psychology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and the neurosciences. The new edition is divided into 15 sections that mirror chapters in a typical criminology textbook. New to This Edition: A new Section 11 on Mass Murder and Terrorism makes coverage of these high-interest topics even more accessible. Section 10 now focuses only on murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and domestic violence, making it easier for students to absorb the material. New articles appear in the structural theories section, the sections devoted to violent crime, and throughout the text/reader as needed. The authors now more closely link sections on types of crime to sections on theory to give readers a more cohesive understanding of the connections between the two. Contemporary criminologists’ favored theories (drawn from a survey of 770 criminologists) now appear in a table to give readers insight into the professional opinion today on criminological theories. Features: Each Section has a 15-page introduction (a "mini-chapter”) that contains vignettes, photos, tables and graphs, end-of-chapter questions, and Web exercises, followed by three to four supporting readings. Theory Section introductions contain a unique table that compares and contrasts the theories presented, while theory concluding sub-sections focus on policy and crime prevention. A "How to Read a Research Article" guide (which appears prior to the first reading) illustrates key aspects of a research article. The book’s readings are drawn from carefully selected, edited journal articles appropriate for an undergraduate audience.
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Social Work In The Youth Justice System: A Multidisciplinary Perspective

A multidisciplinary perspective

Author: Fox, Darrell,Arnull, Elaine

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335245692

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 4406

All Youth Offending Teams are required to employ a social worker, yet it is often a challenge to find space within youth justice practice to uphold social work values. This practical book demonstrates how practitioners can work in creative, ethical and reflective ways within Youth Offending Teams.
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Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 3968

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.
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Reflexivity and Criminal Justice

Intersections of Policy, Practice and Research

Author: Sarah Armstrong,Jarrett Blaustein,Alistair Henry

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137546425

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 1347

This collection presents a diverse set of case studies and theoretical reflections on how criminologists engage with practitioners and policy makers while undertaking research. The contributions to this volume highlight both the challenges and opportunities associated with doing criminological research in a reflexive and collaborative manner. They further examine the ethical and practical implications of the ‘impact’ agenda in the higher education sector with respect to the production and the dissemination of criminological knowledge. Developed to serve as an internationally accessible reference volume for scholars, practitioners and postgraduate criminology students, this book responds to the awareness that criminology as a discipline increasingly encompasses not only the study of crime, but also the agencies, process and structures that regulate it. Key questions include: How can criminal justice policy be studied as part of the field of criminology? How do we account for our own roles as researchers who are a part of the policy process? What factors and dynamics influence, hinder and facilitate ‘good policy’?
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Der Luzifer-Effekt

Die Macht der Umstände und die Psychologie des Bösen

Author: Philip G. Zimbardo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662533253

Category: Psychology

Page: 504

View: 8666

Was bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun? Wie können normale Bürger dazu verleitet werden, unmoralisch zu handeln? Wo liegt die Grenze zwischen Gut und Böse, und wer läuft Gefahr, sie zu überschreiten? Mit Der Luzifer-Effekt hat der renommierte amerikanische Sozialpsychologe Philip Zimbardo ein bedeutendes und brisantes Buch vorgelegt. Es schlägt den Bogen von den Details des weltberühmten Stanford Prison Experiment bis zu den grausamen Geschehnissen im Gefängnis von Abu Ghraib im Irak, und es offenbart verstörende Wahrheiten: über physische und psychische Gewalt, über Misshandlungen und Folter, über Kriegsverbrechen und Massenmorde – und über die Menschen, die sie ausführen, anordnen, ermöglichen oder zulassen. Zimbardos These: Nicht die Veranlagung bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun, sondern die Situation, in der sie sich befinden oder in die man sie versetzt. Die Macht der Umstände schafft Täter und Opfer, und in oft diffusen Verantwortungsgeflechten verlieren moralische Maßstäbe allzu leicht ihr Fundament. Bei aller Beklemmung, die die Lektüre dieser ungemein detailreichen Studie unweigerlich auslöst, öffnet das Buch aber auch ein Fenster der Hoffnung: So wie man Situationen schaffen kann, die Menschen zum Bösen verführen, so können auch Zivilcourage und heldenhaftes Verhalten durch geeignete Rahmenbedingungen und gesellschaftliche Weichenstellungen gefördert werden. Der „Banalität des Bösen" setzt Zimbardo die „Banalität des Heldentums" entgegen. Ein beeindruckendes Stück Forschung zur Natur des Bösen und zu den Systemen und Situationen, die es entfesseln. Observer Eine Reise in Herz und Gehirn der Finsternis. Focus online Ein notwendiges und wichtiges Buch. Gehirn und Geist Ein fesselnder, gleichwohl erschreckender Blick auf unsere dunkle Seite ... Für alle, die sich fragen, wie Böses entsteht und bekämpft werden kann. Emotion Pflichtlektüre nicht nur für Sozialwissenschaftler, sondern auch für Politiker, Entscheidungsträger und Erzieher. American Scientist
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Prisons, Punishment and the Pursuit of Security

Author: D. Drake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137004835

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 1884

Drawing on research in men's long-term, maximum-security prisons, this book examines three interconnected problems: the tendency of the prison to obscure other social problems and conceal its own failings, the pursuit of greater levels of human security through repressive and violent means and the persistence of the belief in the problem of 'evil'.
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Information Sources in the Social Sciences

Author: David Fisher,Sandra P. Price,Terry Hanstock

Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Company

ISBN: 9783598244391

Category: Reference

Page: 511

View: 7737

This evaluative guide to social science information sources covers each of the areas that make up the social sciences. It will appeal to those studying and teaching social sciences and its component subjects. Contents include: A general guide to the literature of the Social Sciences General Social Science Information Sources Anthropology; Economics Education Human Services Law/Criminology Political Science Psychology Public administration Bibliographies And much more
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Globalization, Police Reform and Development

Doing it the Western Way?

Author: G. Ellison,N. Pino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284803

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 8099

This volume presents a unique examination of Western-led police reform efforts by theoretically linking neoliberal globalization, police reform and development. The authors present seven country case studies based on this theoretical and conceptual approach and assess the prospects for successful police reform in a global context.
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Juvenile Justice

Youth and Crime in Australia

Author: Chris Cunneen,Robert Douglas White

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195550504

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1552

Juvenile Justice: Youth and Crime in Australia explores the nature of juvenile crime and the responses of the juvenile justice system to it. The book introduces the main concepts and issues in juvenile justice and provides an overview of both the dynamics of youth crime and the institutions of social control. This new book builds on the earlier successful work Juvenile Justice: An Australian Perspective and presents an analysis of youth and crime in three parts: Part 1: "History, Theory, and Institutions", has chapters on the historical development of juvenile justice, the key theoretical approaches to explaining youth crime, the nature of youth crime, and the institutional responses to juvenile offending. Part 2: "Social dynamics of Juvenile Justice", has chapters on class and community, indigenous young people, gender and juvenile justice, and ethnic minority youth. Part 3: "The State, Punishment, and Community", has chapters on police, the courts and sentencing, detentioncentres and community corrections, youth crime prevention, and restorative justice. This comprehensive and well-crafted book is an indispensable text for students in criminology, criminal justice, sociology, criminal law, social work, and justice studies. It is also an important reference source for youth and community workers, justice department officials, members of the police, social scientitsts, social workers, and young people themselves.
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Corporate Manslaughter and Regulatory Reform

Author: P. Almond

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137296275

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 421

This book provides an account of the international emergence of corporate manslaughter offences to criminalise deaths in the workplace during the last twenty years, identifying the limitations of health and safety regulation that have prompted this development.
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Handbook of Public Protection

Author: Mike Nash,Andy Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136842241

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5189

Public protection has become an increasingly central theme in the work of the criminal justice agencies in many parts of the world in recent years. Its high public profile and consequent political sensitivity means that growing numbers of criminal justice professionals find their daily work load dominated by the assessment and management of high risk of harm offenders. Developments such as sex offender registers and (in the UK) Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (Mappa) have made this issue not only a core activity for police, probation and prison services, but to a range of other organizations as well, in particular social work and the health services. Partnership has become central to the concept of public protection. At the same time the concept of public protection has occasioned increased political debate. Protecting the public from high risk or dangerous offenders has become an international issue and has increasingly shaped criminal justice policy. This text brings together leading authorities in the field, providing authoritative coverage of the theory and practice of public protection, both in the UK and internationally. It provides a critical review of contemporary public protection practice as well as up-to-date research and thinking in the field.
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Lessons from International/comparative Criminology/criminal Justice

Author: John Winterdyk,Liqun Cao

Publisher: De Sitter Publications

ISBN: 9780973397864

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 2976

This book is an anthology of 14 esteemed scholars who have made significant contributions to criminology, criminal justice, and international law within a comparative and international context. In this lively collection of â??storiesâ?, the authors share of themselves in ways we seldom learn about in textbooks. By inviting us into their lives, we find out about the pitfalls, opportunities, and gut-wrenching decisions they faced during their careers. Pat Mayhew frankly warns students that â??international comparative work is not for the faint heartedâ?, Peter Grabosky encourages students to â??keep their eyes openâ?, and David Farrington advises us to â??choose our collaborators carefullyâ?. Yet, what resonates throughout their lessons is that truly successful people are those who keep trying. Students in particular will find the stories inspirational and insightful. This text provides us with practical, real life examples of how following oneâ??s passion can genuinely impact crime prevention, criminal justice, and social ills around the world.
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An der Grenze

Die biotechnologische Überwachung von Migration

Author: Torsten Heinemann,Martin G. Weiß

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593501414

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 4140

Die Staaten der Europäischen Union haben in den vergangenen Jahren ein »biotechnologisches Grenzregime« errichtet, das über ein nahezu totales Wissen über die Körper von Einwanderern und Staatsbürgern verfügt. Die gesammelten biometrischen Daten reichen von Fingerabdrücken und Iris-Scans zur Identitätsfeststellung über Röntgenbilder des Körpers zum Zweck der Altersbestimmung bis hin zu DNAAnalysen im Rahmen von Familienzusammenführungen. Dieser interdisziplinäre Band bietet einen detaillierten Einblick in gegenwärtige biotechnologische Grenzregime im Kontext neoliberaler Herrschaftsstrukturen und analysiert zentrale politische, soziale und ethische Implikationen dieser Praxis.
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New Directions in Crime and Deviancy

Author: Simon Winlow,Rowland Atkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136241027

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 9115

Criminology is at a crossroads. In the last two decades it has largely failed to produce the kind of new intellectual frameworks and empirical data that might help us to explain the high levels of crime and interpersonal violence that beset inner city areas and corrode community life. Similarly, it has failed to adequately explain forms of antisocial behaviour that are just as much a part of life in corporate boardrooms as they are in the ghettos of north America and the sink estates of Britain. Criminology needs to rethink the problem of crime and re-engage its audience with strident theoretical analysis and powerful empirical data. In New Directions in Crime and Deviancy some of the world’s most talented and polemical critical criminologists come together to offer new ideas and new avenues for analysis. The book contains chapters that address a broad range of issues central to 21st century critical criminology: ecological issues and the new green criminology; the broad impact of neoliberalism upon our cultural and economic life; recent signs of political resistance and opposition; systemic and interpersonal forms of violence; growing fear and enmity in cities; the backlash against the women’s movement; the subjective pathology of the serial killer; computer hacking and so on. Based on key papers presented at the historic York Deviancy Conferences, this cutting-edge volume also contains important critical essays that address criminological research methods and the production of criminological knowledge. It is key reading material for those with an academic interest in critical, cultural and theoretical criminology, and crime and deviance more generally.
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Statistical Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman,Raymond Paternoster

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crime and criminals

Page: 704

View: 1661

This book is appropriate for introductory and intermediate criminology and CJ statistics classes. It is the only statistics book on the market that specifically focusses on statistics in criminology and criminal justice. The authors have made the text accessible to students through their exceptional writing style and by: using CJ/criminology data, material relevant and interesting to students, to illustrate statistical procedures and operations; breaking down complex statistical formulas into easy to understand steps; describing the major rules of probability very simply with clear examples and illustrations; including a detailed glossary of key statistical terms; and providing a detailed review of basic mathematics in an appendix.
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