HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 Years On

Psychosocial Perspectives

Author: Poul Rohleder,Leslie Swartz,Seth C. Kalichman,Leickness Chisamu Simbayi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441903068

Category: Medical

Page: 393

View: 4226

Much has happened since the first appearance of AIDS in 1981: it has been identified, studied, and occasionally denied. The virus has shifted host populations and spread globally. Medicine, the social sciences, and world governments have joined forces to combat and prevent the disease. And South Africa has emerged as ground zero for the pandemic. The editors of HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 Years On present the South African crisis as a template for addressing the myriad issues surrounding the epidemic worldwide, as the book brings together a widely scattered body of literature, analyzes psychosocial and sexual aspects contributing to HIV transmission and prevention, and delves into complex intersections of race, gender, class, and politics. Including largely overlooked populations and issues (e.g., prisoners, persons with disabilities, stigma), as well as challenges shaping future research and policy, the contributors approach their topics with rare depth, meticulous research, carefully drawn conclusions, and profound compassion. Among the topics covered: The relationship between HIV and poverty, starting from the question, "Which is the determinant and which is the consequence?" Epidemiology of HIV among women and men: concepts of femininity and masculinity, and gender inequities as they affect HIV risk; gender-specific prevention and intervention strategies. The impact of AIDS on infants and young children: risk and protective factors; care of children by HIV-positive mothers; HIV-infected children. Current prevention and treatment projects, including local-level responses, community-based work, and VCT (voluntary counseling and testing) programs. New directions: promoting circumcision, vaccine trials, "positive prevention." South Africa’s history of AIDS denialism. The urgent lessons in this book apply both globally and locally, making HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 Years On uniquely instructive and useful for professionals working in HIV/AIDS and global public health.
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In the Balance

Indigeneity, Performance, Globalization

Author: Helen Gilbert

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781786940346

Category:

Page: 304

View: 6291

An Open Access edition of this book will be made available on publication via LUP's website and OAPEN. Indigenous arts, simultaneously attuned to local voices and global cultural flows, have often been the vanguard in communicating what is at stake in the interactions, contradictions, disjunctions, opportunities, exclusions, injustices and aspirations that globalization entails. Focusing specifically on embodied arts and activism, this interdisciplinary volume offers vital new perspectives on the power and precariousness of indigeneity as a politicized cultural force in our unevenly connected world. Twenty-three distinct voices speak to the growing visibility of indigenous peoples' performance on a global scale over recent decades, drawing specific examples from the Americas, Australia, the Pacific, Scandinavia and South Africa. An ethical touchstone in some arenas and a thorny complication in others, indigeneity is now belatedly recognised as mattering in global debates about natural resources, heritage, governance, belonging and social justice, to name just some of the contentious issues that continue to stall the unfinished business of decolonization. To explore this critical terrain, the essays and images gathered here range in subject from independent film, musical production, endurance art and the performative turn in exhibition and repatriation practices to the appropriation of hip-hop, karaoke and reality TV. Collectively, they urge a fresh look at mechanisms of postcolonial entanglement in the early 21st century as well as the particular rights and insights afforded by indigeneity in that process.
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Countries Compared on Public Performance

A Study of Public Sector Performance in 28 Countries

Author: Jedid-Jah Jonker

Publisher: Sociaal En Cultureel Planbureau

ISBN: 9789037705843

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 2944

Summary: "This report compares the performance of nine public services in 28 developed countries over the period 1995-2009. Four sectors - education, health care, social safety and housing - are studied in some detail, while the report takes a more limited look at the sectors social security, environment, economic affaris and infrastructure, culture and participation, and public administration"--Back cover.
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Narrative Research in Practice

Stories from the Field

Author: Rachael Dwyer,Ian Davis,elke emerald

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811015791

Category: Education

Page: 245

View: 9278

This book directly addresses the multiplicity and complexity of narrative research by illustrating a variety of avenues to pursuing and publishing research that falls under the umbrella of narrative work. The chapters are drawn from a wide range of disciplines including education, literary studies, cultural studies, music and clinical studies. Each chapter considers a particular methodological issue or approach, illustrating how it was addressed in the course of the research. Each of the chapters concludes with a set of discussion exercises and a further reading list. The book offers a valuable resource for established researchers seeking to expand their methodological and theoretical repertoire, and for graduate students and researchers new to narrative methods.
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Handbook of Mobile Teaching and Learning

Author: Yu (Aimee) Zhang,Dean Cristol

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811327650

Category: Education

Page: 1400

View: 8743

Mobile technologies have been used in higher education for many years. They provide good solutions for teaching and learning and make learning available anywhere and anytime. This handbook is a fully revised and expanded edition of the original 2015 Handbook of Mobile Teaching and Learning includes seven sections: design, development, adoption, collaboration, evaluation and the future of mobile teaching and learning technology in higher education as well as an entirely new section on VR, AR and wearable technologies in education. It includes different projects and practices in higher education across different countries. The book provides in-depth background information and cases studies in high technology teaching and learning and future expectations for new technology in higher education. The variety of projects and programs running in different countries helps boost innovation and discussion in future projects and practices. It also provides guidelines for future design and development of mobile applications for higher education.
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Youth On Religion

The development, negotiation and impact of faith and non-faith identity

Author: Nicola Madge,Peter Hemming,Kevin Stenson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317914562

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 4954

Globalisation has led to increasing cultural and religious diversity in cities around the world. What are the implications for young people growing up in these settings? How do they develop their religious identities, and what roles do families, friends and peers, teachers, religious leaders and wider cultural influences play in the process? Furthermore, how do members of similar and different cultural and faith backgrounds get on together, and what can young people tell us about reducing conflict and promoting social solidarity amid diversity? Youth On Religion outlines the findings from a unique large-scale project investigating the meaning of religion to young people in three multi-faith locations. Drawing on survey data from over 10,000 young people with a range of faith positions, as well as a series of fascinating interviews, discussion groups and diary reports involving 160 adolescents, this book examines myriad aspects of their daily lives. It provides the most comprehensive account yet of the role of religion for young people growing up in contemporary, multicultural urban contexts. Youth On Religion is a rigorous and engaging account of developing religiosity in a changing society. It presents young people’s own perspectives on their attitudes and experiences and how they negotiate their identities. The book will be an instructive and valuable resource for psychologists, sociologists, criminologists, educationalists and anthropologists, as well as youth workers, social workers and anyone working with young people today. It will also provide essential understanding for policy makers tackling issues of multiculturalism in advanced societies.
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Feminist Interventions in Ethics and Politics

Feminist Ethics and Social Theory

Author: Barbara S. Andrew,Jean Keller,Lisa H. Schwartzman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742579913

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 1773

This collection breaks new ground in four key areas of feminist social thought: the sex/gender debates; challenges to liberalism/equality; feminist ethics; and feminist perspectives on global ethics and politics in the 21st century. Altogether, the essays provide an innovative look at feminist philosophy while making substantive contributions to current debates in gender theory, ethics, and political thought.
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Forming the Academic Profession in East Asia

A Comparative Analysis

Author: Terri Kim

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780815340539

Category: Education

Page: 335

View: 7663

This book examines the changing shape of the academic profession in South Korea, Malaysia and Singapore since the colonial period as a reflection of both the inherited models of higher education and their redefinition after the colonial period.
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Feminist Disability Studies

Author: Kim Q. Hall

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253223407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 323

View: 6455

Disability, like questions of race, gender, and class, is one of the most provocative topics among theorists and philosophers today. This volume, situated at the intersection of feminist theory and disability studies, addresses questions about the nature of embodiment, the meaning of disability, the impact of public policy on those who have been labeled disabled, and how we define the norms of mental and physical ability. The essays here bridge the gap between theory and activism by illuminating structures of power and showing how historical and cultural perceptions of the human body have been informed by and contributed to the oppression of women and disabled people.
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Agribusiness: Principles of Management

Author: David Van Fleet,Ella Van Fleet,George J. Seperich

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111544867

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 7101

Intended for all segments of agribusiness as well as non-agribusiness organizations, AGRIBUSINESS:PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT presents the changing face of agribusiness in a format that is interesting, straightforward, and easy to understand. This comprehensive book approaches agribusiness as a technology-oriented industry composed of organizations ranging in size from small, family-owned farms or businesses to some of the largest corporations in the world. With multiple opportunities for self-review as well as vignettes, cases, and examples in each chapter, this book shows readers the real-world application of what they are learning and provides them with a solid understanding of what management is all about. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Computer and Information Sciences III

27th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences

Author: Erol Gelenbe,Ricardo Lent

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447145941

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 4467

A collection of papers from ISCIS 27th Annual Symposium. Based on a rigorous selection of worldwide submissions of advanced research papers, this volume includes some of the most recent ideas and technical results in computer systems, computer science, and computer-communication networks. This book provides the reader with a timely access to the work of vibrant research groups in many different areas of the world where the new frontiers of computing and communications are being created.
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Future Matters

Action, Knowledge, Ethics

Author: Barbara Adam,Chris Groves

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047422597

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 8084

Future Matters concerns contemporary approaches to the future – how the future is known, created and minded. In a social world whose pace continues to accelerate the future becomes an increasingly difficult terrain. While the focus of social life is narrowing down to the present, the futures we create on a daily basis cast ever longer shadows. Future Matters addresses this paradox and its deep ethical implications.
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The Crimson Petal and the White

Author: Michel Faber

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547538472

Category: Fiction

Page: 848

View: 3138

At the heart of this panoramic, multidimensional narrative is the compelling struggle of a young woman to lift her body and soul out of the gutter. Faber leads us back to 1870s London, where Sugar, a nineteen-year-old whore in the brothel of the terrifying Mrs. Castaway, yearns for escape to a better life. Her ascent through the strata of Victorian society offers us intimacy with a host of lovable, maddening, unforgettable characters. They begin with William Rackham, an egotistical perfume magnate whose ambition is fueled by his lust for Sugar, and whose patronage brings her into proximity to his extended family and milieu: his unhinged, childlike wife, Agnes, who manages to overcome her chronic hysteria to make her appearances during “the Season”; his mysteriously hidden-away daughter, Sophie, left to the care of minions; his pious brother, Henry, foiled in his devotional calling by a persistently less-than-chaste love for the Widow Fox, whose efforts on behalf of The Rescue Society lead Henry into ever-more disturbing confrontations with flesh; all this overseen by assorted preening socialites, drunken journalists, untrustworthy servants, vile guttersnipes, and whores of all stripes and persuasions. Twenty years in its conception, research, and writing, The Crimson Petal and the White is teeming with life, rich in texture and incident, with characters breathtakingly real. In a class by itself, it's a big, juicy, must-read of a novel that will delight, enthrall, provoke, and entertain young and old, male and female.
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Women and Media

A Critical Introduction

Author: Carolyn M. Byerly,Karen Ross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405153164

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 5383

Women and Media is a thoughtful cross-cultural examination of the ways in which women have worked inside and outside mainstream media organizations since the 1970s. Rooted in a series of interviews with women media workers and activists collected specifically for this book, the text provides an original insight into women’s experiences. Explains the ways that women have organized their internal and external campaigns to improve media content (or working conditions) for women, and established womenowned media to gain a public voice. Identifies key issues and developments in feminist media critiques and interventions over the last 30 years, as these relate to production, representation and consumption. Functions as both a research case study and a teaching text.
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Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education

Author: Roger King,Simon Marginson,Rajani Naidoo

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936239

Category: Education

Page: 560

View: 7844

Ô. . . the Handbook constitutes an essential reference source for everyone interested in studying the current meaning, scope and implications of globalization. Strongly recommended.Õ Ð Higher Education Review Higher education has entered centre-stage in the context of the knowledge economy and has been deployed in the search for economic competitiveness and social development. Against this backdrop, this highly illuminating Handbook explores worldwide convergences and divergences in national higher education systems resulting from increased global co-operation and competition. The expert contributors reveal the strategies, practices and governance mechanisms developed by international and regional organizations, national governments and by higher education institutions themselves. They analyse local responses to dominant global templates of higher education and the consequences for knowledge generation, social equity, economic development and the public good. This comprehensive and accessible Handbook will prove an invaluable reference tool for researchers, academics and students with an interest in higher education from economics, international studies and public policy perspectives, as well as for higher education policymakers, and funding and governance bodies.
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Vexing Nature?

On the Ethical Case Against Agricultural Biotechnology

Author: Gary L. Comstock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461513979

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 297

View: 3169

Agricultural biotechnology refers to a diverse set of industrial techniques used to produce genetically modified foods. Genetically modified (GM) foods are foods manipulated at the molecular level to enhance their value to farmers and consumers. This book is a collection of essays on the ethical dimensions of ag biotech. The essays were written over a dozen years, beginning in 1988. When I began to reflect on the subject, ag biotech was an exotic, untested, technology. Today, in the first year of the millenium, the vast majority of consumers in the United States have taken a bite of the apple. Milk produced by cows injected with a GM protein called recombinant bovine growth hormone (bGH), is found, unlabelled, on grocery shelves throughout the US. In 1999, half of the soybeans and cotton harvested in the US were GM varieties. Billions of dollars of public and private monies are being invested annually in biotech research, and commercial sales now reach into the tens of billions of dollars each year. I Whereas ag biotech once promised to change American agriculture, it now is in the process of doing so.
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A Dialogical Concept of Minority Rights

Author: Hanna H. Wei

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004312048

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 1007

In A Dialogical Concept of Minority Rights, Hanna H. Wei offers a re-conceptualisation of the notion of minority rights as the first step of a possible solution to some of the theoretical and practical difficulties of minority protection.
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Women and Media

International Perspectives

Author: Karen Ross,Carolyn M. Byerly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470798475

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 3312

Comprised of original research in diverse genres and medias, Women and Media: International Perspectives brings together eight international scholars to explore key issues of the gender-media relation. Provides important insights into how gender is implicated in media industries. Address key issues of the gender-media relation, from an analysis of news media’s coverage of women politicians, to the marketing of ‘girl power’, to strategizing for equality in newsrooms. Highlights the theme that media have the potential both to reinforce the status quo in power arrangements in society but also to contribute to new, more egalitarian ones. Includes an introduction by the editors that carefully maps the contours of the international struggle between feminists and the media, section overviews, bibliographies, key terms, and discussion questions.
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Karlstadt and the Origins of the Eucharistic Controversy

A Study in the Circulation of Ideas

Author: Amy Nelson Burnett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199781249

Category: Religion

Page: 252

View: 3745

The debate over the Lord's Supper had momentous consequences for the Reformation, causing the division of the evangelical movement, influencing the formation of political alliances, and contributing to cultural differences among the Protestant territories of Germany and Switzerland. Karlstadt and the Origins of the Eucharistic Controversy is the first full-length study of the beginning of that debate. Going beyond the traditional focus on Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli, it emphasizes the diversity of the "sacramentarian" challenge to traditional belief in Christ's corporeal presence in the bread and wine of the Eucharist, and it re-evaluates the significance of Luther's colleague, Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt, for the debate. Burnett describes Luther's earliest criticisms of the mass and the efforts in Wittenberg to reform liturgical praxis to correspond with his ideas. She then looks at pamphlets written by other reformers to show how Luther's understanding of the sacrament was adapted and modified outside of Wittenberg. Ultimately, Burnett shows how Karlstadt's eucharistic pamphlets introduced into the public debate arguments that would become standard Reformed criticisms of the Lutheran position. The book also demonstrates the influence not only of Erasmus but also of John Wyclif and the Hussites for discussions of the sacrament, highlights the role of the reformers of Basel and Strasbourg for developing the "Zwinglian" understanding of the Lord's Supper, and draws attention to the early eucharistic theology of the Silesians Kaspar Schwenckfeld and Valentin Krautwald. This book will be an indispensable guide for readers seeking to understand the issues surrounding the outbreak of the eucharistic controversy in the sixteenth century.
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