Island Biogeography

Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation

Author: Robert J. Whittaker,Jose Maria Fernandez-Palacios

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198566113

Category: Nature

Page: 401

View: 8478

Isolation, extinction, conservation, biodiversity, hotspots.
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The Theory of Island Biogeography Revisited

Author: Jonathan B. Losos,Robert E. Ricklefs

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140083192X

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 8419

Robert H. MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson's The Theory of Island Biogeography, first published by Princeton in 1967, is one of the most influential books on ecology and evolution to appear in the past half century. By developing a general mathematical theory to explain a crucial ecological problem--the regulation of species diversity in island populations--the book transformed the science of biogeography and ecology as a whole. In The Theory of Island Biogeography Revisited, some of today's most prominent biologists assess the continuing impact of MacArthur and Wilson's book four decades after its publication. Following an opening chapter in which Wilson reflects on island biogeography in the 1960s, fifteen chapters evaluate and demonstrate how the field has extended and confirmed--as well as challenged and modified--MacArthur and Wilson's original ideas. Providing a broad picture of the fundamental ways in which the science of island biogeography has been shaped by MacArthur and Wilson's landmark work, The Theory of Island Biogeography Revisited also points the way toward exciting future research.
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Plants of Oceanic Islands

Evolution, Biogeography, and Conservation of the Flora of the Juan Fernández (Robinson Crusoe) Archipelago

Author: Tod F. Stuessy,Daniel J. Crawford,Patricio López-Sepúlveda,Carlos M. Baeza,Eduardo A. Ruiz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316852962

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 8825

Bringing together results from over 30 years of research on the Juan Fernández Archipelago off the coast of Chile, this book offers comprehensive coverage of the plants of these special islands. Despite its remote setting in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, the Juan Fernández Archipelago is in many ways an ideal place to ask and attempt to answer basic questions regarding the evolution of vascular plants in an oceanic island environment. By building upon a firm taxonomic base for the flora, a new level of understanding regarding evolution, biogeography, and conservation of the plants is presented. This book is an extensive investigation of the origin and evolution of the flora of an oceanic archipelago, and it serves as a valuable resource for researchers and scholars of island biology as well as for conservation biologists worldwide.
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Biosystematik

Author: Guillaume Lecointre,Hervé Le Guyader

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540299793

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 8850

Wussten Sie, dass Sie mit einem Röhrling näher verwandt sind als mit einem Gänseblümchen oder Vögel den Krokodilen näher sind als Eidechsen? In den letzten 30 Jahren sind die Methoden der Klassifikation des Lebens völlig neu überdacht worden. Das Resultat stellt die bisherige Einteilung der mehr als 2 Millionen bekannten Arten auf den Kopf. Das Buch hilft, die organismische Vielfalt zu bewältigen, indem wesentliche Einteilungs- und Ordnungskriterien vorgestellt und bedeutende stammesgeschichtliche Entwicklungslinien diskutiert werden.
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Biogeography

An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach

Author: C. Barry Cox,Peter D. Moore,Richard Ladle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111896859X

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 9160

Through eight successful editions, and over nearly 40 years, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach has provided a thorough and comprehensive exploration of the varied scientific disciplines and research that are essential to understanding the subject. The text has been praised for its solid background in historical biogeography and basic biology, that is enhanced and illuminated by discussions of current research. This new edition incorporates the exciting changes of the recent years, and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world. It also clearly identifies the three quite different arenas of biogeographical research: continental biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography. It is the only current textbook with full coverage of marine biogeography. It reveals how the patterns of life that we see today have been created by the two great Engines of the Planet - the Geological Engine, plate tectonics, which alters the conditions of life on the planet, and the Biological Engine, evolution, which responds to these changes by creating new forms and patterns of life.
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Evolution of Island Mammals

Adaptation and Extinction of Placental Mammals on Islands

Author: Alexandra van der Geer,George Lyras,John de Vos,Michael Dermitzakis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391282

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 6177

Evolution on islands differs in a number of important ways from evolution on mainland areas. Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidable to their mainland ancestors. This timely and innovative book is the first to offer a much-needed synthesis of recent advances in the exciting field of the evolution and extinction of fossil insular placental mammals. It provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on fossil island mammals worldwide, ranging from the Oligocene to the onset of the Holocene. The book addresses evolutionary processes and key aspects of insular mammal biology, exemplified by a variety of fossil species. The authors discuss the human factor in past extinction events and loss of insular biodiversity. This accessible and richly illustrated textbook is written for graduate level students and professional researchers in evolutionary biology, palaeontology, biogeography, zoology, and ecology.
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Metapopulation Ecology

Author: Ilkka Hanski

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198540656

Category: Nature

Page: 313

View: 6995

Metapopulation is the ecological term for assemblages of plant and animal species within larger areas of space, with long-term survival of the species depending on a shifting balance between local extinctions and recolonizations in the patchwork of fragmented landscape. Metapopulation theory is of particular importance to conservation biologists attempting to understand the processes of regional extinction - and survival - of species. Metapopulation Ecology presents a comprehensive synthesis of current research in this rapidly expanding area of population biology from an author who is famous for his work on metapopulations. It encompasses the essential theory of metapopulations, describing the main approaches to modelling metapopulation dynamics in highly fragmented landscapes, with an emphasis on spatially realistic models that can be applied to real metapopulations.
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Biogeography 5e

Author: Mark V Lomolino

Publisher: Sinauer Associates

ISBN: 9781605354729

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2967

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Der Malayische Archipel. Die Heimat des Orang-Utan und des Paradiesvogels. Band 1.

Author: Alfred Russel Wallace

Publisher: mach-mir-ein-ebook.de

ISBN: 3944309103

Category: History

Page: 351

View: 1617

Dies ist der erste Band des Reiseberichtes des britischen Naturforschers Alfred Russel Wallace. Er unternahm in den Jahren 1854 bis 1862 im südlichen Malaiischen Archipel eine ausführliche Forschungsreise und legte dabei rund 20.000 Kilometer zurück. Dieses Buch enthält seinen Bericht und seine Forschungsergebnisse dieser Reise in der Übersetzung des deutschen Zoologen Adolf Bernhard Meyer aus dem Jahr 1869. Es wird als eines der wichtigsten und einflussreichsten Bücher über die Inselwelt in Südostasien angesehen und erscheint hier erstmals als E-Book. Wallace liefert neben den naturwissenschaftlichen Beschreibungen der gefundenen Pflanzen und Tiere eine Fülle von Beobachtungen der Einheimischen, ihrer Sprachen, ihrer Art zu leben und ihrer sozialen Organisation. Er berichtet über die Verbreitung der verschiedenen Arten, die er beobachtete, und ihre naturgeschichtliche Bedeutung, begründet auf der biologischen und geologischen Geschichte dieser Region. Er berichtet ebenfalls über einige seiner persönlichen Erlebnisse während dieser Reise, sowie über die Begegnungen mit Personen dieser Zeit. So trifft er Thomas Stamford Raffles, den Gründer der Stadt Singapur, James Brooke, den ersten der Weißen Rajahs von Sarawak und dessen Neffen Charles Johnson Brooke. Die Rechtschreibung dieses Buches wurde vollständig modernisiert. Heute unverständliche und veraltete Worte wurden ersetzt. Der zweite Band dieses Werkes ist ebenfalls als E-Book verfügbar.
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Nature Across Cultures

Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701490

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 4959

Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures consists of about 25 essays dealing with the environmental knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Thai, and Andean views of nature and the environment, among others, the book includes essays on Environmentalism and Images of the Other, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Worldviews and Ecology, Rethinking the Western/non-Western Divide, and Landscape, Nature, and Culture. The essays address the connections between nature and culture and relate the environmental practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both environmental history and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.
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An Introduction to Methods and Models in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology

Author: Stanton Braude,Bobbi S. Low

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400835454

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 867

This unique textbook introduces undergraduate students to quantitative models and methods in ecology, behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and conservation. It explores the core concepts shared by these related fields using tools and practical skills such as experimental design, generating phylogenies, basic statistical inference, and persuasive grant writing. And contributors use examples from their own cutting-edge research, providing diverse views to engage students and broaden their understanding. This is the only textbook on the subject featuring a collaborative "active learning" approach that emphasizes hands-on learning. Every chapter has exercises that enable students to work directly with the material at their own pace and in small groups. Each problem includes data presented in a rich array of formats, which students use to answer questions that illustrate patterns, principles, and methods. Topics range from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and population effective size to optimal foraging and indices of biodiversity. The book also includes a comprehensive glossary. In addition to the editors, the contributors are James Beck, Cawas Behram Engineer, John Gaskin, Luke Harmon, Jon Hess, Jason Kolbe, Kenneth H. Kozak, Robert J. Robertson, Emily Silverman, Beth Sparks-Jackson, and Anton Weisstein. Provides experience with hypothesis testing, experimental design, and scientific reasoning Covers core quantitative models and methods in ecology, behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and conservation Turns "discussion sections" into "thinking labs" Professors: A supplementary Instructor's Manual is available for this book. It is restricted to teachers using the text in courses. For information on how to obtain a copy, refer to: http://press.princeton.edu/class_use/solutions.html
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Die Entwicklung der biologischen Gedankenwelt

Vielfalt, Evolution und Vererbung

Author: Ernst Mayr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540432135

Category: Science

Page: 766

View: 3242

"Ein einzigartiges Buch, das nur von einem Mann wie Ernst Mayr geschrieben werden konnte, der nicht nur einer der bedeutendsten Evolutionsbiologen dieses Jahrhunderts, sondern auch ein großer Philosoph, Biologiehistoriker und außergewöhnlicher Schriftsteller ist. Kein anderes Buch erzählt so klar und kritisch die Evolution der Ideen, die zur modernen Biologie führten." (Nobelpreisträger François Jacob)
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Vegetation Ecology of Socotra

Author: Gary Brown,Bruno Mies

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400741413

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 383

Although the unique flora of the Socotra Archipelago with its high degree of endemism has received much attention recently, little information is available on the vegetation and related ecological aspects. Based on their extensive field experience of the region, the authors have assimilated a vast amount of knowledge to produce this book, which gives a detailed insight into the plant ecology of Socotra, designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2008. The book is divided into seven chapters. After a brief introduction and overviews of important abiotic features, various aspects of the vascular flora are presented in Chapter 4, together with accounts of the bryophyte and lichen flora. Ecology and adaptive strategies of the plants are dealt with in Chapter 5, and Chapter 6 gives a concise description of the main vegetation units. Finally, important management issues of the vegetation are discussed, an essential topic to ensure preservation of the natural heritage of the archipelago.
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"What is the Earthly Paradise?"

Ecocritical Responses to the Caribbean

Author: Chris Campbell,Erin Somerville

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 173

View: 6218

We live in a time of ecological crisis. Both concrete examples of environmental disaster - hurricane, tsunami and earthquake - and impending ones - a potential bird flu epidemic and the melting of the Artic ice cap - consume the public domain. Previously colonised areas least prepared to cope are often host to both natural disasters and environmental degradation, creating a coupling of cultural and environmental crisis. The Caribbean is such a region; a geographic location prone to intense environmental activity and a history of environmental degradation leaves it ecologically and economically vulnerable. Annual hurricanes, tropical storms and floods regularly have devastating affects on national economic growth in a region where agriculture and tourism both industries completely dependent on the environment are the main foreign exchange earners. Increased migration to urban centres, continuing poverty and inadequate environmental protection policies add to the problem, while studies on climate change, tourism and agricultural development and the growth of cities forecast the situation to worsen. Divided into two sections, What is this Earthly Paradise? provides a double insight into the Caribbean environment by examining environmental problems in practice and cultural responses. "Development: Environment in Practice" identifies and discusses major environmental dangers in the region, including historical trends in island environmental crisis, ghettoisation, the questionable success of ecotourism and the development of "tropical" nature. "Responses: Literature and Environment" examines positive and negative cultural reflections on the Caribbean environment and environmental problems, embracing writers as diverse as V.S. Naipaul, Sam Selvon, Patrick Chamoiseau, N.D. Williams, Derek Walcott, Shani Mootoo and Ramabai Espinet.
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Pflanzensoziologie

Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde

Author: Josias Braun-Blanquet

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3709140781

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 9584

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Shallow Subterranean Habitats

Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation

Author: David C. Culver,Tanja Pipan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199646171

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 2894

Shallow subterranean habitats (SSHs) are areas of habitable space that are less than 10 m in depth from the surface. These range from large areas such as shallow caves and lava tubes, to tiny areas such as cracks in ceilings, or spaces in soil. Whilst being very different in many ways, they are often bound together by shared characteristics of the habitats and their faunas, and their study can help us to understand subterranean habitats in general. This book concentrates on the more typical SSHs of intermediate size (seepage springs, spaces between rocks, cracks in lava etc.), describing the habitats, their fauna, and the ecological and evolutionary questions posed. Similarities and differences between the habitats are considered and discussed in a broader ecological and evolutionary context. The book is mainly aimed at students and researchers in the field of subterranean biology, but will also be of interest to a wider range of ecologists, evolutionary biologists, freshwater biologists, and conservationists. There will also be an audience of environmental professionals.
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Managing and designing landscapes for conservation

moving from perspectives to principles

Author: David Lindenmayer,Richard J. Hobbs,Zoological Society of London

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405159142

Category: Architecture

Page: 587

View: 4527

The distinctive relationships between landscape change, habitat fragmentation, and biodiversity conservation are highlighted in this original and useful guide to the theory and practice of ecological landscape design. Using original, ecologically based landscape design principles, the text underscores current thinking in landscape management and conservation. It offers a blend of theoretical and practical information that is illustrated with case studies drawn from across the globe. Key insights by some of the world's leading experts in landscape ecology and conservation biology make "Managing and Designing Landscapes for Conservation" an essential volume for anyone involved in landscape management, natural resource planning, or biodiversity conservation.
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Proceedings RMRS.

Author: Rocky Mountain Research Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Forests and forestry

Page: N.A

View: 1137

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