Author: James E. Girard
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
View: 3610Designed for students that are not biology, chemistry, or physics majors, this fully revised and updated Third Edition of the best-selling Criminalistics: Forensic Science, Crime, and Terrorism provides a comprehensive introduction to forensic science, the scientific principles that are the underpinnings of crime analysis, and the practical application of these principles. Essential topics such as fingerprint identification, DNA, ballistics, detection of forgeries, forensic toxicology, computer forensics, and the identification and analysis of illicit drugs are thoroughly explained in a reader-friendly manner. Unlike comparable texts, the Third Edition includes coverage of important terrorism and homeland security issues, including explosives, cybercrime, cyberterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction. The text is also the only book on the market with a detailed description of DNA and CODIS techniques used by professionals.
Author: James E. Girard
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
View: 6207Criminalistics is designed for criminal justice students with little to no background in biology or chemistry. The essentials to forensic science are all there, including fingerprint identification, DNA, ballistics, detection of forgeries, forensic toxicology, computer forensics, and the identification and analysis of illicit drugs.
Author: Douglas P. Lyle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 397CSI, CSI Miami, CSI New York, Crossing Jordan: Der Ermittler von heute ist Wissenschaftler, klug und manchmal exzentrisch. So ist das zumindest im Fernsehen, aber wie sieht es in der Wirklichkeit aus? Wie erkennt man an einer Schädelverletzung die Todesursache, wie funktioniert die Untersuchung von Projektilen, welche Möglichkeiten bietet die DNA-Analyse? Douglas P. Lyle klärt Sie in diesem preisgekrönten Buch über die Arbeit der Kriminaltechniker auf und stellt Ihnen bekannte und kuriose Fälle sowie deren Lösung vor.
Author: Jim Fraser
Publisher: Oxford University Press
View: 8107Forensic science is a subject of wide fascination. What happens at a crime scene? How does DNA profiling work? How can it help solve crimes that happened 20 years ago? In forensic science, a criminal case can often hinge on a piece of evidence such as a hair, a blood trace, half a footprint, or a tyre mark. High profile cases such as the Stephen Lawrence enquiry and the Madeleine McCann case have attracted enormous media attention and enhanced this interest in recent years. However, the public understanding of forensic science is poor, and largely based on TV shows such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, which exploit high-tech imagery for dramatic effect. Forensic science is a complex activity at the interface of science and law. However, it also deals with real life issues and its results are interpreted within unique situations. Complex scientific findings must be considered carefully, dispassionately, and communicated with clarity, simplicity, and precision. In this Very Short Introduction, Jim Fraser introduces the concept of forensic science and explains how it is used in the investigation of crime. He begins at the crime scene itself, explaining the principles and processes of crime scene management. He explores how forensic scientists work; from the reconstruction of events to laboratory examinations. He considers the techniques they use, such as fingerprinting, and goes on to highlight the immense impact DNA profiling has had. Providing examples from forensic science cases in the UK, US, and other countries, he considers the techniques and challenges faced around the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Author: Howard A. Harris,Henry C. Lee
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 9069This Second Edition of the best-selling Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics presents the practice of forensic science from a broad viewpoint. The book has been developed to serve as an introductory textbook for courses at the undergraduate level—for both majors and non-majors—to provide students with a working understanding of forensic science. The Second Edition is fully updated to cover the latest scientific methods of evidence collection, evidence analytic techniques, and the application of the analysis results to an investigation and use in court. This includes coverage of physical evidence, evidence collection, crime scene processing, pattern evidence, fingerprint evidence, questioned documents, DNA and biological evidence, drug evidence, toolmarks and fireams, arson and explosives, chemical testing, and a new chapter of computer and digital forensic evidence. Chapters address crime scene evidence, laboratory procedures, emergency technologies, as well as an adjudication of both criminal and civil cases utilizing the evidence. All coverage has been fully updated in all areas that have advanced since the publication of the last edition. Features include: Progresses from introductory concepts—of the legal system and crime scene concepts—to DNA, forensic biology, chemistry, and laboratory principles Introduces students to the scientific method and the application of it to the analysis to various types, and classifications, of forensic evidence The authors’ 90-plus years of real-world police, investigative, and forensic science laboratory experience is brought to bear on the application of forensic science to the investigation and prosecution of cases Addresses the latest developments and advances in forensic sciences, particularly in evidence collection Offers a full complement of instructor's resources to qualifying professors Includes full pedagogy—including learning objectives, key terms, end-of-chapter questions, and boxed case examples—to encourage classroom learning and retention Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics, Second Edition, will serve as an invaluable resource for students in their quest to understand the application of science, and the scientific method, to various forensic disciplines in the pursuit of law and justice through the court system. An Instructor’s Manual with Test Bank and Chapter PowerPoint® slides are available upon qualified course adoption.
Author: Max M. Houck,Jay A. Siegel
Category: Study Aids
View: 1261Fundamentals of Forensic Science offers a complete look at the core topics of forensic science. It represents the most realistic view of the field by including areas that, while central to criminal investigation, fall outside the typical definition of criminalistics. These areas include pathology, entomology, anthropology, and other areas of scientific study unique to forensic textbooks. Organized by the timeline of a real case, the text begins with an introduction and history of forensic science. It then covers the methods of analysis used in most forensic examinations, addressing the biological, chemical and physical elements relevant to the field, and concluding with an examination of how forensic science intersects with law. Feature boxes throughout the text contain online resource listings, historical events in forensic science, practical issues in laboratory analysis, and topics for further reading or interest. This book is recommended for students in forensic science and professionals in the various forensic disciplines – fire, chemistry, crime scene, trace evidence, law enforcement personnel, lawyers, and defense attorneys. - Vivid, full-color illustrations that diagram key concepts and depict evidence encountered in the field - Straightforward unit organization that includes key terms, numerous feature boxes emphasizing resources on the World Wide Web, historical events in forensic science, practical issues in laboratory analysis, and topics for further reading - Effective pedagogy -including end-of-chapter questions- paired with a clear writing style makes this an invaluable resource for professors and students of forensic science
Cracking the Case
Author: Mark Okuda,Frank H. Stephenson, PhD.
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 5922One failing of many forensic science textbooks is the isolation of chapters into compartmentalized units. This format prevents students from understanding the connection between material learned in previous chapters with that of the current chapter. Using a unique format, A Hands-On Introduction to Forensic Science: Cracking the Case approaches the topic of forensic science from a real-life perspective in a way that these vital connections are encouraged and established. The book utilizes an ongoing fictional narrative throughout, entertaining students as it provides hands-on learning in order to "crack the case." As two investigators try to solve a missing persons case, each succeeding chapter reveals new characters, new information, and new physical evidence to be processed. A full range of topics are covered, including processing the crime scene, lifting prints, trace and blood evidence, DNA and mtDNA sequencing, ballistics, skeletal remains, and court testimony. Following the storyline, students are introduced to the appropriate science necessary to process the physical evidence, including math, physics, chemistry, and biology. The final element of each chapter includes a series of cost-effective, field-tested lab activities that train students in processing, analyzing, and documenting the physical evidence revealed in the narrative. Practical and realistic in its approach, this book enables students to understand how forensic science operates in the real world.
Atlas der Biologie und Pathologie von Geweben
Author: Margit Pavelka,Jürgen Roth
View: 4061Mit dem Blick auf die Feinstrukturen werden die Innenräume der Zellen und ihre Architekturen in der höheren Organisation der Gewebe lebendig. Die Autoren geben mit diesem Atlas der funktionellen Ultrastruktur Einblick in die komplexe zelluläre Innenwelt mit ihren vielgestaltigen Funktionsräumen, sowie in dynamische Funktionsabläufe, die für die Erfüllung der zellulären Aufgaben im Gewebe notwendig sind. Das besondere Anliegen besteht darin, dem Leser bewusst zu machen, dass es sich hier um diejenigen Strukturen handelt, in denen sich grundlegende zelluläre Lebensvorgänge und krankmachende Mechanismen abspielen. An Hand elektronenmikroskopischer Bilder, ergänzt durch Immunelektronenmikroskopie und ausführlicher Beschreibung werden in den Zellen die Beziehungen zwischen Strukturen und Funktionen aufgerollt, Details herausgearbeitet und die Organisation in den Zellverbänden der Gewebe präsentiert. Das Buch wendet sich an Medizin- und Naturwissenschaftsstudenten, Ärzte, Biologen, Zell- und Molekularbiologen.
Chemical and Biological Effects of Buried Human Remains
Author: Mark Tibbett,David O. Carter
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 7815A burial environment is a complex and dynamic system. It plays host to an abundance of interdependent chemical, physical, and biological processes, which are greatly influenced by the inclusion of a body and its subsequent decay. However, while taphonomy continues to emerge as a valuable forensic tool, until now most of the attention has been on the cadaver rather than the grave itself. Soil Analysis in Forensic Taphonomy: Chemical and Biological Effects of Buried Human Remains is the first book to concentrate entirely on the telling impact of soil and its components on the postmortem fate of human remains. Examining the basic physicochemical composition of the soil as it relates to forensic science and taphonomy, leading experts from across the world— · Offer an introduction to the nature, distribution, and origin of soil materials in forensic comparisons · Discuss the action of biological soil components, including invertebrates, fungi, and bacteria · Address rates and processes of decomposition and time of death estimates · Detail methods for characterizing and fingerprinting soils · Provide extensive information on the decomposition of hair Edited by Mark Tibbett, a soil microbiologist and David Carter, a forensic scientist, this unique resourceprovides an up-to-date overview of fundamental scientific principles and methods used in forensic taphonomy from a soils-based perspective. It provides an understanding of the processes at work, as well as practical methods and advice for those involved with active investigation.
Author: David G. Watson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
View: 6398This new book, from the editor of the highly successful Pharmaceutical Analysis, sets out to define the area of pharmaceutical chemistry as distinct from medicinal chemistry. It focuses less on prototypes of drugs that perhaps never came to market and more on the drugs currently in use. The emphasis in the book is on the physicochemical properties of drug molecules and, in so far as they are known, the way that these properties govern the interaction of the drug with its target. Important physicochemical properties include pKa and partition coefficient and the properties of the structural elements within the drug which provide interactions with the target via a range of intermolecular forces. The last fifteen years has seen a great advance in the knowledge of protein structures and a strong emphasis is given to the interaction of drugs with proteins which shape the majority of drug mechanisms. Features: Focus on intramolecular actions Mechanisms of action richly illustrated Self-assessment included Comprehensive chapters on vitamins and biotechnological products This new book, from the editor of the highly successful Pharmaceutical Analysis, sets out to define the area of pharmaceutical chemistry as distinct from medicinal chemistry. It focuses less on prototypes of drugs that perhaps never came to market and more on the drugs currently in use. The emphasis in the book is on the physicochemical properties of drug molecules and, in so far as they are known, the way that these properties govern the interaction of the drug with its target. Important physicochemical properties include pKa and partition coefficient and the properties of the structural elements within the drug which provide interactions with the target via a range of intermolecular forces. The last fifteen years has seen a great advance in the knowledge of protein structures and a strong emphasis is given to the interaction of drugs with proteins which shape the majority of drug mechanisms. Features: Focus on intramolecular actions Mechanisms of action richly illustrated Self-assessment included Comprehensive chapters on vitamins and biotechnological products
Author: Henry C. Lee,George M. Taft,Kimberly A. Taylor
Publisher: Lawyers & Judges Publishing
View: 3731Forensic Science Today takes a scientific approach to the study of Forensics. The textbook and instructor's companion CD-ROM cover many of the diverse aspects of forensic science. Forensic Science Today is an exceptional choice for college, law enforcement, and upper division high school introduction to forensic science classes. Written by the world's most prominent forensic scientists and experts, Forensic Science Today is an excellent way for students to explore the fascinating world of forensic science, and an invaluable resource for instructors. This outstanding instructional package has two components. The first is an Introductory Textbook that, in Part One provides a comprehensive view of the many careers in forensic science, and in Part Two, an introduction to the types of evidence, and how they are collected and used in real world situations. The second is an Instructor's Companion on CD-ROM filled with worksheets, PowerPoint presentations, lab activities, classroom projects, and other useful resources for enhancing the classroom environment and reinforcing student learning.Student Text: Part I • Criminalistics • Crime Scene Investigation • Forensic Medicine • Forensic Toxicology • Forensic Anthropology • Forensic Entomology • Forensic Engineering • Forensic Odontology • Forensic Art • Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry • Jurisprudence: Law and Forensics Part II • Arson and Fire Evidence • Blood Serology and Bloodstains • DNA Evidence • Chemical and Drug Evidence • Bullets, Trajectories, and GSR • Toolmarks • Fingerprints, Imprints and Impressions • Document Examination • Soil, Dirt, and Dust • Hair and Fibers • Crime Scene Investigation and Reconstruction • Glossary and Resources Instructors Companion on CD-ROM: • Lesson plans and teaching suggestions • PowerPoint presentations • Test questions and answers • Science lab exercises and handouts • Thought-provoking classroom projects and demonstrations • Student handouts and worksheets • Research project ideas • Suggested field trips • Mock crime scene investigation and criminal trial • Resource pages with active web links
Fingerprinting and Source Identification
Author: Zhendi Wang,Scott Stout
Category: Technology & Engineering
View: 2001Oil Spill Environmental Forensics provides a complete view of the various forensic techniques used to identify the source of an oil spill into the environment. The forensic procedures described within represent various methods from scientists throughout the world. The authors explore which analytical and interpretative techniques are best suited for a particular oil spill project. This handy reference also explores the use of these techniques in actual environmental oil spills. Famous incidents discussed include the Exxon Valdez incident in 1989 and the Guanabara Bay, Brazil 2000. The authors chronicle both the successes and failures of the techniques used for each of these events. Dr. Zhendi Wang is a senior research scientist and Head of Oil Spill Research of Environment Canada, working in the oil and toxic chemical spill research field. He has authored over 270 academic publications and won a number of national and international scientific honors and awards. Dr. Wang is a member of American Chemical Society (ACS), the Canadian Society for Chemistry (CSC), and the International Society of Environmental Forensics (ISEF). International experts show readers the forensic techniques used in oil spill investigations Provides the theoretical basis and practical applications for investigative techniques Contains numerous case studies demonstrating proven technique
A Global Perspective
Author: W. J. Mike Groen,Nicholas Márquez-Grant,Rob Janaway
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 4338Forensic archaeology is mostly defined as the use of archaeological methods and principles within a legal context. However, such a definition only covers one aspect of forensic archaeology and misses the full potential this discipline has to offer. This volume is unique in that it contains 57 chapters from experienced forensic archaeological practitioners working in different countries, intergovernmental organisations or NGO?s. It shows that the practice of forensic archaeology varies worldwide as a result of diverse historical, educational, legal and judicial backgrounds. The chapters in this volume will be an invaluable reference to (forensic) archaeologists, forensic anthropologists, humanitarian and human rights workers, forensic scientists, police officers, professionals working in criminal justice systems and all other individuals who are interested in the potential forensic archaeology has to offer at scenes of crime or places of incident. This volume promotes the development of forensic archaeology worldwide. In addition, it proposes an interpretative framework that is grounded in archaeological theory and methodology, integrating affiliated behavioural and forensic sciences.