Inverse Problems for Partial Differential Equations

Author: Victor Isakov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489900306

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 4767

A comprehensive description of the current theoretical and numerical aspects of inverse problems in partial differential equations. Applications include recovery of inclusions from anomalies of their gravity fields, reconstruction of the interior of the human body from exterior electrical, ultrasonic, and magnetic measurement. By presenting the data in a readable and informative manner, the book introduces both scientific and engineering researchers as well as graduate students to the significant work done in this area in recent years, relating it to broader themes in mathematical analysis.
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Modern Aspects of the Theory of Partial Differential Equations

Author: Michael Ruzhansky,Jens Wirth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783034800693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 1604

The book provides a quick overview of a wide range of active research areas in partial differential equations. The book can serve as a useful source of information to mathematicians, scientists and engineers. The volume contains contributions from authors from a large variety of countries on different aspects of partial differential equations, such as evolution equations and estimates for their solutions, control theory, inverse problems, nonlinear equations, elliptic theory on singular domains, numerical approaches.
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Inverse Problems and Related Topics

Author: Gen Nakamura,Saburou Saitoh,Jin Kean Seo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584881919

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 4339

Inverse problems arise in many disciplines and hold great importance to practical applications. However, sound new methods are needed to solve these problems. Over the past few years, Japanese and Korean mathematicians have obtained a number of very interesting and unique results in inverse problems. Inverse Problems and Related Topics compiles papers authored by some of the top researchers in Korea and Japan. It presents a number of original and useful results and offers a unique opportunity to explore the current trends of research in inverse problems in these countries. Highlighting the existence and active work of several Japanese and Korean groups, it also serves as a guide to those seeking future scientific exchange with researchers in these countries.
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Partial Differential Equations I

Basic Theory

Author: Michael Eugene Taylor,Eberhard Zeidler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387946535

Category: Mathematics

Page: 563

View: 4969

This book is intended to be a comprehensive introduction to the subject of partial differential equations. It should be useful to graduate students at all levels beyond that of a basic course in measure theory. It should also be of interest to professional mathematicians in analysis, mathematical physics, and differential geometry. This work will be divided into three volumes, the first of which focuses on the theory of ordinary differential equations and a survey of basic linear PDEs.
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Introduction to Inverse Problems for Differential Equations

Author: Alemdar Hasanov Hasanoğlu,Vladimir G. Romanov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331962797X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 261

View: 8590

This book presents a systematic exposition of the main ideas and methods in treating inverse problems for PDEs arising in basic mathematical models, though it makes no claim to being exhaustive. Mathematical models of most physical phenomena are governed by initial and boundary value problems for PDEs, and inverse problems governed by these equations arise naturally in nearly all branches of science and engineering. The book’s content, especially in the Introduction and Part I, is self-contained and is intended to also be accessible for beginning graduate students, whose mathematical background includes only basic courses in advanced calculus, PDEs and functional analysis. Further, the book can be used as the backbone for a lecture course on inverse and ill-posed problems for partial differential equations. In turn, the second part of the book consists of six nearly-independent chapters. The choice of these chapters was motivated by the fact that the inverse coefficient and source problems considered here are based on the basic and commonly used mathematical models governed by PDEs. These chapters describe not only these inverse problems, but also main inversion methods and techniques. Since the most distinctive features of any inverse problems related to PDEs are hidden in the properties of the corresponding solutions to direct problems, special attention is paid to the investigation of these properties.
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Ill-Posed and Inverse Problems

Dedicated to Academician Mikhail Mikhailovich Laverentiev on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday

Author: Vladimir G. Romanov,S. I. Kabanikhin,A. L. Bukhgeim

Publisher: VSP

ISBN: 9789067643627

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 9411

M.M. Lavrentiev is the author of many fundamental scientific results in many directions of mathematics and its applications, such as differential equations, inverse and ill-posed problems, tomography, numerical and applied mathematics. His results in the theory of inverse problems for differential equations and in tomography are well known all over the world. To honour him on the occasion of his 70th birthday renowned scientists in this field of mathematics, both from East and West, have contributed to this special collection of papers on ill-posed and inverse problems, which will be of interest to anyone working in this field.
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Methods for Solving Inverse Problems in Mathematical Physics

Author: Global Express Ltd. Co.,Aleksey I. Prilepko,Dmitry G. Orlovsky,Igor A. Vasin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824719876

Category: Mathematics

Page: 744

View: 1089

Developing an approach to the question of existence, uniqueness and stability of solutions, this work presents a systematic elaboration of the theory of inverse problems for all principal types of partial differential equations. It covers up-to-date methods of linear and nonlinear analysis, the theory of differential equations in Banach spaces, applications of functional analysis, and semigroup theory.
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Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory

Author: David Colton,Rainer Kress

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461449413

Category: Mathematics

Page: 406

View: 2592

The inverse scattering problem is central to many areas of science and technology such as radar and sonar, medical imaging, geophysical exploration and nondestructive testing. This book is devoted to the mathematical and numerical analysis of the inverse scattering problem for acoustic and electromagnetic waves. In this third edition, new sections have been added on the linear sampling and factorization methods for solving the inverse scattering problem as well as expanded treatments of iteration methods and uniqueness theorems for the inverse obstacle problem. These additions have in turn required an expanded presentation of both transmission eigenvalues and boundary integral equations in Sobolev spaces. As in the previous editions, emphasis has been given to simplicity over generality thus providing the reader with an accessible introduction to the field of inverse scattering theory. Review of earlier editions: “Colton and Kress have written a scholarly, state of the art account of their view of direct and inverse scattering. The book is a pleasure to read as a graduate text or to dip into at leisure. It suggests a number of open problems and will be a source of inspiration for many years to come.” SIAM Review, September 1994 “This book should be on the desk of any researcher, any student, any teacher interested in scattering theory.” Mathematical Intelligencer, June 1994
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Partial Differential Equations

Basic Theory

Author: Michael E. Taylor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387946542

Category: Mathematics

Page: 563

View: 7652

Mathematics is playing an ever more important role in the physical and biological sciences, provoking a blurring of boundaries between scientific disciplines and a resurgence of interest in the modem as weIl as the classical techniques of applied mathematics. This renewal of interest, both in research and teaching, has led to the establishment of the series: Texts in Applied Mathematics (TAM). The development of new courses is a natural consequence of a high level of excitement on the research frontier as newer techniques, such as numerical and symbolic computer systems, dynamical systems, and chaos, mix with and reinforce the traditional methods of applied mathematics. Thus, the purpose of this textbook series is to meet the current and future needs of these advances and encourage the teaching of new courses. TAM will publish textbooks suitable for use in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate courses, and will complement the Applied Mathematical Sci ences (AMS) series, which will focus on advanced textbooks and research level monographs.
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Numerische Behandlung partieller Differentialgleichungen

Author: Christian Großmann,Hans-Görg Roos

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783519220893

Category: Mathematics

Page: 572

View: 3504

Mathematiker, Naturwissenschaftler und Ingenieure erhalten mit diesem Lehrbuch eine Einführung in die numerische Behandlung partieller Differentialgleichungen. Diskutiert werden die grundlegenden Verfahren - Finite Differenzen, Finite Volumen und Finite Elemente - für die wesentlichen Typen partieller Differentialgleichungen: elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische Gleichungen. Einbezogen werden auch moderne Methoden zur Lösung der diskreten Probleme. Hinweise auf aktuelle Software sowie zahlreiche Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben runden diese Einführung ab.
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Boundary Value Problems of Mathematical Physics

2-Volume Set

Author: Ivar Stakgold

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898714567

Category:

Page: 748

View: 3575

For more than 30 years, this two-volume set has helped prepare graduate students to use partial differential equations and integral equations to handle significant problems arising in applied mathematics, engineering, and the physical sciences. Originally published in 1967, this graduate-level introduction is devoted to the mathematics needed for the modern approach to boundary value problems using Green's functions and using eigenvalue expansions. Now a part of SIAM's Classics series, these volumes contain a large number of concrete, interesting examples of boundary value problems for partial differential equations that cover a variety of applications that are still relevant today. For example, there is substantial treatment of the Helmholtz equation and scattering theory?subjects that play a central role in contemporary inverse problems in acoustics and electromagnetic theory.
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Geometric Methods in Inverse Problems and PDE Control

Author: Chrisopher B. Croke,Gunther Uhlmann,Irena Lasiecka,Michael Vogelius

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468493752

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 4426

This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications GEOMETRIC METHODS IN INVERSE PROBLEMS AND PDE CONTROL contains a selection of articles presented at 2001 IMA Summer Program with the same title. We would like to thank Christopher B. Croke (University of Penn sylva nia), Irena Lasiecka (University of Virginia), Gunther Uhlmann (University of Washington), and Michael S. Vogelius (Rutgers University) for their ex cellent work as organizers of the two-week summer workshop and for editing the volume. We also take this opportunity to thank the National Science Founda tion for their support of the IMA. Series Editors Douglas N. Arnold, Director of the IMA Fadil Santosa, Deputy Director of the IMA v PREFACE This volume contains a selected number of articles based on lectures delivered at the IMA 2001 Summer Program on "Geometric Methods in Inverse Problems and PDE Control. " The focus of this program was some common techniques used in the study of inverse coefficient problems and control problems for partial differential equations, with particular emphasis on their strong relation to fundamental problems of geometry. Inverse coef ficient problems for partial differential equations arise in many application areas, for instance in medical imaging, nondestructive testing, and geophys ical prospecting. Control problems involving partial differential equations may arise from the need to optimize a given performance criterion, e. g. , to dampen out undesirable vibrations of a structure , or more generally, to obtain a prescribed behaviour of the dynamics.
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An Introduction to Inverse Problems with Applications

Author: Francisco Duarte Moura Neto,Antônio José da Silva Neto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642325564

Category: Mathematics

Page: 246

View: 1825

Computational engineering/science uses a blend of applications, mathematical models and computations. Mathematical models require accurate approximations of their parameters, which are often viewed as solutions to inverse problems. Thus, the study of inverse problems is an integral part of computational engineering/science. This book presents several aspects of inverse problems along with needed prerequisite topics in numerical analysis and matrix algebra. If the reader has previously studied these prerequisites, then one can rapidly move to the inverse problems in chapters 4-8 on image restoration, thermal radiation, thermal characterization and heat transfer. “This text does provide a comprehensive introduction to inverse problems and fills a void in the literature”. Robert E White, Professor of Mathematics, North Carolina State University
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Numerische Näherungsverfahren für elliptische Randwertprobleme

Finite Elemente und Randelemente

Author: Olaf Steinbach

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322800547

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 9895

Für die näherungsweise Lösung von Randwertproblemen zweiter Ordnung wird eine einheitliche Theorie der Finiten Elemente Methode und der Randelementmethode präsentiert. Neben der Stabilitäts- und Fehleranalysis wird vor allem auf effiziente Lösungsverfahren eingegangen. Für die Diskretisierung der auftretenden Randintegraloperatoren werden schnelle Randelementmethoden (Wavelets, Multipol, algebraische Techniken) mit der Darstellung durch partielle Integration verknüpft. Durch die Kopplung von FEM und BEM mittels Gebietszerlegungsmethoden können gekoppelte Randwertprobleme in komplexen Strukturen behandelt werden. Numerische Beispiele illustrieren die theoretischen Aussagen.
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A Qualitative Approach to Inverse Scattering Theory

Author: Fioralba Cakoni,David Colton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461488273

Category: Mathematics

Page: 297

View: 4461

Inverse scattering theory is an important area of applied mathematics due to its central role in such areas as medical imaging , nondestructive testing and geophysical exploration. Until recently all existing algorithms for solving inverse scattering problems were based on using either a weak scattering assumption or on the use of nonlinear optimization techniques. The limitations of these methods have led in recent years to an alternative approach to the inverse scattering problem which avoids the incorrect model assumptions inherent in the use of weak scattering approximations as well as the strong a priori information needed in order to implement nonlinear optimization techniques. These new methods come under the general title of qualitative methods in inverse scattering theory and seek to determine an approximation to the shape of the scattering object as well as estimates on its material properties without making any weak scattering assumption and using essentially no a priori information on the nature of the scattering object. This book is designed to be an introduction to this new approach in inverse scattering theory focusing on the use of sampling methods and transmission eigenvalues. In order to aid the reader coming from a discipline outside of mathematics we have included background material on functional analysis, Sobolev spaces, the theory of ill posed problems and certain topics in in the theory of entire functions of a complex variable. This book is an updated and expanded version of an earlier book by the authors published by Springer titled Qualitative Methods in Inverse Scattering Theory Review of Qualitative Methods in Inverse Scattering Theory All in all, the authors do exceptionally well in combining such a wide variety of mathematical material and in presenting it in a well-organized and easy-to-follow fashion. This text certainly complements the growing body of work in inverse scattering and should well suit both new researchers to the field as well as those who could benefit from such a nice codified collection of profitable results combined in one bound volume. SIAM Review, 2006
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An Introduction to the Mathematical Theory of Inverse Problems

Author: Andreas Kirsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387945309

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 923

Following Keller [119] we call two problems inverse to each other if the for mulation of each of them requires full or partial knowledge of the other. By this definition, it is obviously arbitrary which of the two problems we call the direct and which we call the inverse problem. But usually, one of the problems has been studied earlier and, perhaps, in more detail. This one is usually called the direct problem, whereas the other is the inverse problem. However, there is often another, more important difference between these two problems. Hadamard (see [91]) introduced the concept of a well-posed problem, originating from the philosophy that the mathematical model of a physical problem has to have the properties of uniqueness, existence, and stability of the solution. If one of the properties fails to hold, he called the problem ill-posed. It turns out that many interesting and important inverse in science lead to ill-posed problems, while the corresponding di problems rect problems are well-posed. Often, existence and uniqueness can be forced by enlarging or reducing the solution space (the space of "models"). For restoring stability, however, one has to change the topology of the spaces, which is in many cases impossible because of the presence of measurement errors. At first glance, it seems to be impossible to compute the solution of a problem numerically if the solution of the problem does not depend continuously on the data, i. e. , for the case of ill-posed problems.
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Inverse Boundary Spectral Problems

Author: Alexander Kachalov,Yaroslav Kurylev,Matti Lassas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142003622X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 1912

Inverse boundary problems are a rapidly developing area of applied mathematics with applications throughout physics and the engineering sciences. However, the mathematical theory of inverse problems remains incomplete and needs further development to aid in the solution of many important practical problems. Inverse Boundary Spectral Problems develop a rigorous theory for solving several types of inverse problems exactly. In it, the authors consider the following: "Can the unknown coefficients of an elliptic partial differential equation be determined from the eigenvalues and the boundary values of the eigenfunctions?" Along with this problem, many inverse problems for heat and wave equations are solved. The authors approach inverse problems in a coordinate invariant way, that is, by applying ideas drawn from differential geometry. To solve them, they apply methods of Riemannian geometry, modern control theory, and the theory of localized wave packets, also known as Gaussian beams. The treatment includes the relevant background of each of these areas. Although the theory of inverse boundary spectral problems has been in development for at least 10 years, until now the literature has been scattered throughout various journals. This self-contained monograph summarizes the relevant concepts and the techniques useful for dealing with them.
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Sobolev Spaces in Mathematics III

Applications in Mathematical Physics

Author: Victor Isakov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387856528

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 3905

This volume, marking the centenary of S.L. Sobolev’s birth, presents the latest the results on some important problems of mathematical physics. The book contains two short biographical articles and unique archive photos of S. Sobolev.
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