Inverse Problems for Partial Differential Equations

Author: Victor Isakov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489900306

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 367

A comprehensive description of the current theoretical and numerical aspects of inverse problems in partial differential equations. Applications include recovery of inclusions from anomalies of their gravity fields, reconstruction of the interior of the human body from exterior electrical, ultrasonic, and magnetic measurement. By presenting the data in a readable and informative manner, the book introduces both scientific and engineering researchers as well as graduate students to the significant work done in this area in recent years, relating it to broader themes in mathematical analysis.
Release

Modern Aspects of the Theory of Partial Differential Equations

Author: Michael Ruzhansky,Jens Wirth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783034800693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 6693

The book provides a quick overview of a wide range of active research areas in partial differential equations. The book can serve as a useful source of information to mathematicians, scientists and engineers. The volume contains contributions from authors from a large variety of countries on different aspects of partial differential equations, such as evolution equations and estimates for their solutions, control theory, inverse problems, nonlinear equations, elliptic theory on singular domains, numerical approaches.
Release

Inverse Problems and Applications

Author: Plamen Stefanov,András Vasy,Maciej Zworski

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470410796

Category: Mathematics

Page: 309

View: 6023

This volume contains the proceedings of two conferences on Inverse Problems and Applications, held in 2012, to celebrate the work of Gunther Uhlmann. The first conference was held at the University of California, Irvine, from June 18-22, 2012, and the second was held at Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, from September 17-21, 2012. The topics covered include inverse problems in medical imaging, scattering theory, geometry and image processing, and the mathematical theory of cloaking, as well as methods related to inverse problems.
Release

Phase Space Analysis of Partial Differential Equations

Author: Antonio Bove,Ferruccio Colombini,Daniele Del Santo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817645212

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

View: 3038

Covers phase space analysis methods, including microlocal analysis, and their applications to physics Treats the linear and nonnlinear aspects of the theory of PDEs Original articles are self-contained with full proofs; survey articles give a quick and direct introduction to selected topics evolving at a fast pace Excellent reference and resource for grad students and researchers in PDEs and related fields
Release

Inverse Problems and Related Topics

Author: Gen Nakamura,Saburou Saitoh,Jin Kean Seo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584881919

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 5843

Inverse problems arise in many disciplines and hold great importance to practical applications. However, sound new methods are needed to solve these problems. Over the past few years, Japanese and Korean mathematicians have obtained a number of very interesting and unique results in inverse problems. Inverse Problems and Related Topics compiles papers authored by some of the top researchers in Korea and Japan. It presents a number of original and useful results and offers a unique opportunity to explore the current trends of research in inverse problems in these countries. Highlighting the existence and active work of several Japanese and Korean groups, it also serves as a guide to those seeking future scientific exchange with researchers in these countries.
Release

Partial Differential Equations I

Basic Theory

Author: Michael Eugene Taylor,Eberhard Zeidler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387946535

Category: Mathematics

Page: 563

View: 7666

This book is intended to be a comprehensive introduction to the subject of partial differential equations. It should be useful to graduate students at all levels beyond that of a basic course in measure theory. It should also be of interest to professional mathematicians in analysis, mathematical physics, and differential geometry. This work will be divided into three volumes, the first of which focuses on the theory of ordinary differential equations and a survey of basic linear PDEs.
Release

Geometric Methods in Inverse Problems and PDE Control

Author: Chrisopher B. Croke,Gunther Uhlmann,Irena Lasiecka,Michael Vogelius

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468493752

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 7581

This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications GEOMETRIC METHODS IN INVERSE PROBLEMS AND PDE CONTROL contains a selection of articles presented at 2001 IMA Summer Program with the same title. We would like to thank Christopher B. Croke (University of Penn sylva nia), Irena Lasiecka (University of Virginia), Gunther Uhlmann (University of Washington), and Michael S. Vogelius (Rutgers University) for their ex cellent work as organizers of the two-week summer workshop and for editing the volume. We also take this opportunity to thank the National Science Founda tion for their support of the IMA. Series Editors Douglas N. Arnold, Director of the IMA Fadil Santosa, Deputy Director of the IMA v PREFACE This volume contains a selected number of articles based on lectures delivered at the IMA 2001 Summer Program on "Geometric Methods in Inverse Problems and PDE Control. " The focus of this program was some common techniques used in the study of inverse coefficient problems and control problems for partial differential equations, with particular emphasis on their strong relation to fundamental problems of geometry. Inverse coef ficient problems for partial differential equations arise in many application areas, for instance in medical imaging, nondestructive testing, and geophys ical prospecting. Control problems involving partial differential equations may arise from the need to optimize a given performance criterion, e. g. , to dampen out undesirable vibrations of a structure , or more generally, to obtain a prescribed behaviour of the dynamics.
Release

Ill-Posed and Inverse Problems

Dedicated to Academician Mikhail Mikhailovich Laverentiev on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday

Author: Vladimir G. Romanov,S. I. Kabanikhin,A. L. Bukhgeim

Publisher: VSP

ISBN: 9789067643627

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 3606

M.M. Lavrentiev is the author of many fundamental scientific results in many directions of mathematics and its applications, such as differential equations, inverse and ill-posed problems, tomography, numerical and applied mathematics. His results in the theory of inverse problems for differential equations and in tomography are well known all over the world. To honour him on the occasion of his 70th birthday renowned scientists in this field of mathematics, both from East and West, have contributed to this special collection of papers on ill-posed and inverse problems, which will be of interest to anyone working in this field.
Release

Partial Differential Equations

Basic Theory

Author: Michael E. Taylor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387946542

Category: Mathematics

Page: 563

View: 7665

Mathematics is playing an ever more important role in the physical and biological sciences, provoking a blurring of boundaries between scientific disciplines and a resurgence of interest in the modem as weIl as the classical techniques of applied mathematics. This renewal of interest, both in research and teaching, has led to the establishment of the series: Texts in Applied Mathematics (TAM). The development of new courses is a natural consequence of a high level of excitement on the research frontier as newer techniques, such as numerical and symbolic computer systems, dynamical systems, and chaos, mix with and reinforce the traditional methods of applied mathematics. Thus, the purpose of this textbook series is to meet the current and future needs of these advances and encourage the teaching of new courses. TAM will publish textbooks suitable for use in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate courses, and will complement the Applied Mathematical Sci ences (AMS) series, which will focus on advanced textbooks and research level monographs.
Release

Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics

Author: Erich Zauderer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118031407

Category: Mathematics

Page: 968

View: 7213

This new edition features the latest tools for modeling, characterizing, and solving partial differential equations The Third Edition of this classic text offers a comprehensive guide to modeling, characterizing, and solving partial differential equations (PDEs). The author provides all the theory and tools necessary to solve problems via exact, approximate, and numerical methods. The Third Edition retains all the hallmarks of its previous editions, including an emphasis on practical applications, clear writing style and logical organization, and extensive use of real-world examples. Among the new and revised material, the book features: * A new section at the end of each original chapter, exhibiting the use of specially constructed Maple procedures that solve PDEs via many of the methods presented in the chapters. The results can be evaluated numerically or displayed graphically. * Two new chapters that present finite difference and finite element methods for the solution of PDEs. Newly constructed Maple procedures are provided and used to carry out each of these methods. All the numerical results can be displayed graphically. * A related FTP site that includes all the Maple code used in the text. * New exercises in each chapter, and answers to many of the exercises are provided via the FTP site. A supplementary Instructor's Solutions Manual is available. The book begins with a demonstration of how the three basic types of equations-parabolic, hyperbolic, and elliptic-can be derived from random walk models. It then covers an exceptionally broad range of topics, including questions of stability, analysis of singularities, transform methods, Green's functions, and perturbation and asymptotic treatments. Approximation methods for simplifying complicated problems and solutions are described, and linear and nonlinear problems not easily solved by standard methods are examined in depth. Examples from the fields of engineering and physical sciences are used liberally throughout the text to help illustrate how theory and techniques are applied to actual problems. With its extensive use of examples and exercises, this text is recommended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in engineering, science, and applied mathematics, as well as professionals in any of these fields. It is possible to use the text, as in the past, without use of the new Maple material.
Release

Linear Inverse Problems and Tikhonov Regularization

Author: Mark Gockenbach

Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America

ISBN: 0883851415

Category: Mathematics

Page: 333

View: 1756

Inverse problems occur frequently in science and technology, whenever we need to infer causes from effects that we can measure. Mathematically, they are difficult problems because they are unstable: small bits of noise in the measurement can completely throw off the solution. Nevertheless, there are methods for finding good approximate solutions. Linear Inverse Problems and Tikhonov Regularization examines one such method: Tikhonov regularization for linear inverse problems defined on Hilbert spaces. This is a clear example of the power of applying deep mathematical theory to solve practical problems. Beginning with a basic analysis of Tikhonov regularization, this book introduces the singular value expansion for compact operators, and uses it to explain why and how the method works. Tikhonov regularization with seminorms is also analyzed, which requires introducing densely defined unbounded operators and their basic properties. Some of the relevant background is included in appendices, making the book accessible to a wide range of readers.
Release

An Introduction to the Mathematical Theory of Inverse Problems

Author: Andreas Kirsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441984746

Category: Mathematics

Page: 310

View: 7805

This book introduces the reader to the area of inverse problems. The study of inverse problems is of vital interest to many areas of science and technology such as geophysical exploration, system identification, nondestructive testing and ultrasonic tomography. The aim of this book is twofold: in the first part, the reader is exposed to the basic notions and difficulties encountered with ill-posed problems. Basic properties of regularization methods for linear ill-posed problems are studied by means of several simple analytical and numerical examples. The second part of the book presents two special nonlinear inverse problems in detail - the inverse spectral problem and the inverse scattering problem. The corresponding direct problems are studied with respect to existence, uniqueness and continuous dependence on parameters. Then some theoretical results as well as numerical procedures for the inverse problems are discussed. The choice of material and its presentation in the book are new, thus making it particularly suitable for graduate students. Basic knowledge of real analysis is assumed. In this new edition, the Factorization Method is included as one of the prominent members in this monograph. Since the Factorization Method is particularly simple for the problem of EIT and this field has attracted a lot of attention during the past decade a chapter on EIT has been added in this monograph as Chapter 5 while the chapter on inverse scattering theory is now Chapter 6.The main changes of this second edition compared to the first edition concern only Chapters 5 and 6 and the Appendix A. Chapter 5 introduces the reader to the inverse problem of electrical impedance tomography.
Release

Introduction to Inverse Problems for Differential Equations

Author: Alemdar Hasanov Hasanoğlu,Vladimir G. Romanov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331962797X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 261

View: 952

This book presents a systematic exposition of the main ideas and methods in treating inverse problems for PDEs arising in basic mathematical models, though it makes no claim to being exhaustive. Mathematical models of most physical phenomena are governed by initial and boundary value problems for PDEs, and inverse problems governed by these equations arise naturally in nearly all branches of science and engineering. The book’s content, especially in the Introduction and Part I, is self-contained and is intended to also be accessible for beginning graduate students, whose mathematical background includes only basic courses in advanced calculus, PDEs and functional analysis. Further, the book can be used as the backbone for a lecture course on inverse and ill-posed problems for partial differential equations. In turn, the second part of the book consists of six nearly-independent chapters. The choice of these chapters was motivated by the fact that the inverse coefficient and source problems considered here are based on the basic and commonly used mathematical models governed by PDEs. These chapters describe not only these inverse problems, but also main inversion methods and techniques. Since the most distinctive features of any inverse problems related to PDEs are hidden in the properties of the corresponding solutions to direct problems, special attention is paid to the investigation of these properties.
Release

Partial Differential Equations

An Introduction

Author: David Colton

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486138437

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 8264

This text offers students in mathematics, engineering, and the applied sciences a solid foundation for advanced studies in mathematics. Features coverage of integral equations and basic scattering theory. Includes exercises, many with answers. 1988 edition.
Release

Boundary Value Problems of Mathematical Physics

2-Volume Set

Author: Ivar Stakgold

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 1611972388

Category:

Page: 748

View: 2495

For more than 30 years, this two-volume set has helped prepare graduate students to use partial differential equations and integral equations to handle significant problems arising in applied mathematics, engineering, and the physical sciences. Originally published in 1967, this graduate-level introduction is devoted to the mathematics needed for the modern approach to boundary value problems using Green's functions and using eigenvalue expansions. Now a part of SIAM's Classics series, these volumes contain a large number of concrete, interesting examples of boundary value problems for partial differential equations that cover a variety of applications that are still relevant today. For example, there is substantial treatment of the Helmholtz equation and scattering theory?subjects that play a central role in contemporary inverse problems in acoustics and electromagnetic theory.
Release

Inverse Boundary Spectral Problems

Author: Alexander Kachalov,Yaroslav Kurylev,Matti Lassas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142003622X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 1856

Inverse boundary problems are a rapidly developing area of applied mathematics with applications throughout physics and the engineering sciences. However, the mathematical theory of inverse problems remains incomplete and needs further development to aid in the solution of many important practical problems. Inverse Boundary Spectral Problems develop a rigorous theory for solving several types of inverse problems exactly. In it, the authors consider the following: "Can the unknown coefficients of an elliptic partial differential equation be determined from the eigenvalues and the boundary values of the eigenfunctions?" Along with this problem, many inverse problems for heat and wave equations are solved. The authors approach inverse problems in a coordinate invariant way, that is, by applying ideas drawn from differential geometry. To solve them, they apply methods of Riemannian geometry, modern control theory, and the theory of localized wave packets, also known as Gaussian beams. The treatment includes the relevant background of each of these areas. Although the theory of inverse boundary spectral problems has been in development for at least 10 years, until now the literature has been scattered throughout various journals. This self-contained monograph summarizes the relevant concepts and the techniques useful for dealing with them.
Release

Forward and Inverse Problems for Hyperbolic, Elliptic and Mixed Type Equations

Author: Alexander G. Megrabov

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110944987

Category: Mathematics

Page: 237

View: 9357

Inverse problems are an important and rapidly developing direction in mathematics, mathematical physics, differential equations, and various applied technologies (geophysics, optic, tomography, remote sensing, radar-location, etc.). In this monograph direct and inverse problems for partial differential equations are considered. The type of equations focused are hyperbolic, elliptic, and mixed (elliptic-hyperbolic). The direct problems arise as generalizations of problems of scattering plane elastic or acoustic waves from inhomogeneous layer (or from half-space). The inverse problems are those of determination of medium parameters by giving the forms of incident and reflected waves or the vibrations of certain points of the medium. The method of research of all inverse problems is spectral-analytical, consisting in reducing the considered inverse problems to the known inverse problems for the Sturm-Liouville equation or the string equation. Besides the book considers discrete inverse problems. In these problems an arbitrary set of point sources (emissive sources, oscillators, point masses) is determined.
Release

Partial Differential Equations I

Basic Theory

Author: Michael E. Taylor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144197055X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 654

View: 712

The first of three volumes on partial differential equations, this one introduces basic examples arising in continuum mechanics, electromagnetism, complex analysis and other areas, and develops a number of tools for their solution, in particular Fourier analysis, distribution theory, and Sobolev spaces. These tools are then applied to the treatment of basic problems in linear PDE, including the Laplace equation, heat equation, and wave equation, as well as more general elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic equations.The book is targeted at graduate students in mathematics and at professional mathematicians with an interest in partial differential equations, mathematical physics, differential geometry, harmonic analysis, and complex analysis.
Release