Introduction to Probability Models

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124081215

Category: Mathematics

Page: 784

View: 8016

Introduction to Probability Models, Eleventh Edition is the latest version of Sheldon Ross's classic bestseller, used extensively by professionals and as the primary text for a first undergraduate course in applied probability. The book introduces the reader to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes, and shows how probability theory can be applied fields such as engineering, computer science, management science, the physical and social sciences, and operations research. The hallmark features of this text have been retained in this eleventh edition: superior writing style; excellent exercises and examples covering the wide breadth of coverage of probability topic; and real-world applications in engineering, science, business and economics. The 65% new chapter material includes coverage of finite capacity queues, insurance risk models, and Markov chains, as well as updated data. The book contains compulsory material for new Exam 3 of the Society of Actuaries including several sections in the new exams. It also presents new applications of probability models in biology and new material on Point Processes, including the Hawkes process. There is a list of commonly used notations and equations, along with an instructor's solutions manual. This text will be a helpful resource for professionals and students in actuarial science, engineering, operations research, and other fields in applied probability. Updated data, and a list of commonly used notations and equations, instructor's solutions manual Offers new applications of probability models in biology and new material on Point Processes, including the Hawkes process Introduces elementary probability theory and stochastic processes, and shows how probability theory can be applied in fields such as engineering, computer science, management science, the physical and social sciences, and operations research Covers finite capacity queues, insurance risk models, and Markov chains Contains compulsory material for new Exam 3 of the Society of Actuaries including several sections in the new exams Appropriate for a full year course, this book is written under the assumption that students are familiar with calculus
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Introduction to Probability Models

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483276589

Category: Mathematics

Page: 568

View: 1994

Introduction to Probability Models, Fifth Edition focuses on different probability models of natural phenomena. This edition includes additional material in Chapters 5 and 10, such as examples relating to analyzing algorithms, minimizing highway encounters, collecting coupons, and tracking the AIDS virus. The arbitrage theorem and its relationship to the duality theorem of linear program are also covered, as well as how the arbitrage theorem leads to the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. Other topics include the Bernoulli random variable, Chapman-Kolmogorov equations, and properties of the exponential distribution. The continuous-time Markov chains, single-server exponential queueing system, variations on Brownian motion; and variance reduction by conditioning are also elaborated. This book is a good reference for students and researchers conducting work on probability models.
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Introduction to Probability Models

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123756879

Category: Mathematics

Page: 800

View: 2238

Introduction to Probability Models, Tenth Edition, provides an introduction to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes. There are two approaches to the study of probability theory. One is heuristic and nonrigorous, and attempts to develop in students an intuitive feel for the subject that enables him or her to think probabilistically. The other approach attempts a rigorous development of probability by using the tools of measure theory. The first approach is employed in this text. The book begins by introducing basic concepts of probability theory, such as the random variable, conditional probability, and conditional expectation. This is followed by discussions of stochastic processes, including Markov chains and Poison processes. The remaining chapters cover queuing, reliability theory, Brownian motion, and simulation. Many examples are worked out throughout the text, along with exercises to be solved by students. This book will be particularly useful to those interested in learning how probability theory can be applied to the study of phenomena in fields such as engineering, computer science, management science, the physical and social sciences, and operations research. Ideally, this text would be used in a one-year course in probability models, or a one-semester course in introductory probability theory or a course in elementary stochastic processes. New to this Edition: 65% new chapter material including coverage of finite capacity queues, insurance risk models and Markov chains Contains compulsory material for new Exam 3 of the Society of Actuaries containing several sections in the new exams Updated data, and a list of commonly used notations and equations, a robust ancillary package, including a ISM, SSM, and test bank Includes SPSS PASW Modeler and SAS JMP software packages which are widely used in the field Hallmark features: Superior writing style Excellent exercises and examples covering the wide breadth of coverage of probability topics Real-world applications in engineering, science, business and economics
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Introduction to Probability Models, ISE

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080920179

Category: Mathematics

Page: 800

View: 6606

Ross's classic bestseller, Introduction to Probability Models, has been used extensively by professionals and as the primary text for a first undergraduate course in applied probability. It provides an introduction to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes, and shows how probability theory can be applied to the study of phenomena in fields such as engineering, computer science, management science, the physical and social sciences, and operations research. With the addition of several new sections relating to actuaries, this text is highly recommended by the Society of Actuaries. A new section (3.7) on COMPOUND RANDOM VARIABLES, that can be used to establish a recursive formula for computing probability mass functions for a variety of common compounding distributions. A new section (4.11) on HIDDDEN MARKOV CHAINS, including the forward and backward approaches for computing the joint probability mass function of the signals, as well as the Viterbi algorithm for determining the most likely sequence of states. Simplified Approach for Analyzing Nonhomogeneous Poisson processes Additional results on queues relating to the (a) conditional distribution of the number found by an M/M/1 arrival who spends a time t in the system; (b) inspection paradox for M/M/1 queues (c) M/G/1 queue with server breakdown Many new examples and exercises.
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Probability Models for Computer Science

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9780125980517

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 9051

The role of probability in computer science has been growing for years and, in lieu of a tailored textbook, many courses have employed a variety of similar, but not entirely applicable, alternatives. To meet the needs of the computer science graduate student (and the advanced undergraduate), best-selling author Sheldon Ross has developed the premier probability text for aspiring computer scientists involved in computer simulation and modeling. The math is precise and easily understood. As with his other texts, Sheldon Ross presents very clear explanations of concepts and covers those probability models that are most in demand by, and applicable to, computer science and related majors and practitioners. Many interesting examples and exercises have been chosen to illuminate the techniques presented Examples relating to bin packing, sorting algorithms, the find algorithm, random graphs, self-organising list problems, the maximum weighted independent set problem, hashing, probabilistic verification, max SAT problem, queuing networks, distributed workload models, and many othersMany interesting examples and exercises have been chosen to illuminate the techniques presented
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Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123948428

Category: Mathematics

Page: 686

View: 9380

Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists provides a superior introduction to applied probability and statistics for engineering or science majors. Ross emphasizes the manner in which probability yields insight into statistical problems; ultimately resulting in an intuitive understanding of the statistical procedures most often used by practicing engineers and scientists. Real data sets are incorporated in a wide variety of exercises and examples throughout the book, and this emphasis on data motivates the probability coverage. As with the previous editions, Ross' text has tremendously clear exposition, plus real-data examples and exercises throughout the text. Numerous exercises, examples, and applications connect probability theory to everyday statistical problems and situations. Clear exposition by a renowned expert author Real data examples that use significant real data from actual studies across life science, engineering, computing and business End of Chapter review material that emphasizes key ideas as well as the risks associated with practical application of the material 25% New Updated problem sets and applications, that demonstrate updated applications to engineering as well as biological, physical and computer science New additions to proofs in the estimation section New coverage of Pareto and lognormal distributions, prediction intervals, use of dummy variables in multiple regression models, and testing equality of multiple population distributions.
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Probability Models

Author: John Haigh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144715343X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 287

View: 7040

The purpose of this book is to provide a sound introduction to the study of real-world phenomena that possess random variation. It describes how to set up and analyse models of real-life phenomena that involve elements of chance. Motivation comes from everyday experiences of probability, such as that of a dice or cards, the idea of fairness in games of chance, and the random ways in which, say, birthdays are shared or particular events arise. Applications include branching processes, random walks, Markov chains, queues, renewal theory, and Brownian motion. This textbook contains many worked examples and several chapters have been updated and expanded for the second edition. Some mathematical knowledge is assumed. The reader should have the ability to work with unions, intersections and complements of sets; a good facility with calculus, including integration, sequences and series; and appreciation of the logical development of an argument. Probability Models is designed to aid students studying probability as part of an undergraduate course on mathematics or mathematics and statistics.
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Introduction to Reliability Analysis

Probability Models and Statistical Methods

Author: Shelemyahu Zacks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461228549

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 9716

Reliability analysis is concerned with the analysis of devices and systems whose individual components are prone to failure. This textbook presents an introduction to reliability analysis of repairable and non-repairable systems. It is based on courses given to both undergraduate and graduate students of engineering and statistics as well as in workshops for professional engineers and scientists. As aresult, the book concentrates on the methodology of the subject and on understanding theoretical results rather than on its theoretical development. An intrinsic aspect of reliability analysis is that the failure of components is best modelled using techniques drawn from probability and statistics. Professor Zacks covers all the basic concepts required from these subjects and covers the main modern reliability analysis techniques thoroughly. These include: the graphical analysis of life data, maximum likelihood estimation and bayesian likelihood estimation. Throughout the emphasis is on the practicalities of the subject with numerous examples drawn from industrial and engineering settings.
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Applied Probability Models with Optimization Applications

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318648

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 9612

Concise advanced-level introduction to stochastic processes that arise in applied probability. Poisson process, renewal theory, Markov chains, Brownian motion, much more. Problems. References. Bibliography. 1970 edition.
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Introduction to Probability

Author: Dimitri P. Bertsekas,John N. Tsitsiklis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781886529236

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 6649

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Simulation

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124158250

Category: Computers

Page: 310

View: 2356

"In formulating a stochastic model to describe a real phenomenon, it used to be that one compromised between choosing a model that is a realistic replica of the actual situation and choosing one whose mathematical analysis is tractable. That is, there did not seem to be any payoff in choosing a model that faithfully conformed to the phenomenon under study if it were not possible to mathematically analyze that model. Similar considerations have led to the concentration on asymptotic or steady-state results as opposed to the more useful ones on transient time. However, the relatively recent advent of fast and inexpensive computational power has opened up another approach--namely, to try to model the phenomenon as faithfully as possible and then to rely on a simulation study to analyze it"--
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A First Course in Probability

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780321794772

Category: Mathematics

Page: 467

View: 452

A First Course in Probability, Ninth Edition, features clear and intuitive explanations of the mathematics of probability theory, outstanding problem sets, and a variety of diverse examples and applications. This book is ideal for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate level introduction to probability for math, science, engineering and business students. It assumes a background in elementary calculus.
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Introduction to Probability

Author: Charles Miller Grinstead,James Laurie Snell

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821807491

Category: Mathematics

Page: 510

View: 5221

Probability theory began in seventeenth century France when the two great French mathematicians, Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat, corresponded over two problems from games of chance. Problems like those Pascal and Fermat solved continued to influence such early researchers as Huygens, Bernoulli and DeMoivre in establishing a mathematical theory of probability. Today, probability theory is a well-established branch of mathematics that finds applications in every area of scholarly activity from music to physics, and in daily experience from weather prediction to predicting the risks of new medical treatments. This text is designed for an introductory probability course taken by sophomores, juniors and seniors in mathematics, the physical and social sciences, engineering and computer science. It presents a thorough treatment of probability ideas and techniques necessary for a form understanding of the subject. The text can be used in a variety of course lengths, levels, and areas of emphasis. For use in a standard one-term course, in which both discrete and continuous probability is covered, students should have taken as a prerequisite two terms of calculus, including an introduction to multiple integrals. In order to cover Chapter 11, which contains material on Markov chains, some knowledge of matrix theory is necessary. The text can also be used in a discrete probability course. The material has been organized in such a way that the discrete and continuous probability discussions are presented in a separate, but parallel, manner. This organization dispels an overly rigorous or formal view of probability and offers some strong pedagogical value in that the discrete discussions can sometimes serve to motivate the more abstract continuous probability discussions. For use in a discrete probability course, students should have taken one term of calculus as a prerequisite. Very little computing background is assumed or necessary in order to obtain full benefits from the use of the computing material and examples in the text. All of the programs that are used in the text have been written in each of the languages TrueBASIC, Maple and Mathematica.
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A Modern Introduction to Probability and Statistics

Understanding Why and How

Author: F.M. Dekking,C. Kraaikamp,H.P. Lopuhaä,L.E. Meester

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846281687

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 4019

Suitable for self study Use real examples and real data sets that will be familiar to the audience Introduction to the bootstrap is included – this is a modern method missing in many other books
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Introductory Statistics

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080922102

Category: Mathematics

Page: 848

View: 8755

Introductory Statistics, Third Edition, presents statistical concepts and techniques in a manner that will teach students not only how and when to utilize the statistical procedures developed, but also to understand why these procedures should be used. This book offers a unique historical perspective, profiling prominent statisticians and historical events in order to motivate learning. To help guide students towards independent learning, exercises and examples using real issues and real data (e.g., stock price models, health issues, gender issues, sports, scientific fraud) are provided. The chapters end with detailed reviews of important concepts and formulas, key terms, and definitions that are useful study tools. Data sets from text and exercise material are available for download in the text website. This text is designed for introductory non-calculus based statistics courses that are offered by mathematics and/or statistics departments to undergraduate students taking a semester course in basic Statistics or a year course in Probability and Statistics. Unique historical perspective profiling prominent statisticians and historical events to motivate learning by providing interest and context Use of exercises and examples helps guide the student towards indpendent learning using real issues and real data, e.g. stock price models, health issues, gender issues, sports, scientific fraud. Summary/Key Terms- chapters end with detailed reviews of important concepts and formulas, key terms and definitions which are useful to students as study tools
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