Introducing Palaeontology

A Guide to Ancient Life

Author: Patrick Wyse Jackson,John Murray

Publisher: Dunedin Academic PressLtd

ISBN: 9781906716158

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 9810

Life on Earth can be traced back over 3,000 million years. Many examples of the Earth's past inhabitants are to be found in rocks, preserved as beautiful and fascinating fossils. The earliest life forms were bacteria and algae, which produced the oxygen that enabled more complex life forms to develop. About 600 million years ago, multi-cellular organisms appeared on Earth, some of which could protect themselves with hard parts, such as shells. Many of these life forms were readily fossilized and are used to subdivide geological time. Numerous species then evolved and most are now extinct. Lineages can be traced and extinctions explained as a consequence of terrestrial and extra-terrestrial events. Lavishly illustrated with photographs and explanatory diagrams, Introducing Palaeontology provides a concise and accessible introduction to the science of palaeontology. The book is divided into two parts. The first section explains what a fossil is, how fossils came to be preserved, how they are classified, and what information they can tell scientists about the rocks in which they are found. The second section introduces the major fossil groups, taking a systematic view from algae and plants, through the numerous examples of invertebrate animals, to the vertebrates, and finally to man's ancestors. Technical terms are kept to a minimum and a glossary is provided. [Subject: Palaeontolgy, Natural History]
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Introducing Palaeontology for Tablet Devices

A Guide to Ancient Life

Author: Patrick Wyse Jackson

Publisher: Dunedin Academic Press Ltd

ISBN: 190354467X

Category: Nature

Page: 144

View: 6322

Life on Earth can be traced back over three thousand million years into the past. Many examples of the Earth's past inhabitants are to be found in rocks, preserved as beautiful and fascinating fossils. The earliest life forms were bacteria and algae; these produced the oxygen that enabled more complex life forms to develop. About 600 million years ago multi-cellular organisms appeared on Earth, some of which could protect themselves with hard parts such as shells. Many of these life forms were readily fossilized and are used to subdivide geological time. Numerous species have evolved and most are now extinct. Lineages can be traced and extinctions explained as a consequence of terrestrial and extra-terrestrial events. Lavishly illustrated with photographs and explanatory diagrams Introducing Palaeontology provides a concise and accessible introduction to the science of palaeontology. The book is divided into two parts. The first explains what a fossil is; how fossils came to be preserved; how they are classified; and what information they can tell scientists about the rocks in which they are found. The second part introduces the major fossil groups taking a systematic view from algae and plants, through the numerous examples of invertebrate animals, to the vertebrates and finally to man's ancestors. Technical terms are kept to a minimum and a glossary is provided.
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Principles of Paleontology

Author: Michael Foote,Arnold I. Miller,David M. Raup,Steven M. Stanley

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716706137

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 9146

When published in 1971, Principles of Paleontology (POP) by David Raup and Steven Stanley revolutionized both textbooks and teaching in paleontology by adopting an approach that focused on the process of studying biologic groups, rather than a systematic approach (the study of individual groups of organisms), or an historical approach (narrating events to date). For this highly anticipated revision of Raup and Stanley's one-term undergraduate text, two of Raup's former students--Michael Foote and Arnold Miller--use that defining core approach to present a thoroughly up-to-date portrait of a field that has undergone major transformations in the last two decades.
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The Practical Paleontologist

Author: Steve Parker,Raymond Louis Bernor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fossils

Page: 159

View: 3316

Overview of paleontology and how these specialists do their jobs.
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Fossil Ecosystems of North America

A Guide to the Sites and Their Extraordinary Biotas

Author: John R. Nudds,Paul Selden

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780226607221

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 6309

The fossil record affords a fascinating glimpse at past environments and the kinds of plants and animals that inhabited them. Some sites, for instance, contain nearly complete preserved records of ancient life. Fourteen of these remarkable fossil depositories are found in North America, including Mistaken Point in Newfoundland, Mazon Creek in Illinois, and Rancho La Brea in Los Angeles. Fossil Ecosystems of North America describes these and eleven other sites that range across the continent. John R. Nudds and Paul A. Selden introduce each site and place the fossil findings in geologic and evolutionary context. They go on to describe the history of research at each site—the sedimentology, stratigraphy, biota, paleoecology—and offer comparisons to other localities of similar age or environment. Fossil Ecosystems of North America also includes an appendix of museums at which readers can see specimens from the sites and suggestions for visiting the sites in person. In some cases, new specimens can still be collected from these sites by professionals and amateurs alike. Accessible and informative, this guide to Fossil-Lagerstätten will appeal to expert scientists and adventuresome lay paleontologists alike.
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Trilobite

Eyewitness to Evolution

Author: Richard Fortey

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307434672

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 5245

With Trilobite, Richard Fortey, paleontologist and author of the acclaimed Life, offers a marvelously written, smart and compelling, accessible and witty scientific narrative of the most ubiquitous of fossil creatures. Trilobites were shelled animals that lived in the oceans over five hundred million years ago. As bewilderingly diverse then as the beetle is today, they survived in the arctic or the tropics, were spiky or smooth, were large as lobsters or small as fleas. And because they flourished for three hundred million years, they can be used to glimpse a less evolved world of ancient continents and vanished oceans. Erudite and entertaining, this book is a uniquely exuberant homage to a fabulously singular species. From the Trade Paperback edition.
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Time Traveler

In Search of Dinosaurs and Other Fossils from Montana to Mongolia

Author: Michael Novacek

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1429935731

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 2943

Hunting for fossils with a preeminent guide and teacher Michael Novacek, a world-renowned paleontologist who has discovered important fossils on virtually every continent, is an authority on patterns of evolution and on the relationships among extinct and extant organisms. Time Traveler is his captivating account of how his boyhood enthusiasm for dinosaurs became a lifelong commitment to vanguard science. He takes us with him as he discovers fossils in his own backyard in Los Angeles, then goes looking for them in the high Andes, the black volcanic mountains of Yemen, and the incredibly rich fossil badlands of the Gobi desert. Wherever Novacek goes he searches for still undiscovered evidence of what life was like on Earth millions of years ago. Along the way he has almost drowned, been stung by deadly scorpions, been held at gunpoint by a renegade army, and nearly choked in raging dust storms. Fieldwork is very demanding in a host of unusual, dramatic, sometimes hilarious ways, and Novacek writes of its alluring perils with affection and discernment. But Time Traveler also makes sense of many complex themes - about dinosaur evolution, continental drift, mass extinctions, new methods for understanding ancient environments, and the evolutionary secrets of DNA in fossil organisms. It is also an enthralling adventure story.
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A Field Guide to Mesozoic Birds and Other Winged Dinosaurs

Author: Matthew P. Martyniuk

Publisher: Pan Aves

ISBN: 0988596504

Category: Birds

Page: 191

View: 9814

A comprehensive illustrated guide to the birds of the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods and their dinosaurian forebears. Each species is illustrated in multiple views with size and distinguishing features highlighted. Includes introduction summarizing current research into bird origins and evolution, and what we know (and don't know) about the life appearance and habits of the first birds.
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The Story of Life in 25 Fossils

Tales of Intrepid Fossil Hunters and the Wonders of Evolution

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231539428

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 8015

Every fossil tells a story. Best-selling paleontology author Donald R. Prothero describes twenty-five famous, beautifully preserved fossils in a gripping scientific history of life on Earth. Recounting the adventures behind the discovery of these objects and fully interpreting their significance within the larger fossil record, Prothero creates a riveting history of life on our planet. The twenty-five fossils portrayed in this book catch animals in their evolutionary splendor as they transition from one kind of organism to another. We witness extinct plants and animals of microscopic and immense size and thrilling diversity. We learn about fantastic land and sea creatures that have no match in nature today. Along the way, we encounter such fascinating fossils as the earliest trilobite, Olenellus; the giant shark Carcharocles; the "fishibian" Tiktaalik; the "Frogamander" and the "Turtle on the Half-Shell"; enormous marine reptiles and the biggest dinosaurs known; the first bird, Archaeopteryx; the walking whale Ambulocetus; the gigantic hornless rhinoceros Paraceratherium, the largest land mammal that ever lived; and the Australopithecus nicknamed "Lucy," the oldest human skeleton. We meet the scientists and adventurers who pioneered paleontology and learn about the larger intellectual and social contexts in which their discoveries were made. Finally, we find out where to see these splendid fossils in the world's great museums. Ideal for all who love prehistoric landscapes and delight in the history of science, this book makes a treasured addition to any bookshelf, stoking curiosity in the evolution of life on Earth.
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Introducing Geomorphology

A Guide to Landforms and Processes

Author: Adrian Harvey

Publisher: Dunedin Academic Press

ISBN: 1903544432

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 4939

Geomorphology is the study of the earth's landforms and the processes that made the landscape look the way it does today. What we see when we look at a scenic view is the result of the interplay of the forces that shape the earth's surface. These operate on many different timescales and involve geological as well as climatic forces. Adrian Harvey introduces the varying geomorphological forces and differing timescales which thus combine: from the global, which shape continents and mountain ranges; through the regional, producing hills and river basins; to the local, forming beaches, glaciers and slopes; to those micro scale forces which weather rock faces and produce sediment. Finally, he considers the effect that humans have had on the world's topography. Introducing Geomorphology provides a structured and easily accessible introduction to the science of geomorphology for those with an adult curiosity about the landscape and for those contemplating a course of formal study in physical geography, geology or environmental studies. As with sister volumes, technical terms are kept to a minimum and a glossary is provided.
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Earth Before the Dinosaurs

Author: Sebastien Steyer

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253223806

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 8973

Introduces the vertebrates that inhabited the Earth before the dinosaurs, including tetrapods that emerged from the sea and adapted to terrestrial life.
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The Top 256 Rules of Paleontology

Practical Advice for Fossil Technicians

Author: Walter W. Stein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780971620612

Category: Paleontologists

Page: 125

View: 6081

You've read every dinosaur book that you could get your hands on since you were ten years old. You've dragged your friends and family to natural history museums all across the country. Maybe, you've been volunteering for digs or lab work. Maybe you've already gotten your degree or even your first job in the field. Whatever the case, if you are chasing the beasts of life's past, and you know that paleontology is what you want to do for the rest of your life, then "The Top 256 Rules of Paleontology" should be the next step in your journey. The Top 256 offers introductory fossil technicians, volunteers and young professionals over 256 practical, candid, no holds-barred, tidbits of advice on how to make that journey a success. It covers everything from field and laboratory techniques, to advice on publishing, dealing with your peers and conducting research. If you're a young professional, an old pro or just someone interested in fossils, this book is a must read!
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Introducing Geology Ed.2

A Guide to the World of Rocks

Author: Graham Park

Publisher: Dunedin Academic Press

ISBN: 1903544408

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 2740

Our world is made of rock. Although much of the Earth's surface is covered by vegetation, concrete or water, if one digs down far enough solid rock will always be found. Those who live in a landscape where rock outcrops are obvious will have wondered about the kind of rocks they are looking at and how they came to be where they are now. This introductory book explains in simple terms what geology can tell us about the world. Many objects of great beauty and which excite our curiosity, such as crystals or fossils, are to be found by examining rocks. Those searching for and examining such objects gain much more by knowing how and when they originated. In particular fossils, whilst interesting in themselves, tell us from their context in geological time of biological evolution and these clues give an insight into the origins of life on earth. Copiously illustrated this book is intended for those whose interest in geology has been awakened, perhaps by media coverage of earthquakes or dinosaurs and want to know more. Technical terms are kept to a minimum and are explained in a glossary.
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Paleoecology

Past, Present and Future

Author: David J. Bottjer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118455819

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 9237

Paleoecology is a discipline that uses evidence from fossils to provide an understanding of ancient environments and the ecological history of life through geological time. This text covers the fundamental approaches that have provided the foundation for present paleoecological understanding, and outlines new research areas in paleoecology for managing future environmental and ecological change. Topics include the use of actualism in paleoecology, development of paleoecological models for paleoenvironmental reconstruction, taphonomy and exceptional fossil preservation, evolutionary paleoecology and ecological change through time, and conservation paleoecology. Data from studies of invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microfossils, with added emphasis on bioturbation and microbial sedimentary structures, are discussed. Examples from marine and terrestrial environments are covered, with a particular focus on periods of great ecological change, such as the Precambrian-Cambrian transition and intervals of mass extinction. Readership: This book is designed for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in the earth and biological sciences, as well as researchers and applied scientists in a range of related disciplines.
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Introduction to Paleobiology and the Fossil Record

Author: Michael Benton,David A. T. Harper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118685407

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 1188

This book presents a comprehensive overview of the science of the history of life. Paleobiologists bring many analytical tools to bear in interpreting the fossil record and the book introduces the latest techniques, from multivariate investigations of biogeography and biostratigraphy to engineering analysis of dinosaur skulls, and from homeobox genes to cladistics. All the well-known fossil groups are included, including microfossils and invertebrates, but an important feature is the thorough coverage of plants, vertebrates and trace fossils together with discussion of the origins of both life and the metazoans. All key related subjects are introduced, such as systematics, ecology, evolution and development, stratigraphy and their roles in understanding where life came from and how it evolved and diversified. Unique features of the book are the numerous case studies from current research that lead students to the primary literature, analytical and mathematical explanations and tools, together with associated problem sets and practical schedules for instructors and students. “..any serious student of geology who does not pick this book off the shelf will be putting themselves at a huge disadvantage. The material may be complex, but the text is extremely accessible and well organized, and the book ought to be essential reading for palaeontologists at undergraduate, postgraduate and more advanced levels—both in Britain as well as in North America.” Falcon-Lang, H., Proc. Geol. Assoc. 2010 “…this is an excellent introduction to palaeontology in general. It is well structured, accessibly written and pleasantly informative …..I would recommend this as a standard reference text to all my students without hesitation.” David Norman Geol Mag 2010 Companion website This book includes a companion website at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/paleobiology The website includes: · An ongoing database of additional Practical’s prepared by the authors · Figures from the text for downloading · Useful links for each chapter · Updates from the authors
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Introducing Sedimentology

Author: Stuart Jones

Publisher: Dunedin Academic Press

ISBN: 1780465319

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 548

Sediments and sedimentary rocks are fundamental to our understanding of the Earth and the array of environments that characterize its surface. Since some 70% of the rocks on the Earth’s surface are sedimentary in origin and sediments are of great economic importance, there is a very good chance that we encounter a sedimentary rock or an associated sedimentary process at some point very day of our lives. Introducing Sedimentology covers all of the rudimentary aspects of sedimentology including different types of sedimentary rocks, sedimentary structures and environments of deposition of sediments. The application of sedimentology in the search for hydrocarbons and other valuable economic resources is explained. Written for students, amateur enthusiasts and professional geologists, Introducing Sedimentology provides a succinct and accessible introduction to the science of sedimentology. It is generously illustrated with many explanatory line diagrams and colour photographs. Technical terms are kept to a minimum throughout the book, but a glossary of the terms used is provided.
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Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution

Author: E. N. K. Clarkson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118685164

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 9550

Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution is well established as the foremost palaeontology text at the undergraduate level. This fully revised fourth edition includes a complete update of the sections on evolution and the fossil record, and the evolution of the early metazoans. New work on the classification of the major phyla (in particular brachiopods and molluscs) has been incorporated. The section on trace fossils is extensively rewritten. The author has taken care to involve specialists in the major groups, to ensure the taxonomy is as up-to-date and accurate as possible.
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Paleontology

A Philosophical Introduction

Author: Derek Turner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139497782

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6121

In the wake of the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, paleontologists continue to investigate far-reaching questions about how evolution works. Many of those questions have a philosophical dimension. How is macroevolution related to evolutionary changes within populations? Is evolutionary history contingent? How much can we know about the causes of evolutionary trends? How do paleontologists read the patterns in the fossil record to learn about the underlying evolutionary processes? Derek Turner explores these and other questions, introducing the reader to exciting recent work in the philosophy of paleontology and to theoretical issues including punctuated equilibria and species selection. He also critically examines some of the major accomplishments and arguments of paleontologists of the last 40 years.
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Fossils

Author: Richard A. Fortey

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.

ISBN: 9781402762543

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 3548

Discusses the formation of fossils, describes how they are used by scientists to reconstruct the history of the earth, and offers guidance on starting a fossil collection.
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The Fossil Book

A Record of Prehistoric Life

Author: Carroll Lane Fenton,Pat Vickers Rich,Mildred Adams Fenton,Thomas H. V. Rich

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486293714

Category: Nature

Page: 740

View: 400

Definitive guide provides paleontologists and amateur fossil enthusiasts with invaluable information about finding fossils, caring for samples, and how to study them. Profusely illustrated and expanded edition contains fascinating information about everything from single-celled organisms, arthropods and amphibians, to dinosaurs, birds, and mammals. Includes identification keys, glossary, more. Over 1,500 illustrations.
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