Internet and Surveillance

The Challenges of Web 2.0 and Social Media

Author: Christian Fuchs,Kees Boersma,Anders Albrechtslund,Marisol Sandoval

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136655271

Category: COMPUTERS

Page: 352

View: 8104

The Internet has been transformed in the past years from a system primarily oriented on information provision into a medium for communication and community-building. The notion of “Web 2.0”, social software, and social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace have emerged in this context. With such platforms comes the massive provision and storage of personal data that are systematically evaluated, marketed, and used for targeting users with advertising. In a world of global economic competition, economic crisis, and fear of terrorism after 9/11, both corporations and state institutions have a growing interest in accessing this personal data. Here, contributors explore this changing landscape by addressing topics such as commercial data collection by advertising, consumer sites and interactive media; self-disclosure in the social web; surveillance of file-sharers; privacy in the age of the internet; civil watch-surveillance on social networking sites; and networked interactive surveillance in transnational space. This book is a result of a research action launched by the intergovernmental network COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).
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IC3: Internet and Computing Core Certification Living Online Study Guide

Author: Ciprian Rusen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118991788

Category: Computers

Page: 192

View: 3537

Use the Internet safely and ethically in preparation for the IC3exam IC3: Internet and Computing Core Certification Living OnlineStudy Guide is your ideal study guide to focus on the LivingOnline exam module in preparation for the IC3 exam. This bookcovers working in a networked environment, using the Internet,electronic collaboration, and the safety issues surrounding onlinecommunication, presented in a clear, concise style. Hands-onexamples and self-paced exercises show readers how to performcritical tasks needed to pass the exam, and the companion websiteoffers study tools including the Sybex test engine, apre-assessment test, practice questions, and videos. You will alsohave access to over one hundred electronic flashcards, and thechapter files needed to complete the exercises in the book. The Internet and Computing Core Certification exam measures acandidate on key and fundamental computing skills, ensuring theirability to get the most value and impact from computer technology.This guide focuses on the Living Online module of the IC3, testingyour skills and solidifying your understanding in preparation forthe exam. Review the basics of electronic communication andcollaboration Master internet navigation and the networked environment Understand computing and the Internet's impact on society atlarge Brush up on the safety, ethical, and responsibility issues ofInternet use When you are serious about certification, IC3 providesthe practice that inspires self-confidence.
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Law, Privacy and Surveillance in Canada in the Post-Snowden Era

Author: Michael Geist,Wesley Wark

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 0776621831

Category: Computers

Page: 350

View: 5886

Years of surveillance-related leaks from US whistleblower Edward Snowden have fuelled an international debate on privacy, spying, and Internet surveillance. Much of the focus has centered on the role of the US National Security Agency, yet there is an important Canadian side to the story. The Communications Security Establishment, the Canadian counterpart to the NSA, has played an active role in surveillance activities both at home and abroad, raising a host of challenging legal and policy questions. With contributions by leading experts in the field, Law, Privacy and Surveillance in Canada in the Post-Snowden Era is the right book at the right time: From the effectiveness of accountability and oversight programs to the legal issues raised by metadata collection to the privacy challenges surrounding new technologies, this book explores current issues torn from the headlines with a uniquely Canadian perspective.
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Internet and Emotions

Author: Tova Benski,Eran Fisher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135055459

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 8508

Nothing seems more far removed from the visceral, bodily experience of emotions than the cold, rational technology of the Internet. But as this collection shows, the internet and emotions intersect in interesting and surprising ways. Internet and Emotions is the fruit of an interdisciplinary collaboration of scholars from the sociology of emotions and communication and media studies. It features theoretical and empirical chapters from international researchers who investigate a wide range of issues concerning the sociology of emotions in the context of new media. The book fills a substantial gap in the social research of digital technology, and examines whether the internet invokes emotional states differently from other media and unmediated situations, how emotions are mobilized and internalized into online practices, and how the social definitions of emotions are changing with the emergence of the internet. It explores a wide range of behaviors and emotions from love to mourning, anger, resentment and sadness. What happens to our emotional life in a mediated, disembodied environment, without the bodily element of physical co-presence to set off emotional exchanges? Are there qualitatively new kinds of emotional exchanges taking place on the internet? These are only some of the questions explored in the chapters of this book, with quite surprising answers.
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On the Cyber

Author: Sean Swan (Ed)

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1105709914

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4289

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Advanced Video Coding Systems

Author: Wen Gao,Siwei Ma

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319142437

Category: Computers

Page: 239

View: 5365

This book presents an overview of the state of the art in video coding technology. Specifically, it introduces the tools of the AVS2 standard, describing how AVS2 can help to achieve a significant improvement in coding efficiency for future video networks and applications by incorporating smarter coding tools such as scene video coding. Features: introduces the basic concepts in video coding, and presents a short history of video coding technology and standards; reviews the coding framework, main coding tools, and syntax structure of AVS2; describes the key technologies used in the AVS2 standard, including prediction coding, transform coding, entropy coding, and loop-filters; examines efficient tools for scene video coding and surveillance video, and the details of a promising intelligent video coding system; discusses optimization technologies in video coding systems; provides a review of image, video, and 3D content quality assessment algorithms; surveys the hot research topics in video compression.
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Histories of State Surveillance in Europe and Beyond

Author: Kees Boersma,Rosamunde van Brakel,Chiara Fonio,Pieter Wagenaar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134104863

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 7261

Does the development of new technology cause an increase in the level of surveillance used by central government? Is the growth in surveillance merely a reaction to terrorism, or a solution to crime control? Are there more structural roots for the increase in surveillance? This book attempts to find some answers to these questions by examining how governments have increased their use of surveillance technology. Focusing on a range of countries in Europe and beyond, this book demonstrates how government penetration into private citizens' lives was developing years before the ‘war on terrorism.’ It also aims to answer the question of whether central government actually has penetrated ever deeper into the lives of private citizens in various countries inside and outside of Europe, and whether citizens are protected against it, or have fought back. The main focus of the volume is on how surveillance has shaped the relationship between the citizen and the State. The contributors and editors of the volume look into the question of how central government came to intrude on citizens’ private lives from two perspectives: identification card systems and surveillance in post-authoritarian societies. Their aim is to present the heterogeneity of the European historical surveillance past in the hope that this might shed light on current trends. Essential reading for criminologists, sociologists and political scientists alike, this book provides some much-needed historical context on a highly topical issue.
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Loving Big Brother

Surveillance Culture and Performance Space

Author: John McGrath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134476876

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 256

View: 4834

In Loving Big Brother the author tackles head on the overstated claims of the crime-prevention and anti-terrorism lobbies. But he also argues that we desire and enjoy surveillance, and that, if we can understand why this is, we may transform the effect it has on our lives. This book looks at a wide range of performance and visual artists, at popular TV shows and movies, and at our day-to-day encounters with surveillance, rooting its arguments in an accessible reading of cultural theory. Constant scrutiny by surveillance cameras is usually seen as - at best - an invasion of privacy, and at worst an infringement of human rights. But in this radical new account of the uses of surveillance in art, performance and popular culture, John E McGrath sets out a surprizing alternative: a world where we have much to gain from the experience of being watched. This iconoclastic book develops a notion of surveillance space - somewhere beyond the public and the private, somewhere we will all soon live. It's a place we're just beginning to understand.
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Social Media, Politics and the State

Protests, Revolutions, Riots, Crime and Policing in the Age of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube

Author: Daniel Trottier,Christian Fuchs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317655486

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 9971

This book is the essential guide for understanding how state power and politics are contested and exercised on social media. It brings together contributions by social media scholars who explore the connection of social media with revolutions, uprising, protests, power and counter-power, hacktivism, the state, policing and surveillance. It shows how collective action and state power are related and conflict as two dialectical sides of social media power, and how power and counter-power are distributed in this dialectic. Theoretically focused and empirically rigorous research considers the two-sided contradictory nature of power in relation to social media and politics. Chapters cover social media in the context of phenomena such as contemporary revolutions in Egypt and other countries, populism 2.0, anti-austerity protests, the fascist movement in Greece's crisis, Anonymous and police surveillance.
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E-Commerce 2011

Author: Kenneth C. Laudon,Carol Guercio Traver

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780136091196

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 812

View: 2730

The market-leading text for E-commerce. This comprehensive, market-leading text emphasizes the three major driving forces behind E-commerce–technology change, business development, and social issues–to provide a coherent conceptual framework for understanding the field. The seventh edition–including all of the data, figures, and tables in the book–has been updated with the latest marketing and business intelligence available from eMarketer, Pew Internet & American Life Project, Forrester Research, Jupiter Research, Gartner, and other industry sources.
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A Companion to New Media Dynamics

Author: John Hartley,Jean Burgess,Axel Bruns

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118321634

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 5558

A Companion to New Media Dynamics presents a state-of-the-art collection of multidisciplinary readings that examine the origins, evolution, and cultural underpinnings of the media of the digital age in terms of dynamic change Presents a state-of-the-art collection of original readings relating to new media in terms of dynamic change Features interdisciplinary contributions encompassing the sciences, social sciences, humanities and creative arts Addresses a wide range of issues from the ownership and regulation of new media to their form and cultural uses Provides readers with a glimpse of new media dynamics at three levels of scale: the 'macro' or system level; the 'meso' or institutional level; and 'micro' or agency level
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Das Zeitalter des Überwachungskapitalismus

Author: Shoshana Zuboff

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593439638

Category: Political Science

Page: 727

View: 8475

Gegen den Big-Other-Kapitalismus ist Big Brother harmlos. Die Menschheit steht am Scheideweg, sagt die Harvard-Ökonomin Shoshana Zuboff. Bekommt die Politik die wachsende Macht der High-Tech-Giganten in den Griff? Oder überlassen wir uns der verborgenen Logik des Überwachungskapitalismus? Wie reagieren wir auf die neuen Methoden der Verhaltensauswertung und -manipulation, die unsere Autonomie bedrohen? Akzeptieren wir die neuen Formen sozialer Ungleichheit? Ist Widerstand ohnehin zwecklos? Zuboff bewertet die soziale, politische, ökonomische und technologische Bedeutung der großen Veränderung, die wir erleben. Sie zeichnet ein unmissverständliches Bild der neuen Märkte, auf denen Menschen nur noch Quelle eines kostenlosen Rohstoffs sind - Lieferanten von Verhaltensdaten. Noch haben wir es in der Hand, wie das nächste Kapitel des Kapitalismus aussehen wird. Meistern wir das Digitale oder sind wir seine Sklaven? Es ist unsere Entscheidung! Zuboffs Buch liefert eine neue Erzählung des Kapitalismus. An ihrer Deutung kommen kritische Geister nicht vorbei.
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Expect Us

Online Communities and Political Mobilization

Author: Jessica L. Beyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199330786

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2691

People use online social forums for all sorts of reasons, including political conversations, regardless of the site's main purpose. But what leads some of these people to take their online political activity into the offline world of activism? In Expect Us, Jessica L. Beyer looks at political consciousness and action in four communities, each born out of chaotic online social spaces that millions of individuals enter, spend time in, and exit moment by moment: Anonymous (4chan), IGN, World of Warcraft, and The Pirate Bay. None of these sites began as places for political organization per se, but visitors to each have used them as places for political engagement to one degree or another. Beyer explains the puzzling emergence of political engagement in these disparate social spaces and offers reasons for their varied capacity to generate political activism. Her comparative ethnography of these four online communities demonstrates that the technological organization of space itself has a strong role in determining the possibility of political mobilization. Overall, she shows that political mobilization rises when a site provides high levels of anonymity, low levels of formal regulation, and minimal access to small-group interaction. Furthermore, her findings reveal that young people are more politically involved than much of the civic engagement literature suggests. Expect Us offers surprising and compelling insights for anyone interested in understanding which factors and online environments lead to the greatest amount of impact offline.
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From Corporate to Social Media

Critical Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility in Media and Communication Industries

Author: Marisol Sandoval

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317936043

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 397

The corporate and the social are crucial themes of our times. In the first decade of the twenty-first century, both individual lives and society were shaped by capitalist crisis and the rise of social media. But what marks the distinctively social character of "social media"? And how does it relate to the wider social and economic context of contemporary capitalism? The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is based on the idea that a socially responsible capitalism is possible; this suggests that capitalist media corporations can not only enable social interaction and cooperation but also be socially responsible. This book provides a critical and provocative perspective on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in media and communication industries. It examines both the academic discourse on CSR and actual corporate practices in the media sector, offering a double critique that reveals contradictions between corporate interests and social responsibilities. Marisol Sandoval’s political economic analysis of Apple, AT&T, Google, HP, Microsoft, News Corp, The Walt Disney Company and Vivendi shows that media and communication in the twenty-first century are confronted with fundamental social responsibility challenges. From software patents and intellectual property rights to privacy on the Internet, from working conditions in electronics manufacturing to hidden flows of eWaste – this book encourages the reader to explore the multifaceted social (ir)responsibilities that shape commercial media landscapes today. It makes a compelling argument for thinking beyond the corporate in order to envision and bring about truly social media. It will interest students and scholars of media studies, cultural industry studies, sociology, information society studies, organization studies, political economy, business and management.
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Digital Labour and Karl Marx

Author: Christian Fuchs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134747136

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 4975

How is labour changing in the age of computers, the Internet, and "social media" such as Facebook, Google, YouTube and Twitter? In Digital Labour and Karl Marx, Christian Fuchs attempts to answer that question, crafting a systematic critical theorisation of labour as performed in the capitalist ICT industry. Relying on a range of global case studies--from unpaid social media prosumers or Chinese hardware assemblers at Foxconn to miners in the Democratic Republic of Congo--Fuchs sheds light on the labour costs of digital media, examining the way ICT corporations exploit human labour and the impact of this exploitation on the lives, bodies, and minds of workers.
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The Routledge Companion to Global Popular Culture

Author: Toby Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136175954

Category: Social Science

Page: 536

View: 5363

Research on popular culture is a dynamic, fast-growing domain. In scholarly terms, it cuts across many areas, including communication studies, sociology, history, American studies, anthropology, literature, journalism, folklore, economics, and media and cultural studies. The Routledge Companion to Global Popular Culture provides an authoritative, up-to-date, intellectually broad, internationally-aware, and conceptually agile guide to the most important aspects of popular culture scholarship. Specifically, this Companion includes: interdisciplinary models and approaches for analyzing popular culture; wide-ranging case studies; discussions of economic and policy underpinnings; analysis of textual manifestations of popular culture; examinations of political, social, and cultural dynamics; and discussions of emerging issues such as ecological sustainability and labor. Featuring scholarly voices from across six continents, The Routledge Companion to Global Popular Culture presents a nuanced and wide-ranging survey of popular culture research.
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Speaking Rights to Power

Constructing Political Will

Author: Alison Brysk

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199359261

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4877

How can "Speaking Rights to Power" construct political will to respond to human rights abuse worldwide? Examining dozens of cases of human rights campaigns and using an innovative analysis of the politics of persuasion, this book shows how communication politics build recognition, solidarity, and social change. Building on twenty years of research on five continents, this comprehensive study ranges from Aung San Suu Kyi to Anna Hazare, from Congo to Colombia, and from the Arab Spring to Pussy Riot. Speaking Rights to Power addresses cutting edge debates on human rights and the ethic of care, cosmopolitanism, charismatic leadership, communicative action and political theater, and the role of social media. It draws on constructivist literature from social movement and international relations theory, and analyzes human rights as a form of global social imagination. Combining a normative contribution with judicious critique, this book shows how human rights rhetoric matters-and how to make it matter more.
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Society, Ethics, and Technology

Author: Morton Winston,Ralph Edelbach

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285663454

Category: Philosophy

Page: 496

View: 2445

From today's headlines to your textbook, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY, Fifth Edition, explores the cutting edge of technological innovation and how these advances represent profound moral dilemmas for society as a whole. You will build a strong foundation in theory and applied ethics as you are challenged to examine critically the social effects of technology in your daily life. This timely anthology, filled with cutting-edge work from prominent scholars and thinkers, focuses on current technological issues and ethical debates. Insightful introductions and focus questions before each piece help put readings in context and to establish frameworks for ethical decision-making. The readings examine the consequences of technological change from a variety of historical, social, and philosophical perspectives. Special coverage of the history of technology focuses on ground-breaking developments, as well as the technological underpinnings of contemporary globalization. New articles examine the impact of contemporary technological advances, such as nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, and social media. In addition, the book explores the future of technology in such areas as human rights, overpopulation, biotechnology, information technology, climate change, and the environment. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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The People Vs. Barack Obama

The Criminal Case Against the Obama Administration

Author: Ben Shapiro

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476765146

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 6412

Now in paperback, New York Times bestselling author Ben Shapiro presents a comprehensive case against Barack Obama’s abuses of power during his time in office. From the DOJ to the NSA, from the EPA to the Department of Health and Human Services, Barack Obama’s administration has become a labyrinth of corruption and overreach touching every aspect of Americans’ lives. The People vs. Barack Obama strips away the soft media picture of the Obama administration to reveal a regime motivated by pure, unbridled power and details how each scandal has led to dozens of instances of as-yet-unprosecuted counts of espionage, involuntary manslaughter, violation of internal revenue laws, bribery, and obstruction of justice. The story of the Obama administration is a story of abuse, corruption, and venality on the broadest scale ever to spring from the office of the presidency. President Obama may be the culmination of a century of government growth—but more important, he is the apotheosis of the imperial presidency. Obama chooses when to enforce immigration laws, delays his own Obamacare proposals when it is politically convenient to do so, micromanages the economy, attacks the Supreme Court, Congress, and the sovereign states. And he proclaims that he alone is the voice of the people while encroaching on their rights. In The People vs. Barack Obama, Ben Shapiro brings Obama into the people’s court and addresses each of his abuses of power.
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Communicating Pictures

A Course in Image and Video Coding

Author: David R. Bull

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080993745

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 730

Communicating Pictures starts with a unique historical perspective of the role of images in communications and then builds on this to explain the applications and requirements of a modern video coding system. It draws on the author's extensive academic and professional experience of signal processing and video coding to deliver a text that is algorithmically rigorous, yet accessible, relevant to modern standards, and practical. It offers a thorough grounding in visual perception, and demonstrates how modern image and video compression methods can be designed in order to meet the rate-quality performance levels demanded by today's applications, networks and users. With this book you will learn: Practical issues when implementing a codec, such as picture boundary extension and complexity reduction, with particular emphasis on efficient algorithms for transforms, motion estimators and error resilience Conflicts between conventional video compression, based on variable length coding and spatiotemporal prediction, and the requirements for error resilient transmission How to assess the quality of coded images and video content, both through subjective trials and by using perceptually optimised objective metrics Features, operation and performance of the state-of-the-art High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard Covers the basics of video communications and includes a strong grounding in how we perceive images and video, and how we can exploit redundancy to reduce bitrate and improve rate distortion performance Gives deep insight into the pitfalls associated with the transmission of real-time video over networks (wireless and fixed) Uses the state-of- the-art video coding standard (H.264/AVC) as a basis for algorithm development in the context of block based compression Insight into future video coding standards such as the new ISO/ITU High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) initiative, which extends and generalizes the H.264/AVC approach
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