Internet and Society in Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Gilles Cliche,Marcelo Bonilla,International Development Research Centre (Canada)

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 9781552500170

Category: Computers

Page: 435

View: 1188

This book presents pioneering research that is designed to show, from a qualitative and ethnographic perspective, how new information and communication technologies, as applied to the school system and to local governance initiatives, merely reproduce traditional pedagogical approaches and the dominant forms by which power is exercised at the local level. The studies thus constitute points of departure for further thinking about the need to promote an Internet culture based on the social application of a OC right to communication and cultureOCO and an OC Internet right, OCO that will permit the establishment of true citizen participation and free access to knowledge, with due regard to personal and individual rights such as those of privacy and intimacy."
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Pop Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Elizabeth Gackstetter Nichols Ph.D.,Timothy R. Robbins Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610697545

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 938

This insightful book introduces the most important trends, people, events, and products of popular culture in Latin America and the Caribbean. • Explores controversial issues like censorship, gender, cultural imperialism, and globalization • Allows for cross-cultural comparisons between Latin America, the Caribbean, and the United States • Enables quick access to areas of interest through well-organized entries and helpful topic introductions • Features a discussion on the influence of modern technologies—the Internet, social media, and video games—in Latin American cultures • Provides substantial citations and references on each element of popular culture
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Road Maps Towards an Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Jorge M. Katz,Martin R. Hilbert,United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211213898

Category: Information society

Page: 119

View: 2243

This publication studies the way information technology can be used to achieve broader developmental goals and integrate the region into the global information society. It addresses three main questions: what kind of information society is desirable; what are the specific regional traits of the move towards an information society; what policies are needed to support the transition. The book also contains the text of the Bavaro Declaration, which lays out some guiding principles.
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Enabling Openness

The Future of the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Bruce Girard,Fernando Perini,Robin Mansell

Publisher: IDRC Crdi

ISBN: 9781552505786

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 5282

In recent years the internet and other network technologies have emerged as a central issue for development in Latin America and the Caribbean. They have shown their potential to increase productivity and competitiveness in the economy, to create new ways to deliver education and health services, and to be driving forces for the modernisation of the provision of public services. This book examines some of the key unanswered questions: Will the internet in Latin America and the Caribbean remain open over the next ten years? Will online surveillance increasingly challenge individual privacy? Will open data, social media and new forms of participation improve democracy in the region? Will we be able to harness the collaborative potential of the internet to create more socially meaningful and sustainable economies? Will digital education, science and creativity flourish in the region, reflecting the diversity and culture of its people? The answers to these questions will be central to determining whether or not the internet will effectively contribute to a more open and developed society in our corner of the world. The book builds on a seminar, "Open Development: Exploring the future of the information society in Latin America and the Caribbean," held in Montevideo on 2-3 April 2013. Organised by Fundacion Comunica and IDRC, and held alongside the "Fourth Ministerial Conference on the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean," the seminar was an opportunity to reflect on the direction of the changes happening in the region, to bring new themes to the table and to explore how they can better be addressed in regional efforts. The 25 chapters in the book include the reflections of many of the region's leading experts in the area. Rather than present a single consolidated perspective, the authors dive into the issues, explore new ways to frame the problems and seek new solutions. Despite the considerable diversity, the book highlights many emerging points of agreement about new opportunities and challenges for the information society in the region.
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Interpreting the Internet

Feminist and Queer Counterpublics in Latin America

Author: Elisabeth Jay Friedman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520284518

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7490

Every user knows the importance of the “@” symbol in internet communication. Though the symbol barely existed in Latin America before the emergence of email, Spanish-speaking feminist activists immediately claimed it to replace the awkward “o/a” used to indicate both genders in written text, discovering embedded in the internet an answer to the challenge of symbolic inclusion. In repurposing the symbol, they changed its meaning. In Interpreting the Internet, Elisabeth Jay Friedman provides the first in-depth exploration of how Latin American feminist and queer activists have interpreted the internet to support their counterpublics. Aided by a global network of women and men dedicated to establishing an accessible internet, activists have developed identities, constructed communities, and honed strategies for social change. And by translating the internet into their own vernacular, they have transformed the technology itself. This book will be of interest to scholars and students in feminist and gender studies, Latin American studies, media studies, and political science, as well as anyone curious about the ways in which the internet shapes our lives.
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Digital Poverty

Latin American and Caribbean Perspectives

Author: Hernan Galperin,Judith Mariscal

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 1552503429

Category: Computers

Page: 161

View: 4500

This book examines the problem of inadequate access to information and communication technology (ICT) and the need to develop appropriate pro-poor ICT policies within the Latin American and Caribbean context. The authors show how market reforms have failed to ensure that the benefits of the Information Society have spread across the many social and economic divides that characterize the region. The authors explain and support the formulation of a new perspective on ICT access and develop an analytical framework with which to assess the critical variables involved in effective ICT adoption in developing regions. The research supports policy reform that builds upon the achievements of market liberalization efforts in the region but which must also address the realities of OCydigital povertyOCO OCo a concept that grasps the multiple dimensions of inadequate levels of access to ICT services by people and organizations, as well as the barriers to their productive use. This is the first publication of the Regional Dialogue on the Information Society (DIRSI), a regional network of leading researchers concerned with disseminating knowledge that supports the participation of marginalized communities using ICTs in Latin America and the Caribbean. The book will be of interest to anyone interested in ICTs and international development policy and practice."
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Media, Sound, and Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Alejandra Bronfman,Andrew Grant Wood

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822977958

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 892

Outside of music, the importance of sound and listening have been greatly overlooked in Latin American history. Visual media has dominated cultural studies, affording an incomplete record of the modern era. This edited volume presents an original analysis of the role of sound in Latin American and Caribbean societies, from the late nineteenth century to the present. The contributors examine the importance of sound in the purveyance of power, gender roles, race, community, religion, and populism. They also demonstrate how sound is essential to the formation of citizenship and nationalism. Sonic media, and radio in particular, have become primary tools for contesting political issues. In that vein, the contributors view the control of radio transmission and those who manipulate its content for political gain. Conversely, they show how, in neoliberal climates, radio programs have exposed corruption and provided a voice for activism. The chapters address sonic production in a variety of media: radio, Internet, digital recordings, phonographs, speeches, carnival performances, fireworks festivals, and the reinterpretation of sound in literature. They examine the embodied experience of listening and its importance to memory coding and identity formation. This collection looks to sonic media as an essential vehicle for transmitting ideologies, imagined communities, and culture. As the contributors discern, sound is ubiquitous, and its study is therefore crucial to understanding the flow of information and influence in Latin America and globally.
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Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Ricardo Paes de Barros,Francisco H. G. Ferreira,Jose R Molinas Vega,Jaime Saavedra Chanduvi

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821377469

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 1956

Equality of opportunity is about leveling the playing field so that circumstances such as gender, ethnicity, place of birth, or family background do not influence a person s life chances. Success in life should depend on people s choices, effort and talents, not to their circumstances at birth. 'Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean' introduces new methods for measuring inequality of opportunities and makes an assessment of its evolution in Latin America over a decade. An innovative Human Opportunity Index and other parametric and non-parametric techniques are presented for quantifying inequality based on circumstances exogenous to individual efforts. These methods are applied to gauge inequality of opportunities in access to basic services for children, learning achievement for youth, and income and consumption for adults.
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Toward a Conceptual Framework and Public Policy Agenda for the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Martin R. Hilbert,Jorge Katz

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211213744

Category: Information society

Page: 58

View: 7624

The histories of baseball and country music ran in parallel tracks through most of the twentieth century. America's sport and America's music moved from the fringes to the mainstream, gaining exposure and building heroes, first via radio broadcasts and then on the television screen. Both evolved with American society through wartime, the Civil Rights movement, and into the age of multimillion dollar superstars. Don Cusic offers an engaging and insightful analysis that addresses race, gender, class, ethnicity, business practices and marketing, performance, media, and the cult of celebrity.
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Human Security and the New Diplomacy

Protecting People, Promoting Peace

Author: Robert Grant McRae,Don Hubert

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773522183

Category: Law

Page: 279

View: 2345

With civilians around the world increasingly at risk from virulent internal conflicts within states, traditional foreign policy instruments have often failed to prevent violence, to protect civilians when conflict breaks out, or to encourage the rebuilding of war-torn societies. The human security agenda of initiatives tackles all of these issues head-on, describing the way in which foreign policy instruments can be adapted - and new instruments created - to deal with the challenges facing the international system at the turn of the century.
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Digital Technologies for Democratic Governance in Latin America

Opportunities and Risks

Author: Anita Breuer,Yanina Welp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135046069

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 8381

This book is the first to comprehensively analyse the political and societal impacts of new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in a region of the Global South. It evaluates under what conditions some Latin American governments and people have succeeded in taking up the opportunities related to the spread of ICTs, while others are confronted with the pessimist scenario of increased, digitally induced social and democratic cleavages. Specifically, the book examines if and how far the spread and use of new ICT affected central aims of democratic governance such as reducing socio-economic and gender inequality; strengthening citizen participation in political decision making; increasing the transparency of legislative processes; improving administrative processes; providing free access to government data and information; and expanding independent spaces of citizen communication. The country case and cross-country explore a range of bottom-up driven initiatives to reinforce democracy in the region. The book offers researchers and students an interdisciplinary approach to these issues by linking it to established theories of media and politics, political communication, political participation, and governance. Giving voice to researchers native to the region and with direct experience of the region, it uniquely brings together contributions from political scientists, researchers in communication studies and area studies specialists who have a solid record in political activism and international development co-operation.
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The Global Information Technology Report 2003-2004

Towards an Equitable Information Society

Author: Soumitra Dutta,Bruno Lanvin,Fiona Paua

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195173611

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 7053

The Global information Technology is published by the World Economics Forum where it is a special project within the framework of the Global Competitiveness Programme. The GITR is the result of a collaboration between the World Economics Forum, infoDev and INSEAD. Firs published in 2001, The global Information Technology Report has become the most authoritative and comprehensive assessment of the networked readiness of national economies araund the world. The Report has since expanded its coverage this year to 102 countries, The Report, which captures new insights and best serve as a tollo for policymakers and business leaders. The overall goal of the Reports is to establish a process whereby key stakeholders con evaluate progress on a continual basis.
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Technology, Literature, and Digital Culture in Latin America

Mediatized Sensibilities in a Globalized Era

Author: Matthew Bush,Tania Gentic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317548973

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 290

View: 6836

Grappling with the contemporary Latin American literary climate and its relationship to the pervasive technologies that shape global society, this book visits Latin American literature, technology, and digital culture from the post-boom era to the present day. The volume examines literature in dialogue with the newest media, including videogames, blogs, electronic literature, and social networking sites, as well as older forms of technology, such as film, photography, television, and music. Together, the essays interrogate how the global networked subject has affected local political and cultural concerns in Latin America. They show that this subject reflects an affective mode of knowledge that can transform the way scholars understand the effects of reading and spectatorship on the production of political communities. The collection thus addresses a series of issues crucial to current and future discussions of literature and culture in Latin America: how literary, visual, and digital artists make technology a formal element of their work; how technology, from photographs to blogs, is represented in text, and the ramifications of that presence; how new media alters the material circulation of culture in Latin America; how readership changes in a globalized electronic landscape; and how critical approaches to the convergences, boundaries, and protocols of new media might transform our understanding of the literature and culture produced or received in Latin America today and in the future.
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Latin America on Its Path Into the Digital Age

Where are We?

Author: Martin R. Hilbert

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211213096

Category: Digital divide

Page: 115

View: 6794

This publication investigates the impact of modern information and communication technologies (ICTs) on Latin America. In analyzing the special characteristics of Latin America with regard to the integration of ICTs, the publication focuses on five main areas - access, regulatory framework, financing, education and the so-called soft factor.
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Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Netherlands Antilles

Author: Emel Thomas

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1623564301

Category: Education

Page: 432

View: 6818

Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Netherlands Antilles provides a contemporary survey of education development and key educational issues in the region. The chapters cover: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, the Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Saint Eustatius and Saint Maarteen), Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Turks and Caicos Islands. The book includes discussions of the impact of local, regional and global occurrences, including social, political and geographical events, on education systems and schooling in the region. As a whole, the book provides a comprehensive reference resource for contemporary education policies in the Caribbean, and explores some of the problems these countries face during the process of development. It is an essential reference for researchers, scholars, international agencies and policy-makers at all levels.
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The Politics of the Internet in Third World Development

Challenges in Contrasting Regimes with Case Studies of Costa Rica and Cuba

Author: Bert Hoffmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135931585

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 8314

This book examines the political and developmental implications of the new information and communication technologies (NICT) in the Third World. Whereas the concept of the "digital divide" tends to focus on technological and quantitative indicators, this work stresses the crucial role played by the political regime type, the pursued development model and the specific configuration of actors and decision-making dynamics. Two starkly contrasting Third World countries, state-socialist Cuba and the Latin America's "show-case democracy" Costa Rica, were chosen for two in-depth empirical country studies.
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The Politics of Sexuality in Latin America

Author: Javier Corrales,Mario Pecheny

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822973715

Category: History

Page: 473

View: 6620

The city of Buenos Aires has guaranteed all couples, regardless of gender, the right to register civil unions. Mexico City has approved the Cohabitation Law, which grants same-sex couples marital rights identical to those of common-law relationships between men and women. Yet, a gay man was murdered every two days in Latin America in 2005, and Brazil recently led the world in homophobic murders. These facts illustrate the wide disparity in the treatment and rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations across the region. The Politics of Sexuality in Latin America presents the first English-language reader on LGBT politics in Latin America. Representing a range of contemporary works by scholars, activists, analysts, and politicians, the chapters address LGBT issues in nations from Cuba to Argentina. In their many findings, two main themes emerge: the struggle for LGBT rights has made significant inroads in the first decade of the twenty-first century (though not in every domain or every region); and the advances made were slow in coming compared to other social movements. The articles uncover the many obstacles that LGBT activists face in establishing new laws and breaking down societal barriers. They identify perhaps the greatest roadblock in Latin American culture as an omnipresent system of “heteronormativity,” wherein heterosexuality, patriarchalism, gender hierarchies, and economic structures are deeply rooted in nearly every level of society. Along these lines, the texts explore specific impediments including family dependence, lack of public spaces, job opportunities, religious dictums, personal security, the complicated relationship between leftist political parties and LGBT movements in the region, and the ever-present “closets,” which keep LGBT issues out of the public eye. The volume also looks to the future of LGBT activism in Latin America in areas such as globalization, changing demographics, the role of NGOs, and the rise of economic levels and education across societies, which may aid in a greater awareness of LGBT politics and issues. As the editors posit, to be democratic in the truest sense of the word, nations must recognize and address all segments of their populations.
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Diversity and Society

Race, Ethnicity, and Gender

Author: Joseph F. Healey

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412976472

Category: Social Science

Page: 467

View: 2060

Derived from the Fifth Edition of Joseph F. Healey’s best-selling text Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class, the Third Edition of Diversity & Society: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender provides an accessible sociological analysis of U.S. minority groups. Updated throughout, this abbreviated edition retains the conceptual frameworks and organizational format of the larger version, and is the only brief text to present a unitary sociological frame of reference for the analysis of minority-dominant relations. Features and Benefits: - The brevity and cost allow an instructor to supplement the text with other books. - "Focus" boxes in chapters offer enhanced coverage of gender and comparative issues. - Review questions andweb-based research exercises at the ends of chapters help focus students on the key ideas. - A chapter on "Whiteness". - The accompanying reader will have expanded versions of Narrative Portraits and Current Debates from the big book, as well as additional readings. The reader is intended to be sold as a stand-alone or as part of a bundled kit. New to this Edition: - Enhanced coverage of mixed race in Ch.1 and in each of the racial/ethnic groups chapters. - Enhanced coverage of gender throughout - Expanded coverage of immigration - 'Focus On' feature, which will provide more in depth examples for students. - 'Roots', a feature wherein students will tell their personal stories of family heritage - Comparative insets, wherein students will gain a global perspective on current issues - New 2-color design
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