International Migration Within, to and from Africa in a Globalised World

Author: Aderanti Adepoju

Publisher: Sub-Saharan Pub & Traders

ISBN: 9789988647421

Category: Political Science

Page: 261

View: 2805

This timely book examines the global phenomenon of migration in all of its dimensions within, to, and from Africa. It also addresses the very important 21st-century political issue of migration management in regional perspectives and considers the crucial issue of the brain drain along with the roles of the diaspora and remittances.
Release

Africans in Global Migration

Searching for Promised Lands

Author: John A. Arthur,Joseph Takougang,Thomas Owusu

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 073917407X

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 2411

This book looks at the African diasporas as a process characterized by identity transformations, lived experiences, and realities; including the capturing of the historical trends that are acted out in multiple social domains.
Release

International Migration

Prospects and Policies in a Global Market

Author: Douglas S. Massey,J. Edward Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199269006

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 394

View: 594

In 'International Migration' a multinational, multi-disciplinary group of scholars offer a comprehensive, up-to-date survey of global patterns of international migration which shows that the phenomenon is rooted in the expansion and consolidation of global markets rather than poverty or population growth.
Release

The Social Life of Connectivity in Africa

Author: Mirjam de Bruijn,Rijk van Dijk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137278021

Category: Social Science

Page: 295

View: 3779

The rapid increase in adoption of modern 'connective' technologies like the mobile phone has reshaped the social landscape of Africa. This book examines the myriad possibilities that the post-global moment offers African societies to develop and to relate, offering profound new insights into the processes of globalization.
Release

Migration in a Globalised World

New Research Issues and Prospects

Author: Cédric Audebert,Mohamed Kamel Doraï

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089641572

Category: Political Science

Page: 215

View: 7170

This broad thematic study offers a major new research perspective on international migration in the context of globalisation.
Release

Migration in South and Southern Africa

Dynamics and Determinants

Author: Pieter Kok

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796921130

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 9595

Covers three broad areas: macro-level migration trends in sub-Saharan Africa; micro-level factors in South African migration; and a synthesis of current migration theory.
Release

International Migration and International Security

Why Prejudice Is a Global Security Threat

Author: Valeria Bello

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134979533

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 1551

Through an interdisciplinary analytic lens that combines debates emerged in the fields of international relations, political science and sociology, Valeria Bello reveals how transnational dynamics have increased extremism, prejudiced attitudes towards others and international xenophobia. Bello begins her analysis by tracing similarities between Europe today and Europe before World War II to explain why prejudice is a global security threat and why it is arising as a current global concern within International Organizations. In such a light, Bello shows how changes in the International System and the attack on the UN practice of Intercultural Dialogue have become sources of new perceived threats and the reasons for which new exclusionary patterns have arisen. She argues that both those outcomes have been exacerbating the perceived clash of civilizations and the root causes of different fashions of extremisms. Bello concludes by portraying alternative ways to deal with these instabilities through a partnership of the different stakeholders involved, including both state and non-state actors at global, regional, national and local levels. International Migration and International Security provides a unique crosscutting angle from which to analyze the current socio-political crisis connected to the theme of international migration that the world is currently witnessing. Bello expertly shows that different paths for the world are possible and suggest ways to further promote Global Human Security through local, national, regional and global practices of Intercultural Dialogue.
Release

The Least Developed Countries Report 2012

Harnessing Remittances and Diaspora Knowledge to Build Productive Capacities

Author: United Nations

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211128611

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 162

View: 2332

This Report reviews the LDCs' recent economic performance and examines how to enhance developmental impact of remittances and tap into the knowledge pool of its citizens abroad. Given the increasing magnitude of remittances in LDCs, the Report explores both the beneficial as well as possible adverse impacts of this type of private external flow. While remittances are the most visible effect of migration, there are other forms of Diaspora engagement within the home country such as Diaspora knowledge networks that can facilitate technological catch-up in LDCs and therefore enhance development of productive capacities. Through innovative forms of network-based industrial policy, LDCs could offset some of the adverse impacts of brain drain on their economies. The Report concludes with a policy review section containing lessons from international experiences in this area of interest to LDCs.
Release

Between Humanitarianism and Evangelism in Faith-based Organisations

A Case from the African Migration Route

Author: May Ngo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317201450

Category: Political Science

Page: 12

View: 7567

Religion has always played an important, if often contested, role in the public domain. This book focuses on how faith-based organisations (FBOs) interact with the public sphere, showing how faith-based actors are themselves shaped by wider processes and global forces such as globalisation, migration, foreign policy and neoliberal markets. Focusing on a case study of an FBO in Morocco which gives aid to sub-Saharan African irregular migrants, the book reveals some of the challenges the organisation faces as it tries to negotiate at once local, national and international contexts through their particular Christian values. This book contends that the contradictions, tensions and ambiguities that arise are primarily a result of the organisation having to negotiate a normative global secular liberalism which requires a strict demarcation between religion and politics, and religion and the secular. Faith-based actors, particularly within humanitarianism, have to constantly navigate this divide and in examining the question of how religious values translate into humanitarian and development practices, categories such as religion, the secular and politics and the boundaries between them will need to be interrogated. This book explores the diversity and complexity of the work of FBOs and will be of great interest to students and researchers working at the intersections of humanitarianism and development studies, politics and religion.
Release

A Short History of Migration

Author: Massimo Livi Bacci

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745681468

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 3820

Translated by Carl Ipsen. This short book provides a succinct and masterly overview of the history of migration, from the earliest movements of human beings out of Africa into Asia and Europe to the present day, exploring along the way those factors that contribute to the successes and failures of migratory groups. Separate chapters deal with the migration flows between Europe and the rest of the world in the 19th and 20th centuries and with the turbulent and complex migratory history of the Americas. Livi Bacci shows that, over the centuries, migration has been a fundamental human prerogative and has been an essential element in economic development and the achievement of improved standards of living. The impact of state policies has been mixed, however, as states have each established their own rules of entry and departure - rules that today accentuate the differences between the interests of the sending countries, the receiving countries, and the migrants themselves. Lacking international agreement on migration rules owing to the refusal of states to surrender any of their sovereignty in this regard, the positive role that migration has always played in social development is at risk. This concise history of migration by one of the world's leading demographers will be an indispensable text for students and for anyone interested in understanding how the movement of people has shaped the modern world.
Release

Out of Africa

Why People Migrate

Author: Giovanni Carbone

Publisher: Ledizioni

ISBN: 8867056719

Category: Political Science

Page: 127

View: 6656

The EU is struggling to cope with the so-called “migration crisis” that has emerged over the past few years. Designing the right policies to address immigration requires a deep understanding of its root causes. Why do Africans decide to leave their home countries? While the dream of a better life in Europe is likely part of the explanation, one also needs to examine the prevailing living conditions in the large and heterogeneous sub-Saharan region. This Report investigates the actual role of political, economic, demographic and environmental drivers in current migration flows. It offers a comprehensive picture of major migration motives as well as of key trends. Attention is also devoted to the role of climate change in promoting migration and to intra-continental mobility (two-thirds of sub-Saharan migrant flows start and end within the region). Two country studies on Eritrea and Nigeria are also included to get a closer sense of local developments behind large-scale migration to Europe.
Release

From Egypt to Europe

Globalisation and Migration Across the Mediterranean

Author: Leila Simona Talani

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857712764

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5080

9/11 marked a watershed in the modes of western interaction with Muslim countries, and modified the perception and reception of Muslim migrants within the western world. In this context, the question of how these events impacted on the process of migration from the Middle East to Europe becomes unavoidable._x000D_ _x000D_ While one of the most controversial effects of 9/11 on migration is securitisation, the problem of migration from the Middle East and North Africa to the EU precedes the more recent security concerns and has become in the last decade one of the first priorities to be tackled by policy makers in both countries of origin and host countries._x000D_ _x000D_ The dimensions acquired by the phenomenon of mass migration, the degree of involvement of organised crime groups in the smuggling of migrants, the appalling conditions in which immigrants often find themselves in the hosting countries, pose a number of questions which make it imperative to investigate on the underlying causes and consequences of the problem. There seems to be a certain degree of consensus in the literature on the fact that the process of globalisation has indeed modified the terms within which migratory processes take place. However, scholars are still divided on the assessment of the ‘hows’ and ‘whys’ of the impact of globalisation on migration._x000D_ _x000D_ The main objective of this book is to explore the impact of globalisation on migratory flows from an international political economy perspective, paying particular attention to the dynamics of migration from the MENA area, especially Egypt, to the EU. The theoretical aims of the book are to understand the problem of migration, both legal and illegal, in the context of globalisation, and to assess the relation between globalisation, marginalisation and the EU response to threats of mass migration from less developed countries._x000D_
Release

The Mediterranean In The Age Of Globalization

Migration, Welfare, And Borders

Author: Natalia Ribas Mateos

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412837750

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 7996

The Mediterranean in the Age of Globalization is a welcome corrective to the tendency to present globalization as a homogenous concept, and the failure to describe how it operates in specific regions. Ribas-Mateos examines globalization and migration across the Mediterranean, using an innovative, integrated framework so as to map social places by describing how social, political, cultural, and economic forces are embedded within a globalizing environment. The author articulates an original and compelling narrative, mapping the Mediterranean as a global place where international and regional forces are intertwined in multiple threads. In doing so, she identifies two key components of globalization--affecting specifically forms of welfare and issues of mobility--in the context of a weakening European welfare state and the relocation and reinforcement of Mediterranean borders. Nine Mediterranean cities are investigated as "gateway" cities, which shape two major effects of globalization: welfare and mobility. The book challenges conventional North-South perspectives, and focuses and systematizes the way international migration should be conceptualized. The originality of the book results from the author's fieldwork, which is rich in descriptive detail, and from a theory centered around global perspectives. Seven case studies in Southern Europe--Algeciras, Athens, Barcelona, Lisbon, Naples, Turin, and Thrace--deal with issues related to migration and the welfare state. She also includes two ethnographies that represent two Mediterranean gateways in the North-South Mediterranean division: Tangiers (in Morocco) and Durres (in Albania), which are mapped as border-cities in the global Mediterranean context. Because of its intrinsically multidisciplinary nature, this superb volume will be of particular interest to academics and social science researchers as well as policymakers and international agencies. Natalia Ribas-Mateos is a Marie Curie fellow at the Mediterranean Laboratory of Sociology, Aix-en-Provence, France. Among her recent books are Una invitacin a las sociologa de las migraciones and El debate sobre la globalizacin.
Release

An Introduction to Global Studies

Author: Patricia J. Campbell,Aran MacKinnon,Christy R. Stevens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444329588

Category: Political Science

Page: 440

View: 477

Taking an interdisciplinary approach, An Introduction to Global Studies presents readers with a solid introduction to the complex, interconnected forces and issues confronting today's globalized world. Introduces readers to major theories, key terms, concepts, and notable theorists Equips readers with the basic knowledge and conceptual tools necessary for thinking critically about the complex issues facing the global community Includes a variety of supplemental features to facilitate learning and enhance readers' understanding of the material
Release

Hope and Uncertainty in Contemporary African Migration

Author: Nauja Kleist,Dorte Thorsen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317335481

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 2857

This volume examines the relationship between hope, mobility, and immobility in African migration. Through case studies set within and beyond the continent, it demonstrates that hope offers a unique prism for analyzing the social imaginaries and aspirations which underpin migration in situations of uncertainty, deepening inequality, and delimited access to global circuits of legal mobility. The volume takes departure in a mobility paradox that characterizes contemporary migration. Whereas people all over the world are exposed to widening sets of meaning of the good life elsewhere, an increasing number of people in the Global South have little or no access to authorized modes of international migration. This book examines how African migrants respond to this situation. Focusing on hope, it explores migrants’ temporal and spatial horizons of expectation and possibility and how these horizons link to mobility practices. Such analysis is pertinent as precarious life conditions and increasingly restrictive regimes of mobility characterize the lives of many Africans, while migration continues to constitute important livelihood strategies and to be seen as pathways of improvement. Whereas involuntary immobility is one consequence, another is the emergence and consolidation of new destinations emerging in the Global South. The volume examines this development through empirically grounded and theoretically rich case studies in migrants’ countries of origin, zones of transit, and in new and established destinations in Europe, North America, the Middle East, Latin America and China. It thereby offers an original perspective on linkages between migration, hope, and immobility, ranging from migration aspirations to return.
Release

Africa's Health Challenges

Sovereignty, Mobility of People and Healthcare Governance

Author: Dr Hany Besada,Professor Andrew F Cooper,Professor Franklyn Lisk,Professor John J. Kirton

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472400119

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 8991

This volume addresses the ideational and policy-oriented challenges of Africa’s health governance due to voluntary and involuntary cross-border migration of people and diseases in a growing 'mobile Africa'. The collected set of specialized contributions in this volume examines how national and regional policy innovation can address the competing conception of sovereignty in dealing with Africa’s emerging healthcare problems in a fast-paced, interconnect world.
Release

New Perspectives on International Migration and Development

Author: Jeronimo Cortina,Enrique Ochoa-Reza

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231156804

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 6938

Through pressing, current case studies, contributors examine the ubiquitous interplay among migration, development, culture, human rights, and government, all toward advancing more effective solutions to international migration issues.
Release

Globalisation and Migration

New Issues, New Politics

Author: Ronaldo Munck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317990714

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 3486

This book critically examines the new issues and new politics regarding migration in the era of globalisation from a majority world perspective. It examines the current shifts in the global political economy and the effects it has, for example, in relation to rural displacement. When and how does this lead to national and/or transnational migration? We need to examine the ways in which migration is cut across and impacts on the generation of racism and xenophobia in the west. The issue of remittances by migrants to the ‘developing’ nations needs careful study as does the controversial issue of ‘brain drain’ versus ‘brain gain’ through migration. The growing importance of trafficking for forced labour has now been taken up by various international bodies but is it the new normality or simply an unfortunate side effect of globalisation to be overcome through legislation? Migration is becoming increasingly gendered in its composition and flows but also in the receiving countries where men and women do very different jobs. We can predict the increasing racialization and gendering of migration but how will the state and society respond to these shifts? This book was published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
Release