Materials Science and Technology of Optical Fabrication

Author: Tayyab I. Suratwala

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119423740

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 3200

Covers the fundamental science of grinding and polishing by examining the chemical and mechanical interactions over many scale lengths Manufacturing next generation optics has been, and will continue to be, enablers for enhancing the performance of advanced laser, imaging, and spectroscopy systems. This book reexamines the age-old field of optical fabrication from a materials-science perspective, specifically the multiple, complex interactions between the workpiece (optic), slurry, and lap. It also describes novel characterization and fabrication techniques to improve and better understand the optical fabrication process, ultimately leading to higher quality optics with higher yield. Materials Science and Technology of Optical Fabrication is divided into two major parts. The first part describes the phenomena and corresponding process parameters affecting both the grinding and polishing processes during optical fabrication. It then relates them to the critical resulting properties of the optic (surface quality, surface figure, surface roughness, and material removal rate). The second part of the book covers a number of related topics including: developed forensic tools used to increase yield of optics with respect to surface quality (scratch/dig) and fracture loss; novel characterization and fabrication techniques used to understand/quantify the fundamental phenomena described in the first part of the book; novel and recent optical fabrication processes and their connection with the fundamental interactions; and finally, special techniques utilized to fabricate optics with high damage resistance. Focuses on the fundamentals of grinding and polishing, from a materials science viewpoint, by studying the chemical and mechanical interactions/phenomena over many scale lengths between the workpiece, slurry, and lap Explains how these phenomena affect the major characteristics of the optic workpiece—namely surface figure, surface quality, surface roughness, and material removal rate Describes methods to improve the major characteristics of the workpiece as well as improve process yield, such as through fractography and scratch forensics Covers novel characterization and fabrication techniques used to understand and quantify the fundamental phenomena of various aspects of the workpiece or fabrication process Details novel and recent optical fabrication processes and their connection with the fundamental interactions Materials Science and Technology of Optical Fabrication is an excellent guidebook for process engineers, fabrication engineers, manufacturing engineers, optical scientists, and opticians in the optical fabrication industry. It will also be helpful for students studying material science and applied optics/photonics.
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Advanced Optical Instruments and Techniques

Author: Daniel Malacara Hernández

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498720684

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 782

View: 2213

Advanced Optical Instruments and Techniques includes twenty-three chapters providing processes, methods, and procedures of cutting-edge optics engineering design and instrumentation. Topics include biomedical instrumentation and basic and advanced interferometry. Optical metrology is discussed, including point and full-field methods. Active and adaptive optics, holography, radiometry, the human eye, and visible light are covered as well as materials, including photonics, nanophotonics, anisotropic materials, and metamaterials.
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Electro-rheological Fluids, Magneto-rheological Suspensions And Their Application - Proceedings Of The 6th International Conference

Author: Koyama Kiyohito,Nakano M

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814544019

Category:

Page: 908

View: 4645

Electrorheological (ER) fluids and magnetorheological (MR) suspensions show dramatic and reversible rheological changes when the electric or magnetic field is applied. Over the past several years, their performance and reliability have been significantly improved and their potential applications and acceptances have been widened. These fluids may make a tremendous impact on industry and technology.This volume contains a total of 107 papers which are most up to date and which give probably the best information on the state of the art of the ERF/MRS field. It covers the fields of material technology, mechanisms, bridging structure and properties on ER fluids, MR suspensions and ferrofluids, and the fields of their applications, i.e. damping devices, clutches, braking devices, actuators, optical devices, polishing devices and so on.
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Initiatives of Precision Engineering at the Beginning of a Millennium

10th International Conference on Precision Engineering (ICPE) July 18–20, 2001, Yokohama, Japan

Author: Ichiro Inasaki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792374142

Category: Science

Page: 977

View: 3405

Faced with ever-increasing market demands, manufacturing industry is forced to seek innovation and technological breakthrough. This state-of-the-art text aims to integrate broad aspects of precision and production engineering to cope with rapid changes in market needs and technological developments as we enter the 21st century. It addresses basic theory, extensive research in advanced topics, industrial applications, and relevant surveys in related fields. Major subjects covered by this book include: Advanced manufacturing systems; Ultra-precision machining and micro machining; Nanotechnology for fabrication and measurement; Chemo-mechanical processes; Rapid prototyping technology; New materials and advanced processes; Computer-aided production engineering; Manufacturing process control; Planning. This volume contains the proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Precision Engineering (ICPE), which was held in July 2001, in Yokohama, Japan. ICPE is a well-established conference in the field of production and precision engineering, covering a wide range of topics for future-oriented manufacturing systems and processes; it is organized by the Japan Society for Precision Engineering (JSPE). This book can be used as a reference for graduate and undergraduate courses in precision and production engineering, and also for researchers and industrial engineers to capture current trends in this field.
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Manufacturing and Engineering Technology (ICMET 2014)

Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Manufacturing and Engineering Technology, San-ya, China, October 17-19, 2014

Author: Ai Sheng,Yizhong Wang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 131576072X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 620

View: 2259

Manufacturing and Engineering Technology brings together around 200 peer-reviewed papers presented at the 2014 International Conference on Manufacturing and Engineering Technology, held in San-ya, China, October 17-19, 2014. The main objective of these proceedings is to take the Manufacturing and Engineering Technology discussion a step further. Contributions cover Manufacture, Mechanical, Materials Science, Industrial Engineering, Control, Information and Computer Engineering. Furthermore, these proceedings provide a platform for researchers, engineers, academics as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Manufacturing Science and Engineering Technology.
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Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies

4th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies : 19-21 November 2008, Chengdu, China

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780819475428

Category: Optical industry

Page: N.A

View: 3564

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Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres

Author: Maryanne Large,Leon Poladian,Geoff Barton,Martijn A. van Eijkelenborg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387686177

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 1860

This book provides the reader with a clear overview of the considerable body of research and development work carried out in the last five years on microstructured polymer optical fibres (mPOFs). It discusses new applications which will be opened up by this emerging technology and includes for the first time details about the fabrication process for these fibres. The book provides an excellent introduction to this new technology.
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Eighth International Work-Conference on Artificial and Natural Neural Networks

Author: Joan Cabestany

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540262083

Category: Computers

Page: 1260

View: 6530

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2005, held in Vilanova i la Geltrú, Barcelona, Spain in June 2005. The 150 revised papers presented - including the contribution of three invited speakers - were carefully reviewed and selected from 240 submissions for inclusion in the book and address the following topics: mathematical and theoretical methods, evolutionary computation, neurocomputational inspired models, learning and adaptation, radial basic functions structures, self-organizing networks and methods, support vector machines, cellular neural networks, hybrid systems, neuroengineering and hardware implementations, pattern recognition, perception and robotics and applications in a broad variety of fields.
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Frontiers of Laser Physics and Quantum Optics

Proceedings of the International Conference on Laser Physics and Quantum Optics

Author: Zhizhan Xu,Shengwu Xie,Shi-Yao Zhu,Marlan O. Scully

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540671381

Category: Science

Page: 638

View: 2059

Since the advent of the laser about 40 years ago, the fields of laser physics and quantum optics have evolved into a major disciplines. The early studies included optical coherence theory and semiclassical and quantum mechanical theories of the laser. More recently many new and interesting effects have been predicted. These include the role of coherent atomic effects in lasing without inversion and electromagnetically induced transparency, atom optics, laser cooling and trapping, teleportation, the single-atom micromaser and its role in quantum measurement theory, to name a few. The International Conference on Laser Physics and Quantum Optics was held in Shanghai, China, from August 25 to August 28,1999, to discuss these and many other exciting developments in laser physics and quantum optics. The international character of the conference was manifested by the fact that scientists from over 13 countries participated and lectured at the conference. There were four keynote lectures delivered by Nobel laureate Willis Lamb, Jr., Profs. H. Walther, A.E. Siegman,and M.O. Scully. In addition, there were 34 invited lectures, 27 contributed oral presentations, and 59 poster papers. We are grateful to all the participants of the conference and the contributors of this volume.
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Handbook of Zinc Oxide and Related Materials

Volume Two, Devices and Nano-Engineering

Author: Zhe Chuan Feng

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439855757

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 562

View: 2351

Through their application in energy-efficient and environmentally friendly devices, zinc oxide (ZnO) and related classes of wide gap semiconductors, including GaN and SiC, are revolutionizing numerous areas, from lighting, energy conversion, photovoltaics, and communications to biotechnology, imaging, and medicine. With an emphasis on engineering and materials science, Handbook of Zinc Oxide and Related Materials provides a comprehensive, up-to-date review of various technological aspects of ZnO. Volume Two focuses on devices and nanostructures created from ZnO and similar materials. The book covers various nanostructures, synthesis/creation strategies, device behavior, and state-of-the-art applications in electronics and optoelectronics. It also provides useful information on the device and nanoscale process and examines the fabrication of LEDs, LDs, photodetectors, and nanodevices. Covering key properties and important technologies of ZnO-based devices and nanoengineering, the handbook highlights the potential of this wide gap semiconductor. It also illustrates the remaining challenging issues in nanomaterial preparation and device fabrication for R&D in the twenty-first century.
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The 15th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering

ICBME 2013, 4th to 7th December 2013, Singapore

Author: James Goh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319029134

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 968

View: 1890

This volume presents the processing of the 15th ICMBE held from 4th to 7th December 2013, Singapore. Biomedical engineering is applied in most aspects of our healthcare ecosystem. From electronic health records to diagnostic tools to therapeutic, rehabilitative and regenerative treatments, the work of biomedical engineers is evident. Biomedical engineers work at the intersection of engineering, life sciences and healthcare. The engineers would use principles from applied science including mechanical, electrical, chemical and computer engineering together with physical sciences including physics, chemistry and mathematics to apply them to biology and medicine. Applying such concepts to the human body is very much the same concepts that go into building and programming a machine. The goal is to better understand, replace or fix a target system to ultimately improve the quality of healthcare. With this understanding, the conference proceedings offer a single platform for individuals and organizations working in the biomedical engineering related field to gather and network with each other in so doing create the catalyst for future development of biomedical engineering in Asia.
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Ecoc '90

Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Optical Communication, Amsterdam, September 16-20, 1990

Author: G. D. Khoe

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051990379

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1042

View: 4185

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Fiber Bragg Gratings

Author: Raman Kashyap

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919911

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 8705

Provides an overview of Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs), from fundamentals to applications Evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of particular applications, methods and techniques Contains new chapters on sensing, femtosecond laser writing of FBGs and poling of glass and optical fibers Includes a special version of the photonic simulator PicWave(tm), allowing the reader to make live simulations of many of the example devices presented in the book. This fully revised, updated and expanded second edition covers the substantial advances in the manufacture and use of FBGs in the years since the publication of the pioneering first edition. It presents a comprehensive treatise on FBGs and addresses issues such as the merits of one solution over another; why particular fabrication methods are preferred; and what advantages a user may gain from certain techniques. Beginning with the principles of FBGs, the book progresses to discuss photosensitization of optical fibers, Bragg grating fabrication and theory, properties of gratings, specific applications, sensing technology, glass poling, advances in femtosecond laser writing of Bragg gratings and FBG measurement techniques. In addition to material on telecommunications usage of FBGs, application areas such as fiber lasers and sensors are addressed in greater detail. This special version of Picwave is limited to modelling only the passive fibre devices covered in this book. However the full PicWave package is capable of modelling other non-linear and active devices such as laser diodes and SOAs as discussed in Chapter 8. More information about PicWave can be found at www.photond.com/products/picwave.htm. In addition to researchers, scientists, and graduate students, this book will be of interest to industrial practitioners in the field of fabrication of fiber optic materials and devices. Raman Kashyap, Canada Research Chair holder on Future Photonics Systems, and Professor at École Polytechnique, University of Montréal since 2003, has researched optical fibers and devices for over 30 years. He pioneered the fabrication of FBGs and applications in telecommunications and photonics. Provides an overview of Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs), from fundamentals to applications Evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of particular applications, methods and techniques Contains new chapters on sensing, femtosecond laser writing of FBGs and poling of glass and optical fibers Includes a special version of the photonic simulator PicWave(tm), allowing the reader to make live simulations of many of the example devices presented in the book.
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Ceramic Matrix Composites

Materials, Modeling and Technology

Author: Narottam P. Bansal,Jacques Lamon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118832892

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 9813

This book is a comprehensive source of information on variousaspects of ceramic matrix composites (CMC). It covers ceramic andcarbon fibers; the fiber-matrix interface; processing, propertiesand industrial applications of various CMC systems; architecture,mechanical behavior at room and elevated temperatures,environmental effects and protective coatings, foreign objectdamage, modeling, life prediction, integration and joining. Eachchapter in the book is written by specialists and internationallyrenowned researchers in the field. This book will providestate-of-the-art information on different aspects of CMCs. The bookwill be directed to researchers working in industry, academia, andnational laboratories with interest and professional competence onCMCs. The book will also be useful to senior year and graduatestudents pursuing degrees in ceramic science and engineering,materials science and engineering, aeronautical, mechanical, andcivil or aerospace engineering. Presents recent advances, new approaches and discusses newissues in the field, such as foreign object damage, lifepredictions, multiscale modeling based on probabilistic approaches,etc. Caters to the increasing interest in the application of ceramicmatrix composites (CMC) materials in areas as diverse as aerospace,transport, energy, nuclear, and environment. CMCs are consideredans enabling technology for advanced aeropropulsion, spacepropulsion, space power, aerospace vehicles, space structures, aswell as nuclear and chemical industries. Offers detailed descriptions of ceramic and carbon fibers;fiber-matrix interface; processing, properties and industrialapplications of various CMC systems; architecture, mechanicalbehavior at room and elevated temperatures, environmental effectsand protective coatings, foreign object damage, modeling, lifeprediction, integration/joining.
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CMBEBIH 2017

Proceedings of the International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering 2017

Author: Almir Badnjevic

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811041660

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 806

View: 6677

This volume presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering held from 16 to 18 March 2017 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Focusing on the theme of ‘Pursuing innovation. Shaping the future’, it highlights the latest advancements in Biomedical Engineering and also presents the latest findings, innovative solutions and emerging challenges in this field. Topics include: - Biomedical Signal Processing - Biomedical Imaging and Image Processing - Biosensors and Bioinstrumentation - Bio-Micro/Nano Technologies - Biomaterials - Biomechanics, Robotics and Minimally Invasive Surgery - Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Endocrine Systems Engineering - Neural and Rehabilitation Engineering - Molecular, Cellular and Tissue Engineering - Bioinformatics and Computational Biology - Clinical Engineering and Health Technology Assessment - Health Informatics, E-Health and Telemedicine - Biomedical Engineering Education - Pharmaceutical Engineering
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