International Collaborations in Behavioral and Social Sciences

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on International Scientific Organizations,U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Psychological Science,Committee on International Collaborations in Social and Behavioral Sciences Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309114152

Category: Social Science

Page: 102

View: 3264

Based on the outcomes of a workshop convened by the U.S. National Committee for Psychological Science and informed by a survey of social scientists who have led cross-national projects, this National Science Foundation-funded report addresses the multiple benefits of research extending across national boundaries and describes factors common among successful collaborations. Workshop participants identified the obstacles frequently encountered and suggested ways of dealing with these challenges to enhance international collaborative research in the behavioral and social sciences. Several dimensions of collaborative processes, such as research planning, methodological issues, organizational concerns, varied training approaches, and funding needs receive critical attention in this book.
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Soviet-American Dialogue in the Social Sciences

Research Workshops on Interdependence Among Nations

Author: Committee on Contributions of Behavioral and Social Science to the Prevention of Nuclear War,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Office of International Affairs,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309572002

Category: Social Science

Page: 72

View: 4870

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Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death

Summary of Workshops

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309367093

Category: Social Science

Page: 74

View: 6707

Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death is the summary of two workshops conducted by The Committee on Population of the National Research Council at the National Academies to address the data sources, science and future research needs to understand the causes of premature mortality in the United States. The workshops reviewed previous work in the field in light of new data generated as part of the work of the NRC Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries (NRC, 2011) and the NRC/IOM Panel on Understanding Cross-National Differences Among High-Income Countries (NRC/IOM, 2013). The workshop presentations considered the state of the science of measuring the determinants of the causes of premature death, assessed the availability and quality of data sources, and charted future courses of action to improve the understanding of the causes of premature death. Presenters shared their approaches to and results of measuring premature mortality and specific risk factors, with a particular focus on those factors most amenable to improvement through public health policy. This report summarizes the presentations and discussion of both workshops.
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Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change,Panel on Socioeconomic Scenarios for Climate Change Research and Assessment

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309186865

Category: Science

Page: 76

View: 8302

The implications of climate change for the environment and society depend on the rate and magnitude of climate change, but also on changes in technology, economics, lifestyles, and policy that will affect the capacity both for limiting and adapting to climate change. Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment reviews the state of science for considering socioeconomic changes over long time frames and clarifies definitions and concepts to facilitate communication across research communities. The book also explores driving forces and key uncertainties that will affect impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation in the future. Furthermore, it considers research needs and the elements of a strategy for describing socioeconomic and environmental futures for climate change research and assessment. Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment explores the current state of science in scenario development and application, asserting that while little attention has been given to preparing quantitative and narrative socioeconomic information, advances in computing capacity are making development of such probabilistic scenarios a reality. It also addresses a number of specific methodological challenges and opportunities and discusses opportunities for a next round of assessments.
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Planning for Two Transformations in Education and Learning Technology

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Center for Education,Committee on Improving Learning with Information Technology

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309167062

Category: Education

Page: 144

View: 5315

In response to concerns about the continued unrealized potential of IT in K-12 education, the National Research Council’s Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Center for Education (CFE), Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences (BBCSS), and Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) undertook a collaborative project to help the IT, education research, and practitioner communities work together to find ways of improving the use of IT in K-12 education for the benefit of all students.
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The Knowledge Economy and Postsecondary Education

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on the Impact of the Changing Economy on the Education System

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309170222

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 1553

The Workshop on the Knowledge Economy and Postsecondary Education documents changes seen in the postsecondary education system. In her report Lisa Hudson focuses on who is participating in postsecondary education; Tom Bailey concentrates on community colleges as the most responsive institutions to employer needs; Carol Twigg surveys the ways that four-year institutions are attempting to modify their curricular offerings and pedagogy to adapt those that will be more useful; and Brian Pusser emphasizes the public’s broader interests in higher education and challenges the acceptance of the primacy of job preparation for the individual and of "market" metaphors as an appropriate descriptor of American higher education. An example of a for-profit company providing necessary instruction for workers is also examined. Richard Murnane, Nancy Sharkey, and Frank Levy investigate the experience of Cisco high school and community college students need to testify to their information technology skills to earn certificates. Finally, John Bransford, Nancy Vye, and Helen Bateman address the ways learning occurs and how these can be encouraged, particularly in cyberspace.
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Leveraging Longitudinal Data in Developing Countries

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Workshop on Leveraging Longitudinal Data in Developing Countries Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309084504

Category: Social Science

Page: 114

View: 509

Longitudinal data collection and analysis are critical to social, demographic, and health research, policy, and practice. They are regularly used to address questions of demographic and health trends, policy and program evaluation, and causality. Panel studies, cohort studies, and longitudinal community studies have proved particularly important in developing countries that lack vital registration systems and comprehensive sources of information on the demographic and health situation of their populations. Research using data from such studies has led to scientific advances and improvements in the well-being of individuals in developing countries. Yet questions remain about the usefulness of these studies relative to their expense (and relative to cross-sectional surveys) and about the appropriate choice of alternative longitudinal strategies in different contexts. For these reasons, the Committee on Population convened a workshop to examine the comparative strengths and weaknesses of various longitudinal approaches in addressing demographic and health questions in developing countries and to consider ways to strengthen longitudinal data collection and analysis. This report summarizes the discussion and opinions voiced at that workshop.
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Behavior and Social Computing

International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics, BSI 2013, Gold Coast, Australia, April 14-17, and International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics and Computing, BSIC 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-9, 2013, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Longbing Cao,Hiroshi Motoda,Jaideep Srivastava,Ee-peng Lim,Irwin King,Philip S. Yu,Wolfgang Nejdl,Guandong Xu,Gang Li,Ya Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319040480

Category: Computers

Page: 265

View: 1570

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the International Workshops on Behavior and Social Informatics and Computing, BSIC 2013, held as collocated event of IJCAI 2013, in Beijing, China in August 2013 and the International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics, BSI 2013, held as satellite workshop of PAKDD 2013, in Gold Coast, Australia, in April 2013. The 23 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The papers study a wide range of techniques and methods for behavior/social-oriented analyses including behavioral and social interaction and network, behavioral/social patterns, behavioral/social impacts, the formation of behavioral/social-oriented groups and collective intelligence and behavioral/social intelligence emergence.
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Implementing Randomized Field Trials in Education

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Research in Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309091926

Category: Education

Page: 62

View: 6975

The central idea of evidence-based education-that education policy and practice ought to be fashioned based on what is known from rigorous research-offers a compelling way to approach reform efforts. Recent federal trends reflect a growing enthusiasm for such change. Most visibly, the 2002 No Child Left Behind Act requires that "scientifically based [education] research" drive the use of federal education funds at the state and local levels. This emphasis is also reflected in a number of government and nongovernment initiatives across the country. As consensus builds around the goals of evidence-based education, consideration of what it will take to make it a reality becomes the crucial next step. In this context, the Center for Education of the National Research Council (NRC) has undertaken a series of activities to address issues related to the quality of scientific education research. In 2002, the NRC released Scientific Research in Education (National Research Council, 2002), a report designed to articulate the nature of scientific education research and to guide efforts aimed at improving its quality. Building on this work, the Committee on Research in Education was convened to advance an improved understanding of a scientific approach to addressing education problems; to engage the field of education research in action-oriented dialogue about how to further the accumulation of scientific knowledge; and to coordinate, support, and promote cross-fertilization among NRC efforts in education research. The main locus of activity undertaken to meet these objectives was a year-long series of workshops. This report is a summary of the third workshop in the series, on the implementation and implications of randomized field trials in education.
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Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling and Prediction

5th International Conference, SBP 2012, College Park, MD, USA, April 3-5, 2012, Proceedings

Author: Shanchieh Jay Yang,Ariel M. Greenberg,Mica Endsley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642290469

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 9806

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling and Prediction, held in College Park, MD, USA, in April 2012. The 43 revised papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 76 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics including economics, public health, and terrorist activities, as well as utilize a broad variety of methodologies, e.g., machine learning, cultural modeling and cognitive modeling.
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Climate Change Education

Goals, Audiences, and Strategies: A Workshop Summary

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309218454

Category: Education

Page: 98

View: 6177

The global scientific and policy community now unequivocally accepts that human activities cause global climate change. Although information on climate change is readily available, the nation still seems unprepared or unwilling to respond effectively to climate change, due partly to a general lack of public understanding of climate change issues and opportunities for effective responses. The reality of global climate change lends increasing urgency to the need for effective education on earth system science, as well as on the human and behavioral dimensions of climate change, from broad societal action to smart energy choices at the household level. The public's limited understanding of climate change is partly the result of four critical challenges that have slowed development and delivery of effective climate change education. As one response to these challenges, Congress, in its 2009 and 2010 appropriation process, requested that the National Science Foundation (NSF) create a program in climate change education to provide funding to external grantees to improve climate change education in the United States. To support and strengthen these education initiatives, the Board on Science Education of the National Research Council (NRC) created the Climate Change Education Roundtable. The Roundtable convened two workshops. Climate Change Education Goals, Audiences, and Strategies is a summary of the discussions and presentations from the first workshop, held October 21 and 22, 2010. This report focuses on two primary topics: public understanding and decision maker support. It should be viewed as an initial step in examining the research on climate change and applying it in specific policy circumstances.
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Space Studies Board Annual Report

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Space Studies Board

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Space sciences

Page: N.A

View: 1888

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Implementing Climate and Global Change Research

A Review of the Final U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee to Review the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309168384

Category: Science

Page: 108

View: 8092

The report reviews a draft strategic plan from the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, a program formed in 2002 to coordinate and direct U.S. efforts in climate change and global change research. The U.S. Climate Change Science Program incorporates the decade-old Global Change Research Program and adds a new component -- the Climate Change Research Initiative -- whose primary goal is to "measurably improve the integration of scientific knowledge, including measures of uncertainty, into effective decision support systems and resources."
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Groupware: Design, Implementation, and Use

9th International Workshop, CRIWG 2003, Autrans, France, September 28 - October 2, 2003, Proceedings

Author: International Workshop on Groupware,Jesus Favela

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540201173

Category: Computers

Page: 382

View: 5270

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Groupware, CRIWG 2003, held in Autrans, France in September 2003. The 30 revised full papers presented together with an invited keynote paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 84 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on workspaces and groupware infrastructure, tailoring, groupware evaluation, flexible workflow, CSCL, awareness, supporting collaborative processes, workflow management systems, context in groupware, supporting communities.
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Communicating National Science Foundation Science and Engineering Information to Data Users

Letter Report

Author: Committee on National Statistics,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309210046

Category: Computers

Page: 21

View: 2997

This report from the Panel on Communicating National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Engineering Information to Data Users recommends action by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (SRS) on four key issues: data content and presentation; meeting changing storage and retrieval standards; understanding data users and their emerging needs; and data accessibility. This report also includes a summary of the workshop that focused on the several aspects of the NCSES's current approaches to communicating and disseminating statistical information -- including NCSES's information products, website, and database systems. It included presentations from NCSES staff and representatives of key use groups -- including the academic research, private nonprofit research, and federal government policy making communities.
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Survey Automation

Report and Workshop Proceedings

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Oversight Committee for the Workshop on Survey Automation

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309089301

Category: Computers

Page: 274

View: 7954

For over 100 years, the evolution of modern survey methodologyâ€"using the theory of representative sampling to make interferences from a part of the population to the wholeâ€"has been paralleled by a drive toward automation, harnessing technology and computerization to make parts of the survey process easier, faster, and better. The availability of portable computers in the late 1980s ushered in computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI), in which interviewers administer a survey instrument to respondents using a computerized version of the questionnaire on a portable laptop computer. Computer assisted interviewing (CAI) methods have proven to be extremely useful and beneficial in survey administration. However, the practical problems encountered in documentation and testing CAI instruments suggest that this is an opportune time to reexamine not only the process of developing CAI instruments but also the future directions of survey automation writ large.
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Discipline-Based Education Research

Understanding and Improving Learning in Undergraduate Science and Engineering

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on the Status, Contributions, and Future Directions of Discipline-Based Education Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309254140

Category: Education

Page: 282

View: 6420

The National Science Foundation funded a synthesis study on the status, contributions, and future direction of discipline-based education research (DBER) in physics, biological sciences, geosciences, and chemistry. DBER combines knowledge of teaching and learning with deep knowledge of discipline-specific science content. It describes the discipline-specific difficulties learners face and the specialized intellectual and instructional resources that can facilitate student understanding. Discipline-Based Education Research is based on a 30-month study built on two workshops held in 2008 to explore evidence on promising practices in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This book asks questions that are essential to advancing DBER and broadening its impact on undergraduate science teaching and learning. The book provides empirical research on undergraduate teaching and learning in the sciences, explores the extent to which this research currently influences undergraduate instruction, and identifies the intellectual and material resources required to further develop DBER. Discipline-Based Education Research provides guidance for future DBER research. In addition, the findings and recommendations of this report may invite, if not assist, post-secondary institutions to increase interest and research activity in DBER and improve its quality and usefulness across all natural science disciples, as well as guide instruction and assessment across natural science courses to improve student learning. The book brings greater focus to issues of student attrition in the natural sciences that are related to the quality of instruction. Discipline-Based Education Research will be of interest to educators, policy makers, researchers, scholars, decision makers in universities, government agencies, curriculum developers, research sponsors, and education advocacy groups.
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Water and Sustainable Development

Opportunities for the Chemical Sciences: A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309092000

Category: Science

Page: 106

View: 9021

Experts in the areas of water science and chemistry from the government, industry, and academic arenas discussed ways to maximize opportunities for these disciplines to work together to develop and apply simple technologies while addressing some of the world’s key water and health problems. Since global water challenges cross both scientific disciplines, the chemical sciences have the ability to be a key player in improving the lives of billions of people around the world.
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The Drama of the Commons

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309169981

Category: Social Science

Page: 533

View: 9024

The "tragedy of the commons" is a central concept in human ecology and the study of the environment. It has had tremendous value for stimulating research, but it only describes the reality of human-environment interactions in special situations. Research over the past thirty years has helped clarify how human motivations, rules governing access to resources, the structure of social organizations, and the resource systems themselves interact to determine whether or not the many dramas of the commons end happily. In this book, leaders in the field review the evidence from several disciplines and many lines of research and present a state-of-the-art assessment. They summarize lessons learned and identify the major challenges facing any system of governance for resource management. They also highlight the major challenges for the next decade: making knowledge development more systematic; understanding institutions dynamically; considering a broader range of resources (such as global and technological commons); and taking into account the effects of social and historical context. This book will be a valuable and accessible introduction to the field for students and a resource for advanced researchers.
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Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology

Author: David H. Jonassen,Association for Educational Communications and Technology

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0805841458

Category: Education

Page: 1210

View: 3477

This edition of this handbook updates and expands its review of the research, theory, issues and methodology that constitute the field of educational communications and technology. Organized into seven sectors, it profiles and integrates the following elements of this rapidly changing field.
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