Interaction Ritual

Essays in Face to Face Behavior

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: AldineTransaction

ISBN: 9780202307770

Category: Psychology

Page: 270

View: 2674

The ultimate behavioral materials are the glances, gestures, positionings, and verbal statements that people continuously feed into situations, whether intended or not. This is an interesting account of daily social interaction viewed with a new perspective for the logic of our behavior in ordinary circumstances.

Interaction Ritual Chains

Author: Randall Collins

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400851742

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 5219

Sex, smoking, and social stratification are three very different social phenomena. And yet, argues sociologist Randall Collins, they and much else in our social lives are driven by a common force: interaction rituals. Interaction Ritual Chains is a major work of sociological theory that attempts to develop a "radical microsociology." It proposes that successful rituals create symbols of group membership and pump up individuals with emotional energy, while failed rituals drain emotional energy. Each person flows from situation to situation, drawn to those interactions where their cultural capital gives them the best emotional energy payoff. Thinking, too, can be explained by the internalization of conversations within the flow of situations; individual selves are thoroughly and continually social, constructed from the outside in. The first half of Interaction Ritual Chains is based on the classic analyses of Durkheim, Mead, and Goffman and draws on micro-sociological research on conversation, bodily rhythms, emotions, and intellectual creativity. The second half discusses how such activities as sex, smoking, and social stratification are shaped by interaction ritual chains. For example, the book addresses the emotional and symbolic nature of sexual exchanges of all sorts--from hand-holding to masturbation to sexual relationships with prostitutes--while describing the interaction rituals they involve. This book will appeal not only to psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists, but to those in fields as diverse as human sexuality, religious studies, and literary theory.

Interaction Ritual

Essays in Face-to-Face Behavior

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351512072

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 2184

"Not then, men and their moments. Rather, moment and their men," writes Erving Goffman in the introduction to his groundbreaking 1967 Interaction Ritual, a study of face-to-face interaction in natural settings, that class of events which occurs during co-presence and by virtue of co-presence. The ultimate behavioral materials are the glances, gestures, positionings, and verbal statements that people continuously feed into situations, whether intended or not. A sociology of occasions is here advocated. Social organization is the central theme, but what is organized is the co-mingling of persons and the temporary interactional enterprises that can arise therefrom. A normatively stabilized structure is at issue, a "social gathering," but this is a shifting entity, necessarily evanescent, created by arrivals and killed by departures. The major section of the book is the essay "Where the Action Is," drawing on Goffman's last major ethnographic project observation of Nevada casinos. Tom Burns says of Goffman's work "The eleven books form a singularly compact body of writing. All his published work was devoted to topics and themes which were closely connected, and the methodology, angles of approach and of course style of writing remained characteristically his own throughout. Interaction Ritual in particular is an interesting account of daily social interaction viewed with a new perspective for the logic of our behavior in such ordinary circumstances as entering a crowded elevator or bus." In his new introduction, Joel Best considers Goffman's work in toto and places Interaction Ritual in that total context as one of Goffman's pivotal works: "His subject matter was unique. In sharp contrast to the natural tendency of many scholars to tackle big, important topics, Goffman was a minimalist, working on a small scale, and concentrating on the most mundane, ordinary social contacts, on everyday life.'"

Religious Interaction Ritual

The Microsociology of the Spirit

Author: Scott Draper

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1498576303

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 4849

This book shows how contemporary religious groups arrange very different sorts of rituals in order to achieve collective encounters with “the spirit.” Mixed-methods analysis of rituals across a diverse range of religious traditions shows how Randall Collins’ interaction ritual theory opens new pathways for the sociology of religion.

Status, Power and Ritual Interaction

A Relational Reading of Durkheim, Goffman and Collins

Author: Theodore D. Kemper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131705010X

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 9608

Sociologists Émile Durkheim, Erving Goffman and Randall Collins broadly suppose that ritual is foundational for social life. By contrast, this book argues that ritual is merely surface, beneath which lie status and power, the behavioral dimensions that drive all social interaction. Status, Power and Ritual Interaction identifies status and power as the twin forces that structure social relations, determine emotions and link individuals to the reference groups that deliver culture and administer preferences, actions, beliefs and ideas. An especially important contention is that allegiance to ideas, even those as fundamental as the belief that 1 + 1 = 2, is primarily faithfulness to the reference groups that foster the ideas and not to the ideas themselves. This triggers the counter-intuitive deduction that the self, a concept many sociologists, social psychologists and therapists prize so highly, is feckless and irrelevant. Status-power theory leads also to derivations about motivation, play, humor, sacred symbols, social bonding, creative thought, love and sex and other social involvements now either obscure or misunderstood. Engaging with Durkheim (on collective effervescence), Goffman (on ritual-cum-public order) and Collins (on interaction ritual), this book is richly illustrated with instances of how to examine many central questions about society and social interaction from the status-power perspective. It speaks not only to sociologists, but also to anthropologists, behavioral economists and social and clinical psychologists - to all disciplines that examine or treat of social life.

The Sociology of Emotions

Author: Jonathan H. Turner,Jan E. Stets

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521612227

Category: Psychology

Page: 349

View: 8043

All social relations involve emotional responses, from the simplest face-to-face encounter through the mobilization of social movements to the commitments that individuals develop for culture and society. The social world is thus dependent upon the arousal of emotions, and equally significant conflict and change in societies is ultimately driven by emotional arousal. Thus, it is important to understand how human emotions influence, and are influenced by, the social world. This understanding takes us into the sociology of emotions that has emerged as a distinct area of inquiry over the last thirty years.

Contemporary Sociological Theory

Author: Craig Calhoun

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470655666

Category: Social Science

Page: 620

View: 8862

Complements Classical sociological theory.

The Micro-macro Link

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520057869

Category: Macrosociologie - Congrès

Page: 400

View: 3761

The work of fifteen nationally and internationally known theorists in sociology, this volume demonstrates an exciting new trend in sociological thinking. Each essay proposes a link between the two distinguishable traditions of sociological theory--the microscopic, which stresses the self and the interaction among persons, and the macroscopic, which concentrates on the institutional, cultural, and societal levels. Each mode of analysis has had its champions, and the proponents of each have often taken positions of polemic opposition to one another.

Körper und Ritual

Sozial- und kulturwissenschaftliche Zugänge und Analysen

Author: Robert Gugutzer,Michael Staack

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658010843

Category: Social Science

Page: 401

View: 7695

Soziale Wirklichkeit wird in weiten Teilen durch rituelle Handlungen und Interaktionen hergestellt. Da Rituale von Menschen ausgeführt werden und Menschen körperlich-leibliche Wesen sind, sind menschliche Körper und Leiber grundlegend an der Gestaltung sozialer Wirklichkeit beteiligt. Vor dem Hintergrund dieser Annahmen präsentiert dieses Buch eine Auseinandersetzung mit der sozialen Relevanz verkörperter Rituale. Die zentrale Frage lautet: Inwiefern tragen die Ritualität von Körper(praktike)n und die Körperlichkeit von Ritualen zur Konstitution und Konstruktion gesellschaftlicher Wirklichkeit bei? Die Beiträge des Bandes beantworten diese Frage aus unterschiedlichen sozial- und kulturwissenschaftlichen Perspektiven. Sie schärfen damit den Blick für das wechselseitige Durchdringungsverhältnis von Körper, Ritual und Sozialität.


Wissenschaftspraxis in der Neuzeit

Author: Alf Lüdtke,Reiner Prass

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 9783412219062

Category: Intellectuals

Page: 280

View: 4389


Sprachliche Interaktion

Eine Einführung anhand von 22 Klassikern

Author: Peter Auer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110313537

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 297

View: 615

Dieses Buch gibt anhand von 22 Autoren und 22 ihnen zugeordneten Begriffen einen Überblick über das heute vorhandene Grundlagenwissen zur sprachlichen Interaktionsanalyse. Diejeweils in einem Kapitel besprochenen Autoren umfassen neben Linguisten auch Klassiker der Soziologie, der Kulturtheorie und der Sprachphilosophie; dazu kommen wichtige Autoren aus jüngerer Zeit.

Where Music Helps: Community Music Therapy in Action and Reflection

Author: Cochavit Elefant,Mercédès Pavlicevic,Dr Gary Ansdell,Professor Brynjulf Stige

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472416961

Category: Music

Page: 364

View: 3894

This book explores how people may use music in ways that are helpful for them, especially in relation to a sense of wellbeing, belonging and participation. The central premise for the study is that help is not a decontextualized effect that music produces. The book contributes to the current discourse on music, culture and society and it is developed in dialogue with related areas of study, such as music sociology, ethnomusicology, community psychology and health promotion. Where Music Helps describes the emerging movement that has been labelled Community Music Therapy, and it presents ethnographically informed case studies of eight music projects (localized in England, Israel, Norway, and South Africa). The various chapters of the book portray "music's help" in action within a broad range of contexts; with individuals, groups and communities – all of whom have been challenged by illness or disability, social and cultural disadvantage or injustice. Music and musicing has helped these people find their voice (literally and metaphorically); to be welcomed and to welcome, to be accepted and to accept, to be together in different and better ways, to project alternative messages about themselves or their community and to connect with others beyond their immediate environment. The overriding theme that is explored is how music comes to afford things in concert with its environments, which may suggest a way of accounting for the role of music in music therapy without reducing music to a secondary role in relation to the "therapeutic," that is, being "just" a symbol of psychological states, a stimulus, or a text reflecting socio-cultural content.

The Social Lens

An Invitation to Social and Sociological Theory

Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412914108

Category: Social Science

Page: 607

View: 1792

The Social Lens: An Invitation to Social and Sociological Theory covers the key thinkers in Western thought for the past 200 years. Written in a conversational style that is both appealing and provocative, this text uses real life examples to draw readers in and invite them to consider the ideas that have shaped our understanding of society.

The Social Self in Zen and American Pragmatism

Author: Steve Odin

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791424919

Category: Philosophy

Page: 482

View: 3271

The thesis of this work is that in both modern Japanese philosophy and American pragmatism there has been a paradigm shift from a monological concept of self as an isolated "I" to a dialogical concept of the social self as an "I-Thou relation," including a communication model of self as individual-society interaction. It is also shown for both traditions all aesthetic, moral, and religious values are a function of the social self arising through communicative interaction between the individual and society. However, at the same time this work critically examines major ideological conflicts arising between the social self theories of modern Japanese philosophy and American pragmatism with respect to such problems as individualism versus collectivism, freedom versus determinism, liberalism versus communitarianism, and relativism versus objectivism.

Handbook of Sociological Theory

Author: Jonathan H. Turner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387324585

Category: Political Science

Page: 745

View: 8204

This wide-ranging handbook presents in-depth discussions on the array of subspecialties that comprise the field of sociological theory. Prominent theorists working in a variety of traditions discuss methodologies and strategies; the cultural turn in sociological theorizing; interaction processes; theorizing from the systemic and macro level; new directions in evolutionary theorizing; power, conflict, and change; and theorizing from assumptions of rationality.


Formen der Kommunikation in sozialen Situationen

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: N.A


Category: Interpersonal communication

Page: 275

View: 4506

Der Band versammelt Aufsätze, in denen sich Goffman mit verschiedenen Aspekten der Kommunikation auseinandersetzt. Er tut dies in der ihm eigenen, höchst originellen und geistvollen Weise - vor allem aber analytisch folgenreich. Genau genommen handelt es sich um eine Fortführung und Ausarbeitung desjenigen Ansatzes, mit dem seine Rahmenanalyse endet. Goffman wendet sich hier dem Sprechen in alltäglichen Situationen zu. Seine besondere Beachtung nonverbaler Aspekte macht deutlich, dass Sprechen immer Teil einer sozialen Situation ist, was bei der Analyse von Kommunikation nicht außer Acht gelassen werden darf. Das Buch richtet sich an alle, die sich mit Sprache, Interaktion und sozialen Situationen beschäftigen - vor allem in der Soziologie, der Linguistik und der Ethnologie. Erving Goffman (1922-1982) lehrte an der Universität von Pennsylvania Anthropologie und Soziologie und ist inzwischen ein Klassiker der Soziologie der sich mit anthropologischen, sozialpsychologischen und psychiatrischen Problemen des sozialen, insbesondere sozial abweichenden Verhaltens beschäftigte. Goffmans Arbeiten wie "Wir alle spielen Theater", "Rahmenanalyse" oder "Geschlecht und Werbung" wurden von allen kulturwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen rezipiert.

Ritual Communication

Author: Gunter Senft,Ellen B. Basso

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847882951

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 385

View: 3359

"This volume presents a new approach to "ritual communication" by an international group of scholars from a multidisciplinary and cross-cultural perspective, rich with empirical data and path breaking for future theorizing on the topic. The chapters showhow ritual communication involves witnessing a future through the making of cultural knowledge. They show ritual communication to be a highly "self-oriented" multimodal process in which the human body, temporalization, and spatialized settings play crucial roles. Ritual communication encompasses both verbal and sensory attributes. It is in part dependent upon prior formulaic and repeated action, and is thus anticipated within particular contexts of social interaction. It is performed and therefore subject to evaluation by its participants according to standards defined by language ideologies, local aesthetics, contexts of use, and interpersonal relations. The authors here emphasize the variety of participatory and experiential aspects of ritual communication in contemporary African, Native American, Asian, and Pacific cultures. Among the forms covered are ritual constraints on everyday interaction, gossip, private and public encounters, political meetings and public demonstrations, rites of passage, theatrical performances, magical formulae, shamanic chants, affinal civilities, and leaders' ceremonial discourse. The book is ideal for students and scholars in anthropology and linguistic anthropology in particular"--Provided by publisher.

Ritual Communication

Author: Bloomsbury Publishing

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 147424811X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 6118

Ritual Communication examines how people create and express meaning through verbal and non-verbal ritual. Ritual communication extends beyond collective religious expression. It is an intrinsic part of everyday interactions, ceremonies, theatrical performances, shamanic chants, political demonstrations and rites of passage. Despite being largely formulaic and repetitive, ritual communication is a highly participative and self-oriented process. The ritual is shaped by time, space and the individual body as well as by language ideologies, local aesthetics, contexts of use, and relations among participants. Ritual Communication draws on a wide range of contemporary cultures - from Africa, America, Asia, and the Pacific - to present a rich and diverse study for students and scholars of anthropology, sociology and sociolinguistics.

Collective Emotions

Author: Christian von Scheve,Mikko Salmella

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019100698X

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 2947

Although collective emotions have a long tradition in scientific inquiry, for instance in mass psychology and the sociology of rituals and social movements, their importance for individuals and the social world has never been more obvious than in the past decades. The Arab Spring revolution, the Occupy Wall Street movement, and mass gatherings at music festivals or mega sports events clearly show the impact collective emotions have both in terms of driving conflict and in uniting people. But these examples only show the most obvious and evident forms of collective emotions. Others are more subtle, although less important: shared moods, emotional atmospheres, and intergroup emotions are part and parcel of our social life. Although these phenomena go hand in hand with any formation of sociality, they are little understood. Moreover, there still is a large gap in our understanding of individual emotions on the one hand and collective emotional phenomena on the other hand. This book presents a comprehensive overview of contemporary theories and research on collective emotions. It spans several disciplines and brings together, for the first time, various strands of inquiry and up-to-date research in the study of collective emotions and related phenomena. In focusing on conceptual, theoretical, and methodological issues in collective emotion research, the volume narrows the gap between the wealth of studies on individual emotions and inquiries into collective emotions. The book catches up with a renewed interest into the collective dimensions of emotions and their close relatives, for example emotional climates, atmospheres, communities, and intergroup emotions. This interest is propelled by a more general increase in research on the social and interpersonal aspects of emotion on the one hand, and by trends in philosophy and cognitive science towards refined conceptual analyses of collective entities and the collective properties of cognition on the other hand. The book includes sections on: Conceptual Perspectives; Collective Emotion in Face-to-Face Interactions; The Social-Relational Dimension of Collective Emotion; The Social Consequences of Collective Emotions; Group-Based and Intergroup Emotion; Rituals, Movements, and Social Organization; and Collective Emotions in Online Social Systems. Including contributions from psychologists, philosophers, sociologists, and neuroscience, this volume is a unique and valuable contribution to the affective sciences literature.

Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice

Author: Catherine Bell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199879281

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 5139

Ritual studies today figures as a central element of religious discourse for many scholars around the world. Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice, Catherine Bell's sweeping and seminal work on the subject, helped legitimize the field. In this volume, Bell re-examines the issues, methods, and ramifications of our interest in ritual by concentrating on anthropology, sociology, and the history of religions. Now with a new foreword by Diane Jonte-Pace, Bell's work is a must-read for understanding the evolution of the field of ritual studies and its current state.