Interaction Ritual

Essays in Face-to-Face Behavior

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351512072

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 8094

"Not then, men and their moments. Rather, moment and their men," writes Erving Goffman in the introduction to his groundbreaking 1967 Interaction Ritual, a study of face-to-face interaction in natural settings, that class of events which occurs during co-presence and by virtue of co-presence. The ultimate behavioral materials are the glances, gestures, positionings, and verbal statements that people continuously feed into situations, whether intended or not. A sociology of occasions is here advocated. Social organization is the central theme, but what is organized is the co-mingling of persons and the temporary interactional enterprises that can arise therefrom. A normatively stabilized structure is at issue, a "social gathering," but this is a shifting entity, necessarily evanescent, created by arrivals and killed by departures. The major section of the book is the essay "Where the Action Is," drawing on Goffman's last major ethnographic project observation of Nevada casinos. Tom Burns says of Goffman's work "The eleven books form a singularly compact body of writing. All his published work was devoted to topics and themes which were closely connected, and the methodology, angles of approach and of course style of writing remained characteristically his own throughout. Interaction Ritual in particular is an interesting account of daily social interaction viewed with a new perspective for the logic of our behavior in such ordinary circumstances as entering a crowded elevator or bus." In his new introduction, Joel Best considers Goffman's work in toto and places Interaction Ritual in that total context as one of Goffman's pivotal works: "His subject matter was unique. In sharp contrast to the natural tendency of many scholars to tackle big, important topics, Goffman was a minimalist, working on a small scale, and concentrating on the most mundane, ordinary social contacts, on everyday life.'"
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Wir alle spielen Theater

die Selbstdarstellung im Alltag

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238915

Category: Self-presentation

Page: 251

View: 390

Kommunikation ; Soziologie ; Psychologie ; Alltag.
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Status, Power and Ritual Interaction

A Relational Reading of Durkheim, Goffman and Collins

Author: Theodore D. Kemper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131705010X

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 4141

Sociologists Émile Durkheim, Erving Goffman and Randall Collins broadly suppose that ritual is foundational for social life. By contrast, this book argues that ritual is merely surface, beneath which lie status and power, the behavioral dimensions that drive all social interaction. Status, Power and Ritual Interaction identifies status and power as the twin forces that structure social relations, determine emotions and link individuals to the reference groups that deliver culture and administer preferences, actions, beliefs and ideas. An especially important contention is that allegiance to ideas, even those as fundamental as the belief that 1 + 1 = 2, is primarily faithfulness to the reference groups that foster the ideas and not to the ideas themselves. This triggers the counter-intuitive deduction that the self, a concept many sociologists, social psychologists and therapists prize so highly, is feckless and irrelevant. Status-power theory leads also to derivations about motivation, play, humor, sacred symbols, social bonding, creative thought, love and sex and other social involvements now either obscure or misunderstood. Engaging with Durkheim (on collective effervescence), Goffman (on ritual-cum-public order) and Collins (on interaction ritual), this book is richly illustrated with instances of how to examine many central questions about society and social interaction from the status-power perspective. It speaks not only to sociologists, but also to anthropologists, behavioral economists and social and clinical psychologists - to all disciplines that examine or treat of social life.
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Interaktionsrituale

über Verhalten in direkter Kommunikation

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518281949

Category: Interaktion - Aufsatzsammlung

Page: 291

View: 7226

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Zur Aktualität von Erving Goffman

Author: Michael Dellwing

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531192612

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 9941

Erving Goffmans zeitlose Klassiker liefern eine unprätentiöse, alltagsnahe und hinterlistige Soziologie: Er holt seine Leser an ihrer Alltagserfahrung ab, verfremdet diese langsam und führt sie so zu Grundeinsichten der Disziplin: Er zeigt an leicht nachvollziehbaren Szenen der face to face-Interaktion, wie bemerkenswert das scheinbar Unbemerkenswerte ist. Es geht Goffman um Erkenntnis der Tänze, Spiele, Rituale, Darstellungen - wie auch immer man es nennen mag - in denen wir uns in Interaktionen aufeinander beziehen und eine gemeinsame Realität sichern. Das geschieht immer im Wissen, dass diese Realität delikat und zerbrechlich ist und es an uns und unserer Handlung in Situationen liegt, sie zu sichern, Gesichter zu schützen und Stabilität zu leisten. Goffman legt das Skalpell an diese kleinen, unscheinbaren Interaktionen an und deckt so auf, welche Leistung und welcher Aufwand hinter dem steckt, was wir für selbstverständlich halten: was für ein kleines Wunder Alltagsinteraktion sein kann.
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Rollentheorie und Erving Goffman

Author: N.A

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638316483

Category: Social Science

Page: 13

View: 2371

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Klassiker und Theorierichtungen, Note: 5.5 (Schweiz), Universität St. Gallen (Geschichte), Veranstaltung: Soziologie der Kommunikation, 5 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „Soziologie ist die Untersuchung des gesellschaftlichen Lebens der Menschen, von Gruppen und Gesellschaften“ (Giddens, 1999, S.2). Dieser Definition zufolge untersuchen Soziologen zwischenmenschliches Handeln und das Agieren Einzelner in Gruppen. Diese Seminararbeit soll ebenfalls menschlichen Handelns untersuchen, insbesondere unter dem Aspekt der sozialen Rolle und der sozialen Position. Grundlage der Arbeit ist die Formel „Wir alle spielen Theater“. Ihren Ursprung hat sie in der Übersetzung eines Buches von Erving Goffman. In einem Skriptum-Text wird sie dann später auch verwendet als Kapitelüberschrift für die Rollentheorie der Arbeitsgruppe Soziologie. Hier ist fraglich, ob beide Theorien dasselbe meinen, wie dieselbe Überschrift anklingen lässt. Die Seminararbeit soll die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen der Rollentheorie, wie sie die Arbeitsgruppe Soziologie 1978 erarbeitet hat, und dem Ansatz von Erving Goffman aufzeigen und die Werke somit vergleichen. Dem eigentlichen Vergleich wird jeweils eine Zusammenfassung der Theorie vorangestellt, um die Ansichten festzuhalten. Dem Leser soll so erst jede Theorie alleine näher gebracht werden, damit er ihren Inhalt und die Hauptaussagen versteht. Daraufhin wird die Arbeit den Vergleich der beiden Theorien aufzeigen, wobei erst auf die Gemeinsamkeiten und anschliessend auf die Unterschiede eingegangen wird. Schliesslich werden in der Conclusio die Hauptaussagen über den Vergleich beider Theorien zusammengefasst und daraus folgend ein Fazit gezogen.
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Bibliographie

Author: Gert Ueding

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110394073

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1046

View: 2887

Volume 12, the final volume of Historisches Wörterbuch der Rhetorik, provides a rich and extensive bibliography (sources and research).
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Vertrauensentwicklung im interkulturellen Management

Ein empirischer Beitrag am Beispiel der deutsch-französischen Zusammenarbeit

Author: Robert Münscher

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834965863

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 543

View: 1498

Robert Münscher zeigt mit welchen Verhaltensweisen Manager die Vertrauenswürdigkeit von Kollegen oder Geschäftspartnern einschätzen, auf welche Weise unterschiedliche kulturelle Hintergründe die Vertrauensentwicklung beeinträchtigen und mit welchen Verhaltensstrategien man Missverständnisse vermeidet.
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Die Gabe

Form und Funktion des Austauschs in archaischen Gesellschaften

Author: Marcel Mauss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518283431

Category: Segmentierte Gesellschaft - Geschenk

Page: 208

View: 5968

Afrika/Europa - Siedlung - Handel/Verkehr - Wirtschaftsgeschichte.
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Erlösendes Lachen

Das Komische in der menschlichen Erfahrung

Author: Peter L. Berger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110359049

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4295

Humor, both ubiquitous and contextual, is a very specific and thus fragile element of the expression of human thought. In this volume, Peter L. Berger examines the nature of the comical and its relationship to other human experiences. Initially published in 1997, the second edition includes a new preface, including observations by Berger about the relationship between modernity and humor.
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Rahmen-Analyse

ein Versuch über die Organisation von Alltagserfahrungen

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518279298

Category: Alltag - Soziales Handeln

Page: 620

View: 6416

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Politics as Rational Action

Essays in Public Choice and Policy Analysis

Author: L. Lewin,Evert Vedung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400989555

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 9434

One of the most promising trends in modem political science is the develop ment of a theory of politics as rational action. Focussing on choice as the central topic of study, rational choice theorists set out to specify what alter native an actor should prefer if he has some given knowledge of the conse quences of each alternative and wants to see his preference system as fully realized as possible. But rational choice theory is not confmed to the norma tive sphere of science. It can also be used for explanatory purposes. Then, the alternatives actually chosen are specified and the task is to explain the decisions by fmding out what considerations lay behind them. The starting point for an emerging research program at the Department of Government, Uppsala University, on 'Politics as Rational Action' is to describe the major choices in fifteen different policy areas of Swedish domes tic politics and explain why they were made.
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Where Music Helps: Community Music Therapy in Action and Reflection

Author: Cochavit Elefant,Mercédès Pavlicevic,Dr Gary Ansdell,Professor Brynjulf Stige

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472416961

Category: Music

Page: 364

View: 5039

This book explores how people may use music in ways that are helpful for them, especially in relation to a sense of wellbeing, belonging and participation. The central premise for the study is that help is not a decontextualized effect that music produces. The book contributes to the current discourse on music, culture and society and it is developed in dialogue with related areas of study, such as music sociology, ethnomusicology, community psychology and health promotion. Where Music Helps describes the emerging movement that has been labelled Community Music Therapy, and it presents ethnographically informed case studies of eight music projects (localized in England, Israel, Norway, and South Africa). The various chapters of the book portray "music's help" in action within a broad range of contexts; with individuals, groups and communities – all of whom have been challenged by illness or disability, social and cultural disadvantage or injustice. Music and musicing has helped these people find their voice (literally and metaphorically); to be welcomed and to welcome, to be accepted and to accept, to be together in different and better ways, to project alternative messages about themselves or their community and to connect with others beyond their immediate environment. The overriding theme that is explored is how music comes to afford things in concert with its environments, which may suggest a way of accounting for the role of music in music therapy without reducing music to a secondary role in relation to the "therapeutic," that is, being "just" a symbol of psychological states, a stimulus, or a text reflecting socio-cultural content.
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The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication

Author: Valerie Manusov,Miles L. Patterson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412904049

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 587

View: 8141

This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.
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Hidden in Plain Sight

The Social Structure of Irrelevance

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199366632

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 3337

Many of us take for granted that what we perceive is a completely accurate representation of the world around us. Yet we have all had the experience of suddenly realizing that the keys or glasses that we had been looking for in vain were right in front of us the whole time. The capacity of our sense organs far exceeds our mental capabilities, and as such, looking at something does not guarantee that we will notice it. Our minds constantly prioritize and organize the information we take in, bringing certain things to the foreground, while letting others - that which we deem irrelevant - recede into the background. What ultimately determines what we perceive, and what we do not? In this fascinating book, noted sociologist Eviatar Zerubavel argues that we perceive things not just as human beings but as social beings. Drawing on fascinating examples from science, the art world, optical illusions, and all walks of life, he shows that what we notice or ignore varies across cultures and throughout history, and illustrates how our environment and our social lives - everything from our lifestyles to our professions to our nationalities - play a role in determining how we actually use our senses to access the world. A subtle yet powerful examination of one of the central features of our conscious life, this book offers a way to think about all that might otherwise remain hidden in plain sight.
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Gelehrtenleben

Wissenschaftspraxis in der Neuzeit

Author: Alf Lüdtke,Reiner Prass

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 9783412219062

Category: Intellectuals

Page: 280

View: 4429

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