Interaction Ritual

Essays in Face to Face Behavior

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: AldineTransaction

ISBN: 9780202307770

Category: Psychology

Page: 270

View: 4807

The ultimate behavioral materials are the glances, gestures, positionings, and verbal statements that people continuously feed into situations, whether intended or not. This is an interesting account of daily social interaction viewed with a new perspective for the logic of our behavior in ordinary circumstances.
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Interaction Ritual

Essays in Face-to-Face Behavior

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351512072

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 6994

"Not then, men and their moments. Rather, moment and their men," writes Erving Goffman in the introduction to his groundbreaking 1967 Interaction Ritual, a study of face-to-face interaction in natural settings, that class of events which occurs during co-presence and by virtue of co-presence. The ultimate behavioral materials are the glances, gestures, positionings, and verbal statements that people continuously feed into situations, whether intended or not. A sociology of occasions is here advocated. Social organization is the central theme, but what is organized is the co-mingling of persons and the temporary interactional enterprises that can arise therefrom. A normatively stabilized structure is at issue, a "social gathering," but this is a shifting entity, necessarily evanescent, created by arrivals and killed by departures. The major section of the book is the essay "Where the Action Is," drawing on Goffman's last major ethnographic project observation of Nevada casinos. Tom Burns says of Goffman's work "The eleven books form a singularly compact body of writing. All his published work was devoted to topics and themes which were closely connected, and the methodology, angles of approach and of course style of writing remained characteristically his own throughout. Interaction Ritual in particular is an interesting account of daily social interaction viewed with a new perspective for the logic of our behavior in such ordinary circumstances as entering a crowded elevator or bus." In his new introduction, Joel Best considers Goffman's work in toto and places Interaction Ritual in that total context as one of Goffman's pivotal works: "His subject matter was unique. In sharp contrast to the natural tendency of many scholars to tackle big, important topics, Goffman was a minimalist, working on a small scale, and concentrating on the most mundane, ordinary social contacts, on everyday life.'"
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Hauptwerke der Emotionssoziologie

Author: Konstanze Senge,Rainer Schützeichel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531934392

Category: Social Science

Page: 369

View: 9700

Emotionen sind wichtig. Wissenschaftler debattieren disziplinenübergreifend über die Bedeutung von Emotionen in zentralen gesellschaftlichen Bereichen wie dem Finanz- und Wirtschaftsbereich, der Familie und der Religion, der Politik und der Kunst sowie den Medien und der Unterhaltungsindustrie. Der Band greift diesen „emotional turn“ auf und stellt die wichtigen Arbeiten der deutschen und der internationalen Emotionssoziologie und der philosophischen, psychologischen, neurowissenschaftlichen und sozialwissenschaftlichen Emotionsforschung vor. Klassische Autoren werden ebenso berücksichtigt wie zeitgenössische Positionen, theoretische Konzepte ebenso wie empirische Forschungen. Der Band möchte in einer systematischen Weise einen Überblick über den aktuellen Forschungsstand geben.
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Mikrosoziologie

Eine Einführung

Author: Kai-Olaf Maiwald,Inken Sürig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658185775

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 4309

Der zentrale Ansatz der Mikrosoziologie ist, dass soziale Strukturen ihr Fundament in den konkreten Handlungen konkreter Personen haben. Dabei ist die Annahme leitend, dass das, was in Interaktionen, was in unserem alltäglichen wie außeralltäglichen Handeln in den verschiedensten Situationen geschieht, nicht zufällig, beliebig oder immer nur ‚individuell‘ ist. Vielmehr lässt sich eine Vielzahl von Strukturen ausmachen, von Mustern, die über die Einzigartigkeit der je konkreten Interaktionsereignisse hinausgehen. In dieser Einführung wird das begriffliche Instrumentarium für die Analyse von Prozessen der Strukturbildung in Interaktionen bereitgestellt. Es werden Aspekte behandelt, die jeder konkreten Interaktion vorgängig sind, seien es universale Mechanismen (z. B. der formalen Organisation von Interaktion), denen sich Interaktion nicht entziehen kann, seien es gesellschaftsspezifische Strukturvorgaben (z. B. Rollen und Normen), mit denen Interaktion zumindest rechnen muss (und kann).
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Interaktion und Geschlecht

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593368580

Category:

Page: 194

View: 4245

Warum verstehen sich Männer und Frauen nicht? In seinem Standardwerk zur Geschlechtersoziologie spürt der Interaktionsforscher Erving Goffman typischen Verhaltensmustern der Geschlechter nach. Wie kommunizieren Männer und Frauen und welche Gewalt haben Rituale über uns? Das Buch ist als Studientext etabliert und bietet zudem viele Ansätze, das eigene Verhalten zu beobachten und zu verändern.
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Interaktionsrituale

über Verhalten in direkter Kommunikation

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518281949

Category: Interaktion - Aufsatzsammlung

Page: 291

View: 6930

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Status, Power and Ritual Interaction

A Relational Reading of Durkheim, Goffman and Collins

Author: Theodore D. Kemper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131705010X

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 2333

Sociologists Émile Durkheim, Erving Goffman and Randall Collins broadly suppose that ritual is foundational for social life. By contrast, this book argues that ritual is merely surface, beneath which lie status and power, the behavioral dimensions that drive all social interaction. Status, Power and Ritual Interaction identifies status and power as the twin forces that structure social relations, determine emotions and link individuals to the reference groups that deliver culture and administer preferences, actions, beliefs and ideas. An especially important contention is that allegiance to ideas, even those as fundamental as the belief that 1 + 1 = 2, is primarily faithfulness to the reference groups that foster the ideas and not to the ideas themselves. This triggers the counter-intuitive deduction that the self, a concept many sociologists, social psychologists and therapists prize so highly, is feckless and irrelevant. Status-power theory leads also to derivations about motivation, play, humor, sacred symbols, social bonding, creative thought, love and sex and other social involvements now either obscure or misunderstood. Engaging with Durkheim (on collective effervescence), Goffman (on ritual-cum-public order) and Collins (on interaction ritual), this book is richly illustrated with instances of how to examine many central questions about society and social interaction from the status-power perspective. It speaks not only to sociologists, but also to anthropologists, behavioral economists and social and clinical psychologists - to all disciplines that examine or treat of social life.
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Kultur. Theorien der Gegenwart

Author: Stephan Moebius,Dirk Quadflieg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531920561

Category: Social Science

Page: 785

View: 2003

Die Herausgeber Stephan Moebius und Dirk Quadflieg bieten in Zusammenarbeit mit den Autorinnen und Autoren einen systematischen und – in seiner angelegten Breite – erstmaligen Überblick über aktuelle kultursoziologische und -wissenschaftliche Theorien. Die gegenwärtig wichtigsten Kulturtheorien werden nach dem Kriterium ihrer interdisziplinären Relevanz für die zeitgenössischen Diskurse in der Soziologie, den Kulturwissenschaften, der politischen Philosophie sowie den Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaften einheitlich und verständlich vorgestellt. Der Band richtet sich in erster Linie an Studierende und Lehrende der angegebenen Fachrichtungen und dient als ein hilfreiches Nachschlagewerk im immer unübersichtlicher werdenden Diskurs zwischen den Disziplinen.
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Rede-Weisen

Formen der Kommunikation in sozialen Situationen

Author: Hubert Knoblauch,Christine Leuenberger,Bernt Schnettler

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3744515915

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 6041

Der Band versammelt Aufsätze, in denen sich Goffman mit verschiedenen Aspekten der Kommunikation auseinanderSetzt. Er tut dies in der ihm eigenen, höchst originellen und geistvollen Weise - vor allem aber analytisch folgenreich. Genau genommen handelt es sich um eine Fortführung und Ausarbeitung desjenigen Ansatzes, mit dem seine Rahmenanalyse endet. Goffman wendet sich hier dem Sprechen in alltäglichen Situationen zu. Seine besondere Beachtung nonverbaler Aspekte macht deutlich, dass Sprechen immer Teil einer sozialen Situation ist, was bei der Analyse von Kommunikation nicht außer Acht gelassen werden darf. Das Buch richtet sich an alle, die sich mit Sprache, Interaktion und sozialen Situationen beschäftigen - vor allem in der Soziologie, der Linguistik und der Ethnologie.
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Erving Goffman - "Interaction order"

Author: Markus Mikikis

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638654885

Category:

Page: 72

View: 9866

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Klassiker und Theorierichtungen, Note: 1,3, Rheinisch-Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen (Institut fur Soziologie), 4 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: -, Abstract: Erving Goffman gehort heute zu den popularsten und meist gelesenen Soziologen unserer Zeit. Seine Bucher wurden in zahlreiche Sprachen ubersetzt, und mehrfach mit Preisen ausgezeichnet (vgl. Hettlage/Lenz 1991:25). Goffmans Interesse galt nicht dem Entwurf einer umfassenden makrosoziologischen Theorie, sondern vielmehr dem kleinraumigen Bereich der face-to-face-Interaktion, und somit dem Mikrokosmos (vgl. Hettlage/Lenz 1991:8-9). Nicht zuletzt ging es ihm um die Etablierung des Themas face-to-face-Interaktion als einen eigenstandigen Forschungsgegenstand. Dennoch wird Goffman aus der Perspektive des soziologischen Wissenschaftsbetriebs auch heute noch haufig als Aussenseiter wahrgenommen, dessen gesamtes Forschungsprogramm und einzelnen Konzepte als kaum einheitlich und perspektivenreich betrachtet werden, und der den Zugang zu den Makro-Perspektiven seines Faches nie gefunden habe (vgl. Hettlage/Lenz 1991:9). Neben der Darstellung seines Forschungsprogramms mochte ich untersuchen, ob diese Einschatzung zutreffend ist, oder sein Beitrag fur die Entwicklung der Soziologie unterschatzt wird, was auf zahlreiche merkwurdige Details und Beispiele in seinen Werken, eines zu guten Stils" (Hettlage/Lenz 1991:9), stark variierenden Begriffsverwendungen und der Person Goffman an sich zuruck zu fuhren sein konnte. Zunachst werde ich die grundlegenden Lebensdaten Goffmans darstellen. Dann mochte ich einen ersten Einblick in Goffmans Forschungsprogramm ermoglichen, indem ich eine Ubersicht uber die wesentlichen Inhalte erstelle. Eine Beschreibung seiner wissenschaftlichen Vorgehensweise wird nutzlich sein, um die erwahnten Details und Beispiele, im Rahmen der Untersuchung von face-to-face-Interaktionen, als zweck
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Politics as Rational Action

Essays in Public Choice and Policy Analysis

Author: L. Lewin,E. Vedung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400989555

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 6052

One of the most promising trends in modem political science is the develop ment of a theory of politics as rational action. Focussing on choice as the central topic of study, rational choice theorists set out to specify what alter native an actor should prefer if he has some given knowledge of the conse quences of each alternative and wants to see his preference system as fully realized as possible. But rational choice theory is not confmed to the norma tive sphere of science. It can also be used for explanatory purposes. Then, the alternatives actually chosen are specified and the task is to explain the decisions by fmding out what considerations lay behind them. The starting point for an emerging research program at the Department of Government, Uppsala University, on 'Politics as Rational Action' is to describe the major choices in fifteen different policy areas of Swedish domes tic politics and explain why they were made.
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Where Music Helps: Community Music Therapy in Action and Reflection

Author: Cochavit Elefant,Mercédès Pavlicevic,Dr Gary Ansdell,Professor Brynjulf Stige

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472416961

Category: Music

Page: 364

View: 5900

This book explores how people may use music in ways that are helpful for them, especially in relation to a sense of wellbeing, belonging and participation. The central premise for the study is that help is not a decontextualized effect that music produces. The book contributes to the current discourse on music, culture and society and it is developed in dialogue with related areas of study, such as music sociology, ethnomusicology, community psychology and health promotion. Where Music Helps describes the emerging movement that has been labelled Community Music Therapy, and it presents ethnographically informed case studies of eight music projects (localized in England, Israel, Norway, and South Africa). The various chapters of the book portray "music's help" in action within a broad range of contexts; with individuals, groups and communities – all of whom have been challenged by illness or disability, social and cultural disadvantage or injustice. Music and musicing has helped these people find their voice (literally and metaphorically); to be welcomed and to welcome, to be accepted and to accept, to be together in different and better ways, to project alternative messages about themselves or their community and to connect with others beyond their immediate environment. The overriding theme that is explored is how music comes to afford things in concert with its environments, which may suggest a way of accounting for the role of music in music therapy without reducing music to a secondary role in relation to the "therapeutic," that is, being "just" a symbol of psychological states, a stimulus, or a text reflecting socio-cultural content.
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The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication

Author: Valerie Manusov,Miles L. Patterson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412904049

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 587

View: 5308

This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.
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Hidden in Plain Sight

The Social Structure of Irrelevance

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199366632

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 4046

Many of us take for granted that what we perceive is a completely accurate representation of the world around us. Yet we have all had the experience of suddenly realizing that the keys or glasses that we had been looking for in vain were right in front of us the whole time. The capacity of our sense organs far exceeds our mental capabilities, and as such, looking at something does not guarantee that we will notice it. Our minds constantly prioritize and organize the information we take in, bringing certain things to the foreground, while letting others - that which we deem irrelevant - recede into the background. What ultimately determines what we perceive, and what we do not? In this fascinating book, noted sociologist Eviatar Zerubavel argues that we perceive things not just as human beings but as social beings. Drawing on fascinating examples from science, the art world, optical illusions, and all walks of life, he shows that what we notice or ignore varies across cultures and throughout history, and illustrates how our environment and our social lives - everything from our lifestyles to our professions to our nationalities - play a role in determining how we actually use our senses to access the world. A subtle yet powerful examination of one of the central features of our conscious life, this book offers a way to think about all that might otherwise remain hidden in plain sight.
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Gelehrtenleben

Wissenschaftspraxis in der Neuzeit

Author: Alf Lüdtke,Reiner Prass

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 9783412219062

Category: Intellectuals

Page: 280

View: 6556

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Social Theory: Volume II

From Modern to Contemporary Theory, Third Edition

Author: Roberta Garner,Black Hawk Hancock

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607386

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 4568

The organization of this popular social theory reader, which pairs classical articles with contemporary theoretical and empirical studies, highlights the historical flow of social theory and demonstrates how disagreements and confrontations shape theory over time. Written in clear, down-to-earth language, the introductions to each selection link theorists to one another, illustrating how theoretical traditions are not rigidly separate but are always in conversation, addressing and challenging each other. Volume II: From Modern To Contemporary Theory uses key transitional theorists to illustrate how contemporary theory emerged from the past. New chapters on race, on culture, and on media, as well as a significantly reworked gender chapter deepen coverage. As well, new contextual and biographical materials surround each reading and each chapter includes a study guide with key terms and innovative discussion questions and classroom exercises. The result is a volume of readings that offers instructors flexibility in how they approach teaching, and students an affordable and accessible introduction to the most important contemporary social theorists.
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Our Biometric Future

Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance

Author: Kelly A. Gates

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814732798

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 8103

Since the 1960s, a significant effort has been underway to program computers to “see” the human face—to develop automated systems for identifying faces and distinguishing them from one another—commonly known as Facial Recognition Technology. While computer scientists are developing FRT in order to design more intelligent and interactive machines, businesses and states agencies view the technology as uniquely suited for “smart” surveillance—systems that automate the labor of monitoring in order to increase their efficacy and spread their reach. Tracking this technological pursuit, Our Biometric Future identifies FRT as a prime example of the failed technocratic approach to governance, where new technologies are pursued as shortsighted solutions to complex social problems. Culling news stories, press releases, policy statements, PR kits and other materials, Kelly Gates provides evidence that, instead of providing more security for more people, the pursuit of FRT is being driven by the priorities of corporations, law enforcement and state security agencies, all convinced of the technology’s necessity and unhindered by its complicated and potentially destructive social consequences. By focusing on the politics of developing and deploying these technologies, Our Biometric Future argues not for the inevitability of a particular technological future, but for its profound contingency and contestability.
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