Institutional Ethnography

A Sociology for People

Author: Dorothy E. Smith

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759105027

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 4457

Prominent sociologist Dorothy Smith outlines a method of inquiry that uses everyday experience as a lens to examine social relations and social organization. This sociology from women's standpoints reveals the present but largely unseen social relations of everyday life. This will be a foundational text for classes in sociology, ethnography, and women's studies.
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Institutional Ethnography

A Sociology for People

Author: Dorothy E. Smith

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759114811

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3080

Prominent sociologist Dorothy Smith outlines a method of inquiry that uses everyday experience as a lens to examine social relations and social organization. This sociology from women's standpoints reveals the present but largely unseen social relations of everyday life. This will be a foundational text for classes in sociology, ethnography, and women's studies.
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Institutional Ethnography

A Sociology for People

Author: Dorothy E. Smith

Publisher: Altamira Press

ISBN: 9780759105010

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 8322

Prominent sociologist Dorothy Smith outlines a method of inquiry that uses everyday experience as a lens to examine social relations and social organization. This sociology from women's standpoints reveals the present but largely unseen social relations of everyday life. This will be a foundational text for classes in sociology, ethnography, and women's studies.
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Institutional Ethnography as Practice

Author: Dorothy E. Smith

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742546776

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 8936

In this edited collection, institutional ethnographers draw on their field research experiences to address different aspects of institutional ethnographic practice. As institutional ethnography embraces the actualities of people's experiences and lives, the contributors utilize their research to reveal how institutional relations and regimes are organized. As a whole, the book aims to provide readers with an accurate overview of what it is like to practice institutional ethnography, as well as the main varieties of approaches involved in the research.
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Mapping Social Relations

A Primer in Doing Institutional Ethnography

Author: Marie Louise Campbell,Frances Mary Gregor

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759107526

Category: Education

Page: 137

View: 5050

This is a book about a distinctive methodological approach inspired by one of CanadaOs most respected scholars, Dorothy Smith. Institutional ethnography aims to answer questions about how everyday life is organized. What is conventionally understood as Othe relationship of micro to macro processesO is, in institutional ethnography, conceptualized and explored in terms of ruling relations.The authors suggest that institutional ethnographers must adopt a particular research stance, one that recognizes that peopleOs own knowledge and ways of knowing are crucial elements of social action and thus of social analysis. Specific attention to text analysis is integral to the approach as is a sensitive to gender relations. Institutional ethnography is remarkably well suited to the human service curriculum and the training of professionals and activists. Its strategy for learning how to understand problems existing in everyday life appeals to many researchers who are looking for guidance on how to take practical action. At the same time, the highly elaborated theoretical foundation of institutional ethnography is difficult to deal with in the brief time most students are in the classroom. The authors successfully tackle the issue of teaching and applying institutional ethnography. Campbell and Gregor have been testing out instructional methods and materials for many years. MAPPING SOCIAL RELATIONS is the product of that effort.
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Feminism and Method

Ethnography, Discourse Analysis, and Activist Research

Author: Nancy A. Naples

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113456807X

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 7502

Naples draws on different research topics, such as welfare, poverty, sexual identity, and sexual abuse, to illustrate some of the most salient dilemmas of feminist research: the debate over objectivity, the paradox of discourse, the dilemma of "standpoint," and the challenges of activist research. By linking important feminist theoretical debates with case studies, Naples illustrates the strategies she developed for resolving the challenges posed be postmodern, Third World, postcolonial, and queer studies.
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Liberating Method

Feminism and Social Research

Author: Marjorie L. DeVault

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566396981

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 3067

Feminist scholars and those inspired by other liberatory movements have raised profound questions about the standard practices of social research. Arguing that established methods too often ignore and obfuscate social oppression, they search for approaches that will more adequately represent marginalized groups and the social processes that organize their lives.Liberating Methodcharts one researcher's view of this project as Marjorie L. DeVault, one of the leading practitioners and teachers of feminist methodology, examines in her collection of new and previously published essays the dimensions of feminist research. DeVault believes in "writing carefully," that is with care (precision) and caring (empathy). In addition to essays on how women write, are silenced, and can speak up, she includes an autobiographical sketch, a discussion of "the self as resource," and a section on what she calls "excavation," or the work of recovering unrecognized or suppressed aspects of women's experience. She explores the sources and meanings of feminist methodology, the strategies of reflexive analysis, and the issues that arise when writing and teaching feminist research. Committed to a feminism attentive to oppressions that operate simultaneously with gender, DeVault considers exclusions and distortions in feminist research and strategies for building more inclusive approaches. Including a closing essay that presents "practical advice" for oppositional researchers,Liberating Methodreflects DeVault's conviction that feminist insights can and should contribute to a sounder, more rigorous social science. Author note:Marjorie L. DeVaultis author of the feminist classicFeeding the Family: The Social Organization of Caring as Gendered Work. She is Associate Professor of Sociology and a member of the Women's Studies Program at Syracuse University.
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Incorporating Texts into Institutional Ethnographies

Author: Dorothy E. Smith,Susan Marie Turner

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667095

Category: Education

Page: 344

View: 5263

In Incorporating Texts into Institutional Ethnographies, Dorothy E. Smith and Susan Marie Turner present a selection of essays highlighting perhaps the single most distinctive feature of the sociological approach known as Institutional Ethnography (IE) – the ethnographic investigation of how texts coordinate and organize people’s activities across space and time. The chapters, written by scholars who are relatively new to IE as well as IE veterans, illustrate the wide variety of ways in which IE investigations can be done, as well as the breadth of topics IE has been used to study. Both a collection of examples that can be used in teaching and research project design and an excellent introduction to IE methods and techniques, Incorporating Texts into Institutional Ethnographies is an essential contribution to the subject.
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The Everyday World as Problematic

A Feminist Sociology

Author: Dorothy E. Smith

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802067029

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 7475

The six essays in this volume chart the development of Dorothy Smith's approach to the study of social life. She examines the struture of the everyday world through the lenses of feminist theory, Marxism, and phenomenology. Smith's analysis derives from the premise that women are excluded from what she calls the 'ruling apparatus' of culture. Culture, she argues, does not arise spontaneously, but rather is manufactured by those in positions of dominance - almost exclusively men - who originate the forms of though we use to consider ourselves and society. The perspectives, concerns, interests of only one sex and one class are represented as general. Only one sex and class are actively involved in producing, debating, developing its ideas, its art, its medical and psychological conceptions, its educational values and objectives. From this perspective Smith proposes an alternative to traditional socological inquiry - a sociology beginning from women's actual lived experience - and explores methods of thinking which will realize the project of a sociology for women. She goes on to work through a conception of the experienced world as problematic to a research strategy and sketches out a possible research project which employs her method of institutional ethnography. Finally, she proposes a remaking of the relations of social (not exclusively sociological) knowledge, creating forms of knowledge which substitute relations among subjects by the objectified forms through which we know others as objects.
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Global Ethnography

Forces, Connections, and Imaginations in a Postmodern World

Author: Michael Burawoy

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520222164

Category: Philosophy

Page: 392

View: 567

"At last world.com meets ethnography.eudora. This book shows how ethnography can have a global reach and a global relevance, its humanistic and direct methods actually made more not less relevant by recent developments in global culture and economy. Globalisation is not a singular, unilinear process, fatalistically unfolding towards inevitable ends: it entails gaps, contradictions, counter-tendencies, and marked unevenness. And just as capital flows more freely around the globe, so do human ideas and imaginings, glimpses of other possible futures. These elements all interact in really existing sites, situations and localities, not in outer space or near-earth orbit. Unprefigurably, they are taken up into all kinds of local meanings-makings by active humans struggling and creating with conditions on the ground, so producing new kinds of meanings and identities, themselves up for export on the world market. This book, conceptually rich, empirically concrete, shows how global neo-liberalism spawns a grounded globalisation, ethnographically observable, out of which is emerging the mosaic of a new kind of global civil society. As this book so richly shows, tracing the lineaments of these possibilities and changes is the special province of ethnography."—Paul Willis, author of Learning to Labor and editor of the journal Ethnography "The authors of Global Ethnography bring globalization 'down to earth' and show us how it impacts the everyday lives of Kerala nurses, U.S. homeless recyclers, Irish software programmers, Hungarian welfare recipients, Brazilian feminists, and a host of other protagonists in a global postmodern world. This is superb ethnography -- refreshing and vivid descriptions grounded in historical and social contexts with important theoretical implications."—Louise Lamphere, President of the American Anthropological Association "The global inhabits and constitutes specific structuration of the political, economic, cultural, and subjective. How to study this is a challenge. Global Ethnography makes an enormous contribution to this effort."—Saskia Sassen, author of Globalization and Its Discontents "This fascinating volume will quickly find its place in fieldwork courses, but it should also be read by transnationalists and students of the political economy, economic sociologists, methodologists of all stripes--and doubting macrosociologists."—Herbert J. Gans, Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology, Columbia University "Not only matches the originality and quality of Ethnography Unbound, but raises the ante by literally expanding the methodological and analytical repertory of ethnographic sociology to address the theoretical and logistical challenges of a globalized discipline and social world."—Judith Stacey, author of In the Name of the Family: Rethinking Family Values in the Postmodern Age "In the best traditions of radical Berkeley scholarship, Burawoy's collective recaptures the ground(s) of an engaged sociology embedded in the culturalpolitics of the global without losing the ethnographer's magic—the local touch."—Nancy Scheper-Hughes, author of Death without Weeping
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Writing the Social

Critique, Theory, and Investigations

Author: Dorothy E. Smith

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802081353

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

View: 5654

A collection of essays based on Smith's unique rebel sociology. Smith turns wit and common sense on the prevailing discourses of sociology, political economy, and popular culture to inquire directly into the actualities of peoples? lives.
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Offending Women

Power, Punishment, and the Regulation of Desire

Author: Lynne Allison Haney

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520261909

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 2412

"Lynne Haney is already an important voice in the sociology of welfare but this book marks her debut as a major figure in the sociology of punishment and the study of governmentality. Offending Women is a fascinating work that combines rich ethnographic detail with a structural account of the changing contours of contemporary governance. Its original contributions to prison ethnography, women's studies, and the sociology of the penal-welfare state will make it a reference point in each of these disciplines."--David Garland, author of The Culture of Control "Offending Women is an exemplary piece of work. Haney's writing is engaging, crisp, and smart. She brilliantly assesses the various intentions of the state and incarcerated women and clarifies how these intentions are based on orientations toward punishment and 'healing' that demand fundamental rethinking."--Rickie Solinger, author of Pregnancy and Power and co-editor of Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States "Lynne Haney brings together her stupendous skills as an ethnographer and her theoretical insights into how states work to explain how the treatment of imprisoned women has changed over the past decade. An altogether brilliant book."--Myra Marx Ferree, University of Wisconsin
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Under New Public Management

Institutional Ethnographies of Changing Front-Line Work

Author: Alison I. Griffith,Dorothy E. Smith

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442619473

Category: Education

Page: 368

View: 464

The institutional ethnographies collected in Under New Public Management explore how new managerial governance practices coordinate the work of people doing front-line work in public sectors such as health, education, social services, and international development, and people management in the private sector. In these fields, organizations have increasingly adopted private-sector management techniques, such as standardized and quantitative measures of performance and an obsession with cost reductions and efficiency. These practices of “new public management” are changing the ways in which front-line workers engage with their clients, students, or patients. Using research drawn from Canada, the United States, Australia, and Denmark, the contributors expose how standardized managerial requirements are created and applied, and how they affect the practicalities of working with people whose lives and experiences are complex and unique.
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Gender and Informal Institutions

Author: Georgina Waylen

Publisher: Feminist Institutionalist Pers

ISBN: 9781786600028

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 859

The book takes up the challenges of gender equality in informal institutions though a feminist institutionalist lens.
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Botox Nation

Changing the Face of America

Author: Dana Berkowitz

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479825263

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9700

The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery estimates there are about two-and-a-half million Botox procedures performed annually, and that number continues to increase. The procedure is used as a preventive measure against aging and a means by which bodies, particularly women’s, can be transformed and “improved” through the appearance of youth. But why is Botox so popular, and why is aging such a terrifying concept? Botox Nation draws from engaging, in-depth interviews with Botox users and providers as well as Dana Berkowitz’s own experiences receiving the injections. The interviews reveal the personal motivations for using Botox and help unpack how anti-aging practices are conceived by, and resonate with, everyday people. Berkowitz is particularly interested in how Botox is now being targeted to younger women; since Botox is a procedure that must be continually administered to work, the strategic choice to market to younger women, Berkowitz argues, aims to create lifetime consumers. Berkowitz also analyzes magazine articles, advertisements, and even medical documents to consider how narratives of aging are depicted. She employs a critical feminist lens to consider the construction of feminine bodies and selves, and explores the impact of cosmetic medical interventions aimed at maintaining the desired appearance of youth, the culture of preventative medicine, the application of medical procedures to seemingly healthy bodies, and the growth and technological advancement to the anti-aging industry. The first in-depth social investigation into the development of Botox as a phenomenon, Botox Nation is a captivating and critical story of how norms about bodies, gender, and aging are constructed and reproduced on both cultural and individual levels.
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Sociologists Backstage

Answers to 10 Questions About What They Do

Author: Sarah Fenstermaker,Nikki Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136891064

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 6771

Published social science rarely gives real attention to the actual doing of research, making the process appear magical, or at least self-evident and simple. This book is intended to right the balance by illuminating the craft and the choices made as the research process unfolds for the sociologist. The metaphorical image of going "backstage" speaks to the reader’s experience with each of the seventeen interviews, which illuminate the choices and constraints of researchers as well as unanticipated developments, good and bad. The volume represents a range of interests, themes, research philosophies and approaches from a diverse group of contributors. Particularly suited for advanced undergraduate and graduate research methods students, the volume addresses virtually all of the most vexing methods questions through accessible and compelling first-hand descriptions of sociological research. The volume is an invaluable addition to the library of all social science researchers. From the Foreword by Howard Becker: "The stories in Sociologists Backstage tell how the contributors, who differ in so many ways, dealt with the situations they found themselves in as they did their research, and how who they were and what they had become in their lives intersected with those situations. The stories will fascinate you, and give you a lot to think about as you go ahead with your own research adventure."
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Dancing Tango

Passionate Encounters in a Globalizing World

Author: Kathy Davis

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814764541

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 8974

Argentinean tango is a global phenomenon. Since its origin among immigrants from the slums of Buenos Aires and Montevideo, it has crossed and re-crossed many borders.Yet, never before has tango been danced by so many people and in so many different places as today. Argentinean tango is more than a specific music and style of dancing. It is also a cultural imaginary which embodies intense passion, hyper-heterosexuality, and dangerous exoticism. In the wake of its latest revival, tango has become both a cultural symbol of Argentinean national identity and a transnational cultural space in which a modest, yet growing number of dancers from different parts of the globe meet on the dance floor. Through interviews and ethnographical research in Amsterdam and Buenos Aires, Kathy Davis shows why a dance from another era and another place appeals to men and women from different parts of the world and what happens to them as they become caught up in the tango salon culture. She shows how they negotiate the ambivalences, contradictions, and hierarchies of gender, sexuality, and global relations of power between North and South in which Argentinean tango is—and has always been—embroiled. Davis also explores her uneasiness about her own passion for a dance which—when seen through the lens of contemporary critical feminist and postcolonial theories—seems, at best, odd, and, at worst, disreputable and even a bit shameful. She uses the disjuncture between the incorrect pleasures and complicated politics of dancing tango as a resource for exploring the workings of passion as experience, as performance, and as cultural discourse. She concludes that dancing tango should be viewed less as a love/hate embrace with colonial overtones than a passionate encounter across many different borders between dancers who share a desire for difference and a taste of the ‘elsewhere.’ Dancing Tango is a vivid, intriguing account of an important global cultural phenomenon.
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Understanding Society Through Popular Music

Author: Joseph A. Kotarba,Bryce Merrill,J. Patrick Williams,Phillip Vannini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415641942

Category: Music

Page: 206

View: 7437

Written for Introductory Sociology and Sociology of Popular Music courses, the second edition of Understanding Society through Popular Music uses popular music to illustrate fundamental social institutions, theories, sociological concepts, and processes. The authors use music, a social phenomenon of great interest, to draw students in and bring life to their study of sociology. The new edition has been updated with cutting edge thinking on and current examples of subcultures, politics, and technology.
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Evicted

Poverty and Profit in the American City

Author: Matthew Desmond

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0241260876

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 5892

*WINNER OF THE 2017 PULITZER PRIZE FOR NON-FICTION* 'Beautifully written, thought-provoking, and unforgettable ... If you want a good understanding of how the issues that cause poverty are intertwined, you should read this book' Bill Gates, Best Books of 2017 'Essential. A compelling and damning exploration of the abuse of one of our basic human rights: shelter.' Owen Jones Arleen spends nearly all her money on rent but is kicked out with her kids in Milwaukee's coldest winter for years. Doreen's home is so filthy her family call it 'the rat hole'. Lamar, a wheelchair-bound ex-soldier, tries to work his way out of debt for his boys. Scott, a nurse turned addict, lives in a gutted-out trailer. This is their world. And this is the twenty-first century: where fewer and fewer people can afford a simple roof over their head. From abandoned slums to shelters, eviction courts to ghettoes, Matthew Desmond spent years living with and recording the stories of those struggling to survive - yet who won't give up. A work of love, care and humanity, Evicted reminds us why, without a home, nothing else is possible. It is one of the most necessary books of our time. 'This is an extraordinary and crucial piece of work. Read it. Please, read it' - Adrian Nicole LeBlanc, author of Random Family 'Sensitive, achingly beautiful' - Robert D. Putnam, author of Our Kids
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Queer Women in Urban China

An Ethnography

Author: Elisabeth L. Engebretsen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136199055

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 4954

Lala (lesbian) and gay communities in mainland China have emerged rapidly in the 21st century. Alongside new freedoms and modernizing reforms, and with mainstream media and society increasingly tolerant, lalas still experience immense family and social pressures to a degree that this book argues is deeply gendered. The first anthropological study to examine everyday lala lives, intimacies, and communities in China, the chapters explore changing articulations of sexual subjectivity, gendered T-P (tomboy-wife) roles, family and kinship, same-sex weddings, lala-gay contract marriages, and community activism. Engebretsen analyzes lala strategies of complicit transgressions to balance surface respectability and undeclared same-sex desires, why "being normal" emerges a deep aspiration and sign of respectability, and why openly lived homosexuality and public activism often are not. Queer Women in Urban China develops a critical ethnographic analysis through the conceptual lens of "different normativities," tracing the paradoxes and intricacies of the desire for normal life alongside aspirations for recognition, equality, and freedom, and argues that dominant paradigms fixed on categories, identities, and the absolute value of public visibility are ill-equipped to fully understand these complexities. This book complements existing perspectives on sexual and gender diversity, contemporary China, and the politics and theories of justice, recognition, and similitude in global times.
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