Inside the Machine

An Illustrated Introduction to Microprocessors and Computer Architecture

Author: Jon Stokes

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593271042

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 3688

Om hvordan mikroprocessorer fungerer, med undersøgelse af de nyeste mikroprocessorer fra Intel, IBM og Motorola.
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Inside the Machine

An Illustrated Introduction to Microprocessors and Computer Architecture

Author: Jon Stokes

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593271328

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 2415

Computers perform countless tasks ranging from the business critical to the recreational, but regardless of how differently they may look and behave, they're all amazingly similar in basic function. Once you understand how the microprocessor—or central processing unit (CPU)—works, you'll have a firm grasp of the fundamental concepts at the heart of all modern computing. Inside the Machine, from the co-founder of the highly respected Ars Technica website, explains how microprocessors operate—what they do and how they do it. The book uses analogies, full-color diagrams, and clear language to convey the ideas that form the basis of modern computing. After discussing computers in the abstract, the book examines specific microprocessors from Intel, IBM, and Motorola, from the original models up through today's leading processors. It contains the most comprehensive and up-to-date information available (online or in print) on Intel’s latest processors: the Pentium M, Core, and Core 2 Duo. Inside the Machine also explains technology terms and concepts that readers often hear but may not fully understand, such as "pipelining," "L1 cache," "main memory," "superscalar processing," and "out-of-order execution." Includes discussion of: –Parts of the computer and microprocessor –Programming fundamentals (arithmetic instructions, memory accesses, control flow instructions, and data types) –Intermediate and advanced microprocessor concepts (branch prediction and speculative execution) –Intermediate and advanced computing concepts (instruction set architectures, RISC and CISC, the memory hierarchy, and encoding and decoding machine language instructions) –64-bit computing vs. 32-bit computing –Caching and performance Inside the Machine is perfect for students of science and engineering, IT and business professionals, and the growing community of hardware tinkerers who like to dig into the guts of their machines.
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Inside the Machine

An Illustrated Introduction to Microprocessors and Computer Architecture

Author: Jon Stokes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781593276683

Category:

Page: 320

View: 913

Computers perform countless tasks ranging from the business critical to the recreational, but regardless of how differently they may look and behave, they're all amazingly similar in basic function. Once you understand how the microprocessor-or central processing unit (CPU)-works, you'll have a firm grasp of the fundamental concepts at the heart of all modern computing. Inside the Machine, from the co-founder of the highly respected Ars Technica website, explains how microprocessors operate-what they do and how they do it. Now in softcover, the book uses analogies, full-color diagrams, and clear language to convey the ideas that form the basis of modern computing. After discussing computers in the abstract, the book examines specific microprocessors from Intel, IBM, and Motorola, from the original models up through today's leading processors. It contains the most comprehensive and up-to-date information available (online or in print) on Intel's latest processors: the Pentium M, Core, and Core 2 Duo. Inside the Machine also explains technology terms and concepts that readers often hear but may not fully understand, such as "pipelining," "L1 cache," "main memory," "superscalar processing," and "out-of-order execution." Includes discussion of: Parts of the computer and microprocessor Programming fundamentals (arithmetic instructions, memory accesses, control flow instructions, and data types) Intermediate and advanced microprocessor concepts (branch prediction and speculative execution) Intermediate and advanced microprocessor concepts (branch prediction and speculative execution) Intermediate and advanced computing concepts (instruction set architectures, RISC and CISC, the memory hierarchy, and encoding and decoding machine language instructions) 64-bit computing vs. 32-bit computing Caching and performance Inside the Machine is perfect for students of science and engineering, IT and business professionals, and the growing community of hardware tinkerers who like to dig into the guts of their machines.
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Microprocessor Architecture

From Simple Pipelines to Chip Multiprocessors

Author: Jean-Loup Baer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769922

Category: Computers

Page: 367

View: 2626

This book describes the architecture of microprocessors from simple in-order short pipeline designs to out-of-order superscalars.
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The First Computers

History and Architectures

Author: Raúl Rojas

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262681377

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 7858

A history of computing focusing on the actual architectures of the first machines that made electronic computing a practical reality.
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A Practical Introduction to Computer Architecture

Author: Daniel Page

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848822553

Category: Computers

Page: 642

View: 7042

It is a great pleasure to write a preface to this book. In my view, the content is unique in that it blends traditional teaching approaches with the use of mathematics and a mainstream Hardware Design Language (HDL) as formalisms to describe key concepts. The book keeps the “machine” separate from the “application” by strictly following a bottom-up approach: it starts with transistors and logic gates and only introduces assembly language programs once their execution by a processor is clearly de ned. Using a HDL, Verilog in this case, rather than static circuit diagrams is a big deviation from traditional books on computer architecture. Static circuit diagrams cannot be explored in a hands-on way like the corresponding Verilog model can. In order to understand why I consider this shift so important, one must consider how computer architecture, a subject that has been studied for more than 50 years, has evolved. In the pioneering days computers were constructed by hand. An entire computer could (just about) be described by drawing a circuit diagram. Initially, such d- grams consisted mostly of analogue components before later moving toward d- ital logic gates. The advent of digital electronics led to more complex cells, such as half-adders, ip- ops, and decoders being recognised as useful building blocks.
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Computer Architecture

A Quantitative Approach

Author: John L. Hennessy,David A. Patterson

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128119063

Category: Computers

Page: 936

View: 1436

Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, Sixth Edition has been considered essential reading by instructors, students and practitioners of computer design for over 20 years. The sixth edition of this classic textbook is fully revised with the latest developments in processor and system architecture. It now features examples from the RISC-V (RISC Five) instruction set architecture, a modern RISC instruction set developed and designed to be a free and openly adoptable standard. It also includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures and an updated chapter on warehouse-scale computing that features the first public information on Google's newest WSC. True to its original mission of demystifying computer architecture, this edition continues the longstanding tradition of focusing on areas where the most exciting computing innovation is happening, while always keeping an emphasis on good engineering design. Includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures, explaining how they are the only path forward for improved performance and energy efficiency given the end of Moore’s Law and Dennard scaling Features the first publication of several DSAs from industry Features extensive updates to the chapter on warehouse-scale computing, with the first public information on the newest Google WSC Offers updates to other chapters including new material dealing with the use of stacked DRAM; data on the performance of new NVIDIA Pascal GPU vs. new AVX-512 Intel Skylake CPU; and extensive additions to content covering multicore architecture and organization Includes "Putting It All Together" sections near the end of every chapter, providing real-world technology examples that demonstrate the principles covered in each chapter Includes review appendices in the printed text and additional reference appendices available online Includes updated and improved case studies and exercises
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CPU Design

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Author: Chandra Thimmannagari

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038723800X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 236

View: 9279

Presents information in a user-friendly, easy-access way so that the book can act as either a quick reference for more experienced engineers or as an introductory guide for new engineers and college graduates.
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Computer Architecture

From Microprocessors to Supercomputers

Author: Behrooz Parhami

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 9780195154559

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 575

View: 1025

This textbook is designed for the first course in Computer Architecture, usually offered at the junior/senior (3rd, 4th year) level in electrical engineering, computer science or computer engineering departments. This course is required of all electrical engineering and computer science/computer engineering majors specializing in the design of computer systems. This text provides a comprehensive introduction to computer architecture, covering topic from design of simple microprocessors to techniques used in the most advanced supercomputers.
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The Pentium Chronicles

The People, Passion, and Politics Behind Intel's Landmark Chips

Author: Robert P. Colwell

Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Computer Society Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 187

View: 2488

A landmark chip like the P6 or Pentium 4 doesn't just happen. It takes a confluence of brilliant minds, dedication for beyond the ordinary, and management that nurtures the vision while keeping a firm hand on the project tiller. As chief architect of the P6, Robert Colwell offers a unique perspective as he unfolds the saga of a project that ballooned from a few architects to hundreds of engineers, many just out of school. For more than a treatise on project management, The Pentium Chronicles gives the rationale, the personal triumphs, and the humor that characterized the P6 project, an undertaking that broke all technical boundaries by being the first to try an out-of order, speculative super-scalar architecture in a microprocessor. In refreshingly down-to-earth language, organized around a framework "we wish we had known about then," Chronicles describes the architecture and key decisions that shaped the P6, Intel's most successful chip to date. Colwell's inimitable style will have readers laughing out loud at the project team's creative solutions to well-known problems. From architectural planning in a storage room jimmied open with a credit card, to a marketing presentation using shopping carts, he takes readers through events from the projects beginning through its production. As Colwell himself recognizes, success is all about learning from others, and Chronicles is filled with stories of ordinary and exceptional people and frank assessments of "oops" moments, like the infamous FDIV bug. As its subtitle implies, the book looks beyond RTL models and transistors to the Intel culture, often poking fun at corporate policies, like team-building exercises in which engineers ruthlessly shoot down each other's plans. Whatever your level of computing expertise, Chronicles will delight and inform you, leaving you with a better understanding of what it takes to create and grow a winning product.
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Computer Architecture

Fundamentals and Principles of Computer Design, Second Edition

Author: Joseph D. Dumas II

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498772749

Category: Computers

Page: 462

View: 8150

Not only does almost everyone in the civilized world use a personal computer, smartphone, and/or tablet on a daily basis to communicate with others and access information, but virtually every other modern appliance, vehicle, or other device has one or more computers embedded inside it. One cannot purchase a current-model automobile, for example, without several computers on board to do everything from monitoring exhaust emissions, to operating the anti-lock brakes, to telling the transmission when to shift, and so on. Appliances such as clothes washers and dryers, microwave ovens, refrigerators, etc. are almost all digitally controlled. Gaming consoles like Xbox, PlayStation, and Wii are powerful computer systems with enhanced capabilities for user interaction. Computers are everywhere, even when we don’t see them as such, and it is more important than ever for students who will soon enter the workforce to understand how they work. This book is completely updated and revised for a one-semester upper level undergraduate course in Computer Architecture, and suitable for use in an undergraduate CS, EE, or CE curriculum at the junior or senior level. Students should have had a course(s) covering introductory topics in digital logic and computer organization. While this is not a text for a programming course, the reader should be familiar with computer programming concepts in at least one language such as C, C++, or Java. Previous courses in operating systems, assembly language, and/or systems programming would be helpful, but are not essential.
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Digital Design and Computer Architecture

ARM Edition

Author: Sarah Harris,David Harris

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 012800911X

Category: Computers

Page: 584

View: 3624

Digital Design and Computer Architecture: ARM Edition covers the fundamentals of digital logic design and reinforces logic concepts through the design of an ARM microprocessor. Combining an engaging and humorous writing style with an updated and hands-on approach to digital design, this book takes the reader from the fundamentals of digital logic to the actual design of an ARM processor. By the end of this book, readers will be able to build their own microprocessor and will have a top-to-bottom understanding of how it works. Beginning with digital logic gates and progressing to the design of combinational and sequential circuits, this book uses these fundamental building blocks as the basis for designing an ARM processor. SystemVerilog and VHDL are integrated throughout the text in examples illustrating the methods and techniques for CAD-based circuit design. The companion website includes a chapter on I/O systems with practical examples that show how to use the Raspberry Pi computer to communicate with peripheral devices such as LCDs, Bluetooth radios, and motors. This book will be a valuable resource for students taking a course that combines digital logic and computer architecture or students taking a two-quarter sequence in digital logic and computer organization/architecture. Covers the fundamentals of digital logic design and reinforces logic concepts through the design of an ARM microprocessor. Features side-by-side examples of the two most prominent Hardware Description Languages (HDLs)—SystemVerilog and VHDL—which illustrate and compare the ways each can be used in the design of digital systems. Includes examples throughout the text that enhance the reader’s understanding and retention of key concepts and techniques. The Companion website includes a chapter on I/O systems with practical examples that show how to use the Raspberry Pi computer to communicate with peripheral devices such as LCDs, Bluetooth radios, and motors. The Companion website also includes appendices covering practical digital design issues and C programming as well as links to CAD tools, lecture slides, laboratory projects, and solutions to exercises.
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Designing Embedded Hardware

Author: John Catsoulis

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596007558

Category: Computers

Page: 377

View: 4761

Designing Embedded Hardwaresteers a course between those books dedicated to writing code for particular microprocessors, and those that stress the philosophy of embedded system design without providing any practical information. Having designed 40 embedded computer systems of his own, author John Catsoulis brings a wealth of real-world experience to show readers how to design and create entirely new embedded devices and computerized gadgets, as well as how to customize and extend off-the-shelf systems.
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Digital Logic and Microprocessor Design with Interfacing

Author: Enoch O. Hwang

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305859456

Category: Computers

Page: 608

View: 6095

DIGITAL LOGIC AND MICROPROCESSOR DESIGN WITH INTERFACING, 2E provides a solid foundation for designing digital logic circuits. This unique approach combines the use of logic principles and the building of individual components to create data paths and control units so readers can build dedicated custom microprocessors and general-purpose microprocessors. Readers design simple microprocessors from the ground up, implement them in real hardware, and interface them to actual devices. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Modern Processor Design

Fundamentals of Superscalar Processors

Author: John Paul Shen,Mikko H. Lipasti

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 147861076X

Category: Computers

Page: 642

View: 2117

Conceptual and precise, Modern Processor Design brings together numerous microarchitectural techniques in a clear, understandable framework that is easily accessible to both graduate and undergraduate students. Complex practices are distilled into foundational principles to reveal the authors insights and hands-on experience in the effective design of contemporary high-performance micro-processors for mobile, desktop, and server markets. Key theoretical and foundational principles are presented in a systematic way to ensure comprehension of important implementation issues. The text presents fundamental concepts and foundational techniques such as processor design, pipelined processors, memory and I/O systems, and especially superscalar organization and implementations. Two case studies and an extensive survey of actual commercial superscalar processors reveal real-world developments in processor design and performance. A thorough overview of advanced instruction flow techniques, including developments in advanced branch predictors, is incorporated. Each chapter concludes with homework problems that will institute the groundwork for emerging techniques in the field and an introduction to multiprocessor systems.
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Embedded Systems Architecture

A Comprehensive Guide for Engineers and Programmers

Author: Tammy Noergaard

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123821975

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 2591

Embedded Systems Architecture is a practical and technical guide to understanding the components that make up an embedded system’s architecture. This book is perfect for those starting out as technical professionals such as engineers, programmers and designers of embedded systems; and also for students of computer science, computer engineering and electrical engineering. It gives a much-needed ‘big picture’ for recently graduated engineers grappling with understanding the design of real-world systems for the first time, and provides professionals with a systems-level picture of the key elements that can go into an embedded design, providing a firm foundation on which to build their skills. Real-world approach to the fundamentals, as well as the design and architecture process, makes this book a popular reference for the daunted or the inexperienced: if in doubt, the answer is in here! Fully updated with new coverage of FPGAs, testing, middleware and the latest programming techniques in C, plus complete source code and sample code, reference designs and tools online make this the complete package Visit the companion web site at http://booksite.elsevier.com/9780123821966/ for source code, design examples, data sheets and more A true introductory book, provides a comprehensive get up and running reference for those new to the field, and updating skills: assumes no prior knowledge beyond undergrad level electrical engineering Addresses the needs of practicing engineers, enabling it to get to the point more directly, and cover more ground. Covers hardware, software and middleware in a single volume Includes a library of design examples and design tools, plus a complete set of source code and embedded systems design tutorial materials from companion website
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A Practical Introduction to Computer Architecture

Author: Daniel Page

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848822553

Category: Computers

Page: 642

View: 3742

It is a great pleasure to write a preface to this book. In my view, the content is unique in that it blends traditional teaching approaches with the use of mathematics and a mainstream Hardware Design Language (HDL) as formalisms to describe key concepts. The book keeps the “machine” separate from the “application” by strictly following a bottom-up approach: it starts with transistors and logic gates and only introduces assembly language programs once their execution by a processor is clearly de ned. Using a HDL, Verilog in this case, rather than static circuit diagrams is a big deviation from traditional books on computer architecture. Static circuit diagrams cannot be explored in a hands-on way like the corresponding Verilog model can. In order to understand why I consider this shift so important, one must consider how computer architecture, a subject that has been studied for more than 50 years, has evolved. In the pioneering days computers were constructed by hand. An entire computer could (just about) be described by drawing a circuit diagram. Initially, such d- grams consisted mostly of analogue components before later moving toward d- ital logic gates. The advent of digital electronics led to more complex cells, such as half-adders, ip- ops, and decoders being recognised as useful building blocks.
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Windows 2000 Performance Guide

Author: Mark Friedman,Odysseas Pentakalos

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9781565924666

Category: Computers

Page: 700

View: 6815

For repairing performance loss or maximizing current potential, this guide aims to provide the information and conceptual framework that will enable readers to be performance experts. Includes information on processor performance, application profiling and hardware considerations.
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Microprocessors and Microcontrollers

Author: N. Senthil Kumar,M. Saravanan,S. Jeevananthan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198066477

Category: Computers

Page: 765

View: 2350

Key Features --
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But how Do it Know?

The Basic Principles of Computers for Everyone

Author: J. Clark Scott

Publisher: John C Scott

ISBN: 0615303765

Category: Computers

Page: 222

View: 6169

This book thoroughly explains how computers work. It starts by fully examining a NAND gate, then goes on to build every piece and part of a small, fully operational computer. The necessity and use of codes is presented in parallel with the apprioriate pieces of hardware. The book can be easily understood by anyone whether they have a technical background or not. It could be used as a textbook.
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