Innovative Technologies for the Treatment of Industrial Wastewater

A Sustainable Approach

Author: Shirish H. Sonawane,Y. Pydi Setty,T. Bala Narsaiah,S. Srinu Naik

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315341514

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 9561

This book highlights advances in sustainable wastewater treatment technologies, particularly biological wastewater treatment, cavitation-based treatment, hybrid water treatment, membrane technologies, advance oxidation processes, and adsorption. The book focuses on a variety of advanced treatment techniques that are useful for the degradation of organic components, dyes, heavy metals effluent, etc. in wastewater. Industrial wastewater consists of variety of discharges based on the type of industry, such as the dairy/food industries, which generate more fats and high BOD value with variation in the pH value, while the electroplating industry may expel more inorganic matter and dissolved solids. The oil extraction industries will have more solvents contained in the effluent, and dyes and textiles industry create a higher organic load with high TDS. Hence, every type of manufacturing industry needs a different method for the treatment of its effluents. Looking at the use of intensified chemical processes in order to make cleaner environment, Innovative Technologies for the Treatment of Industrial Wastewater explores the new and innovative methods for pollutant removal that will prove useful for a variety of industries. Conventional wastewater treatment processes require a significant amount of energy and involve expensive equipment and maintenance. Sustainable wastewater treatment technologies, however, involve less generation of energy and employ more economically feasible treatment methods, requiring less equipment and fewer maintenance costs. Looking at the use of intensified chemical processes in order to make a cleaner environment, this volume explores new and innovative methods for pollutant removal that will prove useful for a variety of industries. This book highlights advances in sustainable wastewater treatment technologies, particularly biological wastewater treatment, cavitation-based treatment, hybrid water treatment, membrane technologies, advanced oxidation processes, and adsorption.
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Food Industry Wastes

Assessment and Recuperation of Commodities

Author: Maria Kosseva,Colin Webb

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123919282

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 338

View: 4377

Food Industry Wastes: Assessment and Recuperation of Commodities presents emerging techniques and opportunities for the treatment of food wastes, the reduction of water footprint, and creating sustainable food systems. Written by a team of experts from around the world, this book provides a guide for implementing bioprocessing techniques. It also helps researchers develop new options for the recuperation of these wastes for community benefit. More than 34 million tons of food waste was generated in the United States in 2009, at a cost of approximately $43 billion. And while less than three percent of that waste was recovered and recycled, there is growing interest and development in recovering and recycling food waste. These processes have the potential not only to reduce greenhouse gases, but to provide energy and resources for other purposes. This book examines these topics in detail, starting with sources, characterization and composition of food wastes, and development of green production strategies. The book then turns to treatment techniques such as solid-state fermentation and anaerobic digestion of solid food waste for biogas and fertilizer. A deep section on innovative biocatalysts and bioreactors follows, encompassing hydrogen generation and thermophilic aerobic bioprocessing technologies. Rounding out the volume are extensive sections on water footprints, including electricity generation from microbial fuel cells (MFCs), and life cycle assessments. Food waste is an area of focus for a wide range of related industries from food science to energy and engineering Outlines the development of green product strategies International authoring team represents the leading edge in research and development Highlights leading trends of current research as well as future opportunities for reusing food waste
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Sustainable Industrial Design and Waste Management

Cradle-to-Cradle for Sustainable Development

Author: Salah El Haggar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080550145

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 424

View: 1449

Sustainable Industrial Design and Waste Management was inspired by the need to have a text that enveloped awareness and solutions to the ongoing issues and concerns of waste generated from industry. The development of science and technology has increased human capacity to extract resources from nature and it is only recently that industries are being held accountable for the detrimental effects the waste they produce has on the environment. Increased governmental research, regulation and corporate accountability are digging up issues pertaining to pollution control and waste treatment and environmental protection. The traditional approach for clinical waste, agricultural waste, industrial waste, and municipal waste are depleting our natural resources. The main objective of this book is to conserve the natural resources by approaching 100 % full utilization of all types of wastes by cradle – to - cradle concepts, using Industrial Ecology methodology documented with case studies. Sustainable development and environmental protection cannot be achieved without establishing the concept of industrial ecology. The main tools necessary for establishing Industrial Ecology and sustainable development will be covered in the book. The concept of “industrial ecology will help the industrial system to be managed and operated more or less like a natural ecosystem hence causing as less damage as possible to the surrounding environment. Numerous case studies allow the reader to adapt concepts according to personal interest/field Reveals innovative technologies for the conservation of natural resources The only book which provides an integrated approach for sustainable development including tools, methodology, and indicators for sustainable development
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Municipal Waste Management in Europe

A Comparative Study in Building Regimes

Author: N. Buclet,Olivier Godard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401594767

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 4627

Nicolas Buclet and Olivier Godard In terms of economic scale, waste management is one of the two most important environmentally oriented sectors. 1 It stands at the cross-roads in the material organization of society, resource management, changing lifestyles and consumption patterns, and ecological issues. For many years waste management has been perceived as aresources and health issue, confined mainly to dense urban areas, and not an environmental issue. In contemporary affiuent societies, however, the scale reached by waste flows, the inheritance of accumulated deposits in soils from the waste of previous generations and increasing levels of public concern about environmental proteetion and quality of life have all conspired to impose a fresh look at what waste really implies for a modern society. We are obliged to focus our attention on such questions as how the circulation of matter is at present organized by society and can be modified and controlled if economic development is to become more environmentally sustainable. This is the period we live in. Significant changes in waste management in European countries have been introduced during the last decade or so. To some extent the transition between traditional regimes mainly based on local disposal and new regimes based on a revised organisation of flows of waste matter is still in the making, involving new attitudes, new activities, new technologies and new incentives, reducing the pressure on virgin natural resources and eliminating the huge dissipation of various pollutants into the environment.
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Sustainable Food Processing

Author: Brijesh K. Tiwari,Tomas Norton,Nicholas M. Holden

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118634373

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 5959

With global inequalities becoming more pronounced, ingredient costs climbing, and global warming a major political issue, food producers must now address environmental concerns, social responsibility and economic viability when designing their food processing techniques for the future. Sustainable food processing is all about finding new ways of meeting present needs without comprising future viability, given constantly changing economic and environmental conditions. This is not just a corporate social responsibility issue, but relates directly to efficiency, cost-saving and profitability, and so the food industry must increasingly embrace sustainable food processing in order to succeed. This book provides a comprehensive overview on both economic sustainability and environmental concerns relating to food processing. It promotes ways of increasing sustainability in all the major sectors of the food industry, and will establish itself as a standard reference book on sustainable food processing. It will be of great interest to academic and industrial professionals. Opening chapters cover the concept and principles of sustainable food processing, with reference to various food processing sectors (dairy, meat, seafood, grain, fruit and vegetables). Further chapters on brewing, cold chain, consumption and packaging provide a comprehensive guide to making these key processes more sustainable. Issues such as cleaning, sanitation, and carbon footprint are discussed, before dedicated chapters covering energy and water consumption in the food industry address economic sustainability. Environmental impact assessment and food processing, waste utilization, risk assessment, and regulatory and legislative issues are also addressed. Contributors include a combination of leading academic and industrial experts, to provide informed and industrially relevant perspectives on these topics.
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IDRC

40 Years of Ideas, Innovation, and Impact

Author: Bruce Muirhead,Ronald N. Harpelle

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554587573

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 5686

The book focuses on the International Development Research Centre as a unique institution that has funded research in the developing South—research proposed and undertaken by Southern researchers—and how, as a result, it has had tremendous impact despite a relatively small budget. The IDRC is much better known in the developing South than in Canada; in many of the roughly 150 countries in which it has provided research funding it has contributed to creating a very positive image of Canada. The centre’s arms-length relationship with Canadian government assistance provides it with enormous freedom and flexibility—it was established in 1970 with its own act under the Trudeau government. The IDRC board is one-half international and one-half Canadian and is the only governmental agency in the world that has this structure, giving them unique insight into Southern development issues. One of the IDRC’s founding principles was its insistence on having Southern researchers decide which projects would be put forward for possible funding, and much care has been taken to avoid “research imperialism” or “colonialism.” An analysis of the path less travelled, but which IDRC found amenable, is fundamental to this history of the centre, and the book highlights the decisions, ideas, and practices that flow from this basic premise.
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Environment, Development, and Sustainability

Perspectives and Cases from Around the World

Author: Gordon Wilson,Pamela Furniss,Richard Kimbowa

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199560641

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

View: 7919

Case studies from technologists, engineers, natural and social scientists, and practitioners present multiple perspectives on sustainable development. Examples from both developing and developed countries, show how environment, development and sustainability intertwine to form an issue of truly global concern.
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Environmental Technologies to Treat Nitrogen Pollution

Author: Francisco J. Cervantes

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843392224

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 420

View: 5444

Environmental Technologies to Treat Nitrogen Pollution will provide a thorough understanding of the principles and applications of environmental technologies to treat nitrogen contamination. The main focus will be on water and wastewater treatment, with additional coverage of leachates and off-gasses. The book will bring together an up-to-date compilation of the main physical, chemical and biological processes demanded for the removal of nitrogenous contaminants from water, wastewater, leachates and off-gasses. It will include a series of chapters providing a deep and broad knowledge of the principles and applications required for the treatment of nitrogen pollution. Each chapter will be prepared by recognized specialists across the range of different aspects involved in the removal of nitrogenous contaminants from industrial discharges. Environmental Technologies to Treat Nitrogen Pollution will be the first book to provide a complete review of all the different processes used for the global management of nitrogen pollution. It will also contain updated information about strategies to achieve nitrogen recovery and reuse in different industrial sectors. Several case studies will document the application of different environmental technologies to manage nitrogen pollution. This book will be of interest to lecturers and graduate students in the following subject areas: environmental engineering, environmental biotechnology, wastewater treatment plant design, water pollution control, contaminants recovery and reuse. The book will also be an attractive reference for environmental engineering consultants.
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2nd IWA Leading-edge Conference on Sustainability

Author: M. Bruce Beck,Andrew Speers

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 184339507X

Category: Nature

Page: 226

View: 4343

Summary: "This book represents the outcome of the Second IWA Leading-Edge Conference held in Sydney, Australia in November 2004. The papers presented here provide insight into the innovative thinking and practical projects undertaken across the globe that move us from patently unsustainable conditions to those in which our economic activity, impact on ecosystems and desire for positive social outcomes are in better balance."--Publisher description.
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Biotechnology for Waste Management and Site Restoration

Technological, Educational, Business, Political Aspects

Author: C. Ronneau,O. Bitchaeva

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400914679

Category: Nature

Page: 248

View: 1916

Biotechnology for Waste Management and Site Restoration covers: waste management - solid, gaseous, liquid; site restoration - radioactivity, organics, toxic metals; educational, economic, social and business aspects; and international collaboration. International collaboration is growing apace and many concrete projects have been started. The body of knowledge is growing. Over the long term, it is envisaged that this international collaboration will result in a long-term scientific and technological strategy, new technologies and alternative solutions, and practical implementations of biotechnology for the nuclear and industrial sectors of the economy.
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Global Construction and the Environment

Strategies and Opportunities

Author: Fred Moavenzadeh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471012894

Category: House & Home

Page: 293

View: 8112

How to profit from construction′s new international business opportunity––the environment Today, no construction industry manager or decision–maker can ignore the environmental movement and the big international business opportunities it′s creating. To help, this comprehensive resource covers the major trends and key legislation that increasingly affect every aspect of construction activity, offering perspective, insight, and concrete guidance––including. ∗ Complete discussions of the most important environmental construction issues and the policies and regulations you need to know to service current clients and better identify new business opportunities ∗ Full descriptions of new environmental techniques and technologies, such as on– and off–site decontamination, specialized toxic substance treatments, and groundwater contamination countermeasures ∗ Insightful analyses of the markets that offer the best opportunities for the U.S. construction industry, including openings in environmental clean–up projects for traditional construction services––site planning, project management, earth moving, and transportation of materials ∗ Marketplace breakdowns with abundant data and analyses for trends and opportunities in the U.S., the EEC, Pacific Rim, and former Soviet bloc The environment has become a powerful market force in construction. Global Construction and the Environment shows you how to turn this force into a source of competitive advantage for your firm.
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22nd European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444594566

Category: Science

Page: 1400

View: 7788

Computer aided process engineering (CAPE) plays a key design and operations role in the process industries. This conference features presentations by CAPE specialists and addresses strategic planning, supply chain issues and the increasingly important area of sustainability audits. Experts collectively highlight the need for CAPE practitioners to embrace the three components of sustainable development: environmental, social and economic progress and the role of systematic and sophisticated CAPE tools in delivering these goals. Contributions from the international community of researchers and engineers using computing-based methods in process engineering Review of the latest developments in process systems engineering Emphasis on a systems approach in tackling industrial and societal grand challenges
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Sustainable Water Treatment

Innovative Technologies

Author: Zainura Zainon Noor,Noor Salehan Mohammad Sabli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781138033245

Category: Green chemistry

Page: 198

View: 3306

This book focuses on green and innovative wastewater treatment technologies that promote sustainability. It discusses a variety of biological, physical, and chemical treatment technologies. It covers biological processes for recovery of value-added products from wastewater and gives an overview of enzymatic hydrolysis and bioremediation of wastewater using immobilized enzyme and fungus. It offers a case study and future trends of wastewater treatment through membrane bioreactor technologies, describes advanced chemical�physical processes for recalcitrant pollutant, and emphasizes the use of low-cost materials and cost-effective treatment methods.
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The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development

Author: Ali Mufit Bahadir,Gheorghe Duca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 904812901X

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 738

Sustainable Development has become the leading concept of the 21 century. It describes a development, which agrees with the needs of the present generation but does not endanger the chances of the coming generations to satisfy also their needs. “Sustainable development” has become an important general goal for all fields of life like economy, ecology and social balance. The development and shaping of our future has been discussed internationally like on the summits of the Conferences in Rio and in Johannesburg. But this is also a topic on national base in various countries. Leading authorities in various fields of economy and politics have also accepted this concept. Although the concept of sustainable development has been generally accepted, there are still problems how to achieve and evaluate these general goals. It is clear that the definitions about the prime needs vary from man to man, from country to country and from continent to continent. But pollution does not respect national borders. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the politics of economy, ecology and social demands by a synergistic way that they are strengthened by each other. If it is not possible to stop tendencies, which threaten the future quality of life, the cost demands of societies will dramatically increase and negative tendencies will become irreversible.
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Ahead of the Curve

Cases of Innovation in Environmental Management

Author: K. Green,P. Groenewegen,P.S. Hofman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401009082

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 241

View: 7519

The debate on sustainable production often ends in discussions on the feasibility of far-reaching changes in relation to the competitiveness of companies. Industry itself and policy-makers tend to back away from engaging in profound processes of industrial transformation. Examples of companies who have voluntarily moved beyond what is seen as 'reasonable' and 'feasible' can overcome this deadlock. This book collects a fine sample of companies who have taken up their responsibility in this respect. To quote the editors of this book: "They are cases that might provide other firms and policy-makers with ideas for innovative environmental responses that are outside the slowly rising trend of improvement that we are currently observing: in short, the cases are of firms and ideas that are ahead of the curve". The editors and many of the authors of this volume are members of the Greening of Industry Network and have been debating with one another for years. Founded in 1991, the Greening of Industry Network comprises over 1500 individuals representing academia, business, public interest, labor and government from more than 50 countries. Participants work together to build policies and strategies toward creating a sustainable future through many vehicles -- coordinating research efforts, publications, planning and participating in workshops, public forums and conferences. To provide benefit to broader society, the Network stimulates public dialogue and brings together academic researchers from many disciplines with other stakeholders who traditionally do not work together in coalitions.
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Environmental and Technology Policy in Europe

Technological Innovation and Policy Integration

Author: G.J. Schrama,S. Sedlacek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401702659

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 243

View: 7165

This book contains six studies on various national environmental policies and environment -oriented technology policy systems in Austria, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom, sandwiched between this introductory and a concluding chapter. These studies were conducted as part of the ENVINNO research project, "Towards an Integration of Environmental and Ecology-Oriented Technology Policy: Stimulus and Response in Environment Related Innovation Networks", which formed part of the Targeted Social and Economic Research (TSER) Programme of Directorate-General XII of the European Commission, now 1 Directorate-General for Research. We like to thank Mrs. Genevieve Zdrojewski of GD Directorate-General Research for her kind support of our research project. The project was carried out between 1998 and 2001 by research teams from the six countries. The co-ordinating institute was the Department of Environmental Economics and Management at the Vienna University of 2 Economics and Business Administration. At this place we want to mention all researchers involved in the ENVINNO project and we want to thank them all for their contributions to this book and the project and for the good time we have had performing the project and meeting each other at regular intervals in Vienna (A), Enschede (NL), Berlin (D), and Sevilla (E). Department of Environmental Economics and Management at the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration in Austria: • Univ. Prof. Dr. Uwe Schubert, • Mag. Judith Kock, • Mag. Jiirgen Mellitzer, 1 Under contract-number SOEI-CT98-110S. 2 The project website is http://www.wu-wien.ac.atiwwwu/institute/iuwIENVINNO.
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White House Conference on Environmental Technology (1994)

Working Papers from the Conference

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788189500

Category:

Page: 204

View: 4481

V.P. Al Gore and senior Clinton Admin. officials met with more than 1,300 industry, environmental, and government leaders from around the U.S. on Dec. 11-13, 1994, to discuss ways to promote economic growth and job creation while preserving the environment. The goal of the conference was to lay the groundwork for developing a national strategy for deploying a new generation of advanced environmental technologies -- technologies with potential to improve U.S. economic competitiveness and position U.S. industry for world leadership in international markets, while at the same time providing for more effective and sustainable environmental protection.
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Water Efficiency in Buildings

Theory and Practice

Author: Kemi Adeyeye

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118456602

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 2341

This reference source on water efficiency in buildings provides comprehensive and up-to-date information. Both multi-disciplinary and practical, it signposts current knowledge, innovation, expertise and evidence on an important subject which is high in the resource management debate. Water Efficiency in Buildings: a review of theory and practice is structured into five sections: Policy; People; Building Design and Planning; Alternative Water Technologies; and Practical Examples & Case Studies. This final section of the book presents new and current practice as well as lessons learnt from case examples on the use of water saving technologies and user engagement. Current evidence is vital for effective policy making. The dynamic nature of issues around water resource management creates a higher need for robust and reliable data and research information that can inform policy and regulations. This compendium provides a roadmap for researchers and building professionals on water efficiency as well as for policy makers and regulators. The case studies and research presented fall within the water supply and demand spectrum, especially those that focus on process efficiency, resource management, building performance, customer experiences and user participation, sustainable practises, scientific and technological innovation. The benefit and impact of the research is at the localandnational level, as well as in the global context.
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Green Chemistry Metrics

A Guide to Determining and Evaluating Process Greenness

Author: Andrew P. Dicks,Andrei Hent

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319105000

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 6504

This contribution to SpringerBriefs in Green Chemistry outlines and discusses the four major green chemistry metrics (atom economy, reaction mass efficiency, E factor and process mass intensity), at a level that is comprehensible by upper-level undergraduates. Such students have previously received fundamental training in organic chemistry basics, and are ideally positioned to learn about green chemistry principles, of which metrics is one foundational pillar. Following this, other green metrics in common use are discussed, along with applications that allow important calculations to be easily undertaken. Finally, an introduction to metrics in the context of life cycle analyses is presented. It should be noted that no other available publication teaches green chemistry metrics in detail with an emphasis on educating undergraduates, whilst simultaneously providing a contemporary industrial flavour to the material.
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