Inflation and Investment Controls in China

The Political Economy of Central-Local Relations During the Reform Era

Author: Yasheng Huang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521665735

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 396

View: 1894

A political-economic analysis of how China has been able to avoid hyperinflation while maintaining high annual growth rates.
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State-Market Interactions in China's Reform Era

Local State Competition and Global Market Building in the Tobacco Industry

Author: Junmin Wang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317605594

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 8127

China today has the largest communist political regime and one of the most dynamic, fastest-growing, and largest economies in the world. Using a case study of China’s tobacco industry, this book analyses how the Chinese government was able to cultivate big state-owned firms that have successfully embraced the global market. The success of the Chinese economy and the many state-owned firms within it have given rise to a "Beijing Consensus," challenging almost every principle enshrined in the so-called "Washington Consensus" that espouses private ownership, free markets, and democracy. By examining two important political processes in contemporary China, ‘local state competition’ and ‘global-market building’, the book argues that the first process serves as a crucial basis for the second. It illustrates how the local governments involved themselves in building and shaping the tobacco market throughout the 1980s and 1990s, and how these domestic market dynamics created conditions for China’s recent embrace of the international market. Offering an in-depth exploration of the political-economic processes in a key Chinese state industry, the book emphasizes that the key to understanding China’s political transition is to look at how the state has been shaped by its market-building projects both domestically and globally. It presents an important contribution to studies on Chinese Business and International Political Economy.
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Routledge Handbook of Regionalism & Federalism

Author: John Loughlin,John Kincaid,Wilfried Swenden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136727698

Category: Political Science

Page: 640

View: 9470

Almost all states are either federal or regionalized in some sense. It is difficult to find a state that is entirely unitary and the Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism necessarily takes in almost the entire world. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. This cutting edge examination seeks to evaluate the two types of state organization from the perspective of political science producing a work that is analytical rather than simply descriptive. The Handbook presents some of the latest theoretical reflections on regionalism and federalism and then moves on to discuss cases of both regionalism and federalism in key countries chosen from the world’s macro-regions. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. The final chapters then examine failed federations such as Czechoslovakia and examples of transnational regionalism - the EU, NAFTA and the African Union. Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.
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State-Led Privatization in China

The Politics of Economic Reform

Author: Jin Zeng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134464967

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 9477

Large-scale privatization did not emerge spontaneously in China in the late 1990s. Rather, the Chinese state led and carefully “planned” ownership transformation with timetables and measurable privatization quotas, not for the purpose of extracting the state from the economy, but in order to strengthen the rule of the Party. While it is widely believed that authoritarian regimes are better suited than democracies to carry out economic reform, this book provides a more nuanced understanding of reform in China, demonstrating that the Chinese state’s capacity to impose unpopular reform is contingent on its control over local state agents and its adaptability to societal demands. Building on rich fieldwork data gathered in three Chinese cities (Shenyang, Shanghai, and Xiamen), this book offers the first comparative study of China’s privatization processes at the local level. Instead of focusing solely on political elites, Jin Zeng adopts a multi-level interaction approach to examine how the complex interplay of the central leadership, grassroots officials, and state-owned enterprise managers and workers shaped the contour of privatization in China.The book advances three central arguments. First, local economic structure and cadre evaluation system mediated local officials’ incentives to initiate privatization. Second, local officials relied on mobilization campaigns and various appeasement measures to implement privatization. Finally, the dynamics of privatization were fundamentally driven by the central government’s reactions to social opposition and by the subsequent responses of local officials to the changed political-regulatory environment. As a detailed analysis of the dual transformation of the property regime and state–society relations in China, this book will be invaluable to students and scholars of Chinese politics, economic reform, as well as those interested in comparative political economy and economic development more broadly.
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Zhao Ziyang and China's Political Future

Author: Guoguang Wu,Helen Lansdowne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134038828

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 811

What legacies have previous reformers like Zhao Ziyang left to today’s China? Does China have feasible political alternatives to today’s repressive ‘market Leninism’ and corrupt ‘state capitalism’? Does Zhao’s legacy indicate an alternative to the past and for the future? For those who are familiar with the development of Chinese politics since the reform years, Zhao is now widely regarded as a major architect of the nation’s profound transition. His contributions to China’s post-Mao development are rich and multi faceted, including those on rural and urban economic reforms extending to accountable governance, liberal policies concerning domestic affairs and China’s foreign relations. Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field such as Richard Baum and Xiaonong Cheng this book explores the historical development of China’s political reform issues, and how his political legacies are relevant to China’s political development since the 1980s to the future. Using recently translated recollection articles by veteran reformers who worked with Zhao in the 1980s, like Du Runsheng, An Zhiwen, Li Rui, Bao Tong, Zhao Ziyang and China's Political Future is a valuable contribution for students and researchers interested in the Chinese politics, Asian politics and political development in Asia.
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Manager Empowerment in China

Political Implications of Rural Industrialisation in the Reform Era

Author: Ray Yep

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134457073

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 4749

Institutional changes in rural China caused by the economic reforms of the post-Mao era have led to a new pattern of state-society interaction in the rural polity. Central to this is the spectacular rise of a group of managerial elites. Contrary to economic predictors, this has been accompanied by the development of an interdependence between these managers and the state. This book provides an analysis of the new state-society relationship and demonstrates the complexity and fluidity involved in institutional development and market transformation.
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Politics of Modern China: Political economy

Author: Yongnian Zheng

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415456203

Category: History

Page: 457

View: 7091

The Politics of Modern China is a comprehensive 4-volume resource for students and teachers of modern Chinese politics as well as other interested individuals and institutions internationally.
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People's Republic of China: Policies and implications of structural reform

Author: Frank N. Pieke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780754622291

Category: China

Page: 1038

View: 3962

This two volume set collects in a conveniently accessible form the most influential articles by leading authorities in the study of China. It provides an international reference work, combined with an authoritative introduction by the editor.
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The Anatomy of Political Power in China

Author: Guoguang Wu

Publisher: Marshall Cavendish Academic

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 2429

Political power is a great enigma in contemporary China, as it operates often behind the closed doors of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). In the recent decades of reform, it has changed greatly in many ways while retaining its authoritarian nature. How do Chinese leaders rule this huge country? How does the regime communicate with its bureaucracies and ordinary citizens? What happened to politics in recent decades as economic marketisation and social liberalisation formed the major currents of the nation's developments? And, what are the implications of all these domestic affairs to China's foreign relations and vice versa? This volume is an intellectual exercise to explore these questions that have for a long time occupied a central position in academic explorations of Chinese politics. The book covers topics such as state-enterprise relationship (a fundamental indicator of the political economy of Chinese reform), central-local relations (an issue that has perplexed the power arrangements in China for over a thousand years in general and since 1949 in particular), relations between popular participation and political reform, and the relationship between individual liberty and political democracy (a classic question in political theory that frames political debates in contemporary China). These collected essays give the reader an insightful peek behind the closed doors of Chinese politics and governance.
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New Directions in Chinese Politics for the New Millennium

Author: Guoli Liu,Weixing Chen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780773470439

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 921

These essays address the most significant developments in China's reform with a focus on rural and urban elections, comprehensive marketization, nature of political change, China's entry in the World Trade Organization, property rights, science and technology policy, and culture and sovereignty.
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Environment and Planning

Government & policy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public administration

Page: N.A

View: 9039

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Issues & Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: World politics

Page: N.A

View: 3474

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