Individual and Society in Guiana

A Comparative Study of Amerindian Social Organisation

Author: Peter Riviere

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521269971

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 5968

The Amerindian peoples of Guiana, the geographical region of north-east South America, have long been recognized as forming a distinct variety of the tropical forest culture. In this book, Peter Rivière employs a comparative perspective to reveal that Guianan societies, generally characterized as socially fluid and amorphous, are in fact much more highly structured than they first appear, and he identifies certain common patterns of social organization that result from sets of individual choices and relationships. By contrasting the characteristics of Guianan society with those from elsewhere in Lowland South America, he constructs a spectrum of complexity of Amerindian social structure, and argues that the Guianan variant represents the logically simplest form of organization in the area.
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Animism in Rainforest and Tundra

Personhood, Animals, Plants and Things in Contemporary Amazonia and Siberia

Author: Marc Brightman,Vanessa Elisa Grotti,Olga Ulturgasheva

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857454684

Category: Nature

Page: 209

View: 5392

Amazonia and Siberia, classic regions of shamanism, have long challenged 'western' understandings of man's place in the world. By exploring the social relations between humans and non-human entities credited with human-like personhood (not only animals and plants, but also 'things' such as artifacts, trade items, or mineral resources) from a comparative perspective, this volume offers valuable insights into the constitutions of humanity and personhood characteristic of the two areas. The contributors conducted their ethnographic fieldwork among peoples undergoing transformative processes of their lived environments, such as the depletion of natural resources and migration to urban centers. They describe here fundamental relational modes that are being tested in the face of change, presenting groundbreaking research on personhood and agency in shamanic societies and contributing to our global understanding of social and cultural change and continuity.
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Animism beyond the Soul

Ontology, Reflexivity, and the Making of Anthropological Knowledge

Author: Katherine Swancutt,Mireille Mazard

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785338676

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 1234

How might we envision animism through the lens of the ‘anthropology of anthropology’? The contributors to this volume offer compelling case studies that demonstrate how indigenous animistic practices, concepts, traditions, and ontologies are co-authored in highly reflexive ways by anthropologists and their interlocutors. They explore how native epistemologies, which inform anthropological notions during fieldwork, underpin the dialogues between researchers and their participants. In doing so, the contributors reveal ways in which indigenous thinkers might be influenced by anthropological concepts of the soul and, equally, how they might subtly or dramatically then transform those same concepts within anthropological theory.
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The Cultural Relations of Classification

An Analysis of Nuaulu Animal Categories from Central Seram

Author: Roy Ellen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521025737

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 1256

This is an innovative study, which takes our understanding beyond the taxonomic abstraction characteristic of earlier work in the field.
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The Roads of Chinese Childhood

Learning and Identification in Angang

Author: Charles Stafford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521026567

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 8424

Children in the Taiwanese fishing community of Angang have their attention drawn, consciously and unconsciously, to various forms of identification through their participation in schooling, family life and popular religion. They read texts about 'virtuous mothers', share 'meaningful foods' with other villagers, visit the altars of 'divining children' and participate in 'dangerous' god-strengthening rituals. In particular they learn about the family-based cycle of reciprocity, and the tension between this and commitment to the nation. Charles Stafford's 1995 study of childhood in this community (with additional material from north-eastern mainland China) explores absorbing issues related to nurturance, education, family, kinship and society in its analysis of how children learn, or do not learn, to identify themselves as both familial and Chinese.
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Contesting Culture

Discourses of Identity in Multi-ethnic London

Author: Gerd Baumann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521555548

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 5487

In a vivid, ethnographic account of immigrant groups living in West London, Gerd Baumann breaks with the conventional discourse of community studies to explore their mutual interaction. By treating Southall--the most densely populated, multi-ethnic ghetto in the London area--as a social field, he considers how people from different backgrounds come to terms with one another and with the dominant, host culture, while at the same time affirming their own ethnic distinctiveness.
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Cooking, Cuisine and Class

A Study in Comparative Sociology

Author: Jack Goody

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316582264

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1603

The preparation, serving and eating of food are common features of all human societies, and have been the focus of study for numerous anthropologists - from Sir James Frazer onwards - from a variety of theoretical and empirical perspectives. It is in the context of this previous anthropological work that Jack Goody sets his own observations on cooking in West Africa. He criticises those approaches which overlook the comparative historical dimension of culinary, and other, cultural differences that emerge in class societies, both of which elements he particularly emphasises in this book. The central question that Professor Goody addresses here is why a differentiated 'haute cuisine' has not emerged in Africa, as it has in other parts of the world. His account of cooking in West Africa is followed by a survey of the culinary practices of the major Eurasian societies throughout history - ranging from Ancient Egypt, Imperial Rome and medieval China to early modern Europe - in which he relates the differences in food preparation and consumption emerging in these societies to differences in their socio-economic structures, specifically in modes of production and communication. He concludes with an examination of the world-wide rise of 'industrial food' and its impact on Third World societies, showing that the ability of the latter to resist cultural domination in food, as in other things, is related to the nature of their pre-existing socio-economic structures. The arguments presented here will interest all social scientists and historians concerned with cultural history and social theory.
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Fifteen Generations of Bretons

Kinship and Society in Lower Brittany, 1720-1980

Author: Martine Segalen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 7689

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The archaeology of Guyana

Author: Mark G. Plew

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 67

View: 9144

This book is written for professional archaeologists, students of South American archaeology, heritage managers, museum staffs, and the general public. The book intends to provide sufficient breadth and detail that it stands as a scholarly work, while presenting data in a manner which allows for a wide use of the materials. Thus the book summarizes well-known sites and those less known but important to understanding the regional prehistory. The primary objective of this book is to craft an overview and synthesis of the archaeology of Guyana and in so doing document the diversity of human adaptations over several thousands of years. The ten chapters include an historical overview of the history of archaeological research in Guyana during the late 19th and late 20th centuries; an overview of the geological history, climate and geography; the general chronological context of Guyana prehistory; the Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene paleo-environmental context; the evidence for Paleo-Indian occupations; the prehistory of Northwestern Guyana with specific reference to the Archaic shellfisher and later Horticultural patterns of the littoral; the archaeology of the Abary and Hertenrits Phases of Northeastern Guyana; an overview of the Taruma Phase of Southeastern Guyana; the Paleo-Indian, Archaic, and Horticultural occupations of the Rupununi savannahs; a summary and synthesis of the Iwokrama rainforest in central Guyana; and a review of major developments in Guyana archaeology and future research needs.
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I am Tsunki

gender and shamanism among the Shuar of western Amazonia

Author: Marie Perruchon

Publisher: Uppsala Universitet

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 386

View: 1252

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Ethnology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 6260

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Gender and Land Use

Diversity in Environmental Practices

Author: Mirjam de Bruijn,Ineke van Halsema,Heleen van den Hombergh

Publisher: Thesis Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 188

View: 1389

The consequences of changes in the natural environment are in many cases gendered. Relations between gender, land use and the management of the environment have so far been approached mostly from a philosophical or more theoretical point of view. This boo
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JASO

Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 746

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Antropológica

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 9631

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