Implementation and World Politics

How International Norms Change Practice

Author: Alexander Betts,Phil Orchard

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021865

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 9039

A significant amount of International Relations scholarship examines the role of international norms in world politics. Existing work, though, focuses mainly on how these norms emerge and the process by which governments sign and ratify them. In conventional accounts, the story ends there. Yet, this tells us very little about the conditions under which these norms actually make any difference in practice. When do these norms actually change what happens on the ground? In order to address this analytical gap, the book develops an original conceptual framework for understanding the role of implementation in world politics. It applies this framework to explain variation in the impact of a range of people-centred norms relating to humanitarianism, human rights, and development. The book explores how the same international norms can have radically different effects in different national and local contexts, or within particular organizations, and in turn how this variation can have profound effects on people's lives. How do international norms change and adapt at implementation? Which actors and structures matter for shaping whether implementation actually takes place, and on whose terms? And what lessons can we derive from this for both International Relations theory and for international public policy-makers? Collectively, the chapters explore these themes by looking at three different types of norms - treaty norms, principle norms, and policy norms - across policy fields that include refugees, internal displacement, crimes against humanity, the use of mercenaries, humanitarian assistance, aid transparency, civilian protection, and the responsibility to protect.
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The Global Environment and World Politics

Author: Elizabeth R. DeSombre

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441154728

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8983

Environmental issues are increasingly important factors in world politics - just think of the intense speculation over the climate change discussions at the forthcoming G8 summit. The study of global environmental politics draws on a variety of academic traditions. It uses international relations theory to look at the concerns and actions of states, but has also had to find a variety of new concepts and perspectives in order to explain issues unique to the study of the environment. Here, DeSombre examines four important aspects of the field: international environmental cooperation; the relationship between the environment and security; the issues of science, uncertainty and risk; and the role of non-state actors. In the second half of the book she examines these issues through the use of case studies on specific problems facing the global environment, including global change, the politics of whaling, the protection of Amazonian biodiversity and acid rain in Europe and North America.
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The Political Economy of WTO Implementation and China’s Approach to Litigation in the WTO

Author: Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu,Z. Qi

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783473851

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 8883

The concept of compliance of World Trade Organization (WTO) law as part of international economic law is examined in this discerning book. The issue of compliance is examined through a broad perspective, considering the key conceptual issues which continu
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The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 8029

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
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The Implementation Game

The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

Author: Carolyn Deere

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199550611

Category: Law

Page: 409

View: 3575

This is first book-length study of the politics surrounding the implementation of the WTO's Agreement on Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), a controversial agreement administered by the World Trade Organization.
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The Environment and International Relations

Author: Mark Imber,John Vogler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134827784

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7888

Environmental issues and questions of global change are now firmly established on the international political agenda. This book provides a wide-ranging survey of the current treatment of environmental issues in international relations. This book begins by looking at the relevance of the different theoretical approaches current in international relations to the study of the environment. It analyzses a wide range of approaches from the debate between neo-realism and liberal institutionalism to the significant connections between gender and global environmental change. The book goes on to consider a range of key international processes, discussing the monitoring and implementation of environmental agreements, the place of ideology in negotiations and the role of international organisations.
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Die Staatengesellschaft im Globalisierungsprozess

Wege zu einer antizipatorischen Politik

Author: Ulrich Teusch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322804321

Category: Political Science

Page: 321

View: 5482

Die Untersuchung leistet einen theoretisch reflektierten und empirisch fundierten Beitrag zur aktuellen Debatte über das Phänomen Globalisierung. Im Zentrum der Erörterung steht die Rolle der internationalen Staatengesellschaft angesichts zunehmend globalisierter politischer Problemfelder. Der Autor veranschaulicht seine Perspektive in vier großen Fallstudien zu den Themen: Ökologie, Nation und Nationalismus, Demokratie und Frieden sowie humanitäre Intervention.
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Politics and Policy Implementation in the Third World

Author: Merilee S. Grindle

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400886082

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 7728

This book addresses the broader questions of how both the content and the context of public policy affect its implementation. Through a series of case studies from Mexico, Peru, Brazil, Colombia, Zambia, Kenya, and India, ten scholars here demonstrate that numerous factors intervene between the statement of policy goals and their actual achievement in society. Originally published in 1980. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
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Human Rights and World Politics (Second Edition)

Author: David P. Forsythe

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803268692

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 9720

By the 1980s the concept of internationally recognized human rights was being reinforced by a growing body of international law and by the multiplication of agencies concerned with such matters as torture in Paraguay, slavery in Mauritania, the British use of force in Northern Ireland, and starvation and malnutrition in EastøAfrica and Southeast Asia. No matter how much a national leader might find it more convenient to focus on other matters, some world organization or private group could be counted on to keep the issue of universal human rights alive. Because the subject is particularly timely, David P. Forsythe has revised Human Rights and World Politics, first published in 1983. For this second edition, Forsythe has updated all chapters and completely rewritten the one on U.S. foreign policy to include the second Reagan administration. After a brief history of the evolution of human rights in international law and diplomacy, he surveys human rights standards as developed by the United Nations and other official organizations. Moving from the definitive core of law, Forsythe turns to the interpretation and implementation of rights agreements; the role of private or unofficial organizations such as Amnesty International and the Red Cross; the relationship between civil-political and socio-economic rights; the role of human rights in U.S. foreign policy, particularly under Carter and Reagan; and lobbying in Washington by human-rights interest groups. In all, Forsythe?s exhaustive research and careful analysis bring clarity and concreteness to a subject too often obscured by rhetoric.
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Legalization and World Politics

Author: Judith Goldstein

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262571517

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 7457

Exploring the intersection of international law and world politics from the viewpoints of the two disciplines.
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After Secularism

Rethinking Religion in Global Politics

Author: E. Wilson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230355315

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 2854

Having destabilized dominant assumptions about the nature of religion, there is now a need to develop new ways of thinking about this ever-present phenomenon in global politics. This book outlines a new approach to understanding religion and its relationship with politics in the West and globally for International Relations.
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From the Global to the Local

How International Rights Reach Bangladesh's Children

Author: Andrea Schapper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135070067

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 4919

From the Global to the Local develops a unique perspective on human rights governance in developing countries, where the state often lacks the required resources, capacities and expertise for implementing rights. Considering how rights that have been agreed upon in the global arena of world politics are locally implemented, this book then specifically explores how they reach the local children of Bangladesh’s urban slums and poor rural areas. Andrea Schapper combines an analytical framework grounded in international relations scholarship on global governance with empirical field research methods that have their basis in sociology and anthropology. Utilising this methodology, the book examines three principles that represent a global consensus on children’s rights (the protection of children from the worst forms of child labor, providing them with primary education, and delivering basic health care services to them) to illuminating the need for local and contextual solutions to transnational issues. Exploring such concerns with vigor, this book fills a gap in the study of human rights implementation and protection and will thus be of immense interest to students of Law, of International Relations and of Development Studies.
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Islam in World Politics

Author: Nelly Lahoud,A.H. Johns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134347170

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 2191

The essays in this collection examine the emergence of Islam as a force in today’s international political arena. Driven by a concern to understand factors leading to, and the implications of, this heightened political profile the contributors go beyond polemics and apologetics. The book critically examines some of the major events, movements and trends in the Islamic world over the past fifty years and their impact on the international scene. Reflecting the diversity and heterogeneity of the Muslim world, the book covers issues including: the challenge of Islamism to the Muslim world the use of Islam as a political tool on the international scene Islam’s contribution to the theory and practice of global finance Islam’s role in gender discourse Islam’s articulations in the Indian Sub-continent, Southeast Asia, Central Asia and the Arab world. Very little of the current literature deals with political Islam globally, and very few books go much beyond the Middle East and its terrorist groups. This volume fills that gap, providing a compelling cross-national, cross-cultural and interdisciplinary analysis of Islam as a potent political force.
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Global Warming and Global Politics

Author: Matthew Paterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134772831

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3257

Examines the major theories within international relations, and how these can help us understand the emergence of global warming as a political issue.
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Environmental NGOs in World Politics

Linking the Local and the Global

Author: Matthias Finger,Thomas Princen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113482162X

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 787

At a time when states are reactive, at best, to the global ecological crisis and when economic globalization seems to be significantly contributing to the acceleration of that crisis, environmental non-governmental orgainisations (NGOs) are proliferating. This book explains the key role of NGOs in an emerging world environmental politics, showing how NGOs act both as independent bargainers and as agents of social learning, to link biophysical conditions to the political realm at both the local and global levels. Throught the use of case studies the authors reveal the richness and diversity of NGO activity and the dificulty of the choices facing decision-makers in their attempts to protect the environment, seek new forms of governance and foster social environmental learning. The book generates questions that are central, not only to an understanding of NGO relations, but to the study of international environmental politics. Environmental NOGs in World Politics will be of great interest to upper level student sand scholars of both environmental politics and international relations. It will also appeal to environmental-policy professionals.
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International Law in World Politics

An Introduction

Author: Shirley V. Scott

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781626376045

Category: LAW

Page: 324

View: 9662

The rules-based international order -- States -- Nonstate actors -- Intergovernmental organizations -- International courts and tribunals -- The autonomy of international law -- Legal argument as political maneuvering -- Reading a multilateral treaty -- The evolution of a multilateral treaty regime -- The initiation of international armed conflict -- The conduct of armed conflict -- Arms control -- Human rights -- The environment -- International law and the shifting distribution of power
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Climate Change and International Politics

Author: Narottam Gaan

Publisher: Gyan Publishing House

ISBN: 9788178356419

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 399

View: 855

Accustomed to understanding security primarily a matter spatial exercise in distancing and boundary making on the part of states and their military alliances to secure borders and institutions from outside threats, the nations of the world have so far given a short shrift to the gravity of environmental degradation as a factor or catalyst of intrastate or interstate conflict, or at worst, a security threat to entire humanity until the shafts of retaliatory responses of the infuriated climate change to the cloddish and brutish power of the rich industrialized nations to destroy it by its emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, pointed toward man menacing with funereal and cascading consequences of global warming. Thus, climate change, which has so far been on the fringe of human concern, or in American President s view a myth or a hoax, has catapulted into the center stage of great political flare up among the nations of the world on the issue of apportioning the responsibility on rich industrialized nations or the populous South to mitigate the dangers of climate change, which seems to be mired in the contradiction between North s advocacy of inequity in having uncontested access to the atmosphere as carton sinks, and equity while disabusing the atmosphere of the carbon debris. Not walking on trodden furrows, this book expatiates on the desideratum of a paradigm shift from faith in the Newtonian mechanistic view of the universe to a faith in the profundity of Eastern wisdom and new insights presently found in science, which see both nature and human beings as warp and woof woven beautifully into the divine tapestry.
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UNESCO and World Politics

Engaging In International Relations

Author: James Patrick Sewell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400871069

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 6799

That intergovernmental organizations do not operate effectively has long been apparent. Why they fail to do so has puzzled observers, as has the lack of a satisfying explanation of how these institutions actually do work. Using the concept of "engaging," James P. Sewell investigates the development of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The concept of engaging—becoming involved or more involved in a continuing international relationship—permits the author to focus on levels and timing of participation as well as on the participants' motives. Drawing on extensive interviews and on published and unpublished material, his study traces UNESCO's formation and evolution from 1941 to 1972. He considers different forms of engagement, conditions of their effectiveness, and the important role played by political leaders. The concept of engaging provides new insight into several significant questions. How and with what domestic consequences do actors respond to the challenges of an international organization? Why and how do executive managers induce closer engagement in their institutions? Professor Sewell's innovative approach is applicable to the study of all types of intergovernmental organizations. Originally published in 1975. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
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World Health and World Politics

The World Health Organization and the UN System

Author: Javed Siddiqi

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 9781570030383

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9396

Amid accusations of ineffectiveness and 'politicization', one of the most important United Nations agencies, the World Health Organization, finds itself engulfed in a crisis of confidence that has led some observers to question its continued viability. Even highly-placed members of WHO's Secretariat fear that conflict and controversy have become endemic to the agency, compromising its effectiveness more than ever before. To assess the validity of these allegations, Javed Siddiqi evaluates the agency's accomplishments from 1948 through 1985, including its massive field effort in the Malaria Eradication Programme. His findings portray an organization that, despite the recurrent intrusions of 'negative politics', has been increasingly successful in realizing structural aspirations of universal membership and workable decentralization but less effective in attempts to eliminate individual diseases. Using internal documents, meeting records, personal interviews and secondary sources, Siddiqi analyses WHO policies and programmes from a non-medical perspective. He examines charges of politicization and traces their rise over the past two decades, including their recent link to fears about a complete breakdown of multilateral cooperation. Siddiqi also chronicles the Malaria Eradication Programme from its enthusiastic inauguration in the 1950s to its demise and substitution by less ambitious initiatives after 1969. Through this case study he illumines a strategic shift in WHO policyfrom the 'vertical' approach of targeting a single disease to a 'horizontal', multi-pronged attack on a spectrum of health problems. Concluding that politicization and ineffectiveness are not inseparable phenomena of recent origin, Siddiqi explains the WHO's limited effectiveness in terms of both unavoidable constraints and avoidable deterrents. He also highlights the agency's significant achievements and, in doing so, demonstrates that Western charges of ineffectiveness and politicization miss the complexity of these concepts offered by a thorough evaluation of the WHO.
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European Social Security and Global Politics:Eiss Yearbook

Author: European Institute for Social Security. Conference

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041119485

Category: Law

Page: 323

View: 7204

The twelve remarkable essays in this book explore this vital issue from a number of enlightening perspectives. European Social Security and Global Politics represents a partial gleaning of the September 2001 conference-held in Bergen, Norway-of the European Institute of Social Security, a leading multidisciplinary research group and the vanguard of the debate on social security in Europe. Fifteen highly committed researchers and administrators from all over Europe offer in-depth analysis and conclusions in such crucial areas as: how globalisation increases inequality and hinders redistribution of wealth how certain social security policies hamper the free movement of workers the elusive promise of regional social security in Europe essential elements of any proposed global social security policy various reform initiatives for the fair administration of pension schemes In addition to the invaluable individual insights advanced in each paper, two notable trends seem to pervade the entire conference. One is the growing divergence of social security policy within European countries, coexisting uneasily with EU measures against social exclusion; the other is the sudden clarity of principle and design in the European welfare state when seen against the virtual anarchy of the globalisation model. Where these trends may lead us is only beginning to come into focus, and this book is among the first to sharpen the images of the possible futures in European social security that are likely to emerge in the next decade. All professionals in any aspect of social security policy or study will benefit enormously from this provocative book, not only in Europe but throughout the world.
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