Immigration, Integration, and Security

America and Europe in Comparative Perspective

Author: Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia,Simon Reich

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 9780822973386

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 1531

Recent acts of terrorism in Britain and Europe and the events of 9/11 in the United States have greatly influenced immigration, security, and integration policies in these countries. Yet many of the current practices surrounding these issues were developed decades ago, and are ill-suited to the dynamics of today's global economies and immigration patterns. At the core of much policy debate is the inherent paradox whereby immigrant populations are frequently perceived as posing a potential security threat yet bolster economies by providing an inexpensive workforce. Strict attention to border controls and immigration quotas has diverted focus away from perhaps the most significant dilemma: the integration of existing immigrant groups. Often restricted in their civil and political rights and targets of xenophobia, racial profiling, and discrimination, immigrants are unable or unwilling to integrate into the population. These factors breed distrust, disenfranchisement, and hatred-factors that potentially engender radicalization and can even threaten internal security. The contributors compare policies on these issues at three relational levels: between individual EU nations and the U.S., between the EU and U.S., and among EU nations. What emerges is a timely and critical examination of the variations and contradictions in policy at each level of interaction and how different agencies and different nations often work in opposition to each other with self-defeating results. While the contributors differ on courses of action, they offer fresh perspectives, some examining significant case studies and laying the groundwork for future debate on these crucial issues.
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Migration, Regional Integration and Human Security

The Formation and Maintenance of Transnational Spaces

Author: Harald Kleinschmidt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351917595

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 1938

This original and timely book is the first to analyze the interconnectedness of migration, regional integration and the new security studies. Exploring the conflict between the actions of transnational migrants and state government policy in a series of theoretical chapters and regional case-studies, the book includes theoretical chapters which look at three key facets of the nation-state: population, territory and government, discussing the ways in which migration, regional integration and new security thinking challenge the accepted role and responsibilities of the state. Regional case-studies are also included which explore the specific challenges faced in regions including Central America, Asia and the Pacific and Central and Eastern Europe. As a book that asks crucial questions about the formulation of migration policies and the consequences of that success of failure, it will be essential reading for students and scholars of migration in sociology, politics and international relations and also for those with professional interests in the area.
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Managing Ethnic Diversity After 9/11

Integration, Security, and Civil Liberties in Transatlantic Perspective

Author: Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia,Simon Reich

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813547164

Category: Political Science

Page: 301

View: 5270

A collection of essays addresses how United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Spain, Italy and the Netherlands have integrated ethnic minorities, especially Arabs and Muslims, since 9/11, arguing that poor integration has infringed on the rights of minorities and threatened national security.
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A Threat Against Europe?

Security, Migration and Integration

Author: J. Peter Burgess,Serge Gutwirth

Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

ISBN: 9054879297

Category: History

Page: 215

View: 3213

The concept of security has traditionally referred to the status of sovereign states in a closed international system. In this system the state is assumed to be both the object of security and the primary provider of security. Threats to the state's security are understood as threats to its political autonomy in the system. The major international institutions that emerged after the Second World War were built around this idea. When the founders of the United Nations spoke of collective security, they were referring primarily to state security and to the coordinated system that would be necessary in order to avoid the 'scourge of war'. But today, a wide range of security threats, both new and traditional, confront Europe, or at least as some would say.
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Frontiers of Fear

Immigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe

Author: Ariane Chebel D'Appollonia

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801464382

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 4680

On both sides of the Atlantic, restrictive immigration policies have been framed as security imperatives since the 1990s. This trend accelerated in the aftermath of 9/11 and subsequent terrorist attacks in Europe. In Frontiers of Fear, Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia raises two central questions with profound consequences for national security and immigration policy: First, does the securitization of immigration issues actually contribute to the enhancement of internal security? Second, does the use of counterterrorist measures address such immigration issues as the increasing number of illegal immigrants, the resilience of ethnic tensions, and the emergence of homegrown radicalization? Chebel d'Appollonia questions the main assumptions that inform political agendas in the United States and throughout Europe, analyzing implementation and evaluating the effectiveness of policies in terms of their stated objectives. She argues that the new security-based immigration regime has proven ineffective in achieving its prescribed goals and even aggravated the problems it was supposed to solve: A security/insecurity cycle has been created that results in less security and less democracy. The excesses of securitization have harmed both immigration and counterterrorist policies and seriously damaged the delicate balance between security and respect for civil liberties.
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Xenophobia and Islamophobia in Europe

Author: Raymond Taras

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654895

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8098

This cross-national analysis of Islamophobia looks at these questions in an innovative, even-handed way, steering clear of politically-correct cliches and stereotypes. It cautions that Islamophobia is a serious threat to European values and norms, and mus
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Migrant Integration in a Changing Europe

Immigrants, European Citizens, and Co-ethnics in Italy and Spain

Author: Roxana Barbulescu

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess

ISBN: 0268104409

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 2586

In this rich study, Roxana Barbulescu examines the transformation of state-led immigrant integration in two relatively new immigration countries in Western Europe: Italy and Spain. The book is comparative in approach and seeks to explain states' immigrant integration strategies across national, regional, and city-level decision and policy making. Barbulescu argues that states pursue no one-size-fits-all strategy for the integration of migrants, but rather simultaneously pursue multiple strategies that vary greatly for different groups. Two main integration strategies stand out. The first one targets non-European citizens and is assimilationist in character and based on interventionist principles according to which the government actively pursues the inclusion of migrants. The second strategy targets EU citizens and is a laissez-faire scenario where foreigners enjoy rights and live their entire lives in the host country without the state or the local authorities seeking their integration. The empirical material in the book, dating from 1985 to 2015, includes systematic analyses of immigration laws, integration policies and guidelines, historical documents, original interviews with policy makers, and statistical analysis based on data from the European Labor Force Survey. While the book draws on evidence from Italy and Spain in an effort to bring these case studies to the core of fundamental debates on immigration and citizenship studies, its broader aim is to contribute to a better understanding of state interventionism in immigrant integration in contemporary Europe. The book will be a useful text for students and scholars of global immigration, integration, citizenship, European integration, and European society and culture.
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Security Versus Freedom?

A Challenge for Europe's Future

Author: Thierry Balzacq

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317057961

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 4699

From the viewpoint of migration and asylum policy and the fight against terrorism, justice and home affairs is a key policy area. It is also an area that raises important challenges and questions with regard to the preservation of fundamental freedoms. This engaging volume examines the emerging European Union area of freedom, security and justice at a time when key policy priorities are taking shape within the EU. Bringing together contributors from different backgrounds, the volume is ideal for students and scholars of European studies, law, political science, political theory and sociology.
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History, Memory and Migration

Perceptions of the Past and the Politics of Incorporation

Author: Irial Glynn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137010231

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 4802

By conversing with the main bodies of relevant literature from Migration Studies and Memory Studies, this overview highlights how analysing memories can contribute to a better understanding of the complexities of migrant incorporation. The chapters consider international case studies from Europe, North America, Australia, Asia and the Middle East.
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Transforming America: Perspectives on U.S. Immigration [3 volumes]

Perspectives on U.S. Immigration

Author: Michael C. LeMay

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313396442

Category: Social Science

Page: 807

View: 658

Utilizing multiple perspectives of related academic disciplines, this three-volume set of contributed essays enables readers to understand the complexity of immigration to the United States and grasp how our history of immigration has made this nation what it is today.
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Migration and European Integration

The Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Author: Robert Miles,Dietrich Thränhardt

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838636138

Category: Political Science

Page: 209

View: 7243

1980-93, by John Foot
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Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century

Author: K. Khory

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137007125

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 4628

Immigration today evokes passionate debates over questions of national identity, state sovereignty, and citizenship. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for individuals, states, and societies grappling with questions of identity, belonging, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.
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Migration and Welfare in the New Europe

Social Protection and the Challenges of Integration

Author: Emma Carmel,Alfio Cerami,Theodoros Papadopoulos

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847426433

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 3055

Providing innovative insights, this book moves the debate on migration and integration policies in the enlarged European Union and its member states onto new terrain.
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Immigration, Integration and the Law

The Intersection of Domestic, EU and International Legal Regimes

Author: Dr Clíodhna Murphy

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472404866

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 3794

This book examines the role and impact of EU, international human rights and refugee law on national laws and policies for integration and argues for a broad understanding of the relationship between integration and the law. It analyses the legal foundations of integration at the international and regional levels and examines the interaction of national, EU and international legal spheres, highlighting the significance of these dimensions of the relationship between integration and the law. The book draws together these central themes to enhance our understanding of the connections between integration and the law. It also makes specific recommendations for the development of holistic, human-rights based approaches to integration in EU Member States. The book will be of value to academics and researchers working in the areas of immigration, and refugee law, as well as those interested in cultural diversity both from a legal and sociological perspective.
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The Political Consequences of Anti-Americanism

Author: Richard Higgott,Ivona Malbasic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134041063

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3940

Anti-Americanism as a concept is confused, often used in a contradictory fashion and invariably driven by emotion rather than intellect. Nevertheless, it casts a long policy shadow with adverse consequences (both real and potential) for actors including those who may not support the concept. This book puts anti-Americanism into a contemporary context and analyses some of its political consequences. The argument of the book is that ideas matter: they shape actions and have policy consequences. With the case of anti-Americanism, even superficial ideas can reflect deep seated emotions that might, at first sight, appear real. These can range from the rhetorical flourish and smart comment occasioned by a presidential gaucherie through to a deep embedded, visceral hatred of all things American. The contributors to this volume discern the difference between these two ends of the anti-American spectrum and assess the varying degree of ‘political consequence’. Divided into three parts, items addressed include: Networks, culture and foundations consisting of the role of influential foundations and think tanks in combating anti-Americanism, and the link between the political establishment in Washington D.C. and the popular culture industry Security and Anti-Americanism Regional and country Studies, including Canada, Australia, East Asia, Latin America, Greece and France. The Political Consequences of Anti-Americanism will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, international relations, security studies, American politics and American foreign policy.
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Europe Today

National politics, European integration, and European security

Author: Ronald Tiersky

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742528055

Category: Political Science

Page: 515

View: 6080

This engaging book, a true twenty-first century enterprise, is the only text that offers both country case studies and discussion of the European Union in one sustained volume. Now thoroughly revised for 2004, it is the first European politics text to offer current analysis on the invasion of Iraq, NATO and European security, U.S.-European relations, and enlargement issues. All chapters from the first edition have been comprehensively updated, and completely new chapters have been added on Germany, France, Great Britain, Spain, Poland, monetary union, security, and migration. With its strong international emphasis and focus on Europe before and after Iraq, professors will be able to use this text to lead students toward a coherent view of intra-European conflicts, Europe and the United States, and Europe's international responsibilities. A new website devoted exclusively to the book, with regularly updated statistics, analysis, and links for each chapter, will provide a rich resource for students seeking additional information and researching classroom assignments.
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Migration, Globalisation, and Human Security

Author: David T. Graham,Nana Poku

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415184363

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 1372

Migration, Globalisation and Human Security looks at a range of security and human security issues related to the displacement of civilian populations and shows how the tenuous existence of migrants can lead to a myriad of human security threats. Providing major theoretical analyses of recent migration trends and in depth-case studies, this book shows that a redefinition of the notion of human security is now needed.
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Drawing Lines in Sand and Snow

Border Security and North American Economic Integration

Author: Bradly Condon,Tapen Sinha

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765633439

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 4388

This book addresses the major issues facing the North American continent: security, economic integration (globalization), border management, corruption, and illegal migration. The authors provide an in-depth analysis of the economic, business, and security implications of cross-border movements of people, goods, and capital and corruption, using hard data to back up their conclusions. The book looks at the NAFTA region from the perspectives of Canada, Mexico, and the United States, and provides much better coverage of Mexico than most in the field. The book is essential reading for policy makers and people doing business from, to, and within the NAFTA region, and provides a road map for addressing these crucial concerns.
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Migration from Turkey to Sweden

Integration, Belonging and Transnational Community

Author: Bahar Baser,Paul T. Levin

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1786722453

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 972

The ‘refugee crisis’ and the recent rise of anti-immigration parties across Europe has prompted widespread debates about migration, integration and security on the continent. But the perspectives and experiences of immigrants in northern and western Europe have equal political significance for contemporary European societies. While Turkish migration to Europe has been a vital area of research, little scholarly attention has been paid to Turkish migration to specifically Sweden, which has a mix of religious and ethnic groups from Turkey and where now well over 100,000 Swedes have Turkish origins. This book examines immigration from Turkey to Sweden from its beginnings in the mid-1960s, when the recruitment of workers was needed to satisfy the expanding industrial economy. It traces the impact of Sweden’s economic downturn, and the effects of the 1971 Turkish military intervention and the 1980 military coup, after which asylum seekers - mostly Assyrian Christians and Kurds - sought refuge in Sweden. Contributors explore how the patterns of labour migration and interactions with Swedish society impacted the social and political attitudes of these different communities, their sense of belonging, and diasporic activism. The book also investigates issues of integration, return migration, transnational ties, external voting and citizenship rights. Through the detailed analysis of migration to Sweden and emigration from Turkey, this book sheds new light on the situation of migrants in Europe.
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