Immigration and Membership Politics in Western Europe

Author: Sara Wallace Goodman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107063140

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 9726

This book examines why Western European states have recently introduced citizenship tests, integration courses, contracts, and oath ceremonies. These requirements are perceived as instruments of civic integration, to enable immigrants to be better participants in society and the labor market. However, are all states introducing these requirements for the same reason?
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Ein- und Ausgrenzungen von Migranten

Zur sozialen Konstruktion (un-)erwünschter Zuwanderung

Author: Christian Ulbricht

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839439299

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 700

Die öffentlichen Debatten über Einwanderung und Integration sind polarisierend - mehr denn je. Stets stellt sich die Frage, wie im Einwanderungsdiskurs legitim zwischen erwünschter und unerwünschter Einwanderung unterschieden wird. Christian Ulbrichts wissenssoziologische Studie liefert einen innovativen Beitrag zum liberalen Paradox und zeigt, wie vor dem Hintergrund des Menschenrechtsdiskurses eine rassistische Ein- und Ausgrenzung extrem rechtfertigungswürdig ist. Er verdeutlicht, dass sich die Frage nach der Erwünschtheit von Zuwanderung am Klassenmerkmal der Einwanderer_innen entscheidet: Die Einwanderer_innen werden als mobile Humankapitalträger_innen wahrgenommen, sodass ein Dualismus aus Mobilität vs. Migration entsteht.
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Challenge to the Nation-State

Immigration in Western Europe and the United States

Author: Christian Joppke

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198292296

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 9137

This volume presents the latest research by some of the world's leading figures in the fast growing area of immigration studies. Relating the study of immigration to wider processes of social change, the book focuses on two key areas in which nation-states are being challenged by this phenomenon: sovereignty and citizenship. Bringing together the separate clusters of scholarship which have evolved around both of these areas, Challenge to the Nation-State disentangles the many contrasting views on the impact of immigration on the authority and integrity of the state. Some scholars have stressed the stubborn resistance of states to relinquish territorial control, the continued relevance of national citizenship traditions, and the `balkanizing' risks of ethnically divided societies. Others have argued that migrations are fostering a post-national world. In their view, states' immigration policies are increasingly constrained by global markets and an international human rights regime, membership as citizenship is devalued by new forms of postnational membership for migrants, and national monocultures are giving way to multicultural diversity. Focusing on the issue of sovereignty in the first section, and citizenship in the second, this compelling new study seeks to clarify the central stakes and opposing positions in this important and complex debate.
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Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 2261

Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.
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Europadämmerung

Ein Essay

Author: Ivan Krastev

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518752189

Category: Political Science

Page: 143

View: 3570

Nach 1989 waren Landkarten plötzlich nicht länger in Mode. Die Grenzen sollten geöffnet werden für Menschen, Güter, Kapital und Ideen. An die Stelle der alten Karten traten Graphiken, welche die ökonomische Verflechtung innerhalb der EU illustrierten. Heute erleben wir einen ideologischen Gezeitenwechsel: Wo die Mehrheit der Europäer noch vor einigen Jahren optimistisch auf die Globalisierung blickte, empfinden sie Migration und die Rückkehr der Geopolitik als Quelle der Unsicherheit. Ivan Krastev untersucht die Ursachen für diesen Wandel und erörtert, welche Formen die europäische Desintegration annehmen könnte. Ein Zerfall der EU, so Krastev, wäre eine Tragödie, die den Kontinent zu internationaler Bedeutungslosigkeit verurteilen würde.
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Fremde in unserer Mitte

Politische Philosophie der Einwanderung

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754262

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 4289

Das Thema Einwanderung wirft gewichtige gesellschaftspolitische, moralische und ethische Fragen auf, die seit einiger Zeit im Zentrum intensiver Debatten stehen. Der renommierte britische Philosoph David Miller verteidigt in seinem Buch eine Position zwischen einem starken Kosmopolitismus, der für uneingeschränkte Bewegungsfreiheit und offene Grenzen plädiert, und einem blinden Nationalismus, der oft in pauschale Ausländerfeindlichkeit und dumpfen Rassismus umschlägt. In ständiger Auseinandersetzung mit Gegenargumenten entwickelt er seinen Standpunkt, der die Rechte sowohl der Immigranten als auch der Staatsbürger berücksichtigen soll – und einen schwachen Kosmopolitismus ebenso einschließt wie das Recht von Nationalstaaten, ihre Grenzen zu kontrollieren. Ziel von Millers Ausführungen ist eine Immigrationspolitik liberaler Demokratien, die so gerecht ist wie möglich und so realistisch wie nötig. Ein beeindruckend präzise und nüchtern argumentierendes Buch, das zum Nachdenken anregt und zum Widerspruch reizt.
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Becoming Multicultural

Immigration and the Politics of Membership in Canada and Germany

Author: Triadafilos Triadafilopoulos

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 077481568X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3298

During the first half of the twentieth century, Canada and Germany’s responses to questions of national membership consisted of discriminatory policies aimed at harnessing migration for economic ends. Yet, by the end of the century, both countries were transformed into highly diverse multicultural societies. How did this remarkable shift come about? Triadafilopoulos argues that, after the war, global human rights norms intersected with domestic political identities and institutions, opening the way for the liberalization of Canada and Germany’s immigration and citizenship policies. His is a thought-provoking analysis that sheds light on the dynamics of membership politics and policy making in contemporary liberal-democratic countries.
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Immigrant Politics

Race and Representation in Western Europe

Author: Terri E. Givens,Rahsaan Maxwell

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: 9781588268303

Category: Social Science

Page: 179

View: 4665

Do ethnic minority politicians play a meaningful role in Western Europe? How do European publics feel about nonwhite politicians? How are political parties reaching out to ethnic minority communities, and how do those communities feel about their political influence? Addressing these increasingly critical questions, the authors of Immigrant Politics explore the realities, possibilities, and problems of ethnic minority and migrant political participation in Western Europe. Their combination of thematic chapters and country studies provides a thorough overview of the politics of race and representation in the region. -- Publisher description.
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Developments in European Politics 2

Author: Erik Jones,Paul M. Heywood,Martin Rhodes,Ulrich Sedelmeier

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230343988

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4492

Rarely has European politics been so tumultuous or difficult to predict. The global economic crisis and subsequent recession have had a profound effect on Europe's political, economic and social landscape, as governments have been forced to cope with almost unprecedented levels of public debt. A pan-European analysis is essential for those seeking to understand contemporary trends and developments. Developments in European Politics brings together specially commissioned chapters by leading authorities to give an up-to-date and systematic analysis of European political developments – in institutions, processes and policy – at both national and regional levels. It provides wide-ranging and clear analysis of the factors influencing European politics, from the Europeanization of national politics to the broader forces of globalization, immigration, climate change and international terrorism.
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The Politics of Immigration in Western Europe

Author: Martin Baldwin-Edwards,Martin A. Schain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135203490

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5458

This book is devoted to an analysis of how immigration has emerged as a political issue, how the politics of immigration have been constructed, and what have been the consequences in western Europe. Specific coverage is given to France, the UK, Italy, Austria and Germany, along with the emerging EU policy process and some cross-national comparisons.
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Migration and Citizenship Attribution

Politics and Policies in Western Europe

Author: Maarten Peter Vink

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135699283

Category: Political Science

Page: 162

View: 1355

How do states in Western Europe deal with the challenges of migration for citizenship? The legal relationship between a person and a state is becoming increasingly blurred in our mobile, transnational world. This volume deals with the membership dimension of citizenship, specifically the formal rules that states use to attribute citizenship. These nationally-specific rules determine how and under what conditions citizenship is attributed by states to individuals: how one can acquire formal citizenship status, but also how this status can be lost. Migration and Citizenship Attribution observes various trends in citizenship policies since the early 1980s, analysing historical patterns and recent changes across Western Europe as well as examining specific developments in individual countries. Authors explore the equal treatment of women and men with regard to descent-based citizenship attribution, along with the process of convergence between countries with ‘ius soli’ and ‘ius sanguinis’ traditions with regard to birthright provisions. They consider how the increasing acceptance of multiple citizenship is reflected in a dual trend to abolish, or at least to moderate, the renunciation of the citizenship of origin as a condition for naturalisation, and also to restrict provisions of loss of citizenship due to voluntary acquisition of a foreign citizenship. Another trend observed and discussed is the introduction by many countries of language tests and integration conditions in the naturalisation procedure, with some countries now concluding the naturalisation process by means of a US-styled citizenship ceremony. Contributors also explore the various things taken into account under state citizenship laws such as statelessness, or membership of the European Union. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
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Inside the Radical Right

The Development of Anti-Immigrant Parties in Western Europe

Author: David Art

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498835

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3130

What explains the cross-national variation in the radical right's electoral success over the last several decades? Challenging existing structural and institutional accounts, this book analyzes the dynamics of party building and explores the attitudes, skills and experiences of radical right activists in eleven different countries. Based on extensive field research and an original data set of radical right candidates for office, David Art links the quality of radical right activists to broader patterns of success and failure. He demonstrates how a combination of historical legacies and incentive structures produced activists who helped party building in some cases and doomed it in others. In an age of rising electoral volatility and the fading of traditional political cleavages, Inside the Radical Right makes a strong case for the importance of party leaders and activists as masters of their own fate.
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Immigration Policy in Europe

The Politics of Control

Author: Virginie Guiraudon,Gallya Lahav

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136779116

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 9848

Previously published as a special issue of West European Politics, this edited volume evaluates the extent to which a policy gap between inputs and outcomes exists with regard to immigration control.
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Immigration and Politics in the New Europe

Reinventing Borders

Author: Gallya Lahav

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107320461

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5263

With almost a quarter of the world's migrants, Europe has been attempting to regulate migration and harmonize immigration policy at the European level. The central dilemma exposed is how liberal democracies can reconcile the need to control the movement of people with the desire to promote open borders, free markets and liberal standards. Gallya Lahav's book traces ten years of public opinion and elite attitudes toward immigration cross-nationally to show how and why increasing EU integration may not necessarily lead to more open immigration outcomes. Empirical evidence reveals that support from both elite and public opinion has led to the adoption of restrictive immigration policies despite the requirements of open borders. Unique in bringing together original data on European legislators and national elites, longitudinal data on public opinion and institutional and policy analyses, this 2004 study provides an important insight into the processes of European integration, and globalization more broadly.
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Gender Politics in the Expanding European Union

Mobilization, Inclusion, Exclusion

Author: Silke Roth

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9780857450708

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 9510

In May 2004, after bringing their legislation into accordance with EU regulations, ten more countries joined the European Union. The contributors to this volume assess the impact of this historical development on gender relations in the new and old EU member states. Instead of focusing on either western or eastern Europe, this book investigates the similarities and differences in diverse parts of Europe. Although initially limited, gender equality was part of the original framework of the European Union, an organization often more open than national governments to feminist demands, as this volume illustrates with case studies from eastern and western Europe. The enlargement process thus provides some important policy instruments for increasing equality between men and women.
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The Logics and Politics of Post-WWII Migration to Western Europe

Author: Anthony M. Messina

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463608

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7299

Few phenomena have been more disruptive to West European politics and society than the accumulative experience of post-WWII immigration. Against this backdrop spring two questions: Why have the immigrant-receiving states historically permitted high levels of immigration? To what degree can the social and political fallout precipitated by immigration be politically managed? Utilizing evidence from a variety of sources, this study explores the links between immigration and the surge of popular support for anti-immigrant groups; its implications for state sovereignty; its elevation to the policy agenda of the European Union; and its domestic legacies. It argues that post-WWII migration is primarily an interest-driven phenomenon that has historically served the macroeconomic and political interests of the receiving countries. Moreover, it is the role of politics in adjudicating the claims presented by domestic economic actors, foreign policy commitments, and humanitarian norms that creates a permissive environment for significant migration to Western Europe.
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Turkish Immigrants in Western Europe and North America

Immigration and Political Mobilization

Author: Sebnem Koser Akcapar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135754160

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 5689

Public and even scholarly debates usually focus on the integration problems of Muslim immigrants at the cost of overlooking the role of the growing number of migrant organizations in establishing a crucial link among immigrants themselves, as well as between them and their countries of origin and residence. This book aims to fill a gap in the vast literature on migration from Turkey by contributing the neglected aspect of civic and political participation of Turkish immigrants. It brings together a number of scholars who carried out extensive research on the associational culture of Turkish immigrants living in different countries in Europe and North America. In order to understand the diversity and dynamics within Turkish migrant communities living in these parts of the world yet maintaining transnational ties, this book offers a comparative and interdisciplinary approach to migrant organizations in general and civic participation and political mobilization of Turkish immigrants in particular. This book was published as a special issue in Turkish Studies.
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Morality Politics in Western Europe

Parties, Agendas and Policy Choices

Author: Isabelle Engeli,Christoffer Green-Pedersen,Lars Thorup Larsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137016698

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 637

Why do some countries have 'Culture Wars' over morality issues such as abortion and same-sex marriage while other countries hardly experience any conflict? This book argues that morality issues only generate major conflicts in political systems with a significant conflict between religious and secular parties.
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