Immigration and Integration Policy in Europe

Why Politics - and the Centre-Right - Matter

Author: Tim Bale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317968271

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

View: 4462

The role of political parties in immigration control and integration policy in Europe is underestimated, and parties on the centre-right are particularly important and interesting in this respect. They make up many European governments and therefore help determine state and EU policy. Moreover, even before the rise of the populist radical right, immigration and integration were matters of genuine ideological and practical concern for Europe’s market liberal, conservative and Christian Democratic parties. Exploiting such issues for electoral gain may make superficial sense, but too hard a line risks alienating their supporters in business and in civil society, as well as undermining party unity. It is a difficult balance, but one that makes a big difference both to the parties involved and the public policies they help produce. This volume brings together experts on both migration and political parties – fields that have not always interacted as much as they could or should have done – in order to study the impacts, dilemmas and trade-offs involved. This book is based on the special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.
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Integrating Immigrants in Europe

Research-Policy Dialogues

Author: Peter Scholten,Han Entzinger,Rinus Penninx,Stijn Verbeek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331916256X

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 8307

This open access book explores how research and policymaking in the field of migrant integration have developed historically and how this interrelationship plays out in the strongly politicised climate of opinions on migration in Europe. It features interdisciplinary theoretical contributions as well as original empirical studies on research-policy dialogues at both the EU and country level. The chapters study not only how the dialogue between research and policy is structured (such as advisory bodies, research agencies, and ad-hoc committees), but also how these dialogues affect policymaking and the development of migrant integration research itself as well. The analysis reveals profound changes in the dialogue structures associated with the research-policy nexus in the domain of migrant integration. On the one hand, dialogue structures have become more ad-hoc, often established in response to distinct political events or to specific problems. On the other, politicisation has not thwarted all efforts to develop more institutionalised dialogue structures between producers and users of knowledge. In addition, research has contributed to policymaking in very different ways in various European countries. This edited volume is unique in this effort to reflect on the impact of research-policy dialogues both on the development of migrant integration policies as well as on migrant integration research. It will be of importance to scholars in this field as well as to policymakers and other stakeholders involved in migrant integration policymaking.
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Integration Processes and Policies in Europe

Contexts, Levels and Actors

Author: Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas,Rinus Penninx

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319216740

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 2050

In this open access book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, but also actors in their country of origin. Moreover, a heuristic model is developed for the non-normative, analytical study of integration processes and policies based on conceptual, demographic, and historical accounts. The volume addresses three interconnected issues: What does research have to say on (the study of) integration processes in general and on the relevance of actors in origin countries in particular? What is the state of the art of the study of integration policies in Europe and the use of the concept of integration in policy formulation and practice? Does the proposal to include actors in origin countries as important players in integration policies find legitimation in empirical research? A few general conclusions are drawn. First, integration policies have developed at many levels of government: nationally, locally, regionally, and at the supra-national level of the EU. Second, a multitude of stakeholders has become involved in integration as policy designers and implementers. Finally, a logic of policymaking—and not an evidence-based scientific argument—can be said to underlie the European Commission’s redefinition of integration as a three-way process. This book will appeal to academics and policymakers at international, European, national, regional, and local levels. It will also be of interest to graduate and master-level students of political science, sociology, social anthropology, international relations, criminology, geography, and history.
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Citizenship in European Cities

Immigrants, Local Politics, and Integration Policies

Author: Rinus Penninx

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 5368

There are relatively few books that provide comparative analysis of European cities in relation to immigrants and political participation. This fresh and insightful volume analyzes how the presence of immigrants is perceived in politics, how this affects their status and how far minorities are able to (politically) participate in European cities.
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Immigration, Integration, and Security

America and Europe in Comparative Perspective

Author: Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia,Simon Reich

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 9780822973386

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 6448

Recent acts of terrorism in Britain and Europe and the events of 9/11 in the United States have greatly influenced immigration, security, and integration policies in these countries. Yet many of the current practices surrounding these issues were developed decades ago, and are ill-suited to the dynamics of today's global economies and immigration patterns. At the core of much policy debate is the inherent paradox whereby immigrant populations are frequently perceived as posing a potential security threat yet bolster economies by providing an inexpensive workforce. Strict attention to border controls and immigration quotas has diverted focus away from perhaps the most significant dilemma: the integration of existing immigrant groups. Often restricted in their civil and political rights and targets of xenophobia, racial profiling, and discrimination, immigrants are unable or unwilling to integrate into the population. These factors breed distrust, disenfranchisement, and hatred-factors that potentially engender radicalization and can even threaten internal security. The contributors compare policies on these issues at three relational levels: between individual EU nations and the U.S., between the EU and U.S., and among EU nations. What emerges is a timely and critical examination of the variations and contradictions in policy at each level of interaction and how different agencies and different nations often work in opposition to each other with self-defeating results. While the contributors differ on courses of action, they offer fresh perspectives, some examining significant case studies and laying the groundwork for future debate on these crucial issues.
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Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Author: Yann Algan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199660093

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9964

This book seeks to address three issues: How do European countries differ in their cultural integration process and what are the different models of integration at work? How does cultural integration relate to economic integration? What are the implications for civic participation and public policies?
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Mainstreaming Integration Governance

New Trends in Migrant Integration Policies in Europe

Author: P.W.A. Scholten,I. van Breugel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319592777

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 4874

This book provides a critical analysis of mainstreaming as one of the major contemporary trends in immigrant integration governance in Europe. Bringing together unique empirical material and theoretical insights on mainstreaming, it examines how, why and to what effect immigrant integration is mainstreamed. In the context of the rise and fall of multiculturalism across various European countries, this book explores how these countries are rethinking the governance of their increasingly diverse societies. It highlights the trends of a broad approach to immigrant integration priorities, ‘mainstreamed’ into generic policy domains which are now visible throughout Europe. With contributions not only on migration studies, but also policy studies and gender mainstreaming, this edited volume will appeal to scholars across these fields, as well as policymakers and practitioners.
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Measuring and Monitoring Immigrant Integration in Europe

Integration Policies and Monitoring Efforts in 17 European Countries

Author: Rob Bijl,Arjen Verweij

Publisher: Sociaal En Cultureel Planbureau

ISBN: 9789037705690

Category: Social Science

Page: 366

View: 9050

Europe is trying to streamline its policy on the integration of immigrants and ethnic minorities. The information available on integration in the different countries is still very variable in its extent and quality. In this report, authors from sixteen European countries describe how integration is approached in their country, what the integration objectives of their government are, where the problems lie, and what the implications of this are for monitoring the process of integration over time in their country.
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The Politics of Migration and Immigration in Europe

Author: Andrew Geddes,Peter Scholten

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473988322

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 6445

Migration and immigration are high on any nation’s agenda but have particular resonance in Europe in light of recent events. The new edition of this book has been fully updated in this respect and explores: Immigration policy in individual EU nations The treatment of migrants, including immigrant policies The development and effects of the Shengen agreement The movement towards common EU policies. It looks specifically at the contexts of Britain, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Greece and Turkey as well as a examining the changing nature of migration dynamics in central and Eastern Europe. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level.
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The Discourses and Politics of Migration in Europe

Author: U. Korkut,G. Bucken-Knapp,A. McGarry,J. Hinnfors,H. Drake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137310901

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 8482

This book engages with politics and political discourse that relate to and qualify immigration in Europe. It brings together empirical analysis of immigration both topically and contextually, and interprets such empirical evidence with the use of policy and discursive analyses as methodological tools. Thematically, this volume focuses on how discourse and politics operate in issue areas as varied as immigrant integration and multilevel governance, Roma immigration and their respective securitization, the uses of language in determination of asylum applications, gendered immigrants in informal economy, perceptions of integration by the migrants, economic interests and economic nationalism stimulating immigration choices, ideology and entry policies, and asylum processes and the institutional evolution of immigration systems. These issues are analyzed with empirical evidence investigating the discursive formulation of immigration systems in political contexts such as the Netherlands, France, United Kingdom, Turkey, Switzerland, Scandinavian states, and Finland.
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Immigration Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany

Negotiating Membership and Remaking the Nation

Author: Douglas B. Klusmeyer,Demetrios G. Papademetriou

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845459695

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5465

German migration policy now stands at a major crossroad, caught between a fifty-year history of missed opportunities and serious new challenges. Focusing on these new challenges that German policy makers face, the authors, both internationally recognized in this field, use historical argument, theoretical analysis, and empirical evaluation to advance a more nuanced understanding of recent initiatives and the implications of these initiatives. Their approach combines both synthesis and original research in a presentation that is not only accessible to the general educated reader but also addresses the concerns of academic scholars and policy analysts. This important volume offers a comprehensive and critical examination of the history of German migration law and policy from the Federal Republic's inception in 1949 to the present.
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Immigration and Integration Policy in Europe

Why Politics - and the Centre-Right - Matter

Author: Tim Bale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317968271

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

View: 5470

The role of political parties in immigration control and integration policy in Europe is underestimated, and parties on the centre-right are particularly important and interesting in this respect. They make up many European governments and therefore help determine state and EU policy. Moreover, even before the rise of the populist radical right, immigration and integration were matters of genuine ideological and practical concern for Europe’s market liberal, conservative and Christian Democratic parties. Exploiting such issues for electoral gain may make superficial sense, but too hard a line risks alienating their supporters in business and in civil society, as well as undermining party unity. It is a difficult balance, but one that makes a big difference both to the parties involved and the public policies they help produce. This volume brings together experts on both migration and political parties – fields that have not always interacted as much as they could or should have done – in order to study the impacts, dilemmas and trade-offs involved. This book is based on the special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.
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Paradoxes of Integration: Female Migrants in Europe

Author: Floya Anthias,Maria Kontos,Mirjana Morokvasic-Müller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400748426

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 3033

This timely and innovative book analyses the lives of new female migrants in the EU with a focus on the labour market, domestic work, care work and prostitution in particular. It provides a comparative analysis embracing eleven European countries from Northern (UK, Germany, Sweden, France), Southern (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, Cyprus) and Eastern Europe (Poland, Slovenia), i.e. old and new immigration countries as well as old and new market economies. It maps labour market trends, welfare policies, migration laws, patterns of employment, and the working and social conditions of female migrants in different sectors of the labour market, formal and informal. It is particularly concerned with the strategies women use to counter the disadvantages they face. It analyses the ways in which gender hierarchies are intertwined with other social relations of power, providing a gendered and intersectional perspective, drawing on the biographies of migrant women. The book highlights policy relevant issues and tries to uncover some of the contradictory assumptions relating to integration which it treats as a highly normative and problematic concept. It reframes integration in terms of greater equalisation and democratisation (entailed in the parameters of access, participation and belonging), pointing to its transnational and intersectional dimensions.
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Paths to Inclusion

The Integration of Migrants in the United States and Germany

Author: Peter H. Schuck,Rainer Münz

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571810922

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 4329

When discussing wages, historians have traditionally concentrated on the level of wages, much less on how people were paid for their work. Important aspects were thus ignored such as how frequently were wages actually paid, how much of the wage was paid in non-monetary form - whether as traditional perquisites or community relief - especially when there was often insufficient coinage available to pay wages. Covering a wide geographical area, ranging from Spain to Finland, and time span, ranging from the sixteenth century to the 1930s, this volume offers fresh perspectives on key areas in social and economic history such as the relationship between customs, moral economy, wages and the market, changing pay and wage forms and the relationship between age, gender and wages.
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Migration and Welfare in the New Europe

Social Protection and the Challenges of Integration

Author: Emma Carmel,Alfio Cerami,Dr. Theodoros Papadopoulos

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847426441

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 5054

Providing innovative insights, this book moves the debate on migration and integration policies in the enlarged European Union and its member states onto new terrain.
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Immigration Policy in Europe

The Politics of Control

Author: Virginie Guiraudon,Gallya Lahav

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136779116

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 8355

Previously published as a special issue of West European Politics, this edited volume evaluates the extent to which a policy gap between inputs and outcomes exists with regard to immigration control.
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European Immigration Policy

A Comparative Study

Author: Tomas Hammar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521263263

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 7040

This book, first published in 1985, presents a comprehensive analysis of immigration policy in Europe. Six representative countries are looked at in detail: Sweden, Holland, Britain, France, West Germany and Switzerland. All have experienced large-scale postwar immigration and exemplify different policy responses: the 'guestworker' system in Germany and Switzerland; policies aiming at permanent settlement in Britain and Sweden; intermediate policies in France and Holland. Britain, France and Holland are also countries where there has been substantial immigration from ex-colonies. The book looks at the size and composition of immigration to each country, its history, the economic and social background to immigration, its regulation and policy measures and their effects on immigrants. The second part of the book provides a comparative analysis of the different immigration policies and the reasons for them; changes in immigration policy; the different forms of regulation and control, housing, education, and social welfare provisions.
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Immigration in Europe

Issues, Policies and Case Studies

Author: David Turton,Julia González

Publisher: Universidad de Deusto

ISBN: 8498305128

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 5918

The dynamics of migration in Europe have changed dramatically over the last few decades. Some countries, such as Ireland, Italy and Spain, are newcomers to an increasingly diverse Europe, having moved from being sources of emigration to destinations for migrants. Others such as France, Germany and the UK have many more years of experience with immigrants. Some of the biggest challenges facing Europe in the context of migration relate to irregular migration and integration by immigrants and refugees. What are the immigration needs of the different European countries? What are their labour needs? Can Europe’s existing population satisfy those labour needs? How can European countries work together to protect and improve the current refugee and asylum system? In the light of these pressing issues, it is vital that academics and NGOs work together to promote debate, research and the publication of reliable information about migration and refugees. To this end, academics, policy-makers and representatives of NGOs met at the University of Deusto in Bilbao, Spain (30 January-1 February 2003) to reflect on and debate the state of immigration in Europe. The results are published in this book.
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Migration and the Externalities of European Integration

Author: Sandra Lavenex,Emek M. Uçarer

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739106297

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 1307

"Migration and the Externalities of European Integration analyzes the extra-European dimension of the European Union's (EU) migration policies and the mechanisms developed to enforce the EU's policy decisions. While previous scholarship has tended to overlook the consequences of Europeanization on actors outside the EU this work scrutinizes the foreign policy dimension in EU migration policies and highlights the Union's complex role as an international actor. Written by scholars of migration policy, the essays discuss the impact of EU asylum and refugee policy on Norway, Switzerland, Eastern Europe, Euro-Mediterranean, and EU-Turkish relations and the effect of migration on European immigration controls and welfare policy. This comprehensive treatment of transnational migration will be a valuable resource for students of international affairs, European integration, and international organization."
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