Immigration and Conflict in Europe

Author: Rafaela M. Dancygier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139490494

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1351

Contemporary debates give the impression that the presence of immigrants necessarily spells strife. Yet as Immigration and Conflict in Europe shows, the incidence of conflict involving immigrants and their descendants has varied widely across groups, cities, and countries. The book presents a theory to account for this uneven pattern, explaining why we observe clashes between immigrants and natives in some locations but not in others and why some cities experience confrontations between immigrants and state actors while others are spared from such conflicts. The book addresses how economic conditions interact with electoral incentives to account for immigrant-native and immigrant-state conflict across groups and cities within Great Britain as well as across Germany and France. It highlights the importance of national immigration regimes and local political economies in shaping immigrants' economic position and political behavior, demonstrating how economic and electoral forces, rather than cultural differences, determine patterns of conflict and calm.
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Immigration and Conflict in Europe

Author: Rafaela M. Dancygier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521150231

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 7601

Contemporary debates give the impression that the presence of immigrants necessarily spells strife. Yet as Immigration and Conflict in Europe shows, the incidence of conflict involving immigrants and their descendants has varied widely across groups, cities, and countries. The book presents a theory to account for this uneven pattern, explaining why we observe clashes between immigrants and natives in some locations but not in others and why some cities experience confrontations between immigrants and state actors while others are spared from such conflicts. The book addresses how economic conditions interact with electoral incentives to account for immigrant-native and immigrant-state conflict across groups and cities within Great Britain as well as across Germany and France. The author highlights the importance of national immigration regimes and local political economies in shaping immigrants' economic position and political behavior, demonstrating how economic and electoral forces, rather than cultural differences, determine patterns of conflict and calm.
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Immigration and Conflict in Europe

Author: Rafaela M. Dancygier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521199070

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 1416

Contemporary debates give the impression that the presence of immigrants necessarily spells strife. Yet as Immigration and Conflict in Europe shows, the incidence of conflict involving immigrants and their descendants has varied widely across groups, cities, and countries. The book presents a theory to account for this uneven pattern, explaining why we observe clashes between immigrants and natives in some locations but not in others and why some cities experience confrontations between immigrants and state actors while others are spared from such conflicts. The book addresses how economic conditions interact with electoral incentives to account for immigrant-native and immigrant-state conflict across groups and cities within Great Britain as well as across Germany and France. The author highlights the importance of national immigration regimes and local political economies in shaping immigrants' economic position and political behavior, demonstrating how economic and electoral forces, rather than cultural differences, determine patterns of conflict and calm.
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Fragmented Fatherland

Immigration and Cold War Conflict in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1945-1980

Author: Alexander Clarkson

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857459597

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 1025

1945 to 1980 marks an extensive period of mass migration of students, refugees, ex-soldiers, and workers from an extraordinarily wide range of countries to West Germany. Turkish, Kurdish, and Italian groups have been studied extensively, and while this book uses these groups as points of comparison, it focuses on ethnic communities of varying social structures-from Spain, Iran, Ukraine, Greece, Croatia, and Algeria-and examines the interaction between immigrant networks and West German state institutions as well as the ways in which patterns of cooperation and conflict differ. This study demonstrates how the social consequences of mass immigration became intertwined with the ideological battles of Cold War Germany and how the political life and popular movements within these immigrant communities played a crucial role in shaping West German society.
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Ethnic Europe

Mobility, Identity, and Conflict in a Globalized World

Author: Roland Hsu

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804773793

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 9657

Ethnic Europe examines the increasingly complex ethnic challenges facing the expanding European Union. Essays from eleven experts tackle such issues as labor migration, strains on welfare economies, the durability of local traditions, the effects of globalized cultures, and the role of Islamic diasporas, separatist movements, and threats of terrorism. With Europe now a destination for global immigration, European countries are increasingly alert to the difficult struggle to balance minority rights with social cohesion. In pondering these dilemmas, the contributors to this volume take us from theory, history, and broad views of diasporas, to the particularities of neighborhoods, borderlands, and popular literature and film that have been shaped by the mixing of ethnic cultures.
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Dilemmas of Inclusion

Muslims in European Politics

Author: Rafaela M. Dancygier

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400888107

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 5944

As Europe’s Muslim communities continue to grow, so does their impact on electoral politics and the potential for inclusion dilemmas. In vote-rich enclaves, Muslim views on religion, tradition, and gender roles can deviate sharply from those of the majority electorate, generating severe trade-offs for parties seeking to broaden their coalitions. Dilemmas of Inclusion explains when and why European political parties include Muslim candidates and voters, revealing that the ways in which parties recruit this new electorate can have lasting consequences. Drawing on original evidence from thousands of electoral contests in Austria, Belgium, Germany, and Great Britain, Rafaela Dancygier sheds new light on when minority recruitment will match up with existing party positions and uphold electoral alignments and when it will undermine party brands and shake up party systems. She demonstrates that when parties are seduced by the quick delivery of ethno-religious bloc votes, they undercut their ideological coherence, fail to establish programmatic linkages with Muslim voters, and miss their opportunity to build cross-ethnic, class-based coalitions. Dancygier highlights how the politics of minority inclusion can become a testing ground for parties, showing just how far their commitments to equality and diversity will take them when push comes to electoral shove. Providing a unified theoretical framework for understanding the causes and consequences of minority political incorporation, and especially as these pertain to European Muslim populations, Dilemmas of Inclusion advances our knowledge about how ethnic and religious diversity reshapes domestic politics in today’s democracies.
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Immigration Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany

Negotiating Membership and Remaking the Nation

Author: Douglas B. Klusmeyer,Demetrios G. Papademetriou

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845459695

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2299

German migration policy now stands at a major crossroad, caught between a fifty-year history of missed opportunities and serious new challenges. Focusing on these new challenges that German policy makers face, the authors, both internationally recognized in this field, use historical argument, theoretical analysis, and empirical evaluation to advance a more nuanced understanding of recent initiatives and the implications of these initiatives. Their approach combines both synthesis and original research in a presentation that is not only accessible to the general educated reader but also addresses the concerns of academic scholars and policy analysts. This important volume offers a comprehensive and critical examination of the history of German migration law and policy from the Federal Republic's inception in 1949 to the present.
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The Politics of Migration and Immigration in Europe

Author: Andrew Geddes,Peter Scholten

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473988322

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 750

Migration and immigration are high on any nation’s agenda but have particular resonance in Europe in light of recent events. The new edition of this book has been fully updated in this respect and explores: Immigration policy in individual EU nations The treatment of migrants, including immigrant policies The development and effects of the Shengen agreement The movement towards common EU policies. It looks specifically at the contexts of Britain, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Greece and Turkey as well as a examining the changing nature of migration dynamics in central and Eastern Europe. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level.
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Migration Control in the North Atlantic World

The Evolution of State Practices in Europe and the United States from the French Revolution to the Inter-war Period

Author: Andreas Fahrmeir,Olivier Faron,Patrick Weil

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571813282

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 4657

..".we still know surprisingly little about the enforcement of [national migration control laws] and their effects on migration...This book significantly reduces our ignorance...astonishingly, most of the papers...manage to thread a path through the formidable tangle of law, jurisdictions and complexities while maintaining a clear narrative voice and not losing sight of the larger issues." Comparativ In general, this set of essays, in its breadth of contributions and range of topics, is a major value to specialists and advanced students. The essays are argued tightly, et rest on a substantial base of evidence." History: Reviews of New Books "[A] pioneering study ... As well as its empirical strengths, the book also demonstrates Fahrmeir's comfort in dealing with theory ... The rigor with which [he] tackles his subject deserves comment ... A genuine comparative history ... an extremely important monograph ... a major contribution to out understanding of the legal position of aliens in modern European history." American Historical Review The migration movements of the 20th century have led to an increased interest in similarly dramatic population changes in the preceding century. The contributors to this volume - legal scholars, sociologists, political scientist and historians - focus on migration control in the 19th century, concentrating on three areas in particular: the impact of the French Revolution on the development of modern citizenship laws and on the development of new forms of migration control in France and elsewhere; the theory and practice of migration control in various European states is examined, focusing on the control of paupers, emigrants and "ordinary" travelers as well as on the interrelationship between the different administrative levels - local, regional and national - at which migration control was exercised. Finally, on the development of migration control in two countries of immigration: the United States and France. Taken altogether, these essays demonstrate conclusively that the image of the 19th century as a liberal era during which migration was unaffected by state intervention is untenable and in serious need of revision. Andreas Fahrmeir is currently in the History Department at the University of Cologne. Olivier Faron is a researcher at the CNRS, Universite Paris and lecturer at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris. He is secretary general of the Societe de Demographie Historique and deputy secretary general of the Societe Francaise d'Histoire Urbaine. Patrick Weil is Director of Research at CNRS in the Centre for Research on the History of Social Movements and Trade Unionism, Paris I - Sorbonne. He is the author of a report for the French Prime Minister on French nationality and immigration law in 1997 and is a member of the French Consultative Commission on Human Rights."
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Turks in Europe

From Guest Worker to Transnational Citizen

Author: Nermin Abadan-Unat

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845454251

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 7973

One of the foremost scholars on Turkish migration, the author offers in this work the summary of her experiences and research on Turkish migration since 1963. During these forty years her aim has been threefold: to explain the journeys made by thousands of Turkish men and women to foreign lands out of choice, necessity, or invitation; to shed light on the difficulties they faced; and to elaborate on how their lives were affected by the legal, political, social, and economic measures in the countries where they settled. The extensive research done both in Turkey and in Europe into the lives of individuals directly and indirectly affected by the migration phenomenon and the examination of these research results further enhances the value of this wide-ranging study as a definitive reference work.
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Trade Unions, Immigration, and Immigrants in Europe, 1960-1993

A Comparative Study of the Attitudes and Actions of Trade Unions in Seven West European Countries

Author: Rinus Penninx,Judith Roosblad

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571817860

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 5702

During the fifty years since the end of hostilities, European literary memories of the war have undergone considerable change, influenced by the personal experiences of writers as well as changing political, social, and cultural factors. This volume examines changing ways of remembering the war in the literatures of France, Germany, and Italy; changes in the subject of memory, and in the relations between fiction, autobiography, and documentary, with the focus being on the extent to which shared European memories of the war have been constructed. After having received his PhD and Habilitation from the Free University Berlin,Helmut Peitschmoved to Britain, where he held a number of academic positions. Since 1994, he has been Professor of European Studies at the University of Wales, Cardiff; Charles Burdettreceived his PhD from the University of Oxford and was appointed Lecturer in Italian Studies at the University of Wales, Cardiff; Claire Gorrarareceived her PhD from the University of Oxford and in 1994 was appointed Lecturer in French at the University of Wales, Cardiff.
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Fortress Europe

Inside the War Against Immigration

Author: Matthew Carr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781849046275

Category:

Page: 256

View: 3996

Revised and updated for 2015, Matthew Carr provides an urgent investigation into Europe's militarised borders. In a series of searing dispatches, he speaks to border officers and police, officials, migrants, asylum-seekers and activists from across the continent in a ground-breaking critique of an epic political, institutional and humanitarian failure that now threatens the future of the European Union itself.
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Cultures of Border Control

Schengen and the Evolution of European Frontiers

Author: Ruben Zaiotti

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226977870

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 7145

In recent years, a number of European countries abolished national border controls in favor of Europe’s external frontiers. In doing so, they challenged long-established conceptions of sovereignty, territoriality, and security in world affairs. Setting forth a new analytic framework informed by constructivism and pragmatism, Ruben Zaiotti traces the transformation of underlying assumptions and cultural practices guiding European policymakers and postnational Europe, shedding light on current trends characterizing its politics and relations with others. The book also includes a fascinating comparison to developments in North America, where the United States has pursued more restrictive border control strategies since 9/11. As a broad survey of the origins, evolution, and implications of this remarkable development in European integration, Cultures of Border Control will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations and political geography.
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The Political Economy of Border Drawing

Arranging Legality in European Labor Migration Policies

Author: Regine Paul

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385428

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 9990

The conditions for non-EU migrant workers to gain legal entry to Britain, France, and Germany are at the same time similar and quite different. To explain this variation this book compares the fine-grained legal categories for migrant workers in each country, and examines the interaction of economic, social, and cultural rationales in determining migrant legality. Rather than investigating the failure of borders to keep unauthorized migrants out, the author highlights the different policies of each country as "border-drawing" actions. Policymakers draw lines between different migrant groups, and between migrants and citizens, through considerations of both their economic utility and skills, but also their places of origin and prospects for social integration. Overall, migrant worker legality is arranged against the backdrop of the specific vision each country has of itself in an economically competitive, globalized world with rapidly changing welfare and citizenship models.
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Migration, Settlement and Belonging in Europe, 1500-1930s

Comparative Perspectives

Author: Steven King,Anne Winter

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782381465

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 2849

The issues around settlement, belonging, and poor relief have for too long been understood largely from the perspective of England and Wales. This volume offers a pan-European survey that encompasses Switzerland, Prussia, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Britain. It explores how the conception of belonging changed over time and space from the 1500s onwards, how communities dealt with the welfare expectations of an increasingly mobile population that migrated both within and between states, the welfare rights that were attached to those who "belonged," and how ordinary people secured access to welfare resources. What emerged was a sophisticated European settlement system, which on the one hand structured itself to limit the claims of the poor, and yet on the other was peculiarly sensitive to their demands and negotiations.
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Political Conflict in Western Europe

Author: Hanspeter Kriesi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107024382

Category: Philosophy

Page: 349

View: 6949

Analyzes the effects of globalization on the restructuring of politics in Western Europe over the past three decades.
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Immigration Controls

The Search for Workable Policies in Germany and the United States

Author: Kay Hailbronner,David A. Martin,Hiroshi Motomura

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571810892

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 8660

Some of the most pressing questions in immigration law and policy today concern the problem of immigration controls. How are immigration laws administered, and how are they enforced against those who enter and remain in a receiving country without legal permission? Comparing the United States and Germany, two of the four extended essays in this volume concern enforcement; the other two address techniques for managing high-volume asylum systems in both countries.
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Muslims in 21st Century Europe

Structural and Cultural Perspectives

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou,

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134004443

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3815

Muslims in 21st Century Europe explores the interaction between native majorities and Muslim minorities in various European countries with a view to highlighting different paths of integration of immigrant and native Muslims. Starting with a critical overview of the institutionalisation of Islam in Europe and a discussion on the nature of Muslimophobia as a social phenomenon, this book shows how socio-economic, institutional and political parameters set the frame for Muslim integration in Europe. Britain, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden are selected as case studies among the 'old' migration hosts. Italy, Spain and Greece are included to highlight the issues arising and the policies adopted in southern Europe to accommodate Muslim claims and needs. The book highlights the internal diversity of both minority and majority populations, and analyses critically the political and institutional responses to the presence of Muslims.
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Journey into Europe

Islam, Immigration, and Identity

Author: Akbar Ahmed

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815727593

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 9330

An unprecedented, richly, detailed, and clear-eyed exploration of Islam in European history and civilization Tensions over Islam were escalating in Europe even before 9/11. Since then, repeated episodes of terrorism together with the refugee crisis have dramatically increased the divide between the majority population and Muslim communities, pushing the debate well beyond concerns over language and female dress. Meanwhile, the parallel rise of right-wing, nationalist political parties throughout the continent, often espousing anti-Muslim rhetoric, has shaken the foundation of the European Union to its very core. Many Europeans see Islam as an alien, even barbaric force that threatens to overwhelm them and their societies. Muslims, by contrast, struggle to find a place in Europe in the face of increasing intolerance. In tandem, anti-Semitism and other forms of discrimination cause many on the continent to feel unwelcome in their European homes. Akbar Ahmed, an internationally renowned Islamic scholar, traveled across Europe over the course of four years with his team of researchers and interviewed Muslims and non-Muslims from all walks of life to investigate questions of Islam, immigration, and identity. They spoke with some of Europe’s most prominent figures, including presidents and prime ministers, archbishops, chief rabbis, grand muftis, heads of right-wing parties, and everyday Europeans from a variety of backgrounds. Their findings reveal a story of the place of Islam in European history and civilization that is more interwoven and complex than the reader might imagine, while exposing both the misunderstandings and the opportunities for Europe and its Muslim communities to improve their relationship. Along with an analysis of what has gone wrong and why, this urgent study, the fourth in a quartet examining relations between the West and the Muslim world, features recommendations for promoting integration and pluralism in the twenty-first century.
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