Identity and Capitalism

Author: Marie Moran

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473911079

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6107

"This is a splendid book that dispels myths about 'identity' and presents a cultural-materialist case for the study of such keywords and their preoccupations under the hegemony of neoliberal capitalism." - Professor Jim McGuigan, Loughborough University 'Identity’, particularly as it is elaborated in the associated categories of ‘personal’ and ‘social’ identity, is a relatively novel concept in western thought, politics and culture. The explosion of interest in the notion of identity across popular, political and academic domains of practice since the 1960s does not represent the simple popularisation of an older term, as is widely assumed, but rather, the invention of an idea. Identity and Capitalism explores the emergence and evolution of the idea of identity in the cultural, political and social contexts of contemporary capitalist societies. Against the common supposition that identity always mattered, this book shows that what we now think of routinely as ‘personal identity’ actually only emerged with the explosion of consumption in the late-twentieth century. It also makes the case that what we now think of as different social and political ‘identities’ only came to be framed as such with the emergence of identity politics and new social movements in the political landscapes of capitalist societies in the 60s and 70s. Marie Moran provides an important new exploration of the articulation of the idea of identity to the social logic of capitalism, from the ‘organised capitalism’ of the mid-twentieth century, up to and including the neoliberal capitalism that prevails today. Drawing on the work of Raymond Williams, the cultural materialist approach developed here provides an original means of addressing the political debates about the value of identity in contemporary capitalist societies.
Release

Identität

Wie der Verlust der Würde unsere Demokratie gefährdet

Author: Francis Fukuyama

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455005292

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 4037

In den letzten zehn Jahren ist die Anzahl der demokratischen Staaten weltweit erschreckend schnell zurückgegangen. Erleben wir gerade das Ende der liberalen Demokratie? Der US-amerikanische Politikwissenschaftler Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Weltbestsellers Das Ende der Geschichte, sucht in seinem neuen Buch nach den Gründen, warum sich immer mehr Menschen antidemokratischen Strömungen zuwenden und den Liberalismus ablehnen. Er zeigt, warum die Politik der Stunde geprägt ist von Nationalismus und Wut, welche Rolle linke und recht Parteien bei dieser Entwicklung spielen, und was wir tun können, um unsere gesellschaftliche Identität und damit die liberale Demokratie wieder zu beleben. »Intelligent und klar – wir brauchen mehr Denker, die so weise sind wie Fukuyama.« THE NEW YORK TIMES »Einer der bedeutendsten Politikwissenschaftler der westlichen Welt.« DIE WELT
Release

National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism

The Danish Experience

Author: John L. Campbell,John A. Hall,Ove Kaj Pedersen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773529977

Category: Political Science

Page: 525

View: 3459

Denmark has out-performed most other advanced capitalist countries since the mid-1980s Contributors to National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism draw from the literature on capitalism and small states and corporatism to explore why this is the case. They find that Danish political and economic institutions facilitate bargaining and consensus building in ways that have enabled the state, businesses, and labour unions to adapt to the challenges of globalization. Moreover, by virtue of its small size, homogeneous population, and response to a variety of international challenges - both economic and geopolitical - Denmark has developed a strong national identity that further bolsters consensus building. The result has been an adaptable and flourishing national political economy.
Release

Meaning and Ideology in Historical Archaeology

Style, Social Identity, and Capitalism in an Australian Town

Author: Heather Burke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461547695

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 1943

Focusing on the city of Armidale during the period 1830 to 1930, this book investigates the relationship between the development of capitalism in a particular region (New England, Australia) and the expression of ideology within architectural style. The author analyzes how style encodes meaning and how it relates to the social contexts and relationships within capitalism, which in turn are related to the construction of ideology over time.
Release

The "better Angels" of Capitalism

Rhetoric, Narrative, and Moral Identity Among Men of the American Upper Class

Author: Andrew Herman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 2220

What does it mean to be a man of wealth and power? How is the “worth” of wealth translated into moral worth in the identity of wealthy men? How does this identity comprise a mythical place of masculine desire in the social imagination of the American dream? These are the central themes The “Better Angels” of Capitalism explores.Beginning with a series of ethnographic interviews of a variety of wealthy American men, Andrew Herman roots his discussion in the concerns of interpretive sociology of class and culture. However, he draws upon diverse perspectives within the humanities and social sciences, including history, political and social philosophy, feminist theory, rhetorical studies, cultural anthropology, and literary criticism, to present a coherent exploration of the sociopolitical implications of being wealthy in an economically unequal—and increasingly unstable—society.
Release

Locating Capitalism in Time and Space

Global Restructurings, Politics, and Identity

Author: David Nugent

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804742382

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 9108

The last several decades have witnessed major restructurings--economic, political, and cultural--in the international arena. The depth and scope of these changes have prompted anthropologists to rethink many of their most basic assumptions, to problematize issues that have long gone unexamined, and to grapple with new and unique problems. Doing so has left the discipline profoundly unsettled. Existing standards of scholarship and research methodologies have come under attack, key conceptual categories have been called into question, and truths once considered secure have been subjected to severe scrutiny and even ridicule. Seizing upon the opportunity afforded by the contemporary conjuncture of disciplinary crisis and redefinition, this book raises questions about two interrelated aspects of historical process and academic production. The volume contributes to ongoing debates about the degree to which the developments of recent decades represent the advent of a new historical era, a rupture with the past that requires new conceptualizations and logics in order to be understood. In confronting this question, the contributors to this volume have assembled a range of materials that place the present period of reconstruction in the context of a broader history and geography of other, related restructurings. Locating Capitalism in Time and Space also raises questions about the degree to which the scholarship of recent decades represents a qualitative break with that of the past. At issue here is whether one understands the history of academic production as a linear process of intellectual growth punctuated by major breakthroughs in understanding, or as a political process structured by the same kinds of inequalities and struggles that characterize the social worlds that are the object of anthropological analysis.
Release

Identity and Health

Author: David Kelleher,Gerard Leavey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134397003

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 4456

Experiences of health and illness are fundamental to how we understand ourselves, and the postmodern obsession with body image has made health even more significant in identity formation. The study of subjective experiences of health and illness can also provide a challenge to traditional objective medical knowledge and, given current healthcare interest in user involvement, can highlight the need for change in health service provision. This book explores the interplay between identity and health, private and public, mind and body. Drawing on new material, and using and exploring innovative biographical and narrative methods, it covers a broad range of identities in relation to health and illness, including race, religion, ethnicity, disability, age, body image, sexuality and gender. Identity and Health will be of great interest to academics, researchers and students of sociology, medical anthropology, health and psychology.
Release

Profit and Pleasure

Sexual Identities in Late Capitalism

Author: Rosemary Hennessy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135960984

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 6900

Drawing on an international range of examples, from Che Guevarra to "The Crying Game," Profit and Pleasure leads the discussion of sexuality to a consideration of material reality and the substance of men and women's everyday lives.
Release

Democratic and Capitalist Transitions in Eastern Europe

Lessons for the Social Sciences

Author: M. Dobry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792363316

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 6370

here ofexchange, and borrowing in debates between these disciplines, all the more so, as we shall see a little further on, as the analysis of the Central and East European transformations has also contributed to introduce into political science and sociology theoretical systematizations first formulated in economics. In addition to this opening up to the objects and theories of economics, the pseudo-"dilemma" ofsimultaneity produced, by a kind of feedback, another series of effects on transitology and the related research domains. Contrary to most expectations and predictions in the wake ofthe 1989 upheavals - affirmations that the "dilemmas", "problems" or "challenges" of the transitions in Central and Eastern Europe ought to have been dealt with and resolved one after the other in sequence, in the manner of the more or less idealized trajectories of Great Britain or Spain (trajectories significantly enough promoted, far beyond the circles of scholars, as a "model" of transition), and above all, contrary to the assumption that superposing a radical economic transformation upon a transition to democracy would make the whole edifice thoroughly unworkable, unstable or dangerous - it must be stated clearly out that the two processes, in their "simultaneity", are not necessarily incompatible. This is one of the main findings stressed upon in several chapters of this book.
Release

Asian North American Identities

Beyond the Hyphen

Author: Eleanor Rose Ty,Donald C. Goellnicht

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253216613

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 4816

The nine essays in Asian North American Identities explore how Asian North Americans are no longer caught between worlds of the old and the new, the east and the west, and the south and the north. Moving beyond national and diasporic models of ethnic identity to focus on the individual feelings and experiences of those who are not part of a dominant white majority, the essays collected here draw from a wide range of sources, including novels, art, photography, poetry, cinema, theatre, and popular culture. The book illustrates how Asian North Americans are developing new ways of seeing and thinking about themselves by eluding imposed identities and creating spaces that offer alternative sites from which to speak and imagine. Contributors are Jeanne Yu-Mei Chiu, Patricia Chu, Rocio G. Davis, Donald C. Goellnicht, Karlyn Koh, Josephine Lee, Leilani Nishime, Caroline Rody, Jeffrey J. Santa Ana, Malini Johar Schueller, and Eleanor Ty.
Release

Racialization

Studies in Theory and Practice

Author: Karim Murji,John Solomos

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199257034

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

View: 4108

Racializaton has become one of the central concepts in the study of race and racism. This volume brings together international scholars to address key facets of the concept in a wide range of social and political arenas, including gender relations, policing, urban communities, youth cultures, immigration, and political life.
Release

The Gender/sexuality Reader

Culture, History, Political Economy

Author: Roger N. Lancaster,Micaela Di Leonardo

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415910057

Category: Social Science

Page: 574

View: 1543

Textbook on gender.
Release

Figures of Finance Capitalism

Writing, Class and Capital in Mid-Victorian Narratives

Author: Borislav Knezevic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135947120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 6473

Figures of Finance Capitalism brings into focus Victorian narratives by major middle-class writers in which the workings of finance capitalism are prominently featured, and reads this interest in finance capitalism in the context of middle-class misgivings about a class system still dominated by a patrician elite. This book illustrates the centrality of finance capitalism to the mid-Victorian middle-class social imagination by discussing a selection of major Victorian texts by Dickens, Gaskell, Thackeray and Macaulay. In so doing, it draws on several new perspectives on British history, as offered in the work of historians such as Tom Nairn, David Cannadine, and P.J. Cain and A.G. Hopkins. Articulating the basic coordinates for a new sociology of mid-Victorian literature, Borislav Knezevic views texts through the prism of the mid-Victorian literary field and its negotiations of the contemporary field of power.
Release

An Archaeology of Colonial Identity

Power and Material Culture in the Dwars Valley, South Africa

Author: Gavin Lucas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306485397

Category: History

Page: 223

View: 8638

"An Archaeology of Colonial Identity examines how colonial identities were constructed in the Cape Colony of South Africa from its establishment in the 17th century up to the 20th century. It is an explicitly archaeological approach but one which also draws more widely on documentary material to examine how different people in the colony - from settler to slave - constructed identities through material culture." "This book is aimed primarily at archaeologists, but will also attract historians and those interested in cultural theory and material culture studies. Specifically, historical archaeologists and students of historical archaeology will be the primary readers of this volume."--Jacket.
Release

Der neue Geist des Kapitalismus

Author: Luc Boltanski,Ève Chiapello

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3744516245

Category: Social Science

Page: 744

View: 857

Der Geist des Kapitalismus verdankt seinen Triumph der Fähigkeit, die gegen ihn gerichtete Kritik aufzugreifen und zu verarbeiten. So hat das Maß der persönlichen Autonomie am Arbeitsplatz in den kapitalistischen Produktionsformen der Gegenwart zwar erheblich zugenommen, eine Forderung, die die künstlerische Avantgarde der 68er ins Zentrum ihrer Kritik an der Allianz zwischen Bürokratie und Kapital gestellt hatte. Dies geschah allerdings um den Preis der Berufs sicher heit, der Planbarkeit von Karrieren, verlässlicher Strukturen. Soziale Desintegrationsprozesse auf der kollektiven und erhöhter psychischer Druck auf der Ebene des einzelnen Individuums sind Folgen dieser Entwicklung. Einstweilen bleibt die Kritik an diesem neuen Kapitalismus machtlos, weil sie die Gegenwart an vergangenen Idealen misst und die sozialen Konflikte der Gegenwart mit Begriffen zu beschreiben versucht, die in der ökonomischen Realität des 21. Jahrhunderts keinen Sinn mehr ergeben. Neue Interpretationsmuster aber werden den Legitimations druck auf den Kapitalismus erhöhen – insbesondere dort, wo wachsende Gerechtigkeitsdefizite augenscheinlich werden. Der Geist des Kapitalismus wird seine Antwort nicht schuldig bleiben. Luc Boltanski ist Forschungsdirektor an der École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris. Ève Chiapello ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin an der École des hautes études commerciales, Paris.
Release

Deleuze and Guattari's Anti-Oedipus

Introduction to Schizoanalysis

Author: Eugene W. Holland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134829469

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 9728

Eugene W. Holland provides an excellent introduction to Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari's Anti-Oedipus which is widely recognized as one of the most influential texts in philosophy to have appeared in the last thirty years. He lucidly presents the theoretical concerns behind Anti-Oedipus and explores with clarity the diverse influences of Marx, Freud, Nietzsche and Kant on the development of Deleuze & Guattari's thinking. He also examines the wider implications of their work in revitalizing Marxism, environmentalism, feminism and cultural studies.
Release

Families in the U.S.

Kinship and Domestic Politics

Author: Karen V. Hansen,Anita Ilta Garey

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566395908

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 888

View: 2720

This engaging collection of essays attempts to do justice to the complexity of contemporary families and to situate them in their economic, political, and cultural contexts. The editors introduce this wide-ranging collection with a provocative analytical introduction, setting the stage with a recognition that families may look very different even to those inside the same family. These cutting-edge scholars explore the ways in which family life is gendered and reflect on the work of maintaining family and kin relationships, especially as social and family power structures change over time. The book includes a guide to topics (from Adoption and African American Families to Work-Family Tension and Working-Class Families) that should prove useful to teachers, students, and researchers.
Release

The Spoils of Freedom

Psychoanalysis, Feminism and Ideology after the Fall of Socialism

Author: Renata Salecl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134906110

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 6306

The rise of nationalist, racist and anti-feminist ideologies is one of the most frightening repercussions of the collapse of socialism. Using psychoanalytic theories of fantasy to investigate why such extremist ideologies have taken hold, Renata Salecl argues that the major social and political changes in post-communist Eastern Europe require a radical re-evaluation of notions of liberal theories of democracy. In doing so she offers a new approach to human rights and feminism grounded in her own active partipation in the struggles, first against communism and now against nationalism and anti-feminism.
Release

Culture, Society and Sexuality

A Reader

Author: Richard Guy Parker,Peter Aggleton

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781857288117

Category: Social Science

Page: 483

View: 5648

Since the beginnings of time, people have been interested in sex - the form it takes, the pleasure it can give, the circumstances in which it occurs, and what it means - both for the individuals concerned and to society more generally. Often seen as a synonym for love, sometimes as an expression of power, and infrequently as a means of exploitation and abuse, sex is a complex and multi-faceted aspect of human behaviour that has been written about by numerous writers and theorists worldwide. This book offers an introduction to the central debates in sexuality research. Among the issues examined are the social and cultural dimensions of sex, human sexuality and sex research. It will be of use to students of sociology, cultural studies, and health and behavioural studies.
Release