Hyperbolic Manifolds and Kleinian Groups

Author: Katsuhiko Matsuzaki,Masahiko Taniguchi

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191591203

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 5623

A Kleinian group is a discrete subgroup of the isometry group of hyperbolic 3-space, which is also regarded as a subgroup of Möbius transformations in the complex plane. The present book is a comprehensive guide to theories of Kleinian groups from the viewpoints of hyperbolic geometry and complex analysis. After 1960, Ahlfors and Bers were the leading researchers of Kleinian groups and helped it to become an active area of complex analysis as a branch of Teichmüller theory. Later, Thurston brought a revolution to this area with his profound investigation of hyperbolic manifolds, and at the same time complex dynamical approach was strongly developed by Sullivan. This book provides fundamental results and important theorems which are needed for access to the frontiers of the theory from a modern viewpoint.
Release

Hyperbolic Manifolds

An Introduction in 2 and 3 Dimensions

Author: Albert Marden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316432521

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1427

Over the past three decades there has been a total revolution in the classic branch of mathematics called 3-dimensional topology, namely the discovery that most solid 3-dimensional shapes are hyperbolic 3-manifolds. This book introduces and explains hyperbolic geometry and hyperbolic 3- and 2-dimensional manifolds in the first two chapters and then goes on to develop the subject. The author discusses the profound discoveries of the astonishing features of these 3-manifolds, helping the reader to understand them without going into long, detailed formal proofs. The book is heavily illustrated with pictures, mostly in color, that help explain the manifold properties described in the text. Each chapter ends with a set of exercises and explorations that both challenge the reader to prove assertions made in the text, and suggest further topics to explore that bring additional insight. There is an extensive index and bibliography.
Release

Spaces of Kleinian Groups

Author: Yair N. Minsky,Makoto Sakuma,Caroline Series

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139447211

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8538

The subject of Kleinian groups and hyperbolic 3-manifolds is currently undergoing explosively fast development, the last few years having seen the resolution of many longstanding conjectures. This volume contains important expositions and original work by some of the main contributors on topics such as topology and geometry of 3-manifolds, curve complexes, classical Ahlfors-Bers theory, computer explorations and projective structures. Researchers in these and related areas will find much of interest here.
Release

Discrete Groups

Author: Kenʼichi Ōshika

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821820803

Category: Mathematics

Page: 193

View: 3008

This book deals with geometric and topological aspects of discrete groups. The main topics are hyperbolic groups due to Gromov, automatic group theory, invented and developed by Epstein, whose subjects are groups that can be manipulated by computers, and Kleinian group theory, which enjoys the longest tradition and the richest contents within the theory of discrete subgroups of Lie groups. What is common among these three classes of groups is that when seen as geometric objects, they have the properties of a negatively curved space rather than a positively curved space. As Kleinian groups are groups acting on a hyperbolic space of constant negative curvature, the technique employed to study them is that of hyperbolic manifolds, typical examples of negatively curved manifolds. Although hyperbolic groups in the sense of Gromov are much more general objects than Kleinian groups, one can apply for them arguments and techniques that are quite similar to those used for Kleinian groups. Automatic groups are further general objects, including groups having properties of spaces of curvature 0. Still, relationships between automatic groups and hyperbolic groups are examined here using ideas inspired by the study of hyperbolic manifolds. In all of these three topics, there is a ``soul'' of negative curvature upholding the theory. The volume would make a fine textbook for a graduate-level course in discrete groups.
Release

Punctured torus groups and 2-bridge knot groups (I)

Author: Hirotaka Akiyoshi,Makoto Sakuma,Masaaki Wada

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540718062

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 6760

This monograph is Part 1 of a book project intended to give a full account of Jorgensen's theory of punctured torus Kleinian groups and its generalization, with application to knot theory.Although Jorgensen's original work was not published in complete form, it has been a source of inspiration. In particular, it has motivated and guided Thurston's revolutionary study of low-dimensional geometric topology.In this monograph, we give an elementary and self-contained description of Jorgensen's theory with a complete proof. Through various informative illustrations, readers are naturally led to an intuitive, synthetic grasp of the theory, which clarifies how a very simple fuchsian group evolves into complicated Kleinian groups.
Release

The Porous Medium Equation

Mathematical Theory

Author: Juan Luis Vazquez

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191513830

Category: Mathematics

Page: 648

View: 898

The Heat Equation is one of the three classical linear partial differential equations of second order that form the basis of any elementary introduction to the area of PDEs, and only recently has it come to be fairly well understood. In this monograph, aimed at research students and academics in mathematics and engineering, as well as engineering specialists, Professor Vazquez provides a systematic and comprehensive presentation of the mathematical theory of the nonlinear heat equation usually called the Porous Medium Equation (PME). This equation appears in a number of physical applications, such as to describe processes involving fluid flow, heat transfer or diffusion. Other applications have been proposed in mathematical biology, lubrication, boundary layer theory, and other fields. Each chapter contains a detailed introduction and is supplied with a section of notes, providing comments, historical notes or recommended reading, and exercises for the reader.
Release

Spherical CR geometry and Dehn surgery

Author: Richard Evan Schwartz

Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780691128092

Category: Mathematics

Page: 186

View: 2300

This book proves an analogue of William Thurston's celebrated hyperbolic Dehn surgery theorem in the context of complex hyperbolic discrete groups, and then derives two main geometric consequences from it. The first is the construction of large numbers of closed real hyperbolic 3-manifolds which bound complex hyperbolic orbifolds--the only known examples of closed manifolds that simultaneously have these two kinds of geometric structures. The second is a complete understanding of the structure of complex hyperbolic reflection triangle groups in cases where the angle is small. In an accessible and straightforward manner, Richard Evan Schwartz also presents a large amount of useful information on complex hyperbolic geometry and discrete groups.Schwartz relies on elementary proofs and avoids quotations of preexisting technical material as much as possible. For this reason, this book will benefit graduate students seeking entry into this emerging area of research, as well as researchers in allied fields such as Kleinian groups and CR geometry.
Release

The Epstein Birthday Schrift

Papers Delivered to David Epstein on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, 16 May 1997

Author: D. B. A. Epstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Low-dimensional topology

Page: 576

View: 9847

Release

Lehrbuch der Topologie

Author: Herbert Seifert,William Threlfall

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780821835951

Category: Mathematics

Page: 353

View: 401

The 1930s were important years in the development of modern topology, pushed forward by the appearance of a few pivotal books, of which this is one. The focus is on combinatorial and algebraic topology, with as much point-set topology as needed for the main topics. One sees from the modern point of view that the authors are working in a category of spaces that includes locally finite simplicial complexes. (Their definition of manifold is more properly known today as a ""triangulizable homology manifold"".)Amazingly, they manage to accomplish a lot without the convenient tools of homological algebra, such as exact sequences and commutative diagrams, that were developed later. The main topics covered are: simplicial homology (coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}$ or $\mathbb{Z}_2$), local homology, surface topology, the fundamental group and covering spaces, three-manifolds, Poincare duality, and the Lefschetz fixed point theorem. Few prerequisites are necessary. A final section reviews the lemmas and theorems from group theory that are needed in the text. As stated in the introduction to the important book by Alexandroff and Hopf (which appeared a year after ""Seifert and Threlfall""): 'Its lively and instructive presentation makes this book particularly suitable as an introduction or as a textbook.'
Release