Hydrology in Practice

Author: Elizabeth Shaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482268388

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 9070

This introduction to hydrology is essentially practical, emphasising the application of hydrological knowledge to the solution of engineering problems.
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Hydrology in Practice, Fourth Edition

Author: Elizabeth M. Shaw,Keith J. Beven,Nick A. Chappell,Rob Lamb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351991310

Category: Architecture

Page: 546

View: 492

Hydrology in Practice is an excellent and very successful introductory text for engineering hydrology students who go on to be practitioners in consultancies, the Environment Agency, and elsewhere. This fourth edition of Hydrology in Practice, while retaining all that is excellent about its predecessor, by Elizabeth M. Shaw, replaces the material on the Flood Studies Report with an equivalent section on the methods of the Flood Estimation Handbook and its revisions. Other completely revised sections on instrumentation and modelling reflect the many changes that have occurred over recent years. The updated text has taken advantage of the extensive practical experience of the staff of JBA Consulting who use the methods described on a day-to-day basis. Topical case studies further enhance the text and the way in which students at undergraduate and MSc level can relate to it. The fourth edition will also have a wider appeal outside the UK by including new material on hydrological processes, which also relate to courses in geography and environmental science departments. In this respect the book draws on the expertise of Keith J. Beven and Nick A. Chappell, who have extensive experience of field hydrological studies in a variety of different environments, and have taught undergraduate hydrology courses for many years. Second- and final-year undergraduate (and MSc) students of hydrology in engineering, environmental science, and geography departments across the globe, as well as professionals in environmental protection agencies and consultancies, will find this book invaluable. It is likely to be the course text for every undergraduate/MSc hydrology course in the UK and in many cases overseas too.
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Hydrologic Time Series Analysis

Theory and Practice

Author: Deepesh Machiwal,Madan Kumar Jha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400718616

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 9845

There is a dearth of relevant books dealing with both theory and application of time series analysis techniques, particularly in the field of water resources engineering. Therefore, many hydrologists and hydrogeologists face difficulties in adopting time series analysis as one of the tools for their research. This book fills this gap by providing a proper blend of theoretical and practical aspects of time sereies analysis. It deals with a comprehensive overview of time series characteristics in hydrology/water resources engineering, various tools and techniques for analyzing time series data, theoretical details of 31 available statistical tests along with detailed procedures for applying them to real-world time series data, theory and methodology of stochastic modelling, and current status of time series analysis in hydrological sciences. In adition, it demonstrates the application of most time series tests through a case study as well as presents a comparative performance evaluation of various time series tests, together with four invited case studies from India and abroad. This book will not only serve as a textbook for the students and teachers in water resources engineering but will also serve as the most comprehensive reference to educate researchers/scientists about the theory and practice of time series analysis in hydrological sciences. This book will be very useful to the students, researchers, teachers and professionals involved in water resources, hydrology, ecology, climate change, earth science, and environmental studies.
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Unsaturated Flow in Hydrologic Modeling

Theory and Practice

Author: H.J. Morel-Seytoux

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940092352X

Category: Science

Page: 532

View: 7448

This volume certainly is a Conference Proceedings, the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on "Unsaturated Flow in Hydrologic Modeling" held at "Les Villages du Soleil" near ArIes, France from June 13 to 17, 1988. Let me therefore acknowledge properly, at the very beginning, the gratitude of all the participants to the NATO Science Committee for its generous support and worthwhile goal of bringing together scientists of many countries to communicate and share their experiences. Particular thanks are extended to the director of the program, Dr. Luis Vega da Cunha for his interest and understanding. On the other hand this volume is also, and probably more so, a Textbook that fills a gap in the field of unsaturated flow. Many treatises on the subject present the theory in its different aspects. Hardly any explain in details how the different pieces can be put together to address realistic problems at the basin scale. The various invited contributions to the ARW were structured in a subject progression much as chapters are organized in a book. The intent of the ARW was to assess the current state of knowledge in "Unsaturated Flow" and its use in "Hydrologic Modeling Practice". In a sense the interest in fundamentals of unsaturated flow in this ARW was not just for the sake of knowledge but also and primarily for the sake of action. Can such fundamental knowledge be utilized for better management of the water resource? was the basic question.
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Advances in Theoretical Hydrology

A Tribute to James Dooge

Author: J.P. O'Kane

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483291480

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 649

This Festschrift containing sixteen invited essays and papers is a tribute to the distinguished Irish hydrologist James Dooge on the occasion of his 70th birthday. His former students, colleagues and friends in fourteen countries, have provided a varied selection on his favourite topics: flow in open channels and unsaturated soil, and also from his major interest of recent years, large scale hydrology and global change. The book has three sections. The first section on hydrological processes contains six papers. The second section on large scale hydrology has four papers. Six historical, reflective and philosophical essays on the past and future of the hydrological sciences form the third section of the book.
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Curve Number Hydrology

State of the Practice

Author: Richard H. Hawkins,Timothy J. Ward,Donald E. Woodward,Joseph A. Van Mullem

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 0784472572

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 116

View: 8951

Prepared by the Curve Number Hydrology Task Committee of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE. This volume investigates the origin, development, role, application, and current status of the curve number method for estimating the runoff response from rainstorms. Developed in the 1950s to fill a technological niche, use of the curve number method has extended since then to other applications, and user experience and analysis have redefined numerous features of the original technology. Topics include: an introduction to curve number hydrology; the curve number method;Ø findings and developments;Ø structure of the basic equation; soil moisture modeling;Ø calibration methods;Ø current usage and professional practice; andØ recommendations, including assignment of a keeper to serve as the central source for responsible information and updates.Ø An appendix provides solutions to the curve number equation. This book will be valuable to water and environmental engineers involved in hydrology, especially the analysis of rainwater runoff problems.
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Hydrology and Water Resource Management: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522534288

Category: Science

Page: 443

View: 9058

A prime concern in contemporary environmental science is the proper management of water supply and usage. It is critical to develop effective processes to manage these resources and decrease negative impacts on the ecosystem. Hydrology and Water Resource Management: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is an innovative source of scholarly research on the latest technologies and techniques in optimizing current processes in managing water resources. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as climate change, sustainability, and water treatment, this book is an ideal reference source for engineers, professionals, researchers, students, and academics interested in emerging trends within environmental science.
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Reflections in Hydrology

Science and Practice

Author: Nathan Buras

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 0875908748

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 7585

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Special Publications Series. In the early 1980s, the Department of Hydrology and Water Resources at the University of Arizona started a tradition: an annual public lecture to perpetuate the memory of one of its most original thinkers who passed away at an early age, Chester C. Kisiel. At that time, the department was quite young—a little over ten years old—and so was the University of Arizona, not quite a century old. The overall atmosphere was extremely stimulating, faculty members and students were curious and excited, wishing to learn and understand more about the natural phenomena that transform precipitation into water and the possible development of regional waters for human uses. The preparation and delivery of these lectures were entrusted by the department to outstanding scientists in the fields of hydrology and water resources, thus attaining a double objective. On the one hand, the lectures became salient points on a time trajectory when specific facets of the broad agenda of scientific issues studied in the department were brought to the limelight of a public discourse. On the other hand, the lectures also provided opportunities for reflection on contemporary problems and on the approaches for their study and analysis.
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Palaeohydrology in Practice

A River Basin Analysis

Author: K. J. Gregory,J. Lewin,J. B. Thornes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 5425

The studies collected in this volume were conducted as part of the International Geological Correlation Program, organized to encourage research devoted to identifying and assessing the earth's natural resources and improving the state of our environment. Representing current research in the field, this volume looks at several aspects of water as a natural resource and how natural and engineered water systems interact with the surrounding environment. Its major focus is on the environmental evolution of hydrological systems, their formation and changes over time, and the impact of human activity on such changes. Coverage includes an analysis of climatic change in Central Britain over the past millenium; the palaeoecology of the Severn Basin during the late Quaternary Age; prehistoric irrigation practices in the Severn Basin; and an overview of the evolution of European rivers. The discussions offered here are intended to provide clues to possible approaches for preserving and improving the earth's environment and to extend models of environmental change in order to illuminate what to expect in the future.
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Hydrogeology in Practice

A Guide to Characterizing Ground-water Systems

Author: William Jay Stone

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780138991548

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 7239

This quick-reference guide explains how to conduct sound hydrogeologic studies and prepare solid hydrogeologic reports. The emphasis is on ground water, but pertinent surface-water and soil-water topics are covered briefly as well. It uses figures, tables and case-histories illustrate and summarize main points and to relate them to actual problems. Discusses what geologic and hydrologic data are needed, where to get them and how to compile/present them. Tells what to do with geologic information once it is compiled, focusing on three major categories -- stratigraphy, structure and geomorphology. Addresses what do with hydrologic information once it is compiled --focusing on surface, soil and ground water. Discusses the need for, and make-up of, a sound working model of the hydrogeology of a study area. Reviews the basic components of a hydrogeologic report, outlines a proven approach to any writing task, and provides tips on avoiding common mistakes. Shows how the data gathering, analysis, and report writing apply to specific types of hydrogeologic studies, including case histories, e.g., water supply, ground-water contamination, hydrologic monitoring, mining, ground-water modeling. For hydrogeologists, hydrologists, environmental engineers, environmental scientists, civil engineers, geologists.
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Applied Mathematics in Hydrogeology

Author: Tien-Chang Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566703758

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 5117

As introduced in Dr. Lee's 10-week class, Applied Mathematics in Hydrogeology is written for professionals and graduate students who have a keen interest in the application of mathematics in hydrogeology. Its first seven chapters cover analytical solutions for problems commonly encountered in the study of quantitative hydrogeology, while the final three chapters focus on solving linear simultaneous equations, finite element analysis, and inversion for parameter determination. Dr. Lee provides various equation-solving methods that are of interest to hydrogeologists, geophysicists, soil scientists, and civil engineers, as well as applied physicists and mathematicians. In the classroom, this same information will help students realize how familiar equations in hydrogeology are derived-an important step toward development of a student's own mathematical models. Unlike other applied mathematics books that are structured according to systematic methodology, Applied Mathematics in Hydrogeology emphasizes equation-solving methods according to topics. Hydrogeological problems and governing differential equations are introduced, including hydraulic responses to pumping in confined and unconfined aquifers, as well as transport of heat and solute in flowing groundwater.
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Practical Problems in Groundwater Hydrology

Author: E. Scott Bair,Terry D. Lahm

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 429

This is the first groundwater hydrology book composed entirely of genuine, applied problems covering a range of groundwater hydrology topics. Includes 21 exercises that help sharpen quantitative skills, require data analysis and concept exploration, and incorporate current image and graphic technologies. Uses a unique case-study approach to common groundwater problems and current situations; applies exercises to well-documented case studies that use intriguing story lines to provide a central issue for each exercise. Features EXCEL based problems, encouraging readers to apply concepts to complete the exercises with immediate graphical and quantitative feedback. A useful reference for groundwater engineers.
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Applied Geophysics in Hydrogeological and Engineering Practice

Author: W.E. Kelly,S. Mareš

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870359

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7090

Engineering geology and hydrogeology are applied sciences which utilize other applied sciences such as geophysics to solve practical problems. The book is written in the monograph format with seven chapters. The first chapter introduces the engineering and hydrogeological tasks to be discussed in the book. Relations between the physical, geomechanical and hydrogeological parameters are discussed in chapters three and five. Methods for field measurements and interpretation of field data are discussed in chapters four and six. Some special methods not routinely used in current practice are discussed in chapter seven. To illustrate and analyze the various applications, the authors have drawn from the extensive literature including many studies not previously described in english texts. Theoretical analyzes are supplemented by numerous examples. This book is addressed to university students of geology especially engineering geology and hydrogeology, geophysics and earth sciences, and post graduate, reseachers, and practising engineering geologists, geotechnical engineers, and hydrogeologists.
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Hydrology and Best Practices for Managing Water Resources in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands

Author: Ondieki, Christopher Misati,Kitheka, Johnson U.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522527206

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 2532

The management of water resources is extremely important for survival. Depending on the climate, certain regions require different strategies to maintain sustainable hydrological systems. Hydrology and Best Practices for Managing Water Resources in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands is a crucial scholarly resource that outlines current trends in water management and offers solutions for the future of this growing field. Highlighting pertinent topics such as hydrological processes modelling, satellite hydrology, water pollution, and climate resources, this publication is ideal for environmental engineers, academicians, graduate students, and researchers that are eager to discover more about the issues and processes currently shaping water management technology.
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Hydrology

A Science for Engineers

Author: André Musy,Benoit Hingray,Cécile Picouet

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466590602

Category: Nature

Page: 592

View: 5237

This book presents the main hydrological methods and techniques used in the design and operation of hydraulic projects and the management of water resources and associated natural risks. It covers the key topics of water resources engineering, from the estimation of runoff volumes and unit hydrographs to the routing of flows along a river and through lakes, reservoirs, and hydraulic structures. It deals with questions regarding basic hydrological data, hydrological modeling and the prediction and forecasting of low flows and flood discharges.
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Hydrology

An Introduction

Author: Wilfried Brutsaert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268796

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6991

Water in its different forms has always been a source of wonder, curiosity and practical concern for humans everywhere. Hydrology: An Introduction presents a coherent introduction to the fundamental principles of hydrology, based on the course that Wilfried Brutsaert has taught at Cornell University for the last thirty years. Hydrologic phenomena are dealt with at spatial and temporal scales at which they occur in nature. The physics and mathematics necessary to describe these phenomena are introduced and developed, and readers will require a working knowledge of calculus and basic fluid mechanics. The book will be invaluable as a textbook for entry-level courses in hydrology directed at advanced seniors and graduate students in physical science and engineering. In addition, the book will be more broadly of interest to professional scientists and engineers in hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, agronomy, geology, climatology, oceanology, glaciology and other earth sciences.
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Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Author: Michael B. Abbott,Jens Christian Refsgaard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400902573

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 5811

It is the task of the engineer, as of any other professional person, to do everything that is reasonably possible to analyse the difficulties with which his or her client is confronted, and on this basis to design solutions and implement these in practice. The distributed hydrological model is, correspondingly, the means for doing everything that is reasonably possible - of mobilising as much data and testing it with as much knowledge as is economically feasible - for the purpose of analysing problems and of designing and implementing remedial measures in the case of difficulties arising within the hydrological cycle. Thus the aim of distributed hydrologic modelling is to make the fullest use of cartographic data, of geological data, of satellite data, of stream discharge measurements, of borehole data, of observations of crops and other vegetation, of historical records of floods and droughts, and indeed of everything else that has ever been recorded or remembered, and then to apply to this everything that is known about meteorology, plant physiology, soil physics, hydrogeology, sediment transport and everything else that is relevant within this context. Of course, no matter how much data we have and no matter how much we know, it will never be enough to treat some problems and some situations, but still we can aim in this way to do the best that we possibly can.
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Floods in a Changing Climate

Risk Management

Author: Slobodan P. Simonović

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139851624

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3348

Flood risk management is presented in this book as a framework for identifying, assessing and prioritizing climate-related risks and developing appropriate adaptation responses. Rigorous assessment is employed to determine the available probabilistic and fuzzy set-based analytic tools, when each is appropriate and how to apply them to practical problems. Academic researchers in the fields of hydrology, climate change, environmental science and policy and risk assessment, and professionals and policy-makers working in hazard mitigation, water resources engineering and environmental economics, will find this an invaluable resource. This volume is the fourth in a collection of four books on flood disaster management theory and practice within the context of anthropogenic climate change. The others are: Floods in a Changing Climate: Extreme Precipitation by Ramesh Teegavarapu, Floods in a Changing Climate: Hydrological Modelling by P. P. Mujumdar and D. Nagesh Kumar and Floods in a Changing Climate: Inundation Modelling by Giuliano Di Baldassarre.
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Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Andy D. Ward,Stanley W. Trimble

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566706162

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 5922

The technological advances of recent years include the emergence of new remote sensing and geographic information systems that are invaluable for the study of wetlands, agricultural land, and land use change. Students, hydrologists, and environmental engineers are searching for a comprehensive hydrogeologic overview that supplements information on hydrologic processes with data on these new information technology tools. Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition builds upon the foundation of the bestselling first edition by providing a qualitative understanding of hydrologic processes while introducing new methods for quantifying hydrologic parameters and processes. Written by authors with extensive multidisciplinary experience, the text first discusses the components of the hydrologic cycle, then follows with chapters on precipitation, stream processes, human impacts, new information system applications, and numerous other methods and strategies. By updating this thorough text with the newest analytical tools and measurement methodologies in the field, the authors provide an ideal reference for students and professionals in environmental science, hydrology, soil science, geology, ecological engineering, and countless other environmental fields.
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