Hydrology in Practice, Fourth Edition

Author: Elizabeth M. Shaw,Keith J. Beven,Nick A. Chappell,Rob Lamb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203030230

Category: Architecture

Page: 546

View: 4596

Hydrology in Practice is an excellent and very successful introductory text for engineering hydrology students who go on to be practitioners in consultancies, the Environment Agency, and elsewhere. This fourth edition of Hydrology in Practice, while retaining all that is excellent about its predecessor, by Elizabeth M. Shaw, replaces the material on the Flood Studies Report with an equivalent section on the methods of the Flood Estimation Handbook and its revisions. Other completely revised sections on instrumentation and modelling reflect the many changes that have occurred over recent years. The updated text has taken advantage of the extensive practical experience of the staff of JBA Consulting who use the methods described on a day-to-day basis. Topical case studies further enhance the text and the way in which students at undergraduate and MSc level can relate to it. The fourth edition will also have a wider appeal outside the UK by including new material on hydrological processes, which also relate to courses in geography and environmental science departments. In this respect the book draws on the expertise of Keith J. Beven and Nick A. Chappell, who have extensive experience of field hydrological studies in a variety of different environments, and have taught undergraduate hydrology courses for many years. Second- and final-year undergraduate (and MSc) students of hydrology in engineering, environmental science, and geography departments across the globe, as well as professionals in environmental protection agencies and consultancies, will find this book invaluable. It is likely to be the course text for every undergraduate/MSc hydrology course in the UK and in many cases overseas too.
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Hydrology in Practice

Author: Elizabeth Shaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0748744487

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 8011

This introduction to hydrology is essentially practical, emphasising the application of hydrological knowledge to the solution of engineering problems.
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Hydrology in Practice

Author: Elizabeth M. Shaw

Publisher: Chapman & Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 539

View: 2525

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Tracers in Hydrology

Author: Christian Leibundgut,Piotr Maloszewski,Christoph Külls

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119965012

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7526

Tracers in Hydrology and Water Research is a comprehensive overview of the application of natural and artificial tracers in hydrology and environmental research. Taking a unique approach by providing the reader with a systematic and state of the art description of natural and artificial tracers, the book also covers key analytical techniques and applications, and modern tracer methods in the context of systematic hydrology. Tracers have become a primary tool for process investigation, qualitative and quantitative system analysis and integrated resource management. This book will outline the fundamentals of the subject, and examine the latest research findings, clearly showing the entire process of tracer application through the inclusion of numerous integrated case studies. As many techniques derive from different scientific disciplines (chemistry, biology, physics), the effort of compilation and integration into modern hydrology and environmental science research and application requires substantial continuity and experience, which certifies this group of authors. This book will be an invaluable reference not only for students and researchers within the field of Hydrology and Hydrogeology but also for engineers and other tracer techniques applying users.
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Theory and Practice of Soil Loss Control in Eastern China

Author: J.C. Zhang,D.L. DeAngelis,J.Y. Zhuang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441996794

Category: Nature

Page: 281

View: 3145

After the 1998 flood of the Yangtze River, one of the world’s most important rivers, environmental experts realized that, to control flooding, much more attention must be paid to vegetation cover on bare lands, thin forest land, and shrub-covered land in mountain areas. In 1999, an environmental monitoring project of the forests in 11 provinces of the Yangtze River basin was undertaken. This book reports on soil loss prediction and the successful practices of soil loss control in eastern China in recent years.
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Palaeohydrology in Practice

A River Basin Analysis

Author: K. J. Gregory,J. Lewin,J. B. Thornes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 6515

The studies collected in this volume were conducted as part of the International Geological Correlation Program, organized to encourage research devoted to identifying and assessing the earth's natural resources and improving the state of our environment. Representing current research in the field, this volume looks at several aspects of water as a natural resource and how natural and engineered water systems interact with the surrounding environment. Its major focus is on the environmental evolution of hydrological systems, their formation and changes over time, and the impact of human activity on such changes. Coverage includes an analysis of climatic change in Central Britain over the past millenium; the palaeoecology of the Severn Basin during the late Quaternary Age; prehistoric irrigation practices in the Severn Basin; and an overview of the evolution of European rivers. The discussions offered here are intended to provide clues to possible approaches for preserving and improving the earth's environment and to extend models of environmental change in order to illuminate what to expect in the future.
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Reflections in Hydrology

Science and Practice

Author: Nathan Buras

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 0875908748

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 8649

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Special Publications Series. In the early 1980s, the Department of Hydrology and Water Resources at the University of Arizona started a tradition: an annual public lecture to perpetuate the memory of one of its most original thinkers who passed away at an early age, Chester C. Kisiel. At that time, the department was quite young—a little over ten years old—and so was the University of Arizona, not quite a century old. The overall atmosphere was extremely stimulating, faculty members and students were curious and excited, wishing to learn and understand more about the natural phenomena that transform precipitation into water and the possible development of regional waters for human uses. The preparation and delivery of these lectures were entrusted by the department to outstanding scientists in the fields of hydrology and water resources, thus attaining a double objective. On the one hand, the lectures became salient points on a time trajectory when specific facets of the broad agenda of scientific issues studied in the department were brought to the limelight of a public discourse. On the other hand, the lectures also provided opportunities for reflection on contemporary problems and on the approaches for their study and analysis.
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Hydrology

A Science for Engineers

Author: André Musy,Benoit Hingray,Cécile Picouet

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466590602

Category: Nature

Page: 592

View: 3423

This book presents the main hydrological methods and techniques used in the design and operation of hydraulic projects and the management of water resources and associated natural risks. It covers the key topics of water resources engineering, from the estimation of runoff volumes and unit hydrographs to the routing of flows along a river and through lakes, reservoirs, and hydraulic structures. It deals with questions regarding basic hydrological data, hydrological modeling and the prediction and forecasting of low flows and flood discharges.
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Anthropology and Aesthetics, 59/60: Spring/Autumn 2011

Author: Francesco Pellizzi

Publisher: Peabody Museum Press

ISBN: 0873658620

Category: Art

Page: 372

View: 1431

RES 59/60 includes “The making of architectural types” by Joseph Rykwert; “Traces of the sun and Inka kinetics” by Tom Cummins and Bruce Mannheim; “Inka water management and display fountains” by Carolyn Dean; “Guaman Poma’s pictures of huacas” by Lisa Trever; “Peruvian nature up close” by Daniela Bleichmar; and other papers.
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Unsaturated Flow in Hydrologic Modeling

Theory and Practice

Author: H.J. Morel-Seytoux

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940092352X

Category: Science

Page: 532

View: 1642

This volume certainly is a Conference Proceedings, the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on "Unsaturated Flow in Hydrologic Modeling" held at "Les Villages du Soleil" near ArIes, France from June 13 to 17, 1988. Let me therefore acknowledge properly, at the very beginning, the gratitude of all the participants to the NATO Science Committee for its generous support and worthwhile goal of bringing together scientists of many countries to communicate and share their experiences. Particular thanks are extended to the director of the program, Dr. Luis Vega da Cunha for his interest and understanding. On the other hand this volume is also, and probably more so, a Textbook that fills a gap in the field of unsaturated flow. Many treatises on the subject present the theory in its different aspects. Hardly any explain in details how the different pieces can be put together to address realistic problems at the basin scale. The various invited contributions to the ARW were structured in a subject progression much as chapters are organized in a book. The intent of the ARW was to assess the current state of knowledge in "Unsaturated Flow" and its use in "Hydrologic Modeling Practice". In a sense the interest in fundamentals of unsaturated flow in this ARW was not just for the sake of knowledge but also and primarily for the sake of action. Can such fundamental knowledge be utilized for better management of the water resource? was the basic question.
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Practical Isotope Hydrology

Author: S.M. Rao

Publisher: New India Publishing

ISBN: 9788189422332

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 6676

In Indian context.
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Wetland Indicators

A Guide to Wetland Identification, Delineation, Classification, and Mapping

Author: Ralph W. Tiner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420048612

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 418

View: 8075

Understand the current concept of wetland and methods for identifying, describing, classifying, and delineating wetlands in the United States with Wetland Indicators - capturing the current state of science's role in wetland recognition and mapping. Environmental scientists and others involved with wetland regulations can strengthen their knowledge about wetlands, and the use of various indicators, to support their decisions on difficult wetland determinations. Professor Tiner primarily focuses on plants, soils, and other signs of wetland hydrology in the soil, or on the surface of wetlands in his discussion of Wetland Indicators. Practicing - and aspiring - wetland delineators alike will appreciate Wetland Indicators' critical insight into the development and significance of hydrophytic vegetation, hydric soils, and other factors. Features Shows 55 color plates, documenting wetland indicators throughout the nation - with more than 34 soil plates and aerial photos Illustrates other wetland properties with more than 50 figures Provides over 60 tables, including extensive tables of U.S. wetland plant communities and examples for determining hydrophytic vegetation Contents Wetland Definitions Wetland Concepts for Identification and Delineation Plant Indicators of Wetlands and Their Characteristics Vegetation Sampling and Analysis for Wetlands Soil Indicators of Wetlands Wetland Identification and Boundary Delineation Methods Problem Wetlands and Field Situations for Delineation Wetland Classification Wetlands of the United States: An Introduction, With Emphasis on Their Plant Communities Wetland Mapping and Photointerpretation
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Hydrology and Global Environmental Change

Author: Nigel W. Arnell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131787823X

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 1261

Hydrology and Global Environmental Change presents the hydrological contribution to, and consequences of, global environmental change. Assuming little or no prior knowledge on the part of the reader, the book looks at the main processes of global environmental change - global scale processes, large regional processes, repetitive processes - and how the hydrological cycle, processes and regimes impact on GEC and vice-versa.
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Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice

Author: Robert P. Brooks,Denice Heller Wardrop

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461455960

Category: Science

Page: 491

View: 2880

The lands and waters of the Mid-Atlantic Region (MAR) have changed significantly since before the 16th century when the Susquehannock lived in the area. Much has changed since Captain John Smith penetrated the estuaries and rivers during the early 17th century; since the surveying of the Mason-Dixon Line to settle border disputes among Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware during the middle of the 18th century; and since J. Thomas Scharf described the physiographic setting of Baltimore County in the late 19th century. As early as 1881, Scharf provides us with an assessment of the condition of the aquatic ecosystems of the region, albeit in narrative form, and already changes are taking place – the conversion of forests to fields, the founding of towns and cities, and the depletion of natural resources. We have always conducted our work with the premise that “man” is part of, and not apart from, this ecosystem and landscape. This premise, and the historical changes in our landscape, provide the foundation for our overarching research question: how do human activities impact the functioning of aquatic ecosystems and the ecosystem services that they provide, and how can we optimize this relationship?
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Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN) Methodology

Author: S.K. Mishra,Vijay Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402011320

Category: Science

Page: 516

View: 914

The Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number (CN) method is one of the most popular methods for computing the runoff volume from a rainstorm. It is popular because it is simple, easy to understand and apply, and stable, and accounts for most of the runoff producing watershed characteristics, such as soil type, land use, hydrologic condition, and antecedent moisture condition. The SCS-CN method was originally developed for its use on small agricultural watersheds and has since been extended and applied to rural, forest and urban watersheds. Since the inception of the method, it has been applied to a wide range of environments. In recent years, the method has received much attention in the hydrologic literature. The SCS-CN method was first published in 1956 in Section-4 of the National Engineering Handbook of Soil Conservation Service (now called the Natural Resources Conservation Service), U. S. Department of Agriculture. The publication has since been revised several times. However, the contents of the methodology have been nonetheless more or less the same. Being an agency methodology, the method has not passed through the process of a peer review and is, in general, accepted in the form it exists. Despite several limitations of the method and even questionable credibility at times, it has been in continuous use for the simple reason that it works fairly well at the field level.
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Elements of Physical Hydrology

Author: George M. Hornberger,Patricia L. Wiberg,Jeffrey P. Raffensperger,Paolo D'Odorico

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413965

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 8742

Among the many diverse aspects of environmental science, none is more critical to the future of society and nature than water. Understanding the role of water on Earth and making good decisions regarding water conservation and hydrological hazards depends on learning the fundamentals of physical hydrology. This textbook, now in an expanded second edition, provides the clearest opportunity for students to absorb those fundamentals. Written at an introductory level, Elements of Physical Hydrology covers virtually every aspect of this subject, including: • The hydrological cycle• Water budgets at catchment to global scales • Spatial and temporal aspects of precipitation• Evapotranspiration• Fluid dynamics and the Bernoulli equation• Laminar and turbulent flows• Open channel flow • Flood movement through reservoirs and channels • Flood frequency analysis• Groundwater flow• Aquifer characterization• Land subsidence• Soil moisture dynamics• Flow in the unsaturated zone• Hydrologic controls on vegetation • Biotic controls on hydrological processes• Runoff generation from surface and subsurface sources• Catchment models• The water-food-energy nexus• The globalization of water• Impacts of changing climate Layering one topic upon the next, Elements of Physical Hydrology succeeds in moving from simple, easy-to-grasp explanations though equations and models in a manner that will leave students new to the topic eager to apply their knowledge. Professionals in related disciplines will also find this book ideal for self-study. Thoughtfully illustrated, carefully written, and covering a broad spectrum of topics, this classic text clarifies a subject that is often misunderstood and oversimplified. -- Keith Loague
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