Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Modelling and Design

Author: Mario L. Ferrari,Usman M. Damo,Ali Turan,David Sánchez

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119039053

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 6524

7.8 CO2 Separation Technologies for SOFC Hybrid Plants -- 7.9 Coal and Biofuel for Hybrid Systems -- 7.10 Conclusions -- References -- Glossary -- Index -- EULA
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Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling

Author: Jarosław Milewski,Konrad Świrski,Massimo Santarelli,Pierluigi Leone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857292629

Category: Mathematics

Page: 218

View: 7792

Fuel cells are widely regarded as the future of the power and transportation industries. Intensive research in this area now requires new methods of fuel cell operation modeling and cell design. Typical mathematical models are based on the physical process description of fuel cells and require a detailed knowledge of the microscopic properties that govern both chemical and electrochemical reactions. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling proposes the alternative methodology of generalized artificial neural networks (ANN) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) modeling. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling provides a comprehensive description of modern fuel cell theory and a guide to the mathematical modeling of SOFCs, with particular emphasis on the use of ANNs. Up to now, most of the equations involved in SOFC models have required the addition of numerous factors that are difficult to determine. The artificial neural network (ANN) can be applied to simulate an object’s behavior without an algorithmic solution, merely by utilizing available experimental data. The ANN methodology discussed in Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling can be used by both researchers and professionals to optimize SOFC design. Readers will have access to detailed material on universal fuel cell modeling and design process optimization, and will also be able to discover comprehensive information on fuel cells and artificial intelligence theory.
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Models for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems

Exploitation of Models Hierarchy for Industrial Design of Control and Diagnosis Strategies

Author: Dario Marra,Cesare Pianese,Pierpaolo Polverino,Marco Sorrentino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447156587

Category: Science

Page: 154

View: 3082

This book presents methodologies suitable for the optimal design of control and diagnosis strategies for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) systems. One key feature of the methodologies presented is the use of modeling tools with an ideal balance between accuracy and computational burden. Particular emphasis is given to the useful combination of models within a hierarchical framework to reduce the experimental efforts required for characterization and testing. Such tools are proven to be highly effective for SOFC systems destined for both residential and transportation applications. Throughout the book, optimization is always conceived in such a way so as to allow the SOFC systems to work efficiently while guaranteeing safe thermal operation, as well as an extended lifetime. This book is aimed at scientists and engineers involved in the design of marketable SOFC systems. It gathers the knowledge and experience derived from other research and industry practice for which control and diagnosis have proven to be the main keys to success and market penetration.
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21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538968

Category: Science

Page: 2082

View: 7242

The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of computer aided process engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges," described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies."
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Modeling and Control of Fuel Cells

Distributed Generation Applications

Author: M. H. Nehrir,C. Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470233281

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 4207

"The emerging fuel cell (FC) technology is growing rapidly in its applications from small-scale portable electronics to large-scale power generation. This book gives students, engineers, and scientists a solid understanding of the FC dynamic modeling and controller design to adapt FCs to particular applications in distributed power generation." "The book begins with a fascinating introduction to the subject, including a brief history of the U.S. electric utility formation and restructuring. Next, it provides coverage of power deregulation and distributed generation (DG), DG types, fuel cell DGs, and the hydrogen economy. Modeling and Control of Fuel Cells is an excellent reference book for students and professionals in electrical, chemical, and mechanical engineering and scientists working in the FC area."--BOOK JACKET.
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Fuel Cells

Modeling, Control, and Applications

Author: Bei Gou,Woonki Na,Bill Diong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420071627

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 834

Fuel Cells: Modeling, Control, and Applications describes advanced research results on modeling and control designs for fuel cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on fuel cell modeling, analysis, and nonlinear control. The book begins with an introduction to fuel cells and fuel cell power systems as well as the fundamentals of fuel cell systems and their components. It then presents the linear and nonlinear modeling of fuel cell dynamics, before discussing typical approaches of linear and nonlinear modeling and control design methods for fuel cells. The authors also explore the Simulink implementation of fuel cells, including the modeling of PEM fuel cells and control designs. They cover the applications of fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, stand-alone systems, and hybrid renewable energy systems. The book concludes with the modeling and analysis of hybrid renewable energy systems, which integrate fuel cells, wind power, and solar power. Mathematical preliminaries on linear and nonlinear control are provided in an appendix. With the need for alternative power well established, we are seeing unprecedented research in fuel cell technology. Written by scientists directly involved with the research, this book presents approaches and achievements in the linear and nonlinear modeling and control design of PEM fuel cells.
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Dynamic modeling and control of planar SOFC power systems

Author: Handa Xi,University of Michigan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 165

View: 3240

This dissertation addresses the modeling and control of planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) power systems, aimed at developing analysis tools and control solutions to enable this promising technology for mobile applications. The main focus of the research is to explore the dynamic characteristics of the SOFC system and to develop control strategies that can ensure efficient steady state and fast and safe transient operations.
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Biorefineries and Chemical Processes

Design, Integration and Sustainability Analysis

Author: Jhuma Sadhukhan,Kok Siew Ng,Elias Martinez Hernandez

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118698169

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 3483

As the range of feedstocks, process technologies and products expand, biorefineries will become increasingly complex manufacturing systems. Biorefineries and Chemical Processes: Design, Integration and Sustainability Analysis presents process modelling and integration, and whole system life cycle analysis tools for the synthesis, design, operation and sustainable development of biorefinery and chemical processes. Topics covered include: Introduction: An introduction to the concept and development of biorefineries. Tools: Included here are the methods for detailed economic and environmental impact analyses; combined economic value and environmental impact analysis; life cycle assessment (LCA); multi-criteria analysis; heat integration and utility system design; mathematical programming based optimization and genetic algorithms. Process synthesis and design: Focuses on modern unit operations and innovative process flowsheets. Discusses thermochemical and biochemical processing of biomass, production of chemicals and polymers from biomass, and processes for carbon dioxide capture. Biorefinery systems: Presents biorefinery process synthesis using whole system analysis. Discusses bio-oil and algae biorefineries, integrated fuel cells and renewables, and heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Companion website: Four case studies, additional exercises and examples are available online, together with three supplementary chapters which address waste and emission minimization, energy storage and control systems, and the optimization and reuse of water. This textbook is designed to bridge a gap between engineering design and sustainability assessment, for advanced students and practicing process designers and engineers.
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Fuel Cell Seminar 2007

Author: M. C. Williams

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 1566776392

Category: Energy conversion

Page: 766

View: 1747

There are many fuel cell technologies, entities, commercialization plans, and research and development activities at various states of maturity. The fuel cell efforts encompassed in this issue represents a major, international research and development and demonstration activity. Fuel cells are a topic of great interest and shall probably remain so for some time. The Fuel Cell Seminar and Exposition remains a major social, technical, and marketing forum for fuel cells. The Electrochemical Society, through its collaboration with the Seminar, is able to bring this issue of ECS Transactions, containing important contributions, to a broad technical audience.
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Gas Turbines

A Handbook of Air, Land and Sea Applications

Author: Claire Soares

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124104851

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1020

View: 7872

Covering basic theory, components, installation, maintenance, manufacturing, regulation and industry developments, Gas Turbines: A Handbook of Air, Sea and Land Applications is a broad-based introductory reference designed to give you the knowledge needed to succeed in the gas turbine industry, land, sea and air applications. Providing the big picture view that other detailed, data-focused resources lack, this book has a strong focus on the information needed to effectively decision-make and plan gas turbine system use for particular applications, taking into consideration not only operational requirements but long-term life-cycle costs in upkeep, repair and future use. With concise, easily digestible overviews of all important theoretical bases and a practical focus throughout, Gas Turbines is an ideal handbook for those new to the field or in the early stages of their career, as well as more experienced engineers looking for a reliable, one-stop reference that covers the breadth of the field. Covers installation, maintenance, manufacturer's specifications, performance criteria and future trends, offering a rounded view of the area that takes in technical detail as well as well as industry economics and outlook Updated with the latest industry developments, including new emission and efficiency regulations and their impact on gas turbine technology Over 300 pages of new/revised content, including new sections on microturbines, non-conventional fuel sources for microturbines, emissions, major developments in aircraft engines, use of coal gas and superheated steam, and new case histories throughout highlighting component improvements in all systems and sub-systems.
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