Humour, Comedy and Laughter

Obscenities, Paradoxes, Insights and the Renewal of Life

Author: Lidia Dina Sciama

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385436

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 9773

Anthropological writings on humor are not very numerous or extensive, but they do contain a great deal of insight into the diverse mental and social processes that underlie joking and laughter. On the basis of a wide range of ethnographic and textual materials, the chapters examine the cognitive, social, and moral aspects of humor and its potential to bring about a sense of amity and mutual understanding, even among different and possibly hostile people. Unfortunately, though, cartoons, jokes, and parodies can cause irremediable distress and offence. Nevertheless, contributors’ cross-cultural evidence confirms that the positive aspects of humor far outweigh the danger of deepening divisions and fueling hostilities

Humour and laughter

theory, research and applications

Author: Anthony J. Chapman,Hugh C. Foot

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825740

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 9694

Humor and laughter play a vital part in our everyday social encounters. In this book, well-known psychologists including Thomas R. Shultz, Mary K. Rathbart, and Goran Nerhardt explore the psychology of humor and laughter, examining the major theoretical perspectives underlying current approaches. This volume draws together the main empirical work done over the course of the twentieth century.

On Humour

Author: Hans Jonas Professor of Philosophy Simon Critchley,Simon Critchley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135199035

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 144

View: 2659

Does humour make us human, or do the cats and dogs laugh along with us? On Humour is a fascinating, beautifully written and funny book on what humour can tell us about being human. Simon Critchley skilfully probes some of the most perennial but least understood aspects of humour, such as our tendency to laugh at animals and our bodies, why we mock death with comedy and why we think it's funny when people act like machines. He also looks at the darker side of humour, as rife in sexism and racism and argues that it is important for reminding us of people we would rather not be.

Comedy and Feminist Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible

A Subversive Collaboration

Author: Melissa Jackson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199656770

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 285

View: 7066

This book explores the Hebrew Bible for evidence of comedy and further asks how reading the Hebrew Bible through a comic "lens" might positively inform feminist interpretation. The exploration is conducted with a number of Hebrew Bible narratives, all of which prominently involve female characters.

Humour and History

Author: Keith Cameron

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9781871516807

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 1630

Aristotle felt that laughter was a distinctive trait of humanity and one that distinguished humans from the animals. On the other hand, the very existence of human beings could be considered a 'joke'. This title offers an insight into the role humour has played in various European cultures throughout their history.

Sitting in the Earth and Laughing

A Handbook of Humour

Author: Arthur Roy Eckardt

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412834100

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 222

View: 4041

The work includes many of Dr. Eckardt's own fanciful stories, essays, and verses as well as material derived from student malapropisms, from children, and from professional humorists and comedians. Appearing at a time of burgeoning scholarly and popular interest in the domain of humor, Sitting in the Earth and Laughing shows how humor and laughter lie within the realm of human mysteries--together with tragedy, suffering, and love--that can be comprehended and relished.

Understanding Humor in Japan

Author: Jessica Milner Davis

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814331651

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 249

View: 1674

A comprehensive look at the customary differences between humor in Japan and the West, providing cultural examples and illustrative terminology in the original Japanese.

On the Comic and Laughter

Author: Vladimir I︠A︡kovlevich Propp

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802099262

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 191

View: 5262

An extensive investigation of the forms and functions of the comic, this lively and engaging English critical edition will be welcomed by those interested in laughter, comedy, folklore, Russian literature, and specific authors such as Gogol, Pushkin, Chekhov, Rabelais, Molière, and Shakespeare. The direct, humorous, and provocative style of this work, which tackles the subject of humour with a vast array of vivid examples encountered on every page, will certainly appeal to the contemporary reader. Vladimir Propp takes various forms of laughter in literature and real life and addresses questions such as the comic of similarity, the comic of difference, parody, duping, incongruity, lying, ritual laughter, and carnival laughter. The author of the widely acclaimed Morphology of the Folktale has written an original, comprehensive, and exciting study on how humour works, and on everything you wanted to know about the genre, in a clear, approachable, and insightful manner.

It's a Funny Thing, Humour

Proceedings of The International Conference on Humour and Laughter 1976

Author: Antony J. Chapman,Hugh C. Foot

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148315825X

Category: Psychology

Page: 526

View: 509

It's a Funny Thing, Humour contains the papers presented at the International Conference on Humor and Laughter, held in Cardiff in July 1976. The symposium provides a platform from which authors from different professional and personal background can talk about their own definition and analysis of humor. The book is structured into 10 main sections that reflect the structure of the conference and presents various studies and research on the nature of humor and laughter. Contributions range from theoretical discussions to practical and experimental expositions. Topics on the psychoanalytical theory of humor and laughter; the nature and analysis of jokes; cross-cultural research of humor; mirth measurement; and humor as a tool of learning are some of the topics covered in the symposium. Psychologists, sociologists, teachers, communication experts, psychiatrists, and people who are curious to know more about humor and laughter will find the book very interesting and highly amusing.

Laughing at Yourself

About Almost Anything and Everything

Author: Frank E. Burdett

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1493134620

Category: Fiction

Page: 234

View: 3743

Frank E. Burdett is a survivor from seriousness. This is no laughing matter and only needs a simple explanation. Frank decided to divorce himself from all seriousness in an effort to gain control of his sense of humour. Once he attained his sense of humour he realised that the amount of absurdity and nonsense that abounds in society can only be diagnosed, in the gentlest of terms, as over-seriousness of epidemic proportions. Frank has researched and evaluated the importance of nurturing your sense of humour in order to balance the well-being of people everywhere, especially against the high degrees of stress, both emotional and work-associated challenges that attack everyone today. He came to the conclusion that people of all persuasions have completely lost the knack of being able to step aside and have a good and free laugh at themselves. Therefore, the time has come for you to learn to laugh at yourself and live longer! Frank knows the effects of harrowing trauma, being attacked, mauled and carried away by a man-eating tiger and, curing himself of spreading melanoma cancer of the neck/shoulder, both lungs, liver and bowel cancer. He had been diagnosed by orthodox medicine as stage IV and given six months to live. He tuned to find an alternative cure. He has now been four years free of cancer. Frank devised a technique whereby, even you, can benefit and learn to laugh at yourself. You have nothing to lose, except your overpowering seriousness. Frank spent three years delving into the properties of laughing at yourself and he soon realised that there is more to laughing than showing a set of teeth. Laughing at yourself allows you the complete freedom to see stress and serious-ness in their proper light, as a threat to your long-lasting happiness. This is your opportunity to take a real look at yourself by using Frank’s technique to step on the path towards learning the Art of Happiness. You either want to be free from the pangs of stress and seriousness, or you do not! Your choice!

The Game of Humor

A Comprehensive Theory of Why We Laugh

Author: Charles R. Gruner

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765806598

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 197

View: 9175

Humor, wit, and laughter surround each person. From everyday quips to the carefully contrived comedy of literature, newspapers, and television we experience humor in many forms, yet the impetus for our laughter is far from innocuous. Misfortune, stupidity, and moral or cultural defects, however faintly revealed in others and ourselves, seem to make us laugh. Although discomforting, such negative terms as superiority, aggression, hostility, ridicule, or degradation can be applied to instances of humor. According to scholars, Thomas Hobbes's "superiority theory"--that humor arises from mischances, infirmities, and indecencies, where there is no wit at all--applies to most humor. With the exception of good-natured play, Charles R. Gruner claims that humor is rarely as innocent as it first appears. Gruner's proposed superiority theory of humor is all-encompassing. In "The Game of Humor, "he expands the scope of Hobbes's theory to include and explore the contest aspect of "good-natured" play. As such, the author believes all instances of humor can be examined as games, in terms of competition and keeping score--winners and losers. Gruner draws on a broad spectrum of thought-provoking examples. Holocaust jokes, sexual humor, the racialist dialogue of such comic characters as Stepin Fetchit and Archie Bunker, simple puns, and many of the author's own encounters with everyday humor. Gruner challenges the reader to offer a single example of humor that cannot be "de-humorized" by its agonistic nature. "The Game of Humor "makes intriguing and enjoyable reading for people interested in humor and the aspects of human motivation. This book will also be valuable to professionals in communication and information studies, sociologists, literary critics and linguists, and psychologists concerned with the conflicts and tensions of everyday life.

Humorous Structures of English Narratives, 1200-1600

Author: Theresa Hamilton

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443853275

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 335

View: 1185

We all have the ability to recognize and create humour. But how do we do it? Salvatore Attardo and Victor Raskin have attempted to explain the workings of humour with their General Theory of Verbal Humor. How well does their theory explain the way humour ‘works’ in a particular text, and can it provide us with interesting, novel interpretations? By identifying and interpreting the narrative structures that create humour, this study tests the usefulness of Attardo & Raskin’s humour theory on a specific corpus of fabliaux, parodies and tragedies. Hamilton proposes a supplementation of the General Theory of Verbal Humor to create a means of undertaking what she calls a ‘humorist reading’. By posing the questions ‘why is this humorous?’, ‘how is it humorous?’ or ‘why is it not humorous?’ and providing the theoretical tools to answer them, a ‘humorist reading’ can make a valuable contribution to our understanding of a literary text and its place in society.

Why Can't Philosophers Laugh?

Author: Katrin Froese

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319550446

Category: Philosophy

Page: 227

View: 8892

This book analyzes Western and Chinese philosophical texts to determine why laughter and the comic have not been a major part of philosophical discourse. Katrin Froese maintains that many philosophical accounts of laughter try to unearth laughter's purpose, thereby rendering it secondary to the intentional and purposive aspects of human nature that impel us to philosophize. Froese also considers texts that take laughter and the comic as starting points, attempting to philosophize out of laughter rather than merely trying to unearth reasons for laughter. The book proposes that continuously unraveling philosophical assumptions through the comic and laughter may be necessary to live well.

Comedy and Social Science

Towards a Methodology of Funny

Author: Cate Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317551885

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 3523

While there have been many sociological and psychological studies of humor, few can claim to be funny. Humor may be regarded as a legitimate topic for social scientists, but in general, they present their research rather seriously. In academia, humor tends to be trivialized and dismissed. This is more than just a missed opportunity for otherwise fun-loving academics. In literature, it is readily accepted that comedy is integral to the human condition. To ignore humor is to reject a potentially insightful methodological approach, as the humorous worldview presents unique opportunities for investigating the social. This book constitutes a unique resource, presenting chapters on irony, satire and parody as tools for analysis and means of representation, as well as considering humor in the conduct of research, and offering guidance on getting published. Through presenting examples from across the social sciences, the book seeks to persuade and inspire rather than to prescribe an approach – a closure which would (ironically) be inimical to the multiplicity and ambiguity which characterizes humorous research and lends it its distinctive edge.

Laughing at the Darkness

Postmodernism and Optimism in American Humour

Author: Paul McDonald

Publisher: Humanities-Ebooks

ISBN: 1847601871

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 147

View: 2785

Paul McDonald’s book is the second in our Contemporary American Literature series, edited by Christopher Gair and Aliki Varvogli. Given that postmodernism has been associated with doubt, chaos, relativism and the disappearance of reality, it may appear difficult to reconcile with American optimism. Laughing at the Darkness demonstrates that this is not always the case. In examining the work of, among others, Sherman Alexie, Woody Allen, Douglas Coupland, Jonathan Safran Foer, Bill Hicks, David Mamet, and Philip Roth, McDonald shows how American humorists bring their comedy to bear on some of the negative implications of philosophical postmodernism and, in so doing, explore ways of reclaiming value.

All Too Human

Laughter, Humor, and Comedy in Nineteenth-Century Philosophy

Author: Lydia L. Moland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319913308

Category: Philosophy

Page: 190

View: 5565

This book offers an analysis of humor, comedy, and laughter as philosophical topics in the 19th Century. It traces the introduction of humor as a new aesthetic category inspired by Laurence Sterne’s "Tristram Shandy" and shows Sterne’s deep influence on German aesthetic theorists of this period. Through differentiating humor from comedy, the book suggests important distinctions within the aesthetic philosophies of G.W.F. Hegel, Karl Solger, and Jean Paul Richter. The book links Kant’s underdeveloped incongruity theory of laughter to Schopenhauer’s more complete account and identifies humor’s place in the pessimistic philosophy of Julius Bahnsen. It considers how caricature functioned at the intersection of politics, aesthetics, and ethics in Karl Rosenkranz’s work, and how Kierkegaard and Nietzsche made humor central not only to their philosophical content but also to its style. The book concludes with an explication of French philosopher Henri Bergson’s claim that laughter is a response to mechanical inelasticity.

An Anatomy of Humor

Author: Arthur Asa Berger

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412817158

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 9656

People experience humor daily through television, newspapers, literature, and contact with others. Rarely do social researchers analyze humor or try to determine what makes it such a dominating force in our lives.

The Politics of Humour

Laughter, Inclusion and Exclusion in the Twentieth Century

Author: Martina Kessel,Patrick Merziger

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442695137

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 4488

The period between the First World War and the fall of the Berlin Wall is often characterized as the age of extremes—while this era witnessed unprecedented violence and loss of human life, it also saw a surge in humorous entertainment in both democratic and authoritarian societies. The Politics of Humour examines how works such as satirical magazines and comedy films were used both to reaffirm group identity and to exclude those who did not belong. The essays in this collection analyse the political and social context of comedy in Europe and the United States, exploring topics ranging from the shifting targets of ethnic jokes to the incorporation of humour into wartime broadcasting and the uses of satire as a means of resistance. Comedy continues to define the nature of group membership today, and The Politics of Humour offers an intriguing look at how entertainment helped everyday people make sense of the turmoil of the twentieth century.

Humour in Chinese Life and Letters

Classical and Traditional Approaches

Author: Jessica Milner Davis,Jocelyn Chey

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9888083511

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 312

View: 1040

The present study emphasizes Chapter Six of Huai-nan Tzu in expounding the theory of kan-ying STIMULUS-RESPONSE; RESONANCE, which postulates that all things in the universe are interrelated and influence each other according to pre-set patterns.

Laughter in Occupied Palestine

Comedy and Identity in Art and Film

Author: Chrisoula Lionis

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857729799

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2793

Although the political situation in Palestine is more serious than ever, contemporary Palestinian art and film are, paradoxically, becoming more humorous in their responses. Laughter in Occupied Palestine looks deeply into this trend, and is the first book to provide an overview of Palestinian art and film, showing the ways in which both art forms have developed in reaction to critical moments in Palestinian history over the last century. Chrisoula Lionis analyzes both the impetus behind this shift toward humour and its consequences, arguing that it has flourished amid political uncertainty and the decline in nationalist hope. Revealing the crucial role of jokes in responding to the failure of the peace process and ongoing occupation, she unearths the potential of laughter to facilitate understanding and empathy in a time of conflict and division.