Humour, Comedy and Laughter

Obscenities, Paradoxes, Insights and the Renewal of Life

Author: Lidia Dina Sciama

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385436

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 4960

Anthropological writings on humor are not very numerous or extensive, but they do contain a great deal of insight into the diverse mental and social processes that underlie joking and laughter. On the basis of a wide range of ethnographic and textual materials, the chapters examine the cognitive, social, and moral aspects of humor and its potential to bring about a sense of amity and mutual understanding, even among different and possibly hostile people. Unfortunately, though, cartoons, jokes, and parodies can cause irremediable distress and offence. Nevertheless, contributors' cross-cultural evidence confirms that the positive aspects of humor far outweigh the danger of deepening divisions and fueling hostilities
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Humour and laughter

theory, research and applications

Author: Anthony J. Chapman,Hugh C. Foot

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825740

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 6636

Humor and laughter play a vital part in our everyday social encounters. In this book, well-known psychologists including Thomas R. Shultz, Mary K. Rathbart, and Goran Nerhardt explore the psychology of humor and laughter, examining the major theoretical perspectives underlying current approaches. This volume draws together the main empirical work done over the course of the twentieth century.
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Sitting in the Earth and Laughing

A Handbook of Humour

Author: Arthur Roy Eckardt

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412834100

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 222

View: 9254

The work includes many of Dr. Eckardt's own fanciful stories, essays, and verses as well as material derived from student malapropisms, from children, and from professional humorists and comedians. Appearing at a time of burgeoning scholarly and popular interest in the domain of humor, Sitting in the Earth and Laughing shows how humor and laughter lie within the realm of human mysteries--together with tragedy, suffering, and love--that can be comprehended and relished.
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Understanding Humor in Japan

Author: Jessica Milner Davis

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814331651

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 249

View: 6834

A comprehensive look at the customary differences between humor in Japan and the West, providing cultural examples and illustrative terminology in the original Japanese.
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On the Comic and Laughter

Author: Vladimir I︠A︡kovlevich Propp

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802099262

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 191

View: 2563

An extensive investigation of the forms and functions of the comic, this lively and engaging English critical edition will be welcomed by those interested in laughter, comedy, folklore, Russian literature, and specific authors such as Gogol, Pushkin, Chekhov, Rabelais, Molière, and Shakespeare. The direct, humorous, and provocative style of this work, which tackles the subject of humour with a vast array of vivid examples encountered on every page, will certainly appeal to the contemporary reader. Vladimir Propp takes various forms of laughter in literature and real life and addresses questions such as the comic of similarity, the comic of difference, parody, duping, incongruity, lying, ritual laughter, and carnival laughter. The author of the widely acclaimed Morphology of the Folktale has written an original, comprehensive, and exciting study on how humour works, and on everything you wanted to know about the genre, in a clear, approachable, and insightful manner.
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The Game of Humor

A Comprehensive Theory of Why We Laugh

Author: Charles R. Gruner

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765806598

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 197

View: 2321

Humor, wit, and laughter surround each person. From everyday quips to the carefully contrived comedy of literature, newspapers, and television we experience humor in many forms, yet the impetus for our laughter is far from innocuous. Misfortune, stupidity, and moral or cultural defects, however faintly revealed in others and ourselves, seem to make us laugh. Although discomforting, such negative terms as superiority, aggression, hostility, ridicule, or degradation can be applied to instances of humor. According to scholars, Thomas Hobbes's "superiority theory"--that humor arises from mischances, infirmities, and indecencies, where there is no wit at all--applies to most humor. With the exception of good-natured play, Charles R. Gruner claims that humor is rarely as innocent as it first appears. Gruner's proposed superiority theory of humor is all-encompassing. In "The Game of Humor, "he expands the scope of Hobbes's theory to include and explore the contest aspect of "good-natured" play. As such, the author believes all instances of humor can be examined as games, in terms of competition and keeping score--winners and losers. Gruner draws on a broad spectrum of thought-provoking examples. Holocaust jokes, sexual humor, the racialist dialogue of such comic characters as Stepin Fetchit and Archie Bunker, simple puns, and many of the author's own encounters with everyday humor. Gruner challenges the reader to offer a single example of humor that cannot be "de-humorized" by its agonistic nature. "The Game of Humor "makes intriguing and enjoyable reading for people interested in humor and the aspects of human motivation. This book will also be valuable to professionals in communication and information studies, sociologists, literary critics and linguists, and psychologists concerned with the conflicts and tensions of everyday life.
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The Politics of Humour

Laughter, Inclusion, and Exclusion in the Twentieth Century

Author: Martina Kessel

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442642920

Category: Humor

Page: 222

View: 3849

The period between the First World War and the fall of the Berlin Wall is often characterized as the age of extremes--while this era witnessed unprecedented violence and loss of human life, it also saw a surge in humorous entertainment in both democratic and authoritarian societies. The Politics of Humour examines how works such as satirical magazines and comedy films were used both to reaffirm group identity and to exclude those who did not belong. The essays in this collection analyse the political and social context of comedy in Europe and the United States, exploring topics ranging from the shifting targets of ethnic jokes to the incorporation of humour into wartime broadcasting and the uses of satire as a means of resistance. Comedy continues to define the nature of group membership today, and The Politics of Humour offers an intriguing look at how entertainment helped everyday people make sense of the turmoil of the twentieth century.
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It's a Funny Thing, Humour

Proceedings of The International Conference on Humour and Laughter 1976

Author: Antony J. Chapman,Hugh C. Foot

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148315825X

Category: Psychology

Page: 526

View: 6082

It's a Funny Thing, Humour contains the papers presented at the International Conference on Humor and Laughter, held in Cardiff in July 1976. The symposium provides a platform from which authors from different professional and personal background can talk about their own definition and analysis of humor. The book is structured into 10 main sections that reflect the structure of the conference and presents various studies and research on the nature of humor and laughter. Contributions range from theoretical discussions to practical and experimental expositions. Topics on the psychoanalytical theory of humor and laughter; the nature and analysis of jokes; cross-cultural research of humor; mirth measurement; and humor as a tool of learning are some of the topics covered in the symposium. Psychologists, sociologists, teachers, communication experts, psychiatrists, and people who are curious to know more about humor and laughter will find the book very interesting and highly amusing.
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Humour and History

Author: Keith Cameron

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9781871516807

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 1332

Aristotle felt that laughter was a distinctive trait of humanity and one that distinguished humans from the animals. On the other hand, the very existence of human beings could be considered a 'joke'. This title offers an insight into the role humour has played in various European cultures throughout their history.
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Laughter, Humor, and the (Un)making of Gender

Historical and Cultural Perspectives

Author: A. Foka,J. Liliequist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137463651

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6904

Humor is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. Throughout history, it has played a crucial role in defining gender roles and identities. This collection offers an in-depth thematic examination of this relationship between humor and gender, spanning a variety of historical and cultural backdrops.
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The Psychology of Humor

An Integrative Approach

Author: Rod A. Martin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465999

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 6518

Research on humor is carried out in a number of areas in psychology, including the cognitive (What makes something funny?), developmental (when do we develop a sense of humor?), and social (how is humor used in social interactions?) Although there is enough interest in the area to have spawned several societies, the literature is dispersed in a number of primary journals, with little in the way of integration of the material into a book. Dr. Martin is one of the best known researchers in the area, and his research goes across subdisciplines in psychology to be of wide appeal. This is a singly authored monograph that provides in one source, a summary of information researchers might wish to know about research into the psychology of humor. The material is scholarly, but the presentation of the material is suitable for people unfamiliar with the subject-making The Psychology of Humor suitable for use for advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses on the psychology of humor-which have not had a textbook source. 2007 AATH Book Award for Humor/Laughter Research category! Up-to-date coverage of research on humor and laughter in every area of psychology Research findings are integrated into a coherent conceptual framework Includes recent brain imaging studies, evolutionary models, and animal research Draws on contributions from sociology, linguistics, neuroscience, and anthropology Provides an overview of theories of humor and early research Explores applications of humor in psychotherapy, education, and the workplace Points out interesting topics for further research and promising research methodologies Written in a scholarly yet easily accessible style 2007 AATH Book Award for Humor/Laughter Research category
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Humor Works

Author: John Morreall

Publisher: Human Resource Development

ISBN: 9780874254006

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 7272

Increased productivity. High morale. Effective change management. Reduced workplace conflict, stress, and burnout. These aren't laughing matters -- or are they? Most business leaders today completely overlook one of the most valuable tools available to them humor. Using dozens of examples and anecdotes, this book explores the connections between humor and creativity, teamwork, risk-taking, and effective communication. In addition to exploring the benefits of humor, the author also provides research-based explanations and answers to important questions like: -- What is humor? -- Why is it so closely related to creativity -- How does it reduce stress? The book also includes exercises and tips to help you experience the benefits of humor for yourself, and will show you how to implement them in your work.
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On Humour

Author: Hans Jonas Professor of Philosophy Simon Critchley,Simon Critchley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135199035

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 144

View: 8427

Does humour make us human, or do the cats and dogs laugh along with us? On Humour is a fascinating, beautifully written and funny book on what humour can tell us about being human. Simon Critchley skilfully probes some of the most perennial but least understood aspects of humour, such as our tendency to laugh at animals and our bodies, why we mock death with comedy and why we think it's funny when people act like machines. He also looks at the darker side of humour, as rife in sexism and racism and argues that it is important for reminding us of people we would rather not be.
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Art and Laughter

Author: Sheri Klein

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781845112332

Category: Art

Page: 156

View: 8801

This is the first book to take seriously (though not too seriously) the surprisingly neglected role of humour in art. Art and Laughter looks back to comic masters such as Hogarth and Daumier and to Dada, Surrealism and Pop Art, asking what makes us laugh and why, and exploring the use of comedy in art from satire and irony to pun, parody and black and bawdy humor. Encouraging laughter in the hallowed space of the gallery, Klein takes us on a tour of the comic work of Red Grooms, Cary Leibowitz, William Wegman, The Chicago Hairy Who, Richard Prince, Bruce Nauman, Jeff Koons, Vik Muniz and many more. She looks too at the smile in art and at the cute, the camp and the downright kitsch.
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An Anatomy of Humor

Author: Arthur Asa Berger

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412817158

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 3667

People experience humor daily through television, newspapers, literature, and contact with others. Rarely do social researchers analyze humor or try to determine what makes it such a dominating force in our lives.
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Laughing at Nothing

Humor as a Response to Nihilism

Author: John Marmysz

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791458396

Category: Philosophy

Page: 209

View: 8125

Explores the concept of nihilism and argues that it need not imply despair, but can be responded to positively.
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Comedy and Feminist Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible

A Subversive Collaboration

Author: Melissa Jackson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199656770

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 285

View: 1224

This book explores the Hebrew Bible for evidence of comedy and further asks how reading the Hebrew Bible through a comic "lens" might positively inform feminist interpretation. The exploration is conducted with a number of Hebrew Bible narratives, all of which prominently involve female characters.
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Laughing Fit to Kill

Black Humor in the Fictions of Slavery

Author: Glenda Carpio

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199719549

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 743

Reassessing the meanings of "black humor" and "dark satire," Laughing Fit to Kill illustrates how black comedians, writers, and artists have deftly deployed various modes of comedic "conjuring"--the absurd, the grotesque, and the strategic expression of racial stereotypes--to redress not only the past injustices of slavery and racism in America but also their legacy in the present. Focusing on representations of slavery in the post-civil rights era, Carpio explores stereotypes in Richard Pryor's groundbreaking stand-up act and the outrageous comedy of Chappelle's Show to demonstrate how deeply indebted they are to the sly social criticism embedded in the profoundly ironic nineteenth-century fiction of William Wells Brown and Charles W. Chesnutt. Similarly, she reveals how the iconoclastic literary works of Ishmael Reed and Suzan-Lori Parks use satire, hyperbole, and burlesque humor to represent a violent history and to take on issues of racial injustice. With an abundance of illustrations, Carpio also extends her discussion of radical black comedy to the visual arts as she reveals how the use of subversive appropriation by Kara Walker and Robert Colescott cleverly lampoons the iconography of slavery. Ultimately, Laughing Fit to Kill offers a unique look at the bold, complex, and just plain funny ways that African American artists have used laughter to critique slavery's dark legacy.
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All Too Human

Laughter, Humor, and Comedy in Nineteenth-Century Philosophy

Author: Lydia L. Moland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319913308

Category: Philosophy

Page: 190

View: 5197

This book offers an analysis of humor, comedy, and laughter as philosophical topics in the 19th Century. It traces the introduction of humor as a new aesthetic category inspired by Laurence Sterne’s "Tristram Shandy" and shows Sterne’s deep influence on German aesthetic theorists of this period. Through differentiating humor from comedy, the book suggests important distinctions within the aesthetic philosophies of G.W.F. Hegel, Karl Solger, and Jean Paul Richter. The book links Kant’s underdeveloped incongruity theory of laughter to Schopenhauer’s more complete account and identifies humor’s place in the pessimistic philosophy of Julius Bahnsen. It considers how caricature functioned at the intersection of politics, aesthetics, and ethics in Karl Rosenkranz’s work, and how Kierkegaard and Nietzsche made humor central not only to their philosophical content but also to its style. The book concludes with an explication of French philosopher Henri Bergson’s claim that laughter is a response to mechanical inelasticity.
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