Humour, Comedy and Laughter

Obscenities, Paradoxes, Insights and the Renewal of Life

Author: Lidia Dina Sciama

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385436

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 8849

Anthropological writings on humor are not very numerous or extensive, but they do contain a great deal of insight into the diverse mental and social processes that underlie joking and laughter. On the basis of a wide range of ethnographic and textual materials, the chapters examine the cognitive, social, and moral aspects of humor and its potential to bring about a sense of amity and mutual understanding, even among different and possibly hostile people. Unfortunately, though, cartoons, jokes, and parodies can cause irremediable distress and offence. Nevertheless, contributors' cross-cultural evidence confirms that the positive aspects of humor far outweigh the danger of deepening divisions and fueling hostilities
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Humour and laughter

theory, research and applications

Author: Anthony J. Chapman,Hugh C. Foot

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825740

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 3406

Humor and laughter play a vital part in our everyday social encounters. In this book, well-known psychologists including Thomas R. Shultz, Mary K. Rathbart, and Goran Nerhardt explore the psychology of humor and laughter, examining the major theoretical perspectives underlying current approaches. This volume draws together the main empirical work done over the course of the twentieth century.
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It's a Funny Thing, Humour

Proceedings of The International Conference on Humour and Laughter 1976

Author: Antony J. Chapman,Hugh C. Foot

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148315825X

Category: Psychology

Page: 526

View: 461

It's a Funny Thing, Humour contains the papers presented at the International Conference on Humor and Laughter, held in Cardiff in July 1976. The symposium provides a platform from which authors from different professional and personal background can talk about their own definition and analysis of humor. The book is structured into 10 main sections that reflect the structure of the conference and presents various studies and research on the nature of humor and laughter. Contributions range from theoretical discussions to practical and experimental expositions. Topics on the psychoanalytical theory of humor and laughter; the nature and analysis of jokes; cross-cultural research of humor; mirth measurement; and humor as a tool of learning are some of the topics covered in the symposium. Psychologists, sociologists, teachers, communication experts, psychiatrists, and people who are curious to know more about humor and laughter will find the book very interesting and highly amusing.
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Sitting in the Earth and Laughing

A Handbook of Humour

Author: Arthur Roy Eckardt

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412834100

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 222

View: 3621

The work includes many of Dr. Eckardt's own fanciful stories, essays, and verses as well as material derived from student malapropisms, from children, and from professional humorists and comedians. Appearing at a time of burgeoning scholarly and popular interest in the domain of humor, Sitting in the Earth and Laughing shows how humor and laughter lie within the realm of human mysteries--together with tragedy, suffering, and love--that can be comprehended and relished.
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On Humour

Author: Hans Jonas Professor of Philosophy Simon Critchley,Simon Critchley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135199035

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 144

View: 7440

Does humour make us human, or do the cats and dogs laugh along with us? On Humour is a fascinating, beautifully written and funny book on what humour can tell us about being human. Simon Critchley skilfully probes some of the most perennial but least understood aspects of humour, such as our tendency to laugh at animals and our bodies, why we mock death with comedy and why we think it's funny when people act like machines. He also looks at the darker side of humour, as rife in sexism and racism and argues that it is important for reminding us of people we would rather not be.
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What Are You Laughing At?

A Comprehensive Guide to the Comedic Event

Author: Dan O'Shannon

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441162933

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 9874

This book presents a comprehensive guide to all the variables that can come into play when we come into contact with comedy.
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Ha!

The Science of When We Laugh and Why

Author: Scott Weems

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465080804

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 7833

An entertaining tour of the science of humor and laughter Humor, like pornography, is famously difficult to define. We know it when we see it, but is there any way to figure out what we really find funny? In this fascinating investigation into the science of humor and laughter, neuroscientist Scott Weems uncovers what's happening in our heads when we giggle, guffaw, or double over with laughter. Beginning with the premise that humor arises from inner conflict in the brain, Weems explores such issues as why surprise is so important for humor, why computers are terrible at recognizing what's funny, and why cringe-worthy stereotypes make us laugh the hardest. From the role of insult jokes to the benefit of laughing for our immune system responses, Ha! reveals why humor is so idiosyncratic, and why how-to books alone will never help us become funnier people. Packed with the latest research, amusing anecdotes (and even a few jokes), Ha! is a delightful tour of why humor is so important to our daily lives.
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The Psychology of Humor

An Integrative Approach

Author: Rod A. Martin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465999

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 1195

Research on humor is carried out in a number of areas in psychology, including the cognitive (What makes something funny?), developmental (when do we develop a sense of humor?), and social (how is humor used in social interactions?) Although there is enough interest in the area to have spawned several societies, the literature is dispersed in a number of primary journals, with little in the way of integration of the material into a book. Dr. Martin is one of the best known researchers in the area, and his research goes across subdisciplines in psychology to be of wide appeal. This is a singly authored monograph that provides in one source, a summary of information researchers might wish to know about research into the psychology of humor. The material is scholarly, but the presentation of the material is suitable for people unfamiliar with the subject-making The Psychology of Humor suitable for use for advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses on the psychology of humor-which have not had a textbook source. 2007 AATH Book Award for Humor/Laughter Research category! Up-to-date coverage of research on humor and laughter in every area of psychology Research findings are integrated into a coherent conceptual framework Includes recent brain imaging studies, evolutionary models, and animal research Draws on contributions from sociology, linguistics, neuroscience, and anthropology Provides an overview of theories of humor and early research Explores applications of humor in psychotherapy, education, and the workplace Points out interesting topics for further research and promising research methodologies Written in a scholarly yet easily accessible style 2007 AATH Book Award for Humor/Laughter Research category
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Understanding Humor in Japan

Author: Jessica Milner Davis

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814331651

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 249

View: 3939

A comprehensive look at the customary differences between humor in Japan and the West, providing cultural examples and illustrative terminology in the original Japanese.
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The Humor Code

A Global Search for What Makes Things Funny

Author: Peter McGraw,Joel Warner

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451665415

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 5598

Part road-trip comedy and part social science experiment, a scientist and a journalist travel the globe to discover the secret behind what makes things funny, questioning countless experts, including Louis C.K., along the way.
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The Game of Humor

A Comprehensive Theory of Why We Laugh

Author: Charles R. Gruner

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765806598

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 197

View: 9680

Humor, wit, and laughter surround each person. From everyday quips to the carefully contrived comedy of literature, newspapers, and television we experience humor in many forms, yet the impetus for our laughter is far from innocuous. Misfortune, stupidity, and moral or cultural defects, however faintly revealed in others and ourselves, seem to make us laugh. Although discomforting, such negative terms as superiority, aggression, hostility, ridicule, or degradation can be applied to instances of humor. According to scholars, Thomas Hobbes's "superiority theory"--that humor arises from mischances, infirmities, and indecencies, where there is no wit at all--applies to most humor. With the exception of good-natured play, Charles R. Gruner claims that humor is rarely as innocent as it first appears. Gruner's proposed superiority theory of humor is all-encompassing. In "The Game of Humor, "he expands the scope of Hobbes's theory to include and explore the contest aspect of "good-natured" play. As such, the author believes all instances of humor can be examined as games, in terms of competition and keeping score--winners and losers. Gruner draws on a broad spectrum of thought-provoking examples. Holocaust jokes, sexual humor, the racialist dialogue of such comic characters as Stepin Fetchit and Archie Bunker, simple puns, and many of the author's own encounters with everyday humor. Gruner challenges the reader to offer a single example of humor that cannot be "de-humorized" by its agonistic nature. "The Game of Humor "makes intriguing and enjoyable reading for people interested in humor and the aspects of human motivation. This book will also be valuable to professionals in communication and information studies, sociologists, literary critics and linguists, and psychologists concerned with the conflicts and tensions of everyday life.
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On the Comic and Laughter

Author: Vladimir I︠A︡kovlevich Propp

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802099262

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 191

View: 9693

An extensive investigation of the forms and functions of the comic, this lively and engaging English critical edition will be welcomed by those interested in laughter, comedy, folklore, Russian literature, and specific authors such as Gogol, Pushkin, Chekhov, Rabelais, Molière, and Shakespeare. The direct, humorous, and provocative style of this work, which tackles the subject of humour with a vast array of vivid examples encountered on every page, will certainly appeal to the contemporary reader. Vladimir Propp takes various forms of laughter in literature and real life and addresses questions such as the comic of similarity, the comic of difference, parody, duping, incongruity, lying, ritual laughter, and carnival laughter. The author of the widely acclaimed Morphology of the Folktale has written an original, comprehensive, and exciting study on how humour works, and on everything you wanted to know about the genre, in a clear, approachable, and insightful manner.
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Laughter, Humor, and the (Un)making of Gender

Historical and Cultural Perspectives

Author: A. Foka,J. Liliequist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137463651

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1312

Humor is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. Throughout history, it has played a crucial role in defining gender roles and identities. This collection offers an in-depth thematic examination of this relationship between humor and gender, spanning a variety of historical and cultural backdrops.
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The Politics of Humour

Laughter, Inclusion, and Exclusion in the Twentieth Century

Author: Martina Kessel

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442642920

Category: Humor

Page: 222

View: 5013

The period between the First World War and the fall of the Berlin Wall is often characterized as the age of extremes--while this era witnessed unprecedented violence and loss of human life, it also saw a surge in humorous entertainment in both democratic and authoritarian societies. The Politics of Humour examines how works such as satirical magazines and comedy films were used both to reaffirm group identity and to exclude those who did not belong. The essays in this collection analyse the political and social context of comedy in Europe and the United States, exploring topics ranging from the shifting targets of ethnic jokes to the incorporation of humour into wartime broadcasting and the uses of satire as a means of resistance. Comedy continues to define the nature of group membership today, and The Politics of Humour offers an intriguing look at how entertainment helped everyday people make sense of the turmoil of the twentieth century.
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Humor Works

Author: John Morreall

Publisher: Human Resource Development

ISBN: 9780874254006

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 9797

Increased productivity. High morale. Effective change management. Reduced workplace conflict, stress, and burnout. These aren't laughing matters -- or are they? Most business leaders today completely overlook one of the most valuable tools available to them humor. Using dozens of examples and anecdotes, this book explores the connections between humor and creativity, teamwork, risk-taking, and effective communication. In addition to exploring the benefits of humor, the author also provides research-based explanations and answers to important questions like: -- What is humor? -- Why is it so closely related to creativity -- How does it reduce stress? The book also includes exercises and tips to help you experience the benefits of humor for yourself, and will show you how to implement them in your work.
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Humour and History

Author: Keith Cameron

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9781871516807

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 1860

Aristotle felt that laughter was a distinctive trait of humanity and one that distinguished humans from the animals. On the other hand, the very existence of human beings could be considered a 'joke'. This title offers an insight into the role humour has played in various European cultures throughout their history.
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Only Joking

What's So Funny About Making People Laugh?

Author: Jimmy Carr,Lucy Greeves

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781440627200

Category: Humor

Page: 320

View: 879

Britain’s hottest young comedian presents a seriously funny, up-close look at joking matters—from the social origins of laughter, to the art and craft of humor, to why we can never remember the punch line—featuring over 300 jokes. As the host of the hit game show Distraction (now in its third season on Comedy Central) and one of the premier stand-up acts working today, award-winning comedian Jimmy Carr has won over millions of fans around the world with his trademark rapier wit, laced with "exquisitely economical and perfectly timed one-liners" (The Guardian). For this book he teams up with friend and fellow comedy writer Lucy Greeves to take an in-depth look at where humor comes from and how it works, through exploring its purest form: the joke. Only Joking begins with the mechanism of laughter—how it happens and why even infants do it—then delves into the power of the punch line, exploring the basics of all jokes, from the use of shock and surprise to advanced stand-up techniques such as the "pull-back/reveal." Carr and Greeves go on to explore taboo humor, jokes that bomb, and the psychology of finding something funny. They look into the long-standing connection between politics and humor, and discuss the survival prospects for contentious jokes in the current political climate. Throughout the book they conjure up a supporting cast of colorful joke enthusiasts, from Sigmund Freud to Lenny Bruce, and discuss their influence on the jokes we tell today. Surveying across national, ethnic, and gender divides, this rollicking analysis of why joking will always be close to the human heart is an irresistible exploration of humor that makes clear why we need a good laugh now more than ever.
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Inside Jokes

Using Humor to Reverse-engineer the Mind

Author: Matthew M. Hurley,Daniel Clement Dennett,Reginald B. Adams

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026201582X

Category: Psychology

Page: 359

View: 4029

Some things are funny -- jokes, puns, sitcoms, Charlie Chaplin, The Far Side, Malvolio with his yellow garters crossed -- but why? Why does humor exist in the first place? Why do we spend so much of our time passing on amusing anecdotes, making wisecracks, watching The Simpsons? In Inside Jokes, Matthew Hurley, Daniel Dennett, and Reginald Adams offer an evolutionary and cognitive perspective. Humor, they propose, evolved out of a computational problem that arose when our long-ago ancestors were furnished with open-ended thinking. Mother Nature -- aka natural selection -- cannot just order the brain to find and fix all our time-pressured misleaps and near-misses. She has to bribe the brain with pleasure. So we find them funny. This wired-in source of pleasure has been tickled relentlessly by humorists over the centuries, and we have become addicted to the endogenous mind candy that is humor.
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Comedy and Social Science

Towards a Methodology of Funny

Author: Cate Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317551877

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 6533

While there have been many sociological and psychological studies of humor, few can claim to be funny. Humor may be regarded as a legitimate topic for social scientists, but in general, they present their research rather seriously. In academia, humor tends to be trivialized and dismissed. This is more than just a missed opportunity for otherwise fun-loving academics. In literature, it is readily accepted that comedy is integral to the human condition. To ignore humor is to reject a potentially insightful methodological approach, as the humorous worldview presents unique opportunities for investigating the social. This book constitutes a unique resource, presenting chapters on irony, satire and parody as tools for analysis and means of representation, as well as considering humor in the conduct of research, and offering guidance on getting published. Through presenting examples from across the social sciences, the book seeks to persuade and inspire rather than to prescribe an approach – a closure which would (ironically) be inimical to the multiplicity and ambiguity which characterizes humorous research and lends it its distinctive edge.
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Between Heaven and Mirth

Why Joy, Humor, and Laughter Are at the Heart of the Spiritual Life

Author: James Martin

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062098624

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 9768

“Between Heaven and Mirth will make any reader smile. . . . Father Martin reminds us that happiness is the good God’s own goal for us.” —Timothy M. Dolan, Archbishop of New York From The Colbert Report’s “official chaplain” James Martin, SJ, author of the New York Times bestselling The Jesuit Guide to (Almost) Everything, comes a revolutionary look at how joy, humor, and laughter can change our lives and save our spirits. A Jesuit priest with a busy media ministry, Martin understands the intersections between spirituality and daily life. In Between Heaven and Mirth, he uses scriptural passages, the lives of the saints, the spiritual teachings of other traditions, and his own personal reflections to show us why joy is the inevitable result of faith, because a healthy spirituality and a healthy sense of humor go hand-in-hand with God's great plan for humankind.
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