Human Rights in the United States

Beyond Exceptionalism

Author: Shareen Hertel,Kathryn Libal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499521

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5430

This book brings to light emerging evidence of a shift toward a fuller engagement with international human rights norms and their application to domestic policy dilemmas in the United States. The volume offers a rich history, spanning close to three centuries, of the marginalization of human rights discourse in the United States. Contributors analyze cases of US human rights advocacy aimed at addressing persistent inequalities within the United States itself, including advocacy on the rights of persons with disabilities; indigenous peoples; lone mother-headed families; incarcerated persons; lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered people; and those displaced by natural disasters. It also explores key arenas in which legal scholars, policy practitioners and grassroots activists are challenging multiple divides between 'public' and 'private' spheres (for example, in connection with children's rights and domestic violence) and between 'public' and 'private' sectors (specifically, in relation to healthcare and business and human rights).
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The United States and Human Rights

Looking Inward and Outward

Author: David P. Forsythe

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803220089

Category: Law

Page: 404

View: 5602

CONTENTS.
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Justice in the United States

Human Rights and the U.S. Constitution

Author: Judith R. Blau,Alberto Moncada

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742545601

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 983

All populations, including people living in the United States experience new vulnerabilities with globalization. Peoples' jobs are threatened; there are pressures to migrate; and environmental degradation is epidemic. Immense wealth is concentrated in the hands of a tiny elite. Other countries have revised their constitutions to protect their citizens from these turbulent forces. The US is a major exception, and this book proposes how Americans might think about constitutional revisions.
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Encyclopedia of Human Rights in the United States, Third Edition

Author: Charles F. Gelsinger

Publisher: Grey House Publishing

ISBN: 9781682173466

Category: Reference

Page: N.A

View: 9313

This two-volume set offers easy to grasp explanations of the basic concepts and laws in the field, with emphasis on human rights in the historical, political, and legal experience of the United States. This indispensable resource surveys the legal protection of human dignity in the United States, examines the sources of human rights norms, cites key legal cases, explains the role of international governmental and non-governmental organizations, and charts global, regional, and UN human rights measures.
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Human Rights in Our Own Backyard

Injustice and Resistance in the United States

Author: William T. Armaline,Davita Silfen Glasberg,Bandana Purkayastha

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812222571

Category: Political Science

Page: 325

View: 988

Most Americans assume that the United States provides a gold standard for human rights--a 2007 survey found that 80 percent of U.S. adults believed that "the U.S. does a better job than most countries when it comes to protecting human rights." As well, discussions among scholars and public officials in the United States frame human rights issues as concerning people, policies, or practices "over there." By contrast, the contributors to this volume argue that many of the greatest immediate and structural threats to human rights, and some of the most significant efforts to realize human rights in practice, can be found in our own backyard. Human Rights in Our Own Backyard examines the state of human rights and responses to human rights issues, drawing on sociological literature and perspectives to interrogate assumptions of American exceptionalism. How do people in the U.S. address human rights issues? What strategies have they adopted, and how successful have these strategies been? Essays are organized around key conventions of human rights, focusing on the relationships between human rights and justice, the state and the individual, civil rights and human rights, and group rights versus individual rights. The contributors are united by a common conception of the human rights enterprise as a process involving not only state-defined and implemented rights but also human rights from below as promoted by activists.
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Economic Rights in Canada and the United States

Author: Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann,Claude E. Welch, Jr.

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812204786

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2205

Readers in Western developed countries are most familiar with abuses of political and civil rights, but the international human rights regime also embraces a set of laws regarding economic rights. These rights include the right to work and to just and favorable working conditions; the right to join and form trade unions; the right to social security; specific rights for the family; the right to an adequate standard of living, including food, clothing, housing, and "the continuous improvement of living conditions"; and the right to "the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health." In original essays by scholars senior and junior, this volume explains how these rights are realized—or violated—in Canada and the United States. Contributors analyze the philosophy, law, and politics of economic rights and discuss specific issues such as poverty, health care, and the rights of people with disabilities. Central to the problems of both countries are the human rights abuses evident in all contemporary capitalist societies. When the inequalities among citizens are not cushioned by a national commitment to economic rights, or when governments fail to maintain social safety nets for all citizens, economic rights are at risk. Contributors consider the problem from the perspective of their own countries: Canada, the United States, and, for contrast, the Netherlands. They do so in order to explore whether their own countries fall short of meeting international standards of economic rights. They also address the criticism often made by non-Western scholars of human rights—that their Western colleagues preach human rights abroad without regard to the human rights flaws at home.
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An Encyclopedia of Human Rights in the United States

Author: H. Victor Condé

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781592372904

Category: Human rights

Page: 1835

View: 6463

This resource surveys the legal protection of human dignity in the United States, examines the sources of human rights norms, cites key legal cases, explains the role of international governmental and non-governmental organizations, and charts global, regional, and UN human rights measures. --from publisher description.
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Bringing Human Rights Home

A History of Human Rights in the United States

Author: Cynthia Soohoo,Catherine Albisa,Martha F. Davis

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081222079X

Category: History

Page: 411

View: 9444

Throughout its history, America's policies have alternatively embraced human rights, regarded them with ambivalence, or rejected them out of hand. The essays in this volume put these shifting political winds into a larger historical perspective, from the country's very beginnings to the present day.
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Hidden Lives and Human Rights in the United States: Understanding the Controversies and Tragedies of Undocumented Immigration [3 volumes]

Author: Lois Ann Lorentzen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440828482

Category: Political Science

Page: 1106

View: 5296

The most comprehensive collection of essays on undocumented immigration to date, covering issues not generally found anywhere else on the subject. Three fascinating volumes feature the latest research from the country's top immigration scholars. • Discusses topics rarely covered, including sexual migration, religion, values, and mental health • Features essays across disciplines in the fields of psychology, law, politics, social work, public policy, history, education, and health • Includes tables, maps, photos, and a bibliography for each volume to provide visual interest and additional learning opportunities • Probes the latest controversies centered on recent immigration legislation in Arizona, Georgia, and Alabama • Familiarizes readers with history, theories, and legislation related to undocumented migration in the United States
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Human Rights in the Constitutional Law of the United States

Author: Michael J. Perry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107292654

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7294

In the period since the end of the Second World War, there has emerged what never before existed: a truly global morality. Some of that morality - the morality of human rights - has become entrenched in the constitutional law of the United States. This book explicates the morality of human rights and elaborates three internationally recognized human rights that are embedded in US constitutional law: the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment; the right to moral equality; and the right to religious and moral freedom. The implications of one or more of these rights for three great constitutional controversies - capital punishment, same-sex marriage and abortion - are discussed in-depth. Along the way, Michael J. Perry addresses the question of the proper role of the Supreme Court of the United States in adjudicating these controversies.
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Race, Religion, and Politics

Toward Human Rights in the United States

Author: Stephanie Y. Mitchem

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538107961

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 8473

This book examines race, religion, and politics in the United States, illuminating their intersections and what they reveal about power and privilege. Drawing on both historic and recent examples, Stephanie Mitchem discusses human rights throughout and concludes with a chapter looking toward possibilities for increased rights and justice for all.
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Implementing U.S. Human Rights Policy

Agendas, Policies, and Practices

Author: Debra Liang-Fenton,United States Institute of Peace

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 9781929223480

Category: Political Science

Page: 499

View: 7148

Since the 1970s, the promotion of human rights has been an explicit goal of U.S. foreign policy. Successive presidents have joined with senators and representatives, hundreds of NGOs, and millions of ordinary citizens in deploring human rights abuses and urging that American power and influence be used to right such wrongs. Vigorous debates, bold declarations, and well-crafted legislation have shaped numerous policies designed to counter abuses and promote U.S. values across the globe.But have such policies actually worked?This incomparable volume answers that question by spotlighting no fewer than 14 cases spanning four continents and 25 years. In each case, a distinguished author charts efforts to implement U.S. policy and highlights the problems encountered. The chapters explore the interaction between competing moral, economic, and security considerations; examine the different challenges facing policymakers in Washington and practitioners in-country; and assess what worked, what did not work, and why. Throughout, the emphasis is on discovering useful lessons and offering practical advice to those considering new initiatives or trying to improve existing efforts.Packed with insights, "Implementing U.S. Human Rights Policy" offers an even-handed and highly readable synopsis of the major human rights challenges of our times.
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The Future of Human Rights

U.S. Policy for a New Era

Author: William F. Schulz

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812241112

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

View: 5574

In the introduction to The Future of Human Rights, William F. Schulz laments that U.S. foreign policy, "so buoyant at the end of the Cold War, has returned to earth with a thud over the past few years. Among its crash victims has been American leadership in the struggle for human rights." Although countless books have decried the impact of neoconservatism on America's standing in the world, far fewer have examined how the adherents to that movement, including those in the Bush administration, have damaged human rights themselves. The administration cited human rights abuses as justification for invading Iraq only after no weapons of mass destruction were discovered. But, according to Schulz, it seems likely that the WMDs and terror links were rationalizations of the wish to topple a regime for other reasons. The extent to which the damage sustained over the past few years is the result of misappropriated principles may be debated, but the tragic result is that the United States has been handicapped in providing crucial human rights leadership—especially where such leadership is desperately needed. The thirteen essays in this volume, by such notable scholars and activists as Philip Alston, Rachel Kleinfeld, George Lopez, John Shattuck, and Debora Spar, provide thematic assessments of the current state of global human rights programs as well as prescriptions for once again making the United States a respected and forceful proponent of human rights. Topics include democracy promotion, women's rights, refugee policy, religious freedom, labor standards, and economic, social, and cultural rights, among many others. Taken together, the essays converge on one overarching point: to attract the widest support, the U.S. commitment to universal human rights should be presented as reflecting the best of the American tradition.
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