Human Performance and Limitations in Aviation

Author: R. D. Campbell,Michael Bagshaw

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405147342

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 966

Human error is cited as a major cause in over 70% of accidents, and it is widely agreed that a better understanding of human capabilities and limitations - both physical and psychological - would help reduce human error and improve flight safety. This book was first published when the UK Civil Aviation Authority introduced an examination in human performance and limitations for all private and professional pilot licences. Now the Joint Aviation Authorities of Europe have published a new syllabus as part of their Joint Aviation Requirements for Flight Crew Licensing. The book has been completely revised and rewritten to take account of the new syllabus. The coverage of basic aviation psychology has been greatly expanded, and the section on aviation physiology now includes topics on the high altitude environment and on health maintenance. Throughout, the text avoids excessive jargon and technical language. "There is no doubt that this book provides an excellent basic understanding of the human body, its limitations, the psychological processes and how they interact with the aviation environment. I am currently studying for my ATPL Ground Exams and I found this book to be an invaluable aid. It is equally useful for those studying for the PPL and for all pilots who would like to be reminded of their physiological and psychological limitations." –General Aviation, June 2002
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Flying Fast Jets

Human Factors and Performance Limitations

Author: David G. Newman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317134702

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 7344

This book provides a detailed general overview of the human factors and performance limitations associated with flying fast jets, integrating all the latest available research literature on the demanding operational tasks faced by such pilots and aircrews. As such, it has a strong military focus, dealing with pilots of fighter aircraft, attack aircraft and lead-in fighter trainer aircraft that are traditionally only single or dual pilot operations. The book deals not only with the issue of G force, but discusses ejection and escape/survival, disorientation, high altitude physiology, pilot training and selection, helmet-mounted equipment, situational awareness, data fusion and multi-sensor integration, human machine interface issues and advanced cockpit design. It examines the human performance issues associated with the technological advances made in fast jets, such as increased manoeuvrability, increased use of the pilot’s head as a mounting platform for sensor and weapons systems, and the complexities involved in the human-machine interface within these aircraft.
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Practical Human Factors for Pilots

Author: Capt. David Moriarty

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128007869

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 6218

Practical Human Factors for Pilots bridges the divide between human factors research and one of the key industries that this research is meant to benefit—civil aviation. Human factors are now recognized as being at the core of aviation safety and the training syllabus that flight crew trainees have to follow reflects that. This book will help student pilots pass exams in human performance and limitations, successfully undergo multi-crew cooperation training and crew resource management (CRM) training, and prepare them for assessment in non-technical skills during operator and license proficiency checks in the simulator, and during line checks when operating flights. Each chapter begins with an explanation of the relevant science behind that particular subject, along with mini-case studies that demonstrate its relevance to commercial flight operations. Of particular focus are practical tools and techniques that students can learn in order to improve their performance as well as "training tips" for the instructor. Provides practical, evidence-based guidance on issues often at the root of aircraft accidents Uses international regulatory material Includes concepts and theories that have practical relevance to flight operations Covers relevant topics in a step-by-step manner, describing how they apply to flight operations Demonstrates how human decision-making has been implicated in air accidents and equips the reader with tools to mitigate these risks Gives instructors a reliable knowledge base on which to design and deliver effective training Summarizes the current state of human factors, training, and assessment
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Human Factors in Aviation

Author: Eduardo Salas,Florian Jentsch,Dan Maurino

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080923024

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 744

View: 4822

This edited textbook is a fully updated and expanded version of the highly successful first edition of Human Factors in Aviation. Written for the widespread aviation community - students, engineers, scientists, pilots, managers, government personnel, etc., HFA offers a comprehensive overview of the topic, taking readers from the general to the specific, first covering broad issues, then the more specific topics of pilot performance, human factors in aircraft design, and vehicles and systems. The new editors offer essential breath of experience on aviation human factors from multiple perspectives (i.e. scientific research, regulation, funding agencies, technology, and implementation) as well as knowledge about the science. The contributors are experts in their fields. Topics carried over from the first edition are fully updated, several by new authors who are now at the fore of the field. New material - which represents 50% of the volume - focuses on the challenges facing aviation specialists today. One of the most significant developments in this decade has been NextGen, the Federal Aviation Administration's plan to modernize national airspace and to address the impact of air traffic growth by increasing airspace capacity and efficiency while simultaneously improving safety, environmental impacts and user access. NextGen issues are covered in full. Other new topics include: High Reliability Organizational Perspective, Situation Awareness & Workload in Aviation, Human Error Analysis, Human-System Risk Management, LOSA, NOSS and Unmanned Aircraft System. Comprehensive text with up-to-date synthesis of primary source material that does not need to be supplemented New edition thoroughly updated with 50% new material and full coverage of NexGen and other modern issues Instructor website with test bank and image collection makes this the only text offering ancillary support Liberal use of case examples exposes readers to real-world examples of dangers and solutions
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Human Factors for Pilots

Author: Roger G. Green

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351217526

Category: Transportation

Page: 150

View: 5855

This book has two functions. The first is to provide a comprehensive and concise outline of the available human factors knowledge for the practicing pilot. The second function is to provide this knowledge in a way that follows very closely the syllabus of the UK Civil Aviation Authority?s (CAA) Human Performance and Limitations examinations for both professional and private pilots. Although the private pilot?s syllabus requires a narrower range of subjects to be studied, and in less detail, than the professional syllabus, this handbook covers both requirements, with syllabus variations being indicated in the contents page. The book is divided into four major sections containing material from psychology, physiology and medicine.
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A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System

Author: Professor Scott A Shappell,Professor Douglas A Wiegmann

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409463036

Category: Transportation

Page: 182

View: 4388

This comprehensive book provides the knowledge and tools required to conduct a human error analysis of accidents. Serving as an excellent reference guide for many safety professionals and investigators already in the field.
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Air Traffic Control: Human Performance Factors

Author: Anne R. Isaac,Bert Ruitenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351959956

Category: Transportation

Page: 392

View: 949

From the Foreword by Captain Daniel Maurino, ICAO: '...Air Traffic Control...will remain a technology-intensive system. People (controllers) must harmoniously interact with technology to contribute to achieve the aviation system’s goals of safe and efficient transportation of passengers and cargo...This book...considers human error and human factors from a contemporary and operational perspective and discusses the parts as well as the whole...I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I did.' The motivation for writing this book comes from the author’s long standing belief that the needs of Air Traffic Service personnel are inadequately represented in the aviation literature. There are few references to air traffic control in many of the books written for pilots and about pilots and this is also observed at the main international conferences. In line with the ICAO syllabus for human factors training for air traffic controllers, the book covers the main issues in air traffic control, with regard to human performance: physiology including stress, fatigue and shift work problems; psychology with emphasis on human error and its management, social psychology including issues of communication and working in teams, the environment including ergonomic principles and working with new technologies and hardware and software issues including the development of documentation and procedures and a study of the changes brought about by advanced technologies. Throughout the text there are actual examples taken from the air traffic control environment to illustrate the issues discussed. A full bibliography is included for those who want to read beyond these issues. It has been written for all in air traffic services, from ab initio to the boardroom; it is important that the men and women in senior management positions have some knowledge and awareness of the fundamental problems that limit and enhance human performance.
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Aviation Psychology and Human Factors, Second Edition

Author: Monica Martinussen,David R. Hunter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351649019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 364

View: 3036

This book covers the application of psychological principles and techniques to situations and problems of aviation. It offers an overview of the role psychology plays in aviation, system design, selection and training of pilots, characteristics of pilots, safety, and passenger behavior. It covers concepts of psychological research and data analysis and shows how these tools are used in the development of new psychological knowledge. The new edition offers material on physiological effects on pilot performance, a new chapter on aviation physiology, more material on fatigue, safety culture, mental health and safety, as well as practical examples and exercises after each chapter.
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Advances in Aviation Psychology

Author: Michael A. Vidulich,Pamela S. Tsang,John Flach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317185234

Category: Psychology

Page: 302

View: 404

Aviation remains one of the most active and challenging domains for human factors and applied psychology. Since 1981, the biennial International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (ISAP) has been convened for the purposes of (a) presenting the latest research on human performance problems and opportunities within aviation systems, (b) envisioning design solutions that best utilize human capabilities for creating safe and efficient aviation systems, and (c) bringing together scientists, research sponsors, and operators in an effort to bridge the gap between research and application. Though rooted in the presentations of the 17th ISAP, held in 2013 in Dayton, Ohio, Advances in Aviation Psychology is not simply a collection of selected proceeding papers. Based upon the potential impact on emerging trends, current debates or enduring issues present in their work, select authors were invited to expand on their work following the benefit of interactions at the symposium. The invited authors include the featured keynote and plenary speakers who are all leading scientists and prominent researchers that were selected to participate at the symposium. These contributions are supplemented by additional contributors whose work best reflects significant developments in aviation psychology. Consequently the volume includes visions for the next generation of air management and air traffic control, the integration of unmanned (i.e. remotely piloted vehicles) into operational air spaces, and the use of advanced information technologies (e.g. synthetic task environments) for research and training. This book is the first in a series of volumes to be published in conjunction with each subsequent ISAP. The aim of each volume is not only to report the latest findings in aviation psychology but also to suggest new directions for advancing the field.
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Human Factors in Aviation

Author: Earl L. Wiener,David C. Nagel

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080570909

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 684

View: 2664

Since the 1950s, a number of specialized books dealing with human factors has been published, but very little in aviation. Human Factors in Aviation is the first comprehensive review of contemporary applications of human factors research to aviation. A "must" for aviation professionals, equipment and systems designers, pilots, and managers--with emphasis on definition and solution of specific problems. General areas of human cognition and perception, systems theory, and safety are approached through specific topics in aviation--behavioral analysis of pilot performance, cockpit automation, advancing display and control technology, and training methods.
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Human Performance and Limitations

Author: Jeppesen Sanderson, Inc. Staff,Atlantic Flight Training Ltd

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780884873631

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1932

Presents human factors, aviations physiology and health maintenance, and aviation psychology.
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Handbook of Aviation Human Factors, Second Edition

Author: John A. Wise,V. David Hopkin,Daniel J. Garland

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780805859065

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 9982

A complete examination of issues and concepts relating to human factors in simulation, this book covers theory and application in space, ships, submarines, naval aviation, and commercial aviation. The authors examine issues of simulation and their effect on the validity and functionality of simulators as a training device. The chapters contain in depth discussions of these particular characteristics and issues. They also incorporate theories pertaining to the motivational aspects of training, simulation of social events, and PC based simulation.
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Human Performance, Workload, and Situational Awareness Measures Handbook, Second Edition

Author: Valerie J. Gawron

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420064506

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 4013

Human performance measurement is the cornerstone of human factors and experimental psychology and the Human Performance Measures Handbook has long been its foundational reference. Reflecting a wider range and scope, the second edition, newly named Human Performance, Workload, and Situational Awareness Measures Handbook, presents changes in the field and increased applications. It covers the basics of measurement and provides authoritative summaries of over 100 performance, workload, and situational awareness (SA) measures. It contains evaluations of metrics drawn from an extensive literature review and from hundreds of actual projects, grounding research with real-world applicability. The book also defines workload; provides performance, subjective, simulation, and psychological measures; and gives guidance on how to select the right workload measure. The author rounds out the coverage by presenting four types of measures for SA: subjective, observational, physiological, and measures of SA ability. What’s New Additional measures of team performance Expanded glossary includes terms added to the discipline over the last 7 years Updated information from various journals including Ergonomics and Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine The second edition of a tried-and-true resource, this handbook offers an overview of measurement issues and information on descriptions, strengths and limitations, and data requirements, as well as references for various measures. The original has proven invaluable to the field, and the new edition does the same by providing the tools required to develop, evaluate, and select systems for optimum performance, workload, and SA.
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Crew Resource Management

Author: Earl L. Wiener,Barbara G. Kanki,Robert L. Helmreich

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080959009

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 625

View: 2452

The new edition of Crew Resource Management continues to focus on CRM in the cockpit, but also emphasizes that the concepts and training applications provide generic guidance and lessons learned for a wide variety of "crews" in the aviation system as well as in the complex and high-risk operations of many non-aviation settings. Long considered the "bible" in this field, much of the basic style and structure of the previous edition of Crew Resource Management is retained in the new edition. Textbooks are often heavily supplemented with or replaced entirely by course packs in advanced courses in the aviation field, as it is essential to provide students with cutting edge information from academic researchers, government agencies (FAA), pilot associations, and technology (Boeing, ALION). This edited textbook offers ideal coverage with first-hand information from each of these perspectives. Case examples, which are particularly important given the dangers inherent in real world aviation scenarios, are liberally supplied. An image collection and test bank make this the only text on the market with ancillary support. New material includes: international and cultural aspects of CRM; design and implementation of Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT); airline applications beyond the cockpit; spaceflight resource management; non-aviation applications; AQP; LOSA; and special issues pertaining to low-cost airline carriers. The second edition editors offer essential breath of experience in aviation human factors from multiple perspectives (academia, government, and private enterprise) and the contributors have all been chosen as experts in their fields who represent the diversity of the research of activities and organisational experience of CRM. The only CRM text on the market offering an up-to-date synthesis of primary source material New edition thoroughly updated and revised to include major new findings, complete with discussion of the international and cultural aspects of CRM, the design and implementation of LOFT Instructor website with testbank and image collection Liberal use of case examples
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Aviation Education and Training

Adult Learning Principles and Teaching Strategies

Author: Irene M.A. Henley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351956353

Category: Transportation

Page: 456

View: 4479

The aviation teaching environment is fairly unique and combines both traditional and non-traditional teaching environments. There are presently few books that address adult learning principles and teaching strategies relevant to the aviation context. Furthermore, aviation education has not generally benefited from many of the developments made in the field of education. This timely book: - facilitates the development of knowledge and skills necessary to conduct effective instruction and training within the aviation context; - develops an awareness of critical issues that should be of concern to aviation educators and trainers; - provides aviation education and trainers with a variety of teaching strategies that can be effective in the development of essential skills in aviation professionals. The readership for this book includes university students who want to become instructors, as well as industry personnel who are involved in any of the various domains of aviation education, from junior flight instructors to the trainer of instructors, or from training captains, or traffic controllers to crew resource management and human factors facilitators.
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Navigation

Author: Dorothy Saul-Pooley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781843362333

Category:

Page: 404

View: 5704

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Flight to the Future:

Human Factors in Air Traffic Control

Author: Panel on Human Factors in Air Traffic Control Automation,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Human-Systems Integration

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309056373

Category: Transportation

Page: 384

View: 1195

Despite the strong safety record of the national airspace system, serious disruptions occasionally occur, often as a result of outdated or failed equipment. Under these circumstances, safety relies on the skills of the controllers and pilots and on reducing the number of aircraft in the air. The current and growing pressures to increase the capacity to handle a greater number of flights has led to a call for faster and more powerful equipment and for equipment that can take over some of the tasks now being performed by humans. Increasing the role of automation in air traffic control may provide a more efficient system, but will human controllers be able to effectively take over when problems occur? This comprehensive volume provides a baseline of knowledge about the capabilities and limitations of humans relative to the variety of functions performed in air traffic control. It focuses on balancing safety with the expeditious flow of air traffic, identifying lessons from past air accidents. The book discusses The function of the national airspace system and the procedures for hiring, training, and evaluating controllers. Decisionmaking, memory, alertness, vigilance, sleep patterns during shift work, communication, and other factors in controllers' performance. Research on automation and human factors in air traffic control and incorporation of findings into the system. The Federal Aviation Administration's management of the air traffic control system and its dual mandate to promote safety and the development of air commerce. This book also offers recommendations for evaluation the human role in automated air traffic control systems and for managing the introduction of automation into current facilities and operations. It will be of interest to anyone concerned about air safety--policymakers, regulators, air traffic managers and controllers, airline officials, and passenger advocates.
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