How to be a Quantitative Ecologist

The 'A to R' of Green Mathematics and Statistics

Author: Jason Matthiopoulos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119991724

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 9106

Ecological research is becoming increasingly quantitative, yet students often opt out of courses in mathematics and statistics, unwittingly limiting their ability to carry out research in the future. This textbook provides a practical introduction to quantitative ecology for students and practitioners who have realised that they need this opportunity. The text is addressed to readers who haven't used mathematics since school, who were perhaps more confused than enlightened by their undergraduate lectures in statistics and who have never used a computer for much more than word processing and data entry. From this starting point, it slowly but surely instils an understanding of mathematics, statistics and programming, sufficient for initiating research in ecology. The book’s practical value is enhanced by extensive use of biological examples and the computer language R for graphics, programming and data analysis. Key Features: Provides a complete introduction to mathematics statistics and computing for ecologists. Presents a wealth of ecological examples demonstrating the applied relevance of abstract mathematical concepts, showing how a little technique can go a long way in answering interesting ecological questions. Covers elementary topics, including the rules of algebra, logarithms, geometry, calculus, descriptive statistics, probability, hypothesis testing and linear regression. Explores more advanced topics including fractals, non-linear dynamical systems, likelihood and Bayesian estimation, generalised linear, mixed and additive models, and multivariate statistics. R boxes provide step-by-step recipes for implementing the graphical and numerical techniques outlined in each section. How to be a Quantitative Ecologist provides a comprehensive introduction to mathematics, statistics and computing and is the ideal textbook for late undergraduate and postgraduate courses in environmental biology. "With a book like this, there is no excuse for people to be afraid of maths, and to be ignorant of what it can do." —Professor Tim Benton, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, UK
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Waldökologie

Einführung für Mitteleuropa

Author: Norbert Bartsch,Ernst Röhrig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366244268X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 417

View: 1811

Dieses Lehrbuch gibt einen Überblick über das komplexe, in zahlreiche Fachdisziplinen aufgesplitterte Gebiet der Ökologie. Im Fokus steht dabei die Ökologie der Baumarten und der Wälder in Mitteleuropa, einem vegetationsgeografisch eigenständigen Naturraum, der sich von der Ostsee bis zu den Südalpen und von Ostfrankreich bis nach Polen und in die Slowakei erstreckt. Die Ausführungen zu den Strukturen und Prozessen in den natürlichen Waldformationen werden ergänzt durch Forschungsergebnisse zu den ökologischen Auswirkungen der Forstwirtschaft. In eigenen Kapiteln werden auch die globalen Problemfelder Biodiversität, Klimawandel und Waldschäden behandelt. Biologie, Geografie, Landschaftsplanung, Landschaftsökologie, Agrar- und Forstwissenschaften sind Studiengänge, in denen ökologische Themen seit jeher einen wichtigen Teil der Lehrinhalte einnehmen. Hinzu kamen neue Studiengänge für Ressourcenmanagement, Ökosystemmanagement, Natur- und Umweltwissenschaften. Diesen Fachrichtungen bietet das Lehrbuch eine Einführung in die ökologischen Zusammenhänge. Hierbei folgt es einem hierarchischen Aufbau von den Bäumen über die Baumpopulation und das Waldökosystem bis zur Landschaft. Die umfassende Berücksichtigung aktueller und spezieller Literatur macht das Lehrbuch auch zu einem Handbuch und Nachschlagewerk für Masterstudenten, Doktoranden und Dozenten.
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Geologie für Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 864

Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!
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Van Nostrand’s Scientific Encyclopedia

Author: Douglas M. Considine,Glenn D. Considine

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475769180

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3524

View: 4478

Advancements in science and engineering have occurred at a surprisingly rapid pace since the release of the seventh edition of this encyclopedia. Large portions of the reference have required comprehensive rewriting and new illustrations. Scores of new topics have been included to create this thoroughly updated eighth edition. The appearance of this new edition in 1994 marks the continuation of a tradition commenced well over a half-century ago in 1938 Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, First Edition, was published and welcomed by educators worldwide at a time when what we know today as modern science was just getting underway. The early encyclopedia was well received by students and educators alike during a critical time span when science became established as a major factor in shaping the progress and economy of individual nations and at the global level. A vital need existed for a permanent science reference that could be updated periodically and made conveniently available to audiences that numbered in the millions. The pioneering VNSE met these criteria and continues today as a reliable technical information source for making private and public decisions that present a backdrop of technical alternatives.
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Ökologie

Author: Colin R. Townsend,Michael Begon,John L. Harper

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662440784

Category: Science

Page: 622

View: 4456

Diese Softcover-Ausgabe, die ein unveränderter Nachdruck der 2. Auflage (2009) ist, hält das nachgefragte Lehrbuch weiterhin verfügbar. Moderne Ökologie von A bis Z Das renommierte Autorenteam Townsend, Begon und Harper konzentriert sich in diesem Lehrbuch auf die wesentlichen Zusammenhänge in der Ökologie. In anschaulicher, durchgehend vierfarbig gestalteter und leicht verständlicher Form wird ein ausgewogener Überblick vermittelt, der die terrestrische und aquatische Ökologie gleichermaßen berücksichtigt. Für den Praxisbezug wurde großes Gewicht auf die angewandten Aspekte gelegt. Zahlreiche didaktische Elemente und großzügige, farbige Illustrationen erleichtern den Zugang. Es gibt Schlüsselkonzepte am Kapitelanfang, "Fenster" für historische Einschübe, mathematische Hintergründe und ethische Fragen, Zusammenfassungen und Fragen am Kapitelende. Neu in dieser Auflage ist ein eigenes Kapitel zur Evolutionsökologie. Alle anderen Kapitel – insbesondere die zu den angewandte Aspekten – wurden intensiv überarbeitet und hunderte neue Beispiele aufgenommen. Klar und einfach erklärt in diesem Buch.
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Introduction to WinBUGS for Ecologists

Bayesian Approach to Regression, ANOVA, Mixed Models and Related Analyses

Author: Marc Kery

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123786067

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8264

Introduction to WinBUGS for Ecologists introduces applied Bayesian modeling to ecologists using the highly acclaimed, free WinBUGS software. It offers an understanding of statistical models as abstract representations of the various processes that give rise to a data set. Such an understanding is basic to the development of inference models tailored to specific sampling and ecological scenarios. The book begins by presenting the advantages of a Bayesian approach to statistics and introducing the WinBUGS software. It reviews the four most common statistical distributions: the normal, the uniform, the binomial, and the Poisson. It describes the two different kinds of analysis of variance (ANOVA): one-way and two- or multiway. It looks at the general linear model, or ANCOVA, in R and WinBUGS. It introduces generalized linear model (GLM), i.e., the extension of the normal linear model to allow error distributions other than the normal. The GLM is then extended contain additional sources of random variation to become a generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) for a Poisson example and for a binomial example. The final two chapters showcase two fairly novel and nonstandard versions of a GLMM. The first is the site-occupancy model for species distributions; the second is the binomial (or N-) mixture model for estimation and modeling of abundance. Introduction to the essential theories of key models used by ecologists Complete juxtaposition of classical analyses in R and Bayesian analysis of the same models in WinBUGS Provides every detail of R and WinBUGS code required to conduct all analyses Companion Web Appendix that contains all code contained in the book and additional material (including more code and solutions to exercises)
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Der lange Weg zur Freiheit

Autobiographie

Author: Nelson Mandela

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031541

Category: History

Page: 864

View: 9511

»Ich bin einer von ungezählten Millionen, die durch Nelson Mandelas Leben inspiriert wurden.« Barack Obama Eine fast drei Jahrzehnte währende Gefängnishaft ließ Nelson Mandela zum Mythos der schwarzen Befreiungsbewegung werden. Kaum ein anderer Politiker unserer Zeit symbolisiert heute in solchem Maße die Friedenshoffnungen der Menschheit und den Gedanken der Aussöhnung aller Rassen wie der ehemalige südafrikanische Präsident und Friedensnobelpreisträger. Auch nach seinem Tod finden seine ungebrochene Charakterstärke und Menschenfreundlichkeit die Bewunderung aller friedenswilligen Menschen auf der Welt. Mandelas Lebensgeschichte ist über die politische Bedeutung hinaus ein spannend zu lesendes, kenntnis- und faktenreiches Dokument menschlicher Entwicklung unter Bedingungen und Fährnissen, vor denen die meisten Menschen innerlich wie äußerlich kapituliert haben dürften.
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Philosophical Transactions

Biological sciences

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biology

Page: N.A

View: 2465

Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.
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The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis

Author: A Stewart Fotheringham,Peter A Rogerson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206505

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 2358

The widespread use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) has significantly increased the demand for knowledge about spatial analytical techniques across a range of disciplines. As growing numbers of researchers realise they are dealing with spatial data, the demand for specialised statistical and mathematical methods designed to deal with spatial data is undergoing a rapid increase. Responding to this demand, The Handbook of Spatial Analysis is a comprehensive and authoritative discussion of issues and techniques in the field of Spatial Data Analysis. Its principal focus is on: • why the analysis of spatial data needs separate treatment • the main areas of spatial analysis • the key debates within spatial analysis • examples of the application of various spatial analytical techniques • problems in spatial analysis • areas for future research Aimed at an international audience of academics, The Handbook of Spatial Analysis will also prove essential to graduate level students and researchers in government agencies and the private sector.
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Visualize This!

Author: Nathan Yau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527760229

Category: Statistics / Graphic methods / Data processing

Page: 422

View: 1930

A guide on how to visualise and tell stories with data, providing practical design tips complemented with step-by-step tutorials.
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The Silwood Circle

A History of Ecology and the Making of Scientific Careers in Late Twentieth-Century Britain

Author: Hannah Gay,World Scientific (Firm)

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1848169914

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 8488

This is an original and wide-ranging account of the careers of a close-knit group of highly influential ecologists working in Britain from the late 1960s onwards. The book can also be read as a history of some recent developments in ecology. One of the group, Robert May, is a past president of the Royal Society, and the author of what many see as the most important treatise in theoretical ecology of the later twentieth century. That the group flourished was due not only to May's intellectual leadership, but also to the guiding hand of T. R. E. Southwood. Southwood ended his career as Linacre Professor of Zoology at the University of Oxford, where he also served a term as Vice-Chancellor. Earlier, as a professor and director of the Silwood Park campus of Imperial College London, he brought the group together. Since it began to coalesce at Silwood it has been named here the Silwood Circle. Southwood promoted the interests of its members with the larger aim of raising the profile of ecological and environmental science in Britain. Given public anxiety over the environment and the loss of ecosystems, his actions were well-timed.Ecology, which had been on the scientific margins in the first half of the twentieth century, came to be viewed as a science central to modern existence. The book illustrates its importance to many areas. Members of the Silwood Circle have acted as government advisors in the areas of conservation and biodiversity, resource management, pest control, food policy, genetically modified crops, sustainable agriculture, international development, defence against biological weapons, and epidemiology and infectious disease control. In recounting the science they carried out, and how they made their careers, the book reflects also on the role of the group, and the nature of scientific success.
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Zeitreihenmodelle

Author: Andrew C. Harvey

Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg

ISBN: 9783486230062

Category:

Page: 379

View: 9327

Gegenstand des Werkes sind Analyse und Modellierung von Zeitreihen. Es wendet sich an Studierende und Praktiker aller Disziplinen, in denen Zeitreihenbeobachtungen wichtig sind.
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Coenoses

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ecology

Page: N.A

View: 1632

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Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 7713

Coverage of major scientific topics including animal life, biosciences, chemistry, earth and atmospheric sciences, energy sources and power technology, mathematics and information sciences, materials and engineering sciences, medicine, anatomy, and physiology, physics, plant sciences, space and planetary sciences. Contains over 7,000 articles contributed by more than 250 experts
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Numerical Ecology

Author: P. Legendre,Loic F J Legendre

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538690

Category: Science

Page: 1006

View: 7675

The book describes and discusses the numerical methods which are successfully being used for analysing ecological data, using a clear and comprehensive approach. These methods are derived from the fields of mathematical physics, parametric and nonparametric statistics, information theory, numerical taxonomy, archaeology, psychometry, sociometry, econometry and others. An updated, 3rd English edition of the most widely cited book on quantitative analysis of multivariate ecological data Relates ecological questions to methods of statistical analysis, with a clear description of complex numerical methods All methods are illustrated by examples from the ecological literature so that ecologists clearly see how to use the methods and approaches in their own research All calculations are available in R language functions
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University Affairs

Affaires Universitaires

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Universities and colleges

Page: N.A

View: 6876

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Nature conservation

cost effective biological surveys and data analysis

Author: Christopher Robert Margules,CSIRO (Australia)

Publisher: Intl Specialized Book Service Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 207

View: 1084

Records the proceedings of a workshop held in 1988 under the auspices of the Council of Nature Conservation Ministers and the Australian Environment Council. Discusses how to acquire useful survey data and process it into information suitable for making land use decisions with limited resources. Considers issues such as data analysis, survey design, and how ecological theory can contribute to the design of efficient surveys. Includes descriptions of previous surveys and the use of a simulated database to compare cost effectiveness. Indexed.
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Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464964084

Category: Science

Page: 2009

View: 6576

Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ecological Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ecological Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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