Foundations of Human Behavior

Author: Martin Daly,Margo Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135151525X

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 5186

The human race spends a disproportionate amount of attention, money, and expertise in solving, trying, and reporting homicides, as compared to other social problems. The public avidly consumes accounts of real-life homicide cases, and murder fiction is more popular still. Nevertheless, we have only the most rudimentary scientific understanding of who is likely to kill whom and why. Martin Daly and Margo Wilson apply contemporary evolutionary theory to analysis of human motives and perceptions of self-interest, considering where and why individual interests conflict, using well-documented murder cases. This book attempts to understand normal social motives in murder as products of the process of evolution by natural selection. They note that the implications for psychology are many and profound, touching on such matters as parental affection and rejection, sibling rivalry, sex differences in interests and inclinations, social comparison and achievement motives, our sense of justice, lifespan developmental changes in attitudes, and the phenomenology of the self. This is the first volume of its kind to analyze homicides in the light of a theory of interpersonal conflict. Before this study, no one had compared an observed distribution of victim-killer relationships to "expected" distribution, nor asked about the patterns of killer-victim age disparities in familial killings. This evolutionary psychological approach affords a deeper view and understanding of homicidal violence.


Author: Dominik Graf

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037342329

Category: Homicide--life on the street

Page: 127

View: 5396

Homicide (Originaltitel: Homicide: Life on the Street) war eine US-amerikanische Krimiserie. Ab 1993 zeigte sie sechs Jahre lang die Arbeit einer Polizeiabteilung in Baltimore, die Gewaltverbrechen bearbeitet. Dabei basierte sie auf dem Sachbuch Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets von David Simon, der echte Polizeibeamte in Baltimore begleitete. (Quelle: Wikipedia).


Author: David Simon

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3888976065

Category: Fiction

Page: 800

View: 2163

Tatort Baltimore: In der Stadt an der Ostküste der USA geschehen innerhalb eines Jahres 234 Morde – an zwei von drei Tagen wird ein Bürger erstochen, erschossen oder erschlagen. Im Zentrum dieses Hurrikans des Verbrechens steht die Mordkommission unter der Leitung von Lieutenant Gary D’Addario, eine kleine Bruderschaft, konfrontiert mit dem amerikanischen Albtraum: Donald Worden, ein abgeklärter Ermittler am Ende seiner Karriere; Harry Edgerton, ein schwarzer Detective in einer überwiegend weißen Einheit; und Tom Pellegrini, ein engagierter junger Cop, der erst vor kurzem zur Mordkommission gekommen ist und den schwierigsten Fall des Jahres aufklären will – die brutale Vergewaltigung und Ermordung eines elfjährigen Mädchens. David Simon schuf die legendäre Fernsehserie "The Wire". Der langjährige Polizeireporter der Baltimore Sun war der erste Reporter in Amerika, der unbegrenzten Zugang zu einer Mordkommission erhielt – er folgte ein Jahr lang den Ermittlern. Seine meisterhafte Reportage, die sowohl den Edgar als auch den Anthony Award gewann, lässt uns hautnah an den Ermittlungen der Mordkommission teilhaben und ist darüber hinaus eine eigene Ermittlung zur amerikanischen Kultur der Gewalt, die nichts von ihrer Brisanz verloren hat.


A Sociological Explanation

Author: Leonard Beeghley

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0585471436

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 7345

Echoing Durkheim's Suicide, this book focuses on one important phenomenon to explain larger currents in American society. Leonard Beeghley examines the historical and cross-national dimensions of homicides and evaluates previous attempts to explain it. He finds the sources of America's murder rate in the greater availability of guns, the expansion of illegal drug markets, greater racial discrimination, more exposure to violence, and sharper economic inequalities. He deftly blends the evidence related to each of these factors into a well-reasoned sociological analysis of the nature of American society.


A Psychiatric Perspective

Author: Carl P. Malmquist

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585626496

Category: Medical

Page: 463

View: 7014

Most professional books on the subject of homicide convey a criminological or legal standpoint. Homicide: A Psychiatric Perspective complements those approaches by offering a clinical understanding unique in the literature, considering not merely the crime but the broad spectrum of homicidal behavior. Combining psychiatric knowledge of that behavior with actual case material, this work provides a single-expert point of view, synthesizing current literature while maintaining a focused perspective that not only reviews the macroscopic findings of descriptive nosology but also places the individual murderer under the microscope. This new edition considers aspects of homicidal behavior in American society that were not prominent a decade ago, as evidenced by such phenomena as the Columbine killings and public fascination with The Sopranos. Dr. Malmquist draws on his extensive background in forensic psychiatry and consultancy experience in hundreds of murder cases, blending medical, biological, psychological, and social factors to forge a psychiatric understanding of homicide in the twenty-first century. He provides insight into such key concerns as epidemiology, the ongoing difficulty of predicting homicidal behavior in psychotic individuals, and the contrasting viewpoints of psychiatry and the legal system; and he describes how various clinical psychiatric conditions such as narcissism and depression have their own special vulnerabilities for homicidal violence. The book uses DSM-IV-TR as a diagnostic framework and adds a psychodynamic component for appropriate cases, offering a broad overview of homicide today: Cases are drawn from evaluated homicidal individuals, not simply generic examples, and reflect homicides that involve a legal conviction, a confession, or clinical material beyond media reportage. New to this edition are insights into recent homicide trends such as sexual and serial murders, school killings, homicide among preadolescents, stalking, murder by health care personnel, and close-combat killings in the military. Statistical data on epidemiology have been updated, recent cases have been added, and the latest legal decisions are discussed -- all making this book as timely as it is authoritative. Homicide: A Psychiatric Perspective is an essential reference for mental health professionals as well as attorneys, correctional officers, or social workers engaged in criminal law. With its keys to evaluating patients or defendants who have engaged in serious acts of violence, it offers unprecedented clinical insights into the homicidal mind.


A Sourcebook of Social Research

Author: M. Dwayne Smith,Margaret A. Zahn

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761907657

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 7031

Carefully organized and edited, this book combines a comprehensive review of research and knowledge in the field of social study of homicide. The contributors, leading scholars in the field, have each provided defining summaries of the current state of knowledge for their subject of expertise. Together, the chapters provide an ideal reference for readers interested in up-to-date knowledge about homicide issues.

Fault in Homicide

Towards a Schematic Approach to the Fault Elements for Murder and Involuntary Manslaughter in England, Australia and India

Author: Stanley Meng Heong Yeo

Publisher: Federation Press

ISBN: 9781862872752

Category: Criminal liability

Page: 312

View: 9182

Yeo's work examines the laws of England, Australia and India pertaining to the fault elements required for the crimes of murder and manslaughter. It contends that the Indian laws are superior and suggests a set of draft provisions which could comprise a viable model for reform of the English and Australian laws. The work is directly relevant to issues being considered in the development of the Model Criminal Code.

Rethinking Homicide

Exploring the Structure and Process Underlying Deadly Situations

Author: Terance D. Miethe,Wendy C. Regoeczi,Kriss A. Drass

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521540582

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5271

A micro-historical analysis of the nature of change and stability in homicide situations over time.

After Homicide

Practical and Political Responses to Bereavement

Author: Paul Elliott Rock

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198267959

Category: Psychology

Page: 342

View: 9813

Describing the collective responses of bereaved people to the aftermath of violent death, this book concentrates particularly on the birth, development and organization of the self-help and campaigning groups that emerged in the last decade.

Understanding Domestic Homicide

Author: Neil Websdale

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781555533939

Category: Social Science

Page: 289

View: 3973

Case histories of some 300 homicides involving family members, framed within their interpersonal, familial, cultural, and situational contexts.

Suicide and Homicide Among Adolescents

Author: Paul C. Holinger

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9780898627886

Category: Psychology

Page: 229

View: 9073

The problem of violence among youth has become increasingly serious. Issues related to adolescent suicide and, to a lesser extent, adolescent homicide have been addressed in the literature, yet few experts have focused on the connections that exist between the two. This groundbreaking volume examines the clinical and epidemiologic similarities and differences between youth suicide and homicide, offering valuable insights into both issues, and providing a foundation for the development of public health policies and prevention strategies. The authors address such questions as: * What are the current rates of adolescent homicide and suicide? What are the long-term trends? * What is the relationship between homicide and suicide? * Is there more of a problem now than in years past? * Is there a relationship between youth violence and the media? * Who is most likely to commit suicide and/or homicide? * What types of treatment and prevention strategies might prove most effective? Ideal for professionals in the various mental health fields, this book is also valuable for anyone working with homicide offenders and the families of suicide and homicide victims, including social workers, politicians, police, clergy, and emergency room personnel.

Child Homicide

Parents Who Kill

Author: Lita Linzer Schwartz,Natalie Isser

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420009347

Category: Law

Page: 297

View: 6668

From governments that enact population-limiting legislation or commit wholesale neonaticide, to families who purposely allow a weak, infirm, or unfavorably gendered infant to perish rather than expend limited resources, neonaticide, infanticide, and filicide, are practiced on every continent and by every level of cultural complexity. Taking an objective and diagnostic approach, Child Homicide: Parents Who Kill examines the crime of neonaticide from all angles including historical, cultural, psychological, and legal. Expanding on the first edition, published as Endangered Children: Neonaticide, Infanticide, and Filicide, this edition details child homicide in its many forms such as shaken baby syndrome and Munchausen-by-Proxy as well as the differing circumstances involved in infanticide and filicide. Unlike many books on the subject, it investigates the behavior of the father--deemed responsible in roughly 75 percent of these cases--whether aggressive, complicit, or merely absent, and his ultimate culpability under the law. The authors study the influence of today's media, and how its lightning-fast dissemination of these shocking and often complicated stories affect public opinion, copycat crime, and legal bias. This book explains legal defenses including insanity, differential post partum diagnosis such as post-partum psychosis, and discusses new policies, more appropriate, therapeutic punishments, and preventive measures. Child Homicide: Parents Who Kill places this phenomenon in its historical, cultural, and human context and makes us realize that this is not just someone else's nightmare.

Homicide in the Biblical World

Author: Pamela Barmash

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521547734

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 9626

Homicide in the Biblical World analyses the treatment of homicide in the Hebrew Bible and demonstrates that it is directly linked to the unique social structure and religion of ancient Israel. Close parallels between biblical law and ancient Near Eastern law are evident in the laws of the ox that gored and the pregnant woman who is assaulted, but, when the total picture of the process by which homicide was adjudicated comes into view, what is most noticeable is how little of it is similar to ancient Near Eastern law. This book reconstructs biblical law from both legal texts and narrative texts and analyses both the law collections and documents from actual legal cases from the ancient Near East.

Sexual Homicide

Patterns and Motives

Author: Robert K. Ressler,Ann Wolbert Burgess,John E. Douglas

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 066916559X

Category: Psychology

Page: 234

View: 1505

The author presents an in-depth account to the background, motivation and mental state of serial sexual killers.

A New Homicide Act for England and Wales?

A Consultation Paper

Author: Great Britain. Law Commission

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780117302648

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 6992

This consultation paper reviews the law relating to homicide in England and Wales, and sets out a number of provisional proposals in order to establish a more rational and coherent framework of legislation. Issues discussed include: the existing law and problems with it; the definition of murder and manslaughter; partial defences including provocation, diminished responsibility and duress; the fault element in murder and the concept of intention; and the doctrine of double-effect. The paper proposes the creation of a new Homicide Act (to replace the Homicide Act 1957) to establish clear definitions of murder and the partial defences to it, as well as defining manslaughter, within a graduated system of offences (the ladder principle) to reflect seriousness of offence and degrees of mitigation. For example, the offence of murder should be divided into two categories, of 'first degree murder' (with a mandatory life sentence) and 'second degree' (with a discretionary life sentence maximum). Responses to the consultation paper proposals should be received by 13.04.2006.

Race and Homicide in Nineteenth-century California

Author: Clare Vernon McKanna

Publisher: University of Nevada Press

ISBN: 9780874175158

Category: History

Page: 148

View: 8967

The text, enhanced with testimony from contemporary sources and illustrated with period photographs, is an engaging and intelligent study of a frontier society where the law was neither omnipresent nor, frequently, impartial."--BOOK JACKET.

Police Analysis and Planning for Homicide Bombings

Prevention, Defense, and Response

Author: John W. Ellis

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 0398085188

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 1255

Police Analysis and Planning for Homicide Bombings is oriented toward planning police operations in the public sector, but will be usable by other public officials as well as by some military and private sector police operations. It addresses police threat assessment of, vulnerability assessment to, defense against and response to attacks by homicide bombs. It begins with an essay on the distinctions between military and police operations and includes an examination of the U.S. counter terrorist policy and structure, assessment of explosive weapons of mass destruction and the terrorist ability to make and use them, the legal limitations of police response operations in the United States, and defensive response to this form of attack. It concludes with commentary on actions that may be needed if this threat continues to develop in the United States. Relying upon both experience and research, the author has synthesized the varied military, law enforcement and private security approaches into a detailed analysis of the threat posed by terrorist use of homicide bombs and the necessary internal response. With the first-hand experience of applying the knowledge in an actual threat environment, the combination of historical perspective and reality confrontation produces an effective examination of the topic for the police administrator and emergency planner.

Juvenile Sexual Homicide

Author: Wade C. Myers

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780125123037

Category: Psychology

Page: 185

View: 6194

Sexual homicide is murder committed in tandem with either an overt sexual assault or sexually symbolic behavior. This type of murder carried out by youths is one of the rarest and most poorly understood crimes. How can young people carry out such horrific crimes? Do the offenders have anything in common? Do they show any warning signs? This book highlights groundbreaking research that begins to find the answers to these questions. Juvenile Sexual Homicide is the first book to take a comprehensive look at this specific type of crime and attempt to understand the young criminals involved. It is based on a 10-year study that evaluates a sample of juvenile sexual murderers and provides a revealing look at the psychopathology, personality, criminal, and behavioral characteristics of their offenses. Roger Blashfield, Mark Safarik, and Linda Monaco are contributing authors. Part I reviews the origins and framework of the research sample and provides a comprehensive overview of sexual homicide. Part II delves deeply into the criminal aspects of the sample study in relation to various mental disorders. Personal findings and psychopathy of the offenders are revealed in addition to the investigation into the role of anger in the crimes. Part III presents a more in-depth look at special issues and circumstances surrounding the juveniles and their crimes. The first in-depth study of juvenile sexual murderers A revealing look at the interaction between mental illness, personality function and crime characteristics

Reconstructing Jury Instructions in Homicide Offenses

Rethinking Homicide Law

Author: Hisham M. Ramadan

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761828532

Category: Law

Page: 120

View: 3045

This book offers critical analysis for jury instructions in the United States. Supported by court decisions, careful interpretation of the United States Constitution, and jurist's arguments, Hisham M. Ramadan thoroughly examines the mental elements in crime, the burden of proof in criminal trials, and the doctrine of reasonableness.