Historical Archaeology

Why the Past Matters

Author: Barbara J Little

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315427400

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 8304

What is historical archaeology and why is it important? Well-known archaeologist Barbara Little addresses these key questions for introductory students in this concise, inexpensive, and well-written text. Little covers the goals of historical archaeological work, the kinds of questions it asks, and the ethical and political concerns it raises. She shows what historical archaeology can provide that neither of its parent disciplines can offer alone. Little offers brief snapshots of key American sites: Jamestown, Mission San Luis, West Oakland, the African American Burial Ground, and the Garbage Project, among others. And she shows how historical archaeology is inextricably linked to public education, justice issues, and our collective understanding of the past. As an introductory guide for historical archaeology and similar courses, or as thought-provoking reading for professionals, this volume is unmatched in quality and scope.
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Historical Archaeology

Back from the Edge

Author: Pedro Paulo A. Funari,Martin Hall,Sian Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134816162

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 5187

Historical Archaeology demonstrates the potential of adopting a flexible, encompassing definition of historical archaeology which involves the study of all societies with documentary evidence. It encourages research that goes beyond the boundaries between prehistory and history. Ranging in subject matter from Roman Britain and Classical Greece, to colonial Africa, Brazil and the United States, the contributors present a much broader range of perspectives than is currently the trend.
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Historical Archaeology

Author: Charles E. Orser, Jr.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317297075

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 4063

This book provides a short, readable introduction to historical archaeology, which focuses on modern history in all its fascinating regional, cultural, and ethnic diversity. Accessibly covering key methods and concepts, including fundamental theories and principles, the history of the field, and basic definitions, Historical Archaeology also includes a practical look at career prospects for interested readers. Orser discusses central topics of archaeological research such as time and space, survey and excavation methods, and analytical techniques, encouraging readers to consider the possible meanings of artifacts. Drawing on the author’s extensive experience as an historical archaeologist, the book’s perspective ranges from the local to the global in order to demonstrate the real importance of this subject to our understanding of the world in which we live today. The third edition of this popular textbook has been significantly revised and expanded to reflect recent developments and discoveries in this exciting area of study. Each chapter includes updated case studies which demonstrate the research conducted by professional historical archaeologists. With its engaging approach to the subject, Historical Archaeology continues to be an ideal resource for readers who wish to be introduced to this rapidly expanding global field.
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I, Too, Am America

Archaeological Studies of African-American Life

Author: Theresa A. Singleton

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813929163

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 9898

The moral mission archaeology set in motion by black activists in the 1960s and 1970s sought to tell the story of Americans, particularly African Americans, forgotten by the written record. Today, the archaeological study of African-American life is no longer simply an effort to capture unrecorded aspects of black history or to exhume the heritage of a neglected community. Archaeologists now recognize that one cannot fully comprehend the European colonial experience in the Americas without understanding its African counterpart. This collection of essays reflects and extends the broad spectrum of scholarship arising from this expanded definition of African-American archaeology, treating such issues as the analysis and representation of cultural identity, race, gender, and class; cultural interaction and change; relations of power and domination; and the sociopolitics of archaeological practice. "I, Too, Am America" expands African-American archaeology into an inclusive historical vision and identifies promising areas for future study.
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Ancient Oaxaca

Author: Richard Blanton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521577878

Category: History

Page: 153

View: 9597

Just after 500 B.C., one of the earliest states in the New World developed in the Valley of Oaxaca, in present-day Mexico. The newly created political institution brought in its wake a profound transformation of society and technology. This book investigates the rich archaeological record of the valley in an attempt to throw light on the causes and consequences of these changes.
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Principles of Geoarchaeology

A North American Perspective

Author: Michael R. Waters

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816517701

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 6449

Geoarchaeological studies can significantly enhance interpretations of human prehistory by allowing archaeologists to decipher from sediments and soils the effects of earth processes on the evidence of human activity. While a number of previous books have provided broad geographic and temporal treatments of geoarchaeology, this new volume presents a single author's view intended for North American archaeologists. Waters deals with those aspects of geoarchaeologyÑstratigraphy, site formation processes, and landscape reconstructionÑmost fundamental to archaeology, and he focuses on the late Quaternary of North America, permitting in-depth discussions of the concepts directly applicable to that research. Assuming no prior geologic knowledge on the part of the reader, Waters provides a background in fundamental geological processes and the basic tools of geoarchaeology. He then proceeds to relate specific physical processes, microenvironments, deposits, and landforms associated with riverine, desert, lake, glacial, cave, coastal, and other environments to archaeological site formation, location, and context. This practical volume illustrates the contributions of geoarchaeological investigations and demonstrates the need to make such studies an integral part of archaeological research. The text is enhanced by more than a hundred line drawings and photographs. CONTENTS 1. Research Objectives of Geoarchaeology 2. Geoarchaeological Foundations: The Archaeological Site Matrix: Sediments and Soils / Stratigraphy / The Geoarchaeological Interpretation of Sediments, Soils, and Stratigraphy 3. Alluvial Environments: Streamflow / Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition / Alluvial Environments: Rivers, Arroyos, Terraces, and Fans / Alluvial Landscapes Evolution and the Archaeological Record / Alluvial Landscape Reconstruction 4. Eolian Environments: Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition / Sand Dunes / Loess and Dust / Stone Pavements / Eolian Erosion / Volcanic Ash (Tephra) 5. Springs, Lakes, Rockshelters, and Other Terrestrial Environments: Springs / Lakes / Slopes / Glaciers / Rockshelters and Caves 6. Coastal Environments: Coastal Processes / Late Quaternary Sea Level Changes / Coastal Environments / Coastal Landscape Evolution and the Archaeological Record / Coastal Landscape Reconstruction 7. The Postburial Disturbance af Archaeological Site Contexts: Cryoturbation / Argilliturbation / Graviturbation / Deformation / Other Physical Disturbances / Floralturbation / Faunalturbation 8. Geoarchaeological Research Appendix A: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating the Effects of Fluvial Landscape Evolution on the Archaeological Record Appendix B: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating Site-Specific Synchronic and Diachronic Alluvial Landscape Reconstructions Appendix C: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating Regional Synchronic and Diachronic Alluvial Landscape Reconstructions
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Manure Matters

Historical, Archaeological and Ethnographic Perspectives

Author: Richard Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317101103

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 7854

In pre-industrial societies, in which the majority of the population lived directly off the land, few issues were more important than the maintenance of soil fertility. Without access to biodegradable wastes from production processes or to synthetic agrochemicals, early farmers continuously developed strategies aimed at adding nutritional value to their fields using locally available natural materials. Manure really mattered, its collection/creation, storage, and spreading becoming major preoccupations for all agriculturalists no matter what environment they worked or at what period. This book brings together the work of a group of international scholars working on social, cultural, and economic issues relating to past manure and manuring. Contributors use textual, linguistic, archaeological, scientific and ethnographic evidence as the basis for their analyses. The scope of the papers is temporally and geographically broad; they span the Neolithic through to the modern period and cover studies from the Middle East, Britain and Atlantic Europe, and India. Together they allow us to explore the signatures that manure and manuring have left behind, and the vast range of attitudes that have surrounded both substance and activity in the past and present.
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Archaeology, Heritage, and Civic Engagement

Working Toward the Public Good

Author: Barbara J Little,Paul A Shackel

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598746383

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 4658

Drawing from numerous examples, including historical archaeology's study of race and labor, this book explores how archaeology and the wider heritage field can encourage working toward social and environmental justice and peacebuilding.
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The Archaeology of Citizenship

Author: Stacey Lynn Camp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813044590

Category: Social Science

Page: 167

View: 5435

An examination from an archaeological perspective of how those in power have tried to mold the citizenship and composition of the United States and the various and often conflicting strategies that have been employed to "Americanize" both immigrant and native non-white populations.
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Skeletons in Our Closet

Revealing Our Past Through Bioarchaeology

Author: Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691092843

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4894

The dead tell no tales. Or do they? This book shows that the dead can speak to us - about their lives, and ours - throught he remarkable insights of bioarchaeology, which reconstructs the lives and lifestyles of skeletal remains.
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Pinning Down the Past

Archaeology, Heritage, and Education Today

Author: Mike Corbishley

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 1843839040

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 6048

Both a practical guide to, and a reflection on, best practice in making archaeology available to a wide audience.
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Archaeology Matters

Action Archaeology in the Modern World

Author: Jeremy A Sabloff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315434040

Category: Social Science

Page: 151

View: 7863

Archaeology is perceived to study the people of long ago and far away. How could archaeology matter in the modern world? Well-known archaeologist Jeremy Sabloff points to ways in which archaeology might be important to the understanding and amelioration of contemporary problems. Though archaeologists have commonly been associated with efforts to uncover cultural identity, to restore the past of underrepresented peoples, and to preserve historical sites, their knowledge and skills can be used in many other ways. Archaeologists help Peruvian farmers increase crop yields, aid city planners in reducing landfills, and guide local communities in tourism development and water management. This brief volume, aimed at students and other prospective archaeologists, challenges the field to go beyond merely understanding the past and actively engage in making a difference in the today’s world.
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Formation processes of the archaeological record

Author: Michael B. Schiffer

Publisher: Univ of New Mexico Pr

ISBN: 9780826309648

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 761

A synthesis of the most important principles of cultural and environmental formation processes. For students and practicing archaeologists.
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Archaeobiology

Author: Kristin Sobolik

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759116210

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 4487

An introduction to the study of biological, osteological, and botanical remains on archaeological sites.
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Archaeology as a Tool of Civic Engagement

Author: Barbara J. Little,Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759110601

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 2622

Little and Shackel use case studies from different regions across the world to challenge archaeologists to create an ethical public archaeology that is concerned not just with the management of cultural resources, but with social justice and civic responsibility.
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Doing Historical Archaeology

Exercises Using Documentary, Oral, and Material Evidence

Author: Russell J. Barber

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780131760332

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 5418

Appropriate for the upper level Historical Archaeology or Archaeological Field Methods courses taught in anthropology departments. This exercise book provides a cross-section of the diverse kinds of work that historical archaeologists actually do, and illustrates the different paradigms current in historical archaeology today.
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Archaeological Thinking

How to Make Sense of the Past

Author: Charles E. Orser, Jr.

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442226994

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 7969

In Archaeological Thinking, Charles E. Orser, Jr., provides a commonsense guide to applying critical thinking skills to archaeological questions and evidence.
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Why Homer Matters

A History

Author: Adam Nicolson

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 1627791809

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4566

"Adam Nicolson writes popular books as popular books used to be, a breeze rather than a scholarly sweat, but humanely erudite, elegantly written, passionately felt...and his excitement is contagious."—James Wood, The New Yorker Adam Nicolson sees the Iliad and the Odyssey as the foundation myths of Greek—and our—consciousness, collapsing the passage of 4,000 years and making the distant past of the Mediterranean world as immediate to us as the events of our own time. Why Homer Matters is a magical journey of discovery across wide stretches of the past, sewn together by the poems themselves and their metaphors of life and trouble. Homer's poems occupy, as Adam Nicolson writes "a third space" in the way we relate to the past: not as memory, which lasts no more than three generations, nor as the objective accounts of history, but as epic, invented after memory but before history, poetry which aims "to bind the wounds that time inflicts." The Homeric poems are among the oldest stories we have, drawing on deep roots in the Eurasian steppes beyond the Black Sea, but emerging at a time around 2000 B.C. when the people who would become the Greeks came south and both clashed and fused with the more sophisticated inhabitants of the Eastern Mediterranean. The poems, which ask the eternal questions about the individual and the community, honor and service, love and war, tell us how we became who we are.
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Archaeology Matters

Action Archaeology in the Modern World

Author: Jeremy A Sabloff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315434032

Category: Social Science

Page: 151

View: 9882

Archaeology is perceived to study the people of long ago and far away. How could archaeology matter in the modern world? Well-known archaeologist Jeremy Sabloff points to ways in which archaeology might be important to the understanding and amelioration of contemporary problems. Though archaeologists have commonly been associated with efforts to uncover cultural identity, to restore the past of underrepresented peoples, and to preserve historical sites, their knowledge and skills can be used in many other ways. Archaeologists help Peruvian farmers increase crop yields, aid city planners in reducing landfills, and guide local communities in tourism development and water management. This brief volume, aimed at students and other prospective archaeologists, challenges the field to go beyond merely understanding the past and actively engage in making a difference in the today’s world.
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Why the Middle Ages Matter

Medieval Light on Modern Injustice

Author: Celia Chazelle,Simon Doubleday,Felice Lifshitz,Professor of Women's Studies and Religious Studies Felice Lifshitz,Amy G. Remensnyder

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113663648X

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 6239

"The word "medieval" is often used in a negative way when talking about contemporary issues; Why the Middle Ages Matter refreshes our thinking about this historical era, and our own, by looking at some pressing concerns from today's world, asking how these issues were really handled in the medieval period, and showing why the past matters now. The contributors here cover topics such as torture, animal rights, marriage, sexuality, imprisonment, refugees, poverty and end of life care. They shed light on relations between Christians and Muslims and on political leadership. This collection challenges many negative stereotypes of medieval people, revealing a world from which, for instance, much could be learned about looking after the spiritual needs of the dying, and about integrating prisoners into the wider community with the emphasis on reconciliation between victim and criminal. It represents a new level of engagement with issues of social justice by medievalists and provides a highly engaging way into studying the middle ages for students"--
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