High-Skilled Migration

Drivers and Policies

Author: Mathias Czaika

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198815271


Page: 416

View: 8911

Political and scientific debates on migration policies have mostly focused on governments' efforts to control or reduce low-skilled, asylum, and irregular migration or to encourage the return migration of these categories. Less research and constructive discourse has been conducted on the roleand effectiveness of policies to attract or retain high-skilled workers. An improved understanding of the drivers and dynamics of high-skilled migration is essential for effective policy-making, as most highly developed and emerging economies experience growing shortages of high-skilled laboursupply in certain occupations and sectors, and skilled immigration is often viewed as one way of addressing these. Simplistic assumptions that high-skilled migrants are primarily in pursuit of higher wages raise the expectation that policies which open channels for high-skilled immigration are generally successful. Although many countries have introduced policies aimed at attracting and facilitating therecruitment of high-skilled workers, not all recruitment efforts have had the desired effects, and anecdotal evidence on the effectiveness of these programmes is rather mixed. The reason is that the rather narrow focus on migration policy coincides with a lack of systematic and rigorousconsideration of other economic, social, and political drivers of migration, which may be equally - or sometimes even more - important than migration policies per se. A better understanding of migration policies, their making, consequences and limitations, requires a systematic knowledge of thebroader economic, social and political structures and their interaction in both origin and destination countries. This book enhances this vibrant field of social scientific enquiry by providing a systematic, multidisciplinary, and global analysis of policies driving international high-skilled migration processes in their interaction with other migration drivers at the individual, city, national, andinternational level.

High Skill Migration and Recession

Gendered Perspectives

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou,Irina Isaakyan,Giuseppe Schiavone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137467118

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 9443

Women migrants are doubly-disadvantaged by their sex and outsider status when moving to a new country. Highly skilled women are no exception to this rule. This book explores the complex relationship between gender and high-skill migration, with a special focus on the impact of the current economic crisis on highly skilled women-migrants in Europe.

High-Skilled Migration to the United States and Its Economic Consequences

Author: Gordon H. Hanson,William R. Kerr,Sarah Turner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022652566X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 4093

Immigration policy is one of the most contentious public policy issues in the United States today. High-skilled immigrants represent an increasing share of the U.S. workforce, particularly in science and engineering fields. These immigrants affect economic growth, patterns of trade, education choices, and the earnings of workers with different types of skills. The chapters in this volume go beyond the traditional question of how the inflow of foreign workers affects native employment and earnings to explore effects on innovation and productivity, wage inequality across skill groups, the behavior of multinational firms, firm-level dynamics of entry and exit, and the nature of comparative advantage across countries.

The Human Face of Global Mobility

International Highly Skilled Migartion In Europe, North America And The Asia-Pacific

Author: Michael Peter Smith,Adrian Favell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825634

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 1118

Alongside flows of trade and capital, the free movement of professionals, technical personnel, and students is seen as a key aspect of globalization. Yet not much detailed empirical research has been completed about the trajectories and experiences of these highly skilled or highly educated international migrants. What little is known about these forms of "global mobility," and the politics that surround them, contrasts with the abundant theories and accounts of other types of international migration--such as low income economic migration from less developed to core countries in the international political economy. Drawing on the work of a long-standing discussion group at the Center for Comparative and Global Research of UCLA's International Institute, this collection bridges conventional methodological divides, bringing together political scientists, sociologists, demographers, and ethnographers. It explores the reality behind assumptions about these new global migration trends. It challenges widely held views about the elite characteristics of these migrants, the costs and consequences of the brain drain said to follow from the migration of skilled workers, the determinants of national policies on high skilled migrants, and the presumed "effortlessness" of professional mobility in an integrating world. The volume also sheds new light on international student migration, the politics of temporary, non-immigrant workers in the United States, new international forms of regulating movement, and the realities of the everyday lives of multinational employees in the world's transnational cities. Key differences between the regional contexts of this migration in Europe, North America, and the Asia-Pacific are also emphasized. Michael Peter Smith is professor of community studies at the University of California, Davis. He has published extensively on urban theory, globalization, and transnationalism including Transnationalism from Below and City and Nation (both available through Transaction) and Transnational Urbanism. Adrian Favell is associate professor of sociology at UCLA. He is the author of Philosophies of Integration, and has published widely on migration in Europe, citizenship, the integration of immigrants, and on social theory.

High-Skilled Immigration in a Global Labor Market

Author: Barry R. Chiswick

Publisher: Government Institutes

ISBN: 0844743879

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 6263

Recent U.S. immigration reform proposals have focused almost exclusively on regulating the population of low-skilled foreign workers. High-Skilled Immigration in a Global Labor Market contends that policymakers should focus more on attracting immigrants with exclusive skill sets-professional, technical, and managerial (PTM) workers. PTM workers positively impact the economy by expanding production capability, increasing the growth rate of total factor productivity, and enhancing international competitiveness. Barry R. Chiswick and his coauthors examine the policies established by other OECD countries (such as Australia, Canada, and New Zealand) to attract foreign PTM workers and explore how U.S. immigration policy could be altered to maximize the economic benefits of high-skilled immigration.

Work in Transition

Cultural Capital and Highly Skilled Migrants' Passages into the Labour Market

Author: Arnd-Michael Nohl,Karin Schittenhelm,Oliver Schmidtke,Anja Weiss

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442615680

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 4382

Work in Transition shows how migrants develop their cultural capital in order to enter the workforce, as well as how failure to leverage that capital can lead to permanent exclusion from professional positions.

Brain Drain and Brain Gain

The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Author: Tito Boeri

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199654824

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 317

View: 5183

This volume considers the global competition to attract talents and the brain gain and brain drain associated with high-skilled migration. Part I provides an overview of immigration policies specifically aimed at selecting and attracting skilled workers. Part II looks at the consequences of brain drain for sending countries.

Highly Skilled Labor Migration

The Case of ICT Specialists from Turkey in Germany

Author: Ulaş Sunata,Ulas Sunata

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643110030

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 6668

Highly Skilled Labor Migration has been mostly explained by reduction to economy. The significance of both, determination of political economy on HSLM and its impact on the economy, cannot be ignored. But, this one-sidedness in migration studies leads to some blind spots by keeping the migrant and her/his experience out of the center of sociological accounts. This work aimed at understanding socio-structural grounds and influences of HSLM experience by introducing its elite migrants as homo migrant sociologicus, rather than homo migrant economicus. It particularly presents an integrated analysis about ICT specialists from Turkey in Germany.

Skilled Migration

The Perspective of Developing Countries

Author: Hillel Rapoport

Publisher: World Bank Publications


Category: Developing countries

Page: 38

View: 510

"Docquier and Rapoport focus on the consequences of skilled migration for developing countries. They first present new evidence on the magnitude of migration of skilled workers at the international level and then discuss its direct and indirect effects on human capital formation in developing countries in a unified stylized model. Finally they turn to policy implications, with emphasis on migration and education policy in a context of globalized labor markets. This paper-- a product of the Trade Team, Development Research Group-- is part of a larger effort in the group to measure and understand the implication of the brain drain as part of the International Migration and Development Program"-- World Bank web site.

Information and Communications Technologies in Society

E-Living in a Digital Europe

Author: Ben Anderson,Malcolm Brynin,Principal Research Officer Institute for Social and Economic Research Malcolm Brynin,Yoel Raban,Jonathan Gershuny,Professor of Economic Sociology and Director Institute for Social and Economic Research Jonathan Gershuny

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134175671

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6009

There is a growing body of work examining the ‘consequences’, or more accurately the inter-relationships between information and communications technologies (ICTs) and society at the microsocial (individual, household) level. The vast majority of this work has so far been focused on the US and the subsequent publications have consequently provided predominantly US-centred analyses. This book will re-dress this balance by providing analyses of the situation in Europe and is associated states and placing the analyses in the context of both European and International research and policy debates. The book uses data from a range of European countries as well as comparisons with Asia and the USA. Students and academics from a range of disciplines including sociology, business and management and new media will find this book to be a valuable addition to their reading lists.

Handbook of the Economics of International Migration

Author: Barry Chiswick,Paul Miller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044463388X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1702

View: 3608

The economic literature on international migration interests policymakers as well as academics throughout the social sciences. These volumes, the first of a new subseries in the Handbooks in Economics, describe and analyze scholarship created since the inception of serious attention began in the late 1970s. This literature appears in the general economics journals, in various field journals in economics (especially, but not exclusively, those covering labor market and human resource issues), in interdisciplinary immigration journals, and in papers by economists published in journals associated with history, sociology, political science, demography, and linguistics, among others. Covers a range of topics from labor market outcomes and fiscal consequences to the effects of international migration on the level and distribution of income – and everything in between. Encompasses a wide range of topics related to migration and is multidisciplinary in some aspects, which is crucial on the topic of migration Appeals to a large community of scholars interested in this topic and for whom no overviews or summaries exist

Highly skilled labour migration: Consequences for labour exporting countries

Author: Johanna Avato

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638426114

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 65

View: 9864

Diploma Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1.3, University of Applied Sciences Bingen (Lehrstuhl für Internationale Wirtschaftspolitik), 100 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The emigration of highly skilled people, the so-called brain drain (BD) has prompted a significant amount of literature, and suggestions about consequences of high skilled mobility for sending countries (SCs) are numerous but rather ambiguous. Historically, two major approaches can be distinguished. A negative view of the detrimental consequences for SCs due to the loss of human capital, and hence an increasing inequality among least developed countries (LDCs) and developed (DCs) (SCs and receiving countries (RCs)) characterised the discussion in the 1960s and 1970s. This view was intensified by the end of the 1980s, as the new growth theory stressed the importance of human capital as the main driver of economic growth. Accordingly, the loss of human capital would deprive SCs of a major prerequisite for growth and permanently hamper development. Lately, however, this pessimistic vision of accentuating the disadvantages for growth in SCs has been challenged by a more positive point of view. Expatriates are not seen as a loss anymore but instead as a resource which can be employed in favour of the SC. Rather pragmatically, this transnational view admits that, as long as incentives such as inequalities in many areas persist, highly skilled migrants cannot be hindered from moving. Therefore, newer theories focus on the advantages that SCs can draw from linking to their diaspora. Indeed, following this theory, SCs can seize numerous opportunities to manage international migration to offset its inevitable disadvantages, thus effectively turning the brain drain into a brain gain. It will be the aim of this paper to analyse whether the more recent view of international mobility of highly skilled workers can really countervail the concerns typical of the more traditional view. Will the LDCs be able to benefit from their expatriate HC or will migration enlarge disparities between SCs and RCs and consequently increase emigration even further? To address this question the following parts will give an overview on migration flows, present the underlying theories of the different approaches and assess existing empirical findings on the impact of the BD. Finally, policy implications will be outlined before concluding the paper.

The International Migration of the Highly Skilled

Demand, Supply, and Development Consequences in Sending and Receiving Countries

Author: Wayne A. Cornelius,Thomas J. Espenshade,Idean Salehyan

Publisher: Center for Comparative Immigration


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 418

View: 3603

Includes statistical tables and graphs.

Indian Skilled Migration and Development

To Europe and Back

Author: Gabriela Tejada,Uttam Bhattacharya,Binod Khadria,Christiane Kuptsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132218108

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 1070

This edited contribution explores strategies and measures for leveraging the potential of skilled diasporas and for advancing knowledge-based evidence on return skilled migration and its impact on development. By taking the example of Indian skilled migration, this study identifies ways of involving returned skilled migrants in home country development as well as proposes approaches to engage the diaspora in development. As high-skill immigration from India to mainland Europe is a rather recent phenomenon, the activities of Indian professionals in Europe are under-researched. The findings have wider application in contributing to the policy dialogue on migration and development, specifically to the advantage for developing and emerging economies. The book employs an interdisciplinary, two-fold approach: The first part of the research looks at how international exposure affects the current situation of skilled returnees in India. The second, European, part of the research examines migration policies, labour market regulations and other institutional settings that enable or hinder skilled Indians’ links with the country of origin. Structural differences between the host countries may facilitate different levels of learning opportunities; thus, this book identifies good practices to promote the involvement of Indian skilled diaspora in socio-economic development. In applying the framework of diaspora contributions as well as the return channel to study the impact on India, the book draws on qualitative and quantitative research methods consisting of policy analysis, in-depth interviews with key experts and skilled migrants and on data sets collected specifically for this study.

Return Migration in the Asia Pacific

Author: Robyn R. Iredale,Fei Guo,Santi Rozario

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781957431

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 215

View: 9752

'There are few studies on return migration in general and even fewer on migrants who have returned to their home countries in the Asian and Pacific region. Much is heard about "brain drain but much less about brain drain reversal. This book is to be welcomed as the first multi-country study to be published on the return of skilled and business migrants and the impact that they can have on their home economies in Asia and the Pacific. That impact is shown to be various and to change over time, the contributions clearly varying depending upon the nature of the environments to which the migrants have returned. The book presents valuable material from Bangladesh, China, Taiwan and Viet Nam, together with a contextual analysis of migrant communities from these economies in Australia.' - Ronald Skeldon, University of Sussex, UK Globalisation and social transformation theorists have paid significantly less attention to the movement of people than they have to the movement of capital. This book redresses the balance and provides timely insights into recent developments in return skilled migration in four regions in the Asia Pacific - Bangladesh, China, Taiwan and Vietnam. The authors believe that the movement of skilled migrants, and the tacit knowledge they bring with them, is a vital component in the process of globalisation.