Rethinking International Skilled Migration

Author: Micheline van Riemsdijk,Qingfang Wang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317420764

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 334

View: 5497

In today’s global knowledge economy, competition for the best and brightest workers has intensified. Highly skilled workers are an asset to companies, knowledge institutions, cities, and regions as they contribute to knowledge creation, innovation, and economic growth and development. Skilled migrants cross, and many times straddle, international borders to pursue professional opportunities. These spatial relocations provide opportunities and challenges for migrants and the cities and regions they inhabit. How have international skilled migratory flows been formed, sustained, and transformed over multiple spaces and scales? How have these processes affected cities and regions? And how have multiple stakeholders responded to these processes? The contributors to this book bring together perspectives from economic, social, urban, and population geography in order to address these questions from a myriad of angles. Empirical case studies from different regions illuminate the multiscaled processes of international skilled migration. In particular, the contributions rethink skilled migration theories and provide insights into: the experiences of highly skilled labor migrants and international students; issues related to transnational activities and return migration; and policy implications for both immigrant source and destination countries. It also charts a future research agenda for international skilled migration research. Rethinking International Skilled Migration provides a comparative perspective on the experiences of skilled migrants across the local, regional, national, and/or global scale, paying particular attention to spatial and place-based dimensions of international skilled migration. It will be of interest to scholars and professionals in international migration, regional and national development policymakers, international businesses, and NGOs.

High-Skilled Migration

Drivers and Policies

Author: Mathias Czaika

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198815271


Page: 416

View: 1953

Political and scientific debates on migration policies have mostly focused on governments' efforts to control or reduce low-skilled, asylum, and irregular migration or to encourage the return migration of these categories. Less research and constructive discourse has been conducted on the roleand effectiveness of policies to attract or retain high-skilled workers. An improved understanding of the drivers and dynamics of high-skilled migration is essential for effective policy-making, as most highly developed and emerging economies experience growing shortages of high-skilled laboursupply in certain occupations and sectors, and skilled immigration is often viewed as one way of addressing these. Simplistic assumptions that high-skilled migrants are primarily in pursuit of higher wages raise the expectation that policies which open channels for high-skilled immigration are generally successful. Although many countries have introduced policies aimed at attracting and facilitating therecruitment of high-skilled workers, not all recruitment efforts have had the desired effects, and anecdotal evidence on the effectiveness of these programmes is rather mixed. The reason is that the rather narrow focus on migration policy coincides with a lack of systematic and rigorousconsideration of other economic, social, and political drivers of migration, which may be equally - or sometimes even more - important than migration policies per se. A better understanding of migration policies, their making, consequences and limitations, requires a systematic knowledge of thebroader economic, social and political structures and their interaction in both origin and destination countries. This book enhances this vibrant field of social scientific enquiry by providing a systematic, multidisciplinary, and global analysis of policies driving international high-skilled migration processes in their interaction with other migration drivers at the individual, city, national, andinternational level.

High Skill Migration and Recession

Gendered Perspectives

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou,Irina Isaakyan,Giuseppe Schiavone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137467118

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 2800

Women migrants are doubly-disadvantaged by their sex and outsider status when moving to a new country. Highly skilled women are no exception to this rule. This book explores the complex relationship between gender and high-skill migration, with a special focus on the impact of the current economic crisis on highly skilled women-migrants in Europe.

High-Skilled Immigration in a Global Labor Market

Author: Barry R. Chiswick

Publisher: Government Institutes

ISBN: 0844743879

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 5605

Recent U.S. immigration reform proposals have focused almost exclusively on regulating the population of low-skilled foreign workers. High-Skilled Immigration in a Global Labor Market contends that policymakers should focus more on attracting immigrants with exclusive skill sets-professional, technical, and managerial (PTM) workers. PTM workers positively impact the economy by expanding production capability, increasing the growth rate of total factor productivity, and enhancing international competitiveness. Barry R. Chiswick and his coauthors examine the policies established by other OECD countries (such as Australia, Canada, and New Zealand) to attract foreign PTM workers and explore how U.S. immigration policy could be altered to maximize the economic benefits of high-skilled immigration.

Brain Drain and Brain Gain

The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Author: Tito Boeri

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199654824

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 317

View: 555

This volume considers the global competition to attract talents and the brain gain and brain drain associated with high-skilled migration. Part I provides an overview of immigration policies specifically aimed at selecting and attracting skilled workers. Part II looks at the consequences of brain drain for sending countries.

The International Migration of the Highly Skilled

Demand, Supply, and Development Consequences in Sending and Receiving Countries

Author: Wayne A. Cornelius,Thomas J. Espenshade,Idean Salehyan

Publisher: Center for Comparative Immigration


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 418

View: 8046

Includes statistical tables and graphs.

High-Skilled Migration to the United States and Its Economic Consequences

Author: Gordon H. Hanson,William R. Kerr,Sarah Turner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022652566X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 4334

Immigration policy is one of the most contentious public policy issues in the United States today. High-skilled immigrants represent an increasing share of the U.S. workforce, particularly in science and engineering fields. These immigrants affect economic growth, patterns of trade, education choices, and the earnings of workers with different types of skills. The chapters in this volume go beyond the traditional question of how the inflow of foreign workers affects native employment and earnings to explore effects on innovation and productivity, wage inequality across skill groups, the behavior of multinational firms, firm-level dynamics of entry and exit, and the nature of comparative advantage across countries.

The Human Face of Global Mobility

International Highly Skilled Migartion In Europe, North America And The Asia-Pacific

Author: Michael Peter Smith,Adrian Favell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825634

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 1159

Alongside flows of trade and capital, the free movement of professionals, technical personnel, and students is seen as a key aspect of globalization. Yet not much detailed empirical research has been completed about the trajectories and experiences of these highly skilled or highly educated international migrants. What little is known about these forms of "global mobility," and the politics that surround them, contrasts with the abundant theories and accounts of other types of international migration--such as low income economic migration from less developed to core countries in the international political economy. Drawing on the work of a long-standing discussion group at the Center for Comparative and Global Research of UCLA's International Institute, this collection bridges conventional methodological divides, bringing together political scientists, sociologists, demographers, and ethnographers. It explores the reality behind assumptions about these new global migration trends. It challenges widely held views about the elite characteristics of these migrants, the costs and consequences of the brain drain said to follow from the migration of skilled workers, the determinants of national policies on high skilled migrants, and the presumed "effortlessness" of professional mobility in an integrating world. The volume also sheds new light on international student migration, the politics of temporary, non-immigrant workers in the United States, new international forms of regulating movement, and the realities of the everyday lives of multinational employees in the world's transnational cities. Key differences between the regional contexts of this migration in Europe, North America, and the Asia-Pacific are also emphasized. Michael Peter Smith is professor of community studies at the University of California, Davis. He has published extensively on urban theory, globalization, and transnationalism including Transnationalism from Below and City and Nation (both available through Transaction) and Transnational Urbanism. Adrian Favell is associate professor of sociology at UCLA. He is the author of Philosophies of Integration, and has published widely on migration in Europe, citizenship, the integration of immigrants, and on social theory.

Work in Transition

Cultural Capital and Highly Skilled Migrants' Passages into the Labour Market

Author: Arnd-Michael Nohl,Karin Schittenhelm,Oliver Schmidtke,Anja Weiss

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442615680

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 6550

Work in Transition shows how migrants develop their cultural capital in order to enter the workforce, as well as how failure to leverage that capital can lead to permanent exclusion from professional positions.

Indian Skilled Migration and Development

To Europe and Back

Author: Gabriela Tejada,Uttam Bhattacharya,Binod Khadria,Christiane Kuptsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132218108

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 2561

This edited contribution explores strategies and measures for leveraging the potential of skilled diasporas and for advancing knowledge-based evidence on return skilled migration and its impact on development. By taking the example of Indian skilled migration, this study identifies ways of involving returned skilled migrants in home country development as well as proposes approaches to engage the diaspora in development. As high-skill immigration from India to mainland Europe is a rather recent phenomenon, the activities of Indian professionals in Europe are under-researched. The findings have wider application in contributing to the policy dialogue on migration and development, specifically to the advantage for developing and emerging economies. The book employs an interdisciplinary, two-fold approach: The first part of the research looks at how international exposure affects the current situation of skilled returnees in India. The second, European, part of the research examines migration policies, labour market regulations and other institutional settings that enable or hinder skilled Indians’ links with the country of origin. Structural differences between the host countries may facilitate different levels of learning opportunities; thus, this book identifies good practices to promote the involvement of Indian skilled diaspora in socio-economic development. In applying the framework of diaspora contributions as well as the return channel to study the impact on India, the book draws on qualitative and quantitative research methods consisting of policy analysis, in-depth interviews with key experts and skilled migrants and on data sets collected specifically for this study.

Highly Skilled Labour Migration: Consequences for Labour Exporting Countries

Author: Johanna Avato

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638707482


Page: 72

View: 2783

Diploma Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1.3, University of Applied Sciences Bingen (Lehrstuhl fur Internationale Wirtschaftspolitik), 100 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: Labour Economics, Brain Drain, Theories of Migration, Economic Development, Diaspora, Remittances, abstract: The emigration of highly skilled people, the so-called brain drain (BD) has prompted a significant amount of literature, and suggestions about consequences of high skilled mobility for sending countries (SCs) are numerous but rather ambiguous. Historically, two major approaches can be distinguished. A negative view of the detrimental consequences for SCs due to the loss of human capital, and hence an increasing inequality among least developed countries (LDCs) and developed (DCs) (SCs and receiving countries (RCs)) characterised the discussion in the 1960s and 1970s. This view was intensified by the end of the 1980s, as the new growth theory stressed the importance of human capital as the main driver of economic growth. Accordingly, the loss of human capital would deprive SCs of a major prerequisite for growth and permanently hamper development. Lately, however, this pessimistic vision of accentuating the disadvantages for growth in SCs has been challenged by a more positive point of view. Expatriates are not seen as a loss anymore but instead as a resource which can be employed in favour of the SC. Rather pragmatically, this transnational view admits that, as long as incentives such as inequalities in many areas persist, highly skilled migrants cannot be hindered from moving. Therefore, newer theories focus on the advantages that SCs can draw from linking to their diaspora. Indeed, following this theory, SCs can seize numerous opportunities to manage international migration to offset its inevitable disadvantages, thus effectively turning the brain drain into a brain gain. It will be the aim of this pa

Migration, Whiteness, and Cosmopolitanism

Europeans in Japan

Author: Miloš Debnár

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137561491

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 5059

This book analyzes the increase in contemporary European migration to Japan, its causes and the lives of Europeans in Japan. Desconstructing the picture of highly skilled, privileged, cosmopolitan elites that has been frequently associated with white or Western migrants, it focuses on the case of Europeans rather than Westerners migrating to a highly developed, non-Western country as Japan, this book offers new insights on increasing diversity in migration and its outcomes for integration of migrants. The book is based on interviews with 57 subjects from various parts of Europe occupying various positions within Japanese society. What are the motivations for choosing Japan, how do white migrants enjoy the ‘privilege’ based on their race, what are its limits, and to what extent are the social worlds of such migrants characterized by cosmopolitanism rather than ethnicity? These are the main questions this book attempts to answer.

Handbook of the Economics of International Migration

The Immigrants

Author: Barry Chiswick,Paul W. Miller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444537651

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 810

View: 7777

The economic literature on international migration interests policymakers as well as academics throughout the social sciences. These volumes, the first of a new subseries in the Handbooks in Economics, describe and analyze scholarship created since the inception of serious attention began in the late 1970s. This literature appears in the general economics journals, in various field journals in economics (especially, but not exclusively, those covering labor market and human resource issues), in interdisciplinary immigration journals, and in papers by economists published in journals associated with history, sociology, political science, demography, and linguistics, among others. Covers a range of topics from labor market outcomes and fiscal consequences to the effects of international migration on the level and distribution of income – and everything in between. Encompasses a wide range of topics related to migration and is multidisciplinary in some aspects, which is crucial on the topic of migration Appeals to a large community of scholars interested in this topic and for whom no overviews or summaries exist

Migration from North Africa and the Middle East

Skilled Migrants, Development and Globalisation

Author: Alessandra Venturini,Philippe Fargues

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857737678

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 6507

The countries of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean (SEM) and those in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are crucial to the development of the world economy. Highly skilled migration to and from these regions is key to the recent socio-political transformations that have occurred across the world. Despite this, in the states concerned, skilled migration remains an underlying ‘issue of concern’, rather than at the top of political agendas, leading to a spectrum of unclear and uncoordinated legal and policy frameworks. Containing a series of thematic and country-specific overviews, this book highlights the specificity of each region, and identifies and analyses key demographic, economic, legal and political data - allowing for policy prescription. Skilled Migration, the ‘brain drain’, and its impact is an extensively debated phenomenon and this will be an essential companion for social scientists, policy-makers and development scholars.

Skilled Migration

The Perspective of Developing Countries

Author: Hillel Rapoport

Publisher: World Bank Publications


Category: Developing countries

Page: 38

View: 3409

"Docquier and Rapoport focus on the consequences of skilled migration for developing countries. They first present new evidence on the magnitude of migration of skilled workers at the international level and then discuss its direct and indirect effects on human capital formation in developing countries in a unified stylized model. Finally they turn to policy implications, with emphasis on migration and education policy in a context of globalized labor markets. This paper-- a product of the Trade Team, Development Research Group-- is part of a larger effort in the group to measure and understand the implication of the brain drain as part of the International Migration and Development Program"-- World Bank web site.